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The promulgers of our religion, Jesus Christ PRONG.n.s. (prorghen, Dutch, to squeeze and his apostles, raised men and women from

Minsbesv.] A fork. the dead, not once only, but often. Atterbury. The cooks make no more ado, but sicing it Pros a’TOR. 1. s. In anatomy, a muscle into little gobbets, prick it on a praag of iron, of the radius, of which there are two,

and hang it in a furnace.

Sandys. that help to turn the palm downward.

Whacum his sea-coal prong threw by,

And basely turn'd his back to fly. Hudtres, Dict.

Be mindful PRONE. adj. [pronus, Latin.]

With iron teech of rakes and prongs to move, 1. Bending downward ; not erect.

The crusted earth.

Dryden. There wanted yet a creature not pront, PRO'NITY. 7. s. from prone.) Pronetess. And brute as oiter creatures, but indu'd

Not used. With sanctity of reason, might erect

Of this mechanick pronity, I do not see any His stature, and upright with front serene good tendency.

Morte Govern the rest.


PRONOU'N, n. s. I pronom, Fr. pronomen, 2. Lying with the face downward: con

Latin.) A word that is used instead of trary to s pine. Upon these three positions in man, wherein

the proper name. the spine can only be at right lines with the

1, thou, he; we, ye, thev, are names given to thigh, arise those postures, prone, supine, and

persons, and used instead of their proper names, Brown.

from whence tiey had the name of pronouns, as

though they were not nouns themselves, but 3. P.ccipitous; headlong; going down- used instead of nouns.

Clark. ward.

TO PRONOUNCE. v. a. (prononcer, Fi. Down thither prone in flight He speeds, and through the vast ethereal sky

pronuncio, Latin. ] Sails between worlds.


1. To speak; to utter. 4. Declivous; sloping.

He pronounced all these words unto me with

his mouth. Since the floods demand,

Jeremiah For their descent, a prone and sinking land:

2. To utter solemnly; to uiter confidentis, Does not this due declivity declare

She A wise director's providential care? Blackmore.

So good a lady, that no tongue could ever 5. Inclined; propense ; disposed. It has

Pronounce dishonour of her. Shakupean. commonly an ill sense.

I have pronounced the word, saith the Lord.

Jeremiah The labour of doing good, with the pleasure

So was his will arising from the contrary, doth make men for Pronounc'd among the gods.

Miltex. the most part slower to the one and proner to

Sternly he pronounced the rigid interdiction the other, than that duty, prescribed them by law, can prevail sufficiently with them. Hooker.

Absalom pronounced a sentence of death against Those who are ready to confess him in judg- his brother.

Laks. ment and profession, are very prone to deny him 3. To form or articulate by the organs

of in their doings.

South. If we are prone to sedition, and delight in

specch. change, there is no cure more proper than trade,

Language of man pronounc'd which supplies business to the active, and wealth

By tongue of brute, and 'huinan sense expressid. to the indigent. Addison.

Miitot Still prone to change, though still the slaves of Though diversity of tongues continue, this

would render the pronouncing them easier,

Helder. PRO'NENESS. n. s. [from prone.] 1. The state of bending downward ; not

4. To utter rhetorically.

TO PRONOU'NCE, v. n. erectness.

To speak with If erectness be taken, as it is largely opposed

confidence or authority,

How confidently soever men pronunce of unto proneness, or the posture of animals look‘ing downwards, carrying their venters, or oppo

themselves, and believe that they are then most site part to the spine, directly towards the earth,

pious, when they are most eager and unquiet; it may admit of question.


yet 't is sure this is far removed from the true

genius of religion. 2. The state of lying with the face down

Decay of Piety: ward; not supineness.

Every fool may believe, and pronounce cont

fidently; but wise men will, in matters of dis3. Descent; declivity.

course, conclude firmly, and in matters of fact, 4. Inclination; propension ; disposition to act surely.

South. ill.

PRONOU'NCER. n. s. [from pronounce.] The Holy Spirit saw that mankind is unto One who pronounces. virtue liardly drawn, and that righteousness is The pronouncer thereof shall be condemned the less accounted of, by reason of the proneness

in expeaces.

Ay:ift. of our affections to that which aelighteth.


PRONUNCIATION. 1. s. [pronunciatio, The soul being first from nothing brought,

from pronuncio, Lat. pronunciation, Fr.] When God's grace fails her, doth to nothing fall; 1. The act or mode of utterance.

And this declining proneness unto nought, The design of speaking being to communicate Is ev’n that sin that we are born withal. Davies. our thoughts by ready, easy, and graceful proe He instituted this worship, because of the car.

nunciation, all kind of letters have been searchnality of their hearts, and the proneness of the ed out, that were serviceable for the purpose. people to idolatry. Tillotson.

Holder. The proneness of good men to commiserate It were easy to produce thousands of his want, in whatsoever shape it appears. Atterbury. verses, which are lame for want of half a foot, How great is the proneness of our nature, to

sometimes a whole one, and which no presuncomply with this temptation! Rogers. ciation can make otherwise.



2. That part of rhetorick which teaches to 5. In printing, the rough draught of a

speak in publick with pleasing utterance sheet when first pulled. and graceful gesture.

Proof. adj. (This word, though used as PROOF. n. s. [from prove.]

an adjective, is only elliptically put for 1. Evidence; testimony; convincing to. of proof:]

ken; convincing argument; means of 1. In penetrable ; able to resist. conviction.

Now put your shields before your hearts, and That they all have always so testified, I see

fight not how we should possibly wish a proof more pal

With hearts more proof than shields. Sbaksg. pable than this.


Opportunity I here have had
This has neither evidence of truth, nor proof

To try thee, siti thee, and confess have found thee sufficient to give it warrant.

Hooker. Proof against all temptation, as a rock
Of adamant.

Milton, Though the manner of their trials should be altered, yet the proof of every thing must needs

He past expression lov'd, be by the testimony of such persons as the par

Proof to disdain, and not to be remov'd. Dryd. ties shall produce.


When the mind is thoroughly tinctured, the That which I shall report will bear no credit,

man will be proof against all oppositions. Collier, Were not the prooj' so high. Sbakspeare.

Guitless of hate, and proof against desire; One soul in botn, whereof good proof

That all things weighs, and nothing can admire. This day affords. Millon.

Drydeno Things of several kinds may admit and require

When a capuchin, thought proof against bribes, several surts of proofs, all which may be good in . had undertaken to carry on the work, he died a their kind. And therefore nothing can be more

little after.

Addison. irrational than for a man to doubt of, or deny 2. It has either to or against before the the truth of, any thing, because it cannot be

power to be resisted. made out, by such kind of proofs of which the

Imagin’d wise, nat re of such a thing is not capable. They

Constant, mature, proof against all assaults.Milf. ought not to expect either sensible proof, or de

Deep in the snowy, Alps, a lump of ice mun.ation for such matters as are not capable

By frost was harden'd to a mighty price; of such proofs, supposing them to be true.


Proof to the sun it now securely lies,

And the warm dog-star's hottest rage defies. This, vers'd in death, th' infernal knight re

Addison. lates,

The god of day, And then for proof fulfill'd their common fates.

To make him proof against the burning ray, Dryden.

His temples with celestial ointment wet. Addis. Those intervening ideas, which serve to shew the agreement of any two others, are called PROO'Fless. adj. (from proof.] Unprovproofs.

Locke. ed; wanting evidence. 2. Test; trial; experiment.

Some were so manifestly we ik and proofless, Retire or taste thy folly, and learn by proof,

that he must be a very courteous adversary, that Hell-born! not to contend with spirits of heav'n. can grant them.

Boyle. Milton. T. PROP. v. a. (proppen, Dutch.]

Samson, This day to Dagon is a solemn feast:

1. To support by placing something under Thy strength they know suspassing human race,

or against.

What we by day
And now some public proof thereof require
To honour this great feast.


Lop overgrown, or prop, or bind, When the imagination hath contrived the

One night derides.

Milton. frame of such an instrument, and conceives that 2. To support by standing under or the event must intallibly answer its hopes, yet against. then does it strangely deceive in the proof. Like these, earth unsupported keeps its place,

Wilkins. Though no tixt bottom props the weighty mass. Gave, while he taught, and edify'd the more,

Creecb. Because he shew'd, by proof, 't was easy to be

Eternal snows the growing mass supply, poor.

Dryden. Till the bright mountains prop th' incumbent My paper gives a timorous writer an oppor

sky; tunity of putting his abilities to the proof:

As Atlas fix'd each hoary pile appears. Pope.

Addison, 3. To sustain ; to support.
Here for ever must I stay,

The nearer I find myself verging to that peSad proof how well a lover can obey.

Pope. riod, which is to be labour and sorrow, the more 3. Firm temper; impenetrability; the state

prop myself upon those few supports that are

Pope. of being wrought and hardened, till the

Prop. n. s. (proppe, Dutch.) A support; expected strength is found by trial to be

a stay; that on which any thing rests. attained.

The boy was the very staff of my age, my very Add proof unto mine armour with thy prayers,


Shakspeare. : And with thy blessings steel my lance's point.

You take my house, when you do take the Sbakspeare.

prop To me the cries of fighting fields are charms, That doth sustain my house; you take my life, Keen be my sabre, and of proof my arms;

When you do take the means whereby I live. I ask no other blessing of my stars. Dryden.

Sbakspeert. See arms of proof, both for myself and thee; Some plants creep along the ground, or wind Chuse thou the best.

Dryden. about other trees or props, and cannot support 4. Armour hardened till it will abide a themselves.

Bacon. certain trial.

That he might on many props repose, He Bellona's bridegroom, lapt in proof, He strengths his own, and who his part did take. Confronted him. Sbakspeare,


left me.

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Agrin, is by the body's prop we stand,

No need that thou If on the body's life her life depend,

Should'st propagate, already infinite, As Mcleager's on the fatal brand,

And through all numbers absolute, though one. The body's good she only would intend. Davies.

Milton. Fairest unsupported flower

PROPAGA'TIOX. n. s. (prop gatio, Lat. From her best prop so far.

Milton. The current et his vict'ries found no stor,

propagation, French; from propagate.] Till Cromwell came, his party's chiefest prop.

Continuance or diffusion by generation

Waller. or successive production. 'T was a considerable time before the great Men have souls rather by creation than er fragments that feil rested in a firm posture; for pagation,

Hozber. the props and stays, whereby they leaned one There are other secondary ways of the propeo upon another, often failed.

Burnet. gation of it, as lying in the same bed. Wiemus. The props return

There is not in all nature any spontaneous Into thy house, that bore the burden'd vines. generation, but all come by propagation, where


in chance hath not the least part. Ray, Had it been possible to find out any real and Old stakes of olive trees in plants revive; firm foundation for Arianism to rest upon, it But nobler vines by propagation thrive. Dryden. would never have been left to stand upon artificial PROPAGA'TOR. n. s. [Irom propagate.] props, or to subsist by suvriety and manageme:t. 1. One who continues by successive pro


duction. PRO'PAGABLE, adj. (from propagate.] 2. A spreader; a promoter.

Such as may be spread; such as may be Socrates, the greatest propagator of morality, continued by succession.

and a martyr for the unity of the Godhead, was Such creatures as are produced each by its so famous for this talent, that he gained the peculiar seci, constitute a distinct propagable

name of the Drole.

Addison, sort of creatures.

Boyle. To PROPE'L. v. a. (propelle, Latin.) To TO PROʻPAGATE. v. a. (propago, Lat.]

drive forward. 1. To continue or spread by generation

Avicen witnesses the blood to be frothy that is

propelled out of a vein of the breast. Haron, or successive production,

This motion, in some human creatures, may All that I eat, or drink, or shall beget,

Milton. Is propagated curse!

be weak in respect of the viscidity of what is

taken, so as not to be able to propel it. Arbai, Is it an elder brother's duty so

That overplus of motion would be too feeble To propagate his family and naine; You would not have yours die and buried with

and languid to propel so vast and ponderous a body, with that prodigious velocity.

Benels, Otway. To PROPE'ND. v. n. (propendeo, Latin, From hills and dales the cheerful cries rebound;

to hang forward.] To incline to any For echo hunts along, and propagates the sound. part; to be disposed in favour of ans

Dryden. thing. 2. To extend ; to widen.

My sprightly brethren, I prepend to you, I have upon a high and pleasant hill

In resolution to keep Helen stiil. Sbakspeart

. Feign'd fortune to be thron’d: the base o' th' PROFE'NDENCY. n. s. [from propend.)

1. Inclination or tendency of desire to any Is rank'd with all deserts, all kind of natures,

thing. That labour on the busom of this sphere To propagate their states. Sbakspeare.

. (from propendo, Latin, to weigh.] Pres

consideration; attentive deliberation; 3. To carry on from place to place ; to

perpendency. promote.

An act above the animal actings, which are Some have thought the propagating of reli

transient, and admit not of that attention, and gion by arms not only lawful, but ineritorious.

Decay of Piety.

propendency of actions. Who are those that truth must proparat:, PROPE'NSE. adj. [propensus, Lat.] Inclino Within the confines of my father's state? Dryd. ed; disposed. It is used both of good Those who seek truth only, and desire to pro

and bad. pagate nothing else, freely expose their principles to the test.


Women, propense and inclinable to holiness, be

editied in good things, rather than carried away Because dense bodies conserve their heat a

as captives. long time, and the densest bodies conserve their

I have brought scandal heat the longest, the vibrations of their parts are of a lasting nature; and therefore may be pre

In feeble hearts, propense enough before • pagated along solid fibres of uniform dense mat

To waver, or fall of, and join with idols. Mol ter to a great distance, for conveying into the PROPE'NSION. n. s. (propension, French; brain the impressions made upon all the organs PROPE'NSITY.

propensio, Laiin; from of sense.


propense. ] 4. To increase; to promote.

1. Moral inclination ; disposition to any Griefs of mine own lie heavy in my breast,

1 Which thou wilt propagate, to have them prest

thing good or bad. With more of thine.


Some miscarriages mighe escape,rather through Sooth'd with his future fame,

necessities of state, than any propensity of myself And pleas'd to hear his propagated name.

to injuriousness. Dryden.

So forcible are our propensions to mutiny, that 5. To generite.

we equally take occasions from benefits or in Superstitious notions, propagated in fancy, are


Governmeat of the Tergit. hardly ever totally eradicated. Clarissa.

Let there be but propensity, and bent of wal TO PRO'PAGATE. v.n. To have offspring.

to religion, and there will be sedulity and indefatigable industry.




King Charles



It requires a critical nicety to find out the ge- all aliment that is easily assimilated or turned nius or ine propensions of a child. L'Estrange. into blood are proper: for blood is required to The natural pripersion, and the incritable oc- make biood,

Arbutinoin casions of complaint, accidents of fortune. 6. Exact ; accurate; just.


7. Not figurative. · He assists us with a measure of gracs, sütticient to over-balance the corrupt propensity of

Those parts of nature, into which the chaos

was r. ided, they signified by dark names, which the will.


we have expressed in their plain and proper 2. Natural tendency.


Burnet. Bodies, that of themselves have no propensions 8. It seems in Shakspeare to signify, mere; to any determinate place, do nevertheless move constantly and perpetually one way. Digby.

pure. This great attrition must produce a great pro

See thyself, devil;

Proper deformity seems not in the fiend pensity to the putrescent alkaline condition of the

So horrid as in woman. fluids. Arbatbnot.

King Lear. PROʻPER.adj. [propre, Fr. proprius, Lat.] 9. Kropre, French.) Elegant ; pretty.

Moses was a proper child. Hebreeuse I. Peculiar; not belonging to inore ; not 10. Tall; lusty; handsome with bulk. A common.

low. word. As for the virtues that belong unto moral At last she concluded with a sigh, thou wast righteousness and honesty of life, we do not the properest nian in Italy. mention them, because they are not proper unto christian men as they are christian, but do con

A proper goodiy fox was carrying to execution.

L'Estrange cern them as they are men.

Hooker. Men of learning hold it for a slip in judg- PROʻPERLY. adv. [from proper.] ment, when atfer is made to demonstrate that 1. Fitly; suitably. as proper to one thing, which reason findeth 2. In a strict sense. common unto many.

Hooker. What dies but what has life No sense the precious joys conceives,

And sin? the body properly hath neither. Milt, Which in her private contemplations be;

The miseries of lite are not properly owing to For then the ravish'd spirit the senses leaves, the unequal distribution of things. Swift, Hath her own pow'rs and proper actions free. There is a sense in which the works of every


man, good as well as bad, are properly his own. Of nought no creature ever formed ought,

Rogers. For that is proper to th’ Almighty's hand. Dav. Pro’YERNESS. n. s. [from proper.]

Dufresnoy's rules, concerning the posture of 1. The quality of being proper. the figures, are almost wholly proper to painting, and adınit not any comparison with poetry.

2. Talness.

Dryden. Proʻperty. n. s. [from proper.] Outward objects, that are extrinsecal to the mind, and its own operations, proceeding from

1. Peculiar quality.

What special property or quality is that, which powers intrinsecal and proper to itself, which be

being no where found but in sermons, maketh come also objects of its contemplation, are the original of all knowledge.

Hooker, Locke.

them effectual to save souls? They professed themselves servants of Jeho

A secondary essential mode, is any attribute vah their God, in a relation and respect peculiar

of a thing, which is not of primary consideratior,

and is called a property. and proper to themselves. Nelson.

Watts, 2. Noting an individual.

2. Quality; disposition.

'T is conviction, not force, that must induce A proper name may become common, when given to several beings of the same kind; as Cæ

assent; and sure the logick of a conquering sword Watts.

has no great property that way; silence it may,

but convince it cannot. Decay of Pictyo 3. One's own. It is joined with any of

It is the property of an old sinner to find dé. the possessives: as, nry proper, their light in reviewing his own villanies in others. proper.

South The bloody book of law

3. Right of possession. You shall yourself read in the bitter letter,

Some have been deceived into an opinion, that After your own sense; yea, though our proper the inheritance of rule over men, and property

in things, sprung from the same original, and Stood in your action.

Sbakspeare. were to descend by the same rules. Locke. Court the age

Property, whose original is from the right a With somewhat of your proper rage.


man has to use any of the inferior creatures, for If we might determine it, our proper concep- subsistence and comfort, is for the sole advanttions would be all voted axioms. Glanville. age of the proprietor, so that he may even de

Now learn the diff'rence at your proper cost; stroy the thing that he has property in. Locke, Betwixt true valour and an empty boast. Dryd. 4. Natural ; original.

4. Possession held in one's own right. In our proper motion we ascend

For numerous blessings yearly show'r'd, Up to our native seat.


And property with plenty crown'd,
Accept our pious praise.

Dryden, s. Fit; accommodated; adapted ; suitable; qualified.

s. The thing possessed. In Athens all was pleasure, mirth, and play,

"T is a thing impossible All profer to the spring, and sprightly May.

I should love thee but as a property. Sbakspeare.

No wonder such men are true to a govern.

Dryden. He is the only proper person of all others for

ment, where liberty runs so high, where

prothe epic poem, who, to his natural endowments perty is so well secured.

Swift. of a large invention, a ripe judgment, and a

6. Nearness or right. I know not which strong memory, has joined the knowledge of the is the sense in the following lines. liberal arts.


Here I disclaim all my paternal carc, la debility, from great loss of blood, wine and Propinquity, arid property of blood,

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And as a stranger to my heart and me, 1. One who tells future events; a pre.
Hold thee.


dictor; a foreteller.

a 7. Something useful; an appendage: a

Ev'ry flower
theatrical term.

Did as a prophet weep what it foresaw,
I will draw a bill of properties, such as our play In Hector's wrath.


Jesters oft prove prophets. Sbakspears
The purple garments raise the lawyer's fees, O prophet of glad tidings! finisher
High pomp and state are useful properties. Of utmost hope!


He lor'd so fast, Greenfield was the name of the property man As if he fear'd each day would be her last; in that time, who furnished implements for the Too true a propbet to foresee the fate, actors.

Pope. That should so soon divide their happy state. 8. Property for propriedy. Any thing pe

Dryden. culiarly adapted. Not used.

God, when he makes the propbet, does not un make the man.

Locke. Our poets excel in grandity and gravity, smoothness and property, in quickness and brief

2. One of the sacred writers empowered

Camden, by God to display futurity. To PRO'PERTY. v. a. (from the noun.] His champions are the propbets and apostles

. 1. To invest with qualities.

Sbakspear. His reared arm

It buildeth her faith and religion upon the sam Crested the world; his voice was property'd

cred and canonical scriptures of the holy pro As all the tuned spheres.


pbets and apostles, as upon her main and prime 2. To seize or retain as something owned, Prophetess. n. s. (propbetes se, Fr. from


Wbie. or in which one has a right; to appropriate; to hold. This word is not now

prophet.] A woman that foretells future used in either meaning. His large fortune

He shall split thy very heart with sorrow, Subdues and properties to his love and tendance

And say poor Marg'ret was a propbetess. Sbaks

. All sorts of hearts.


That it is consonant to the word of God, so They have here propertied me, keep me in

in singing to answer, the practice of Miriam the darkness, and do all they can to face me out of

prophetess, when she answered the men in her Shakspeare. song, will approve.

Peacban. I am too highborn to be propertien,

If my love but once were crown'd, To be a secondary at controul.

Prior Sbakspeare.

Fair prophetess! my grief would cease. PRO'PHAsis. n. s. ! Tipópasos:] In medi- PROPHETICAL. / adj. (propbetique, Fr.

cine, a foreknowledge of diseases. PROPHE'TICK, I from propbet.) PRO'PHECY. n. s. [Ti popusia; prophetie, Fr.] 1. Foreseeing or foretelling future events. A declaration of something to come ;

Say, why prediction.

Upon this blasted heath you stop our way,
He hearkens after prophecies and dreams.

With such propbetick greeting?

Sbaksar? Shakspeare.

The counsel of a wise and then presh testo friend was forgotten.

W. Poets may boast Their work shall with the world remain;

Some perfumes procure propbetical dreams.

Bsces. Both bound together, live or die, The verses and the prophesy.


Till old experience do attain PROʻPHESIER. n. s. [from prophesy. ] One

To something like propbetick strain.


Some famous prophetick pictures represent the who prophesies.

fate of England by'a mole, a creature blind and TO PRO'PHESY. v. a.

busy, smooth and deceitful, continually working 1. To predict ; to foretell; to prognosti- under ground, but now and then to be discerned cate.

in the surface.


fest. Miserable England!

No arguments made a stronger impressioa a I propbesy the fearful'st time to thee,

these pagan converts, than the predictions relato That ever wretched age hach look'd upon.

ing to our Saviour in those old prepbetick urrit. Shakspeare.

ings deposited among the hands of the greatest I hate him, for he doth not prophesy good, but

enemies to christianity, and owned by them to evil.

1 Kings.
have been extant many ages before his appear.

Addison The Lord sent me to prophesy, against this house, all the words that ye have heard. Jer.

2. It has of before the thing foretold. 2. To foreshow.

The more I know, the more my fears augment, Methought thy very gait did propbesy

And fears are oft propbetick of th' event. Dryd. A royal nobleness,

Sbakspeare. ProPHEʼTICALLY. adv. [from propbetiTo PRO'PHESY. v. n.

cal.] With knowledge of futurity; in 1. To utter predictions.

manner of a prophecy. Strange screams of death,

He is so propbetically proud of an heroical And prophesying with accents terrible

cudgelling, that he raves in saying nothing. Of dire combustion.

Sbakspeare Receiv'd by thee, I prophesy my rhimes,

This great success among Jews and Gentiles, Mix'd with thy works, their life no bounds shall

part of it historically true at the compiling of Tickel.

these articles, and part of it propbetically true 2. To preach. A scriptural sense.

then, and fulóiled afterward, was a most effectPropbesy unto the wind, propbesy son of man. ual argument to give authority to this faith. Ezekiel.

Hammond The elders of the Jews builded, and prospered She sigh’d, and thus propbetically spoke, through the propbesying of Haggai. Ezra,

Drydom PROPHET. n. so (prophete, Fr. Apopárns.] TO PRO'PHETIZE. v. n. (propbetiser, Fr.




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