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That Colonel Lundee was look'd upon to be the Commander in Chiet, but there was no sort of care taken, few of the Men having Powder, nor was there Three Guns fir'd before they were all routed.
Mr. Bennet, That Colonel Lundee himself, was one of the first that fled, bidding the Men shift for themselves, and saying all was Lost. Colonel Chichester met Colonel Lundee running from the Pass, and told him he must rarry and give fome Orders, or all would be Loft. To which, Colonel Lundee reply'd, That Londonderry was his Post, and so he made the best of his way thither.
That Colonel Lundee, when he came to Londonderry, let in only fome few, as he pleas’d, and shut the Gates against the rest, who were Four or Five Thousind that lay without the Walls, all that Night expos’d to the Enemy.
Mr. David Carnes believes the Enemy had Notice some way or other of the Refolution taken on saturday April 18th, at the Councel of War, because they marched immediately to the very place where the Protestants were to meet, upon which he went to Colonel Lundee, and acquainted him with it, and pressed him to march presently, that the Enemy might not first get thither, but he slighted his Advice, and laid he had taken fufficient care, but yet never march'd till Monday Morning Ten a Clock.
Major Foseph Strowd laid, that he had advised some Harrows might be thrown into Claddyford, but he took no care about it; that when he drew up with what Men he could to make Opposition against the Enemy, they cry'd out they wanted Powder, and most of them wanted Arms,
Mr. Bennet, That there was no Breast work or other Defence whatsoever, at any of these Passes to save the Men, or hinder the Enemy from coming over.
It appear’d to the Committee, that the fame Day the Fight was at Claddyford, Colonel Cunningham and Colonel Richards arriv'd in Londonderry River with two Regiments under their Command (viz.) April 15th.
That Colonel Cunningham wrote two Letters prelently to Lundee, the Import of which Letters was to acquaint him with his Arrival with two Regiments, and to know in what Condition the Town stood, and that he stay'd for further Orders, but receiving no Anfver to these Letters, about Nine a Clock at Night, he sent Major Tiffany up to the Governor with a third Letter to the same purpose.
That Major Tiffiny, as he went, met Colonel Lundee's Meslenger carrying an Answer to the two former Letters, and took him back with him to Lon. donderry, where Colonel Lundce opend his own Letter again which he had sent, and inserted a PostScript in it. The Purport of this Letter was, that Colonel Cunningham should land the two Regiments assoon as he could, and that he would give them the best Accommodation the Town afforded. In the Postscript he confirms the same Orders as to Landing the Men, but intimates that when they should discourse together, the Place would be found not tenable, and to refers him farther to the Bearer, which was Major Tiffany that carried the Letter.
That the next Morning, Tuesday, Colonel Cun. ningham sent to Colonel Richards, to bring three or four of his Officers along with him, and he having the like Number of his own; they went all up to Londonderry, leaving the Men on Board the Ships.
That they went directly to the Governor's House, where they met great Numbers of Gentry and Officers that were in Town, and Colonel Richards faid, that Colonel Cunningham and the Governor whisper'd together at the Window, but knows not what they faid.
That in a short time after their Arrival, Colonel Lundee propos’d to go to a Councel of War in the Councel Chamber, whither they went accordingly.
That Colonel Lundee did refuse to admit divers of the Officers, who did use to come to former Councels, particularly Colonel Hamilton, Colonel Chichester, Major VValker, and Major Baker, and that Col. Chichester, and Major VValker endeavouring to thrust into the Room, Colonel Lundec order'd them
to be kept out, saying, they were to be a Select Company:
Colonel Lundee was the first Man that spake at this Councel of War, and made a Propolition to quit the Town, and send the two Regiments back again, alledging for this Reason that there was not above a Week or Ten Days Provision left in the Town, and that the Enemy was 25000 strong, and within Four or Five Miles.
That this Proposition was consented to by all present without any Contradiction, faving Colonel Richards, says he, opposed it by saying, Quitting the Town was quitring of a Kingdom, whereupon one rose up and Swore he would not be hanged for no Man's Pleasure, which he thinks was Major Tiffany ; and another said, he would go Home let who would be displeas'd, which he thinks might be Colonel Cunningham, but he is not positive. That all present Subscribʼd a Paper of their Consent to quit the Town, which Paper began in these Words. Finding upon Enquiry that there was not above a Week or Ten Days Provision, &c. Whereas, in Truth, there was no Enquiry made at the Councel of War, but all present took the Governor's Word for it, who did inform them that he had search'd the Stores.
That they did all agree upon their Honour, not to discover what Resolution they had taken, Co. lonel Richards fays, the Governor did propose an Oath of Secrecy, which the first refusing was rejected.
The Lord Blaney said there was a Proposition made to destroy all the Ammunition lefc" in the Town, which the Governor approv'd, saying it was better to do so, than to fall into the Ene. mies Hands, but nothing was resolv'd as to this Matter.
Cornet Nicholson said, that there was at this time great store of Provisions in the Town, every House having great Plenty. That Provisions came daily into the Town in Boats sufficient at this time tor 'Three Months for 3000 Men, as Colonel Lun
dee himself told the Lord Blaney, but a very little while before this Councel of War was held.
That after this Councel of War was up, the People was very desirous of knowing what Resolutions had been taken, and the more to amuse them, it was generally reported, that they had resolvid to Land the Men immediately, and march them into the Town.
Colonel Chichester Laid, that Afternoon Colonel Cunningham, and Colonel Richards, and most of the Gentry, and Officers that were prelent at the Councel of War went down to their Ships, as the People thought to bring up the Men; but when they taw the Ships fall down lower from the Town, they first took the Alarm, and cry'd they were betrayed.
That the Governor Lundee faid, that the Coun- , cel of War had refolv'd the Men, should be landed, and to make it the more credible, pretended to give some Orders for Quarters, and when so many Gentlemen going down to the Ships, frighted the Town's People, he said they went only to see the Men Land.
The Committee finds that when the Ships fell ío far down, that it appeared plainly that there was no intention of Landing of Men, the People then went and beset Colonel Lundee's House and from that time watch'd him so close that he could not make his escape to the Ships, which stay'd for him; yet, that he sent to Colonel Cunningham, not to go away without him, least he became a Sacrifice to the Rabble.
That the Ships came back to Leverpoole with most of the Officers and Gentry belonging to the Town, but Colonel Lundee was left behind at Londonderry, from whence he afterwards made his escape into Scotland, in a private Soldier's Habit.
Upon Tuesday April 16th, there came one Initloe, the Minister of Raffoe, to Londonderry, from Lieutenant General Hamilton to propose a Treaty for the Surrender of the Town. The next Day another Councel of War was held where this w biele was present and fat near the Governor.
That Arch-Deacon Hamilton, Captain Kingston, and Mr. Francis Nevill were sent out of the Town to Lieutenat General Hamilton, to see what Terms they could get.
They receiv'd but one Article (viz.) To Surren. der the Town, their Serviceable Fiorles, and Arms, and they might live peaceably; which Article they had under the Hand of Lieutenant General Hamilton, and likewise of General Rofen who commanded in Chief.
When Mr. Francis Nevill came back to Londonderry, he was denied Entrance into the Town by one Captain Whitney that commanded that Night, who pretended from the Walls that he did not know him, by which means he lay in a little Hut that Night, and was there taken by the Enemy,where he has undergone great Hardships lince,till he made his Escape from Dublin, and brought his Bail along with him.
The Committee were informd by Cornet Nicholfon, that he ask'd Mr. Whitloc the Minister, with whom he had been formerly acquainted, upon the 16th of April at Londonderry, what Colonel Lundee intended to do concerning the Delivery of the Town, Woitloe at firit feem'd very shy towards him, but at last, told him the Town would be deliver'd before Saturday following, and that he was to receive his Letters, next Morning, from Colonel Lundee, and he advis'd him, as an Old Acquaintance, to shift for himself.
Cornet Nicholson says further, That he told the very lame Passage the same Day to Mr. Henry Nicholson, and one Mr. Lasly, which Henry Nicholson was examin'd before the Committee, and Confessed he was told of it at that time, and they both believing the Town would be betray'd, left it for that Reason.
Mr. Bennet, That there was a Stack of Hay, and 150 or 200 Barrels of Salmon belonging to the Lord Mazarine, within a quarter of a Mile of Lon. donderry, which might have been had into the Town, for fetching, but the Governor took no care about it, but Colonel Lundee faid, it was gor in, and