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sufficiently resembles that of the letter I had from Dr. Withers.

As this letter cannot now do him any injury (which I was apprehensive it might have done while he was alive, and for that reason forbore to publish it) as it is a curiosity in itself, and as the spirit and manner of its composition will be an additional evidence of its having the same author with Theo-dosius, I shall subjoin it. That the sentiments of this letter and those of Theodosius are different will not be thought an unanswerable objection to their having the same author. I have no note of the answer I returned; but I believe it was such as did not encourage a continuance of the correspondence. Whether that circumstar.ce contributed to his change of conduct with respect to me, I leave others to conjecture. If the author of Theodofius was not Dr. Withers, and he have any remains of moral principle, he will avow himself, and save the memory of the dead. To myself it is a matter of perfect indifference who he is.

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· Tho' a perfect Stranger to your Person, I offer no Apology for addressing you on a Sub‘ject so interesting to the Rights of Mankind.

"I am by Birth and Profession a Churchman; but when civil and religious Freedom are in Question, 'I drop all Distinctions of Sect and Party. And,

without Reserve, I declare that we--we Pro"testants—--we Protestant Dissenters, have too long degraded ourselves by abject unavailing Entreaties. Vile Indignity, that Men, that Englishmen should • solicit Permission to enjoy the first Privileges of ( human Life! Should be denied Access to every "Office of Honor and Emolument, unless they pre


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viously insult their Reason and wound their Conscience! Should be menaced with a Dungeon, if 'they presume to utter their native Conceptions of the Deity!

* But if Dissenters will be faithful to themselves, will form a Committee to defray the necessary

Expences, and will act with a Dignity and Reso·lution suitable to the great Occasion, I promise to emancipate them from their cruel captivity. And here I must inform you (in the fulleft Confidence of perpetual Secresy) that I am the Author of a Pamphler, entitled CASSANDRA.* It's Object was 'to carry Mr. Bastard's ecclesiastical Bill thro' the ' upper House---it succeeded; I wrote it without

the Aid or Concurrence of any Man living, and at “the Hazard of Prosecution. I sent a Copy to the

Bishop of London, and one to Lord Thurlow, so' lemnly declaring, if they threw out the Bill, I would 'instantly exhibit Articles against the Chancellor for · Fornication, at the same Time intimating what I 'fhould expect on the next Application to Parlia

mentt, concerning the Test, and other absurd and oppressive Acts of Power. Now mark what God does, in his own Time, and in his own Way; how ' he uses the Simple to confound the Wise, and with

the Foot of a leprous Man puts the Syrian Armies * to Flight that very Bill, which the Chan'cellor and the Bishops had lately treated with Contempt, as ridiculous, unscriptural, and totally unnecessary, was now suffered to pass without the Nighteft Censure!!! In fact, such is the Situa'tion of Lord Thurlow and some other leading Men, that we may do what we please. They are obviously destitute of those noble, liberal, and

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"* Published by Ridgway, Piccadilly. I would send you a Copy if I "knew the Conveyance. Shall I leave one at Johnson's?' 't Mr. Bcaufoy's Motion was lost before I camc from thc Press.' '

* enlightened

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enlightened Sentiments, which characterize great (and good Minds. But if the Chancellor will not

grant Freedom to others, neither shall he enjoy it • himfelf.

'In Cassandra you will read my Heart. We dif* fer in many Points, and we will agree to differ. * As to Christ, I depart from you toto Cælo. In

civil and religious Liberty, I am confident we have but one Wilh.

As the Mode of swearing in Courts*, and the Marriage of Diffenters, by their own Pastors, form (a Part of my Plan, the Scotch Seceders will be

strenuous in the Cause. Our Measures, at pre' fent, ought to be secret. I shall be happy to be · favoured with your Thoughts on the Business, as early as possible. Meanwhile, I remain

Dr Sir, Your obed. Servt. (Address)

PHILIP WITHERS.' Dr. Withers, Sloan-Square,

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6 Chelsea.

"* A Bill to this Effect had passed both Houses, when the former Parliament was diffolved.'

N. B. The Letter is without a date, but the Port Mark is August 4, 1787.

I shall take this opportunity of informing my readers, that in the late controversy concerning the Test Act, I wrote nothing anonymously except Remarks on two Letters addressed to the Delegates of the several Congregations who met at Devizes, September 14, 1789, which is subjoined to another piece, written by a different and very able hand, entitled The Spirit of the Constitution and that of the Church of England compared. I also wrote the Preface. This Pamphlet, and my Sermon on the same subject, may be properly bound with these Letters.


Letter XI. Of Mr. Madan's farther Arguments in

Support of his Position, that the Principles of the
Disenters are unquestionably Republican, and of the
Decifion of the House of Commons against the Dif-

Letter XII. Of the Ecclefiaftical Constitution of Ire-

Letter XIII. Of Controversy.
Letter XIV. Of the Principles of the Church of

Letter XV. Of Subscription to the Articles, &c. of

the Church of England.
Letter XVI. Of Mr. Madan's Idea of Unitarianism.

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In this Interval Mr. Burn published his second set of Letters to me. In

the same short space of time, a great part of which I spent in London, no less than eight other publications relating to this controversy appeared in Birmingham : so much attention was there given to it.

PART V. (Fune 7, 1790.) Letter XVII. Of Unitarianism.

126 Letter XVIII. Of Mr. Burn's Letters, in Answer

to mine. Letter XIX. A mort History of the Disenters, and

an Account of their General Principles. Letter XX. Of the Situation of the Clergy of the established Church.

153 Letter XXI. Of the Calumnies contained in a Pamphlet intitled THEODOSIUS.

173 Letter XXII. The Conclusion.

185 Postscript. Of the Author's Intercourse with the late Mr. Badcock.





(February 17, 1790.) The Preface. Letter I. On the Principle of Mr. Burn's Objection

to my Reafoning concerning the Person of Christ.

215 Letter

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