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TRADE, &c.



7 February 1928-3 August 1928.




(1) Period covered by the Accounts.-Under the provisions of the Law, the particulars in respect of imported goods from which the official trade statistics are compiled are allowed to be given by importers or their agents at any time within 14 working days after the arrival of the ship. Further extension of time is given within which to make any necessary amendments. Such particulars may also be accepted before a ship actually arrives. In the case of exported goods the information is required to be supplied within six days after the final clearance outwards of the exporting ship. It follows that the statistics published for a month do not precisely represent the imports and exports which occurred in that period. In general, the figures show the trade, as declared by importers and exporters on the documents received in the Statistical Office, Customs and Excise, London, during a month, inclusive of all amendments relating to former months received in that Office during the month.

(2) Classification of Articles.-The Tables are arranged throughout in accordance with the Import and Export List. The following classes of goods arriving in this country are not included in the import statistics: (a) Personal luggage, including parcels brought by passengers for private use, so long as such parcels do not contain dutiable goods. Dutiable goods contained in passengers' parcels are included in the statistics; (b) fresh fish and shell fish of British taking, landed from British ships arriving direct from the fishing grounds; (c) ships' stores, Military and Naval Stores on board Government vessels, bunkers (coal and oil), and ballast of no commercial value; (d) mats, sacks, cases, &c., used as packages of imported goods; (e) goods directly imported by Ambassadors and Ministers accredited to this Kingdom; (f) old vessels bought from owners abroad. The following classes of goods are not included in the export statistics: (a) personal luggage and effects; (b) ships' stores, Military and Naval Stores on board Government vessels, and ballast of no commercial value ; (c) mats, sacks, cases, &c., used as the packages of exported goods; (d) old vessels sold to owners abroad.

(3) Value. The value of the Imports represents the cost, insurance, and freight; or, when goods are consigned for sale, the latest sale value of such goods. The value of the Exports represents the cost and the charges of delivering the goods on board the ship, and is known as the "free on board" value. Both quantities and values are based on the declarations of importers and exporters as subsequently checked by the Customs officials. The values shown for Parcel Post in these Accounts are approximate only.

from the countries whence they were consigned to the United Kingdom. The countries whence goods are consigned are not in all cases the countries of actual origin of the goods, since goods produced in one country may be purchased by a firm in another country and thence despatched, after a longer or shorter interval, to the United Kingdom. In such a case the second country would be the country of consignment to which the goods would be credited in these Accounts. Exports are credited to the country to which the goods are consigned, i.e., the country of final destination as declared by exporters in their entries, whether that country possesses a sea-board or not.

(5) Definition of Countries.-Throughout these Accounts the term "United Kingdom" is used to include Great Britain, Northern Ireland and the Isle of Man.

In the tables of Imports and Exports

British India includes the whole of India, except French and
Portuguese Possessions.

British South Africa includes the Union of South Africa (i.e., Cape
of Good Hope, Natal, Orange Free State, Transvaal, and
South West Africa Protectorate) and Rhodesia (Northern and
Southern), Bechuanaland Protectorate, Basutoland, and

British West Africa includes Gambia, Sierra Leone, Gold Coast
(including British Togoland), and Nigeria (including British

British East Africa includes Zanzibar and Pemba, Kenya,
Uganda Protectorate, Nyasaland Protectorate, Tanganyika
Territory, and Somaliland Protectorate.

(6) Transit Trade.-Goods in transit, whether on through Bill of Lading or otherwise, are included in the tables of Imports and of Exports of Imported Merchandise, except such goods as are removed under bond from the importing to the exporting ship at the same or another Port. Accounts of these Transhipments under Bond are given in the " Annual Statement of Trade."

(7) Exports. - Exports of Imported Merchandise include not only goods in transit through the United Kingdom (unless transhipped under bond), but also all goods which have not had their value sensibly modified by any process of refining or manufacture, although they have remained for some time in the United Kingdom. Thus goods which have been merely sorted, repacked, or blended, are included in Exports of Imported Goods, but goods which have undergone

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