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217. On Sexolds The Author's Notice that he 247. Letter from Almeira, an Edinburgh young
means to be much wittier

Steele. Lady-And Answer by Mrs. Jenny Distax Steele.

218. On the Names given by Gardeners to Flowers 948. On the Iinprovement of Beauty by Exercise

- A Visit to a Garden


819. Impertinence of professed Wits-Character

- Lazy Ladies-Very busy ones .......


340 Adventures of a Shilling...

Addison. v

of Tom Mercer-Letters and Petitions.... Steele. 250. Institution of a Court of Honour..

enn. Account of the Church Thermometer........ Addison. 361. On Virtuous Independence-Where true

421. Letter from the Virtuoso's Widow-From a

Happiness is to be found


Scold-Cure for Scolding

252. Defence of Sober Drinking--Letter from

922. Riots at Nottingham-Midnight Frolicks

Ralph and Bridget Yokefellow

Serenades improper for this Country Steele. 959. Journal of the Court of Honour. Addison and Steele.

223. Evils of jointures and Settlements-Orders

2954. Sir John Mandeville's account of the Freez-

concerning them

ing and Thawing of several speeches:

224. On Advertisements-Quackeries-Washes,


Addison. 255. Letter from a Chaplain-Thoughts on the

225. On improper familiarities..


Treatment of Chaplains


926. Life of Margery, alias John Young, com-

256. Proceedings of the Court of Honour.....

monly called Br. Young

Addison and Steele.

297. Case of an envious Man..

12257, Wax-work representation of the Religions

228. Letters from High Church-On Almanack

of Great Britain...

Weather-From a Writer of Advertise.

858. Letter on the Use of the Phrase, North

ments ...


Swifl, Prior, Rowe.

229. Remarks on the Author's Enemies-Fable of

On • A Person of Quality'-A Ledy invested
of the Owls, Bats, and the Sun ... Addison.

by several Lovers-From a Chaplain-Ta-

235. Improprieties of Phrase-Affectation of po-




Serift. 259. Journal of the Court of Honour. Addison and
231. The Taming of the Shrew-Present of Wine. Steele, 260. Essay on Noses-Skill of Taliacotius...
232. Letter from the Upholsterer— Rage for Poli-
tics ....

261. Plan for the Encouragement of Wedlock-
933. History of Joseph and his Brethren.........

Instance of Public Spirit-Celamico's Will

094. Letters on Education...

Greenrood. 262. Journal of the Court of Honour. Aldison and


Sleele. 263. On the different hours kept in Modern Times

235. On Parental Partiality...

- College Hours-Early Hours ..........

936. Account of the Migration of Frogs into Ire-

264. On tedious Talkers and Story-tellers.


265. Journal of the Court of Honour. Audison and

237. Effects of the touch of Ithuriel's Spear, a

266. Fantastic Passion of two old Ladies--Sam

Dream ..

(probably) Addison.

Trusty's Visit to them

238. Description of a City Shower...

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Swift. 267. On appointed Seasons for Devotion-Lord

Prose part of the Paper....


Bacon's Prayer.......


999. Remarks on the Author's Enemies—The

968. Petition on Coffee-house Orators and News.



readers, with the Author's Remarks ... Steele

240. The Science of Physic-Quacks of the Time

269. Letters on Love and Friendship-Plagius

941. On Drinking-Improper Behaviourat Church

preaching Tillotson's Sermon's

-On By-words-Fee at St. Paul's

Steele, 270. Letter on the Dress of Tradesmen Petitior,

942. On Raillery and Satire-Horace and Juvenal.

of Ralph Nab, the Hatter-Or Elizabeth

243. Adventures of the Author when invisible... Addison.

$lender, Spinster-Letter to Mr. Ralph

244. On Eloquence-Talents for Conversation-

Incense, Chaplain......


Stecle. 971. Conclusion, Design of the work, and Ac-

945. Advertisement of Lady Fardingale's stolen

knowledgement of Assistance.....,

Goods-Letter from a Black Boy......

846. On a censorious Disposition-Letiers to De-

GENERAL INDEX....................

faulters-Characters of Plumbeus and Levis


Volume the First.





which were published under my name; but, NHE

I this town baving been long perplexed with fame, I had already found the advantage of his Pretenders in both kinds; in order to open authority, to which I owe the sudden acceptmen's eyes against such abuses, it appeared no ance which my labours met with in the world, unprofitable undertaking to publish a Paper, The general purpose of this Paper is to exwhich should observe upon the manners of the pose the false arts of life, to pull off the displeasurable, as well as the busy part of man guises of cunning, vanity, and affectation, and kind. To make this generally read, it seemed to recommend a general simplicity in our dress, the most proper method to form it by way of our discourse, and our behaviour. No man a letter of intelligence, consisting of such parts has a better judgment for the discovery, or a as might gratify the curiosity of persons of all nobler spirit for the contempt of all imposture, conditions, and of each sex. But a work of than yourself; which qualities render you the this nature requiring time to grow into the most proper patron for the author of these notice of the world, it happened very luckily, Essays. In the general, the design, however tbat, a little before I bad resolved upon this executed, has met with so great success, that design, a gentleman bad written predictions, there is hardly a name now eminent among and two or three other pieces in my name, us for power, wit, beauty, valour, or wisdom, which rendered it famous through all parts of which is not subscribed for the encouragement Europe ; and, by an inimitable spirit and hu- of these volumes. This is, indeed, an honour, mour, raised it to as high a pitch of reputation for which it is impossible to express a suitable as it could possibly arrive at.

gratitude; and there is nothing could be an
By this good fortune, the name of Isaac addition to the pleasure I take in it but the
Bickerstaff gained an audience of all who had reflection, that it gives me the most conspi-
any taste of wit; and the addition of the ordi- cuous occasion I can ever have, of subscribing
nary occurrences of common Journals of News myself, Sir,
brought in a multitude of other readers. I

Your most obliged, most obedient,
could not, I confess, long keep up the opinion
of the town, that these Lucubrations were

and most humble servant, written by the same hand with the first works


Arthur Maynwaring, Esq.

Volume the Second.




must desire, that if you think fit to throw When I send you this volume, I am rather away any moments on it, you would not do it lo make you a request than a Dedication. 1) after reading those excellent pieces with which

Seconis son of the flon. lady Wortley Montague, and grandson of Edward Montague, the first carl of Sandwich.

you are usually conversant. The images which stands the true charms of eloquence and poesy. you will meet with here, will be very faint, But I direct this address to you; not that I after the perusal of the Greeks and Romans, think I can entertain you with my writings, who are your ordinary companions. I must, but to thank you for the new delight I have, confess I am obliged to you for the taste of from your conversation, in those of other men. many of their excellences, which I had not ob- May you enjoy a long continuance of the served until you pointed them to me. I am true relish of the happiness heaven has bevery proud that there are some things in these stowed upon you! I know not how to say a papers which I know you pardon;* and it is more affectionate thing to you, than to wish no small pleasure to bave one's labours suffered that you may be always what you are ; and by the judgment of a man, who so well under that you may ever think, as I know you now

do, that you have a much larger fortune than

you want. I am, Sir, your most obedient, • 'This seems to amount to a declaration that E. Wortley

and most humble Servant, montagne, Esq. was himself a writer in these papers.


Volume the Third.





degree towards the magnanimity of a peer of After having long celebrated the superior Great Britain. graces and excellences, among men, in an Forgive me, my lord, when I cannot con. imaginary character, I do myself the honour ceal from you, that I shall never hereafter be. to show my veneration for transcendent merit hold you, but I shall behold you, as latery, under my own name, in this address to your defending the brave and the unfortunate.* lordship. The just application of those high When we attend to your lordship engaged accomplishments of which you are master, bas in a discourse, we cannot but reflect upon the been an advantage to all your fellow-subjects; many requisites which the vain-glorious speakand it is from the common obligation you have ers of antiquity have demanded in a man who laid upon all the world, that I, though a pri- is to excel in oratory; I say, my lord, when vate man, can pretend to be affected with, or we reflect upon the precepts by viewing the take the liberty to acknowledge, your great example, though there is no excellence protalents and public virtues.

posed by those rhetoricians wanting, the whole It gives a pleasing prospect to your friends, art seems to be resolved into that one motive, that is to say, to the friends of your country, of speaking, sincerity in the intention. The that you have passed through the highest graceful manner, the apt gesture, and the asoffices, at an age wben others usually do but sumed concern, are impotent helps to persuaform to themselves the hopes of them. They sion, in comparison of the honest countenance may expect to see you in the house of lords of him who utters wbat he really means. From as many years as you were ascending to it. It whence it is, that all the beauties which others is our common good, that your admirable elo attain with labour, are in your lordship but quence can now no longer be employed, but the natural effects of the heart that dictates. in the expression of your own sentiments and It is this noble simplicity, which makes you judgment. The skilful pleader is now for ever surpass mankind in the faculties wherein man. changed into the just judge; which latter cha- kind are distinguished from other creatures, racter your Lordship exerts with so prevailing reason and speech. an impartiality, that you wio the approbation If these gifts were communicated to all men even of those who dissent from you, and you. in proportion to the truth and ardour of their always obtain favour, because you are never hearts, I should speak of you with the same moved by it.

force as you express yourself on any other subThis gives you a certain dignity peculiar to ject. But 1 resist my present impulse as your present situation, and makes the equity, even of a lord high chancellor, appear but a

• The duke of Marlborough.

agreeable as it is to me; though, indeed, bad, choose an argument, upon which be himself I any pretensions to a fame of this kind, I must of necessity he silent. should, above all other themes, attempt a pa

I am, my Lord, negyric upon my lord Cowper; for the only Your Lordship’s most devoted, sure way to a reputation for eloquence, in an most obedient, and most humble servant, age wherein that perfect orator lives, is to


Volume the Fourth.



From the Hovel at Hamptonwick, | against their abilities for entering into affairs

April 7, 1711.
When I first resolved upon doing myself

have equally vanished. And experience bas this honour, I could not but indulge a certain shown, that men of letters are not only quavanity, in dating from this

little covert, where lified with a greater capacity, but also a greater I have frequently had the honour of your lord- integrity in the despatch of business. Your ship's company, and received from you very

own studies have been diverted from being the many obligations. The elegant solitude of this highest orpament, to the highest use to manplace, and the greatest pleasures of it, I owe

kind; and the capacities which would have to its being 50 near those beautiful manors

rendered you the greatest poet of your age, wherein you sometimes reside. It is not re

have, to the advantage of Great Britain, been tiring from the world, but enjoying its most employed in pursuits which have made you the valuable blessings, when a man is permitted

most able and unbiassed patriot. A vigorous to share in your lordship's conversations in imagination, an extensive apprehension, and the country. All the bright images which the

a ready judgment, have distinguished you in wits of past ages have left behind them in all the illustrious parts of administration, in a their writings, the noble plans which the great reign attended with such difficulties, that the est statesmeu have laid down for administra.

same talents, without the same quickness in tion of affairs, are equally the familiar objects the possession of them, would have been incaof your knowledge. But what is peculiar to pable of conquering. The natural success of your lordsbip above all the illustrious person that illustrious house, where you were received

such abilities, has advanced you to a seat in ages that have appeared in any age, is, that wit and learning have from your example fal- by a crowd of your relations. Great as you len into a new æra. Your patronage has pro- know you will forgive an humble neighbour

are in your bonours, and personal qualities, I duced those arts, which before shunned the commerce of the world, into the service of life; the vanity of pretending to a place in your and it is to you we owe, that the man of wit friendship, and subscribing himself, my Lord, has turned himself to be a man of business.

Your Lordship's most obliged, The false delicacy of men of genius, and the

and most devoted servant,

RICHARD STEELE. objections which others were apt to insinuate


In the last Tatler I promised some expla- | pass. I have, in the dedication of the first vonation of passages and persons mentioned in lume, made my acknowledgments to Dr.Swift, this work, as well as some account of the as- whose pleasant writings, in the name of Bickersistances I have had in the performance. I staff, created an inclination in the town toshall do this in very few words ; for when a wards any thing that could appear in the same man has no design but to speak plain truth, disguise. I must acknowledge also, that, at he may say a great deal in a very narrow com- my first entering upon this work, a certain




uncommon way of thinking, and a turn in a much greater honour than he can possibly conversation peculiar to that agreeable gentle- reap from any accomplishments of his own. man, rendered his company very advantageous But all the credit of wit which was given me to one whose imagination was to be continually by the gentlemen above-mentioned, with whom employed upon obvious and common subjects, I have now accounted, has not been able to though, at the same time, obliged to treat of atone for the exceptions made against me for them in a new and unbeaten method. His some raillery in behalf of that learned advocate verses on the 'Shower in Town,' and the for the episcopacy of the church, and the li.

Description of the Morning,' are instances berty of the people, Mr. Hoadly. I mentioned of the happiness of that genius, which could this only, to defend myself against the imputaraise such pleasing ideas upon occasions so bar- tion of being moved rather by party than opiren to an ordinary invention.

and I think it is apparent. I have with When I am upon the house of Bickerstaff, the utmost frankness allowed merit wherever I must not forget that genealogy of the family I found it, though joined in interests different sent to me by the post, and written, as I since from those for which I have declared myself. understand, by Mr. Twisden, who died at the When my Pavonius is acknowledged to be Dr. battle of Mons, and has a monument in West. Smalridge, and the amiable character of the minster-abbey, suitable to the respect which Dean in the sixty-sixth Tatler, drawn for Dr. is due to his wit and his valour. There are Atterbury; I hope I need say no more as to through the course of the work very many my impartiality. incidents which were written by unknown cor. I really have acted in these cases with horespondents. Of this kind is the tale in the desty, and am concerned it should be thought second Tatler, and the epistle from Mr. Downes otherwise ; for wit, if a man had it, ugless it the prompter, with others which were very be directed to some useful end, is but a wanton well received by the public. But I have only frivolous quality; all that one should value one gentleman, who will be nameless, to thank himself upon in this kind is, that he had some for any frequent assistance to me, which in honourable intention in it. deed it would have been barbarous in him to As for this point, vever bero in romance was have denied to one with whom he has lived in carried away with a more furious ambition to an intimacy from childhood, considering the conquer giants and tyrants, than I have been great ease with which he is able to despatch in extirpating gamesters and duellists. And the most entertaining pieces of this nature. | indeed, like one of those kvights too, though This good office he performed with such force I was calm before, I am apt to fly out again, of genius, humour, wit, and learning, that I when the thing that first disturbed me is prefared like a distressed prince, who calls in a sented to my imagination. I shall therefore powerful neighbour to his aid; I was undone leave off when I am well, and fight with windby my auxiliary; when I had once called him mills no more ; only shall be so arrogant as to in, I could not subsist without dependence on say of myself, that, in spite of all the force of him.

fashion and prejudice, in the face of all the The same band writ the distinguishing cha- world, I alone bewailed the condition of an racters of men and women under the names of English gentleman, whose fortune and life are

Musical Instruments,' The Distress of the at this day precarious ; while his estate is liable News-writers,'' The Inventory of the I lay to the demands of gamesters, through a false house,' and 'The description of the Therino sense of justice; and to the demands of duelmeter,' which I cannot but look upon as the lists, through a false sense of honour. As to greatest embellishments of this work.

the first of these orders of men, I have not one Thus far I thought necessary to say relating word more to say of them; as to the latter, to the great bands which have been concerned I shall conclude all I have more to offer against in these volumes, with relation to the spirit them, with respect to their being prompted by and genius of the work; and am far from the fear of shame, by applying to the duellist pretending to modesty in making this acknow what I think Dr. South says somewhere of the ledgment. What a man obtains from the liar, ' He is a coward to man, and a bravo to good opinion and friendship of worthy men, is God.'

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