« ПредишнаНапред »
PRE The variety of prophecies and prefigurations for that extraordinary extension in the time of had their punctual accomplishment in the author their pregnancy.
Ras. of this institution.
Norris. 2. Fertility; fruitfulness; inventive pow. TO PREFIGURE. v. a. (pre and figaro, er; acuteness.
Lat.) To exhibit by antecedent repre- He was sent to school, where his pregnancy sentation.
was advantaged by more than paternal care and What the Old Testament hath, the very same industry.
Foll, the New containeth ; but that which liech there, Pregnancy is made a tapster, and hath his quick as under a shadow, is here brought forth into wit wasted in giving reckonings. Sbak-peare. the open sun; things there preizi red, are here This writer, out of the pregnancy of his invenperformed
tion, hath found out an old say of insinuating Such piety, so chaste use of God's day,
the grossest retiections under the appearance of That what we turn to feast, she turn'd to pray,
PREÄGNANT. adj. [pregnant, Fr. prago
Donne. nans, Latin.)
, Dove-like sat'st brooding on the vast abyss, deprivation of the blissful vision, and confusion
And mad'se it pregnant.
Hammond. Through either ocean, foolish man!
That pregnant word sent forth again,
Might to a world extend each aton there,
For every drop call forth a sea, a heav'n for ex'ir
Prier, himself three years, which the great monarchs of Rome could not perform in so many hundreds.
2. Fruitful ; fertile ; impregnating. Knolles,
All these in their pregnant causes mixt. M. TO PREFIX. v. a. (prefigo, Latin.]
Call the fioods from high, to rush amain 1. To appoint beforehand.
With pregnant streams, to suell the teeming
3. Full of consequence.
These knew not tbe just motives and preproet
grounds, with which I thought myself furnis ied.
An egregious and pregnant instance how far speech were safer, than that which punctually
virtue surpasses ingenuity:
Woodward. prefixeth a constant day.
O detestable passive obedience' did I ever Booth's forward valour only serv'd to show,
imagine I should become thy votary in so orig. He durst that duty pay we all did owe:
nant an instance?
Arbeibact. Th' attempt was fair ; but heaven's prefixed hour 4. Evident ; plain; clear; full. An obsoNot come.
lete sense. 2. To settle; to establish.
This granted, as it is a most pregnant and up Because I would prefix some certain boundary forc'd position, who stands so eminent in the debetween them, the old statutes end with king gree of this fortune as Cassio, a knave very voEdward 11. the new or later statutes begin with
. king Edward ur.
Hale. Were 't not that we stand up against them all, These boundaries of species are as men, and 'T were pregnant, they should square between not as nature makes them, if there are in na
Sbakspears. ture any such prefixed bounds. Locke. 5. Easy to produce any thing. 3. To put before another thing: as, be A most poor man made tame to fortune's prefixed an advertisement to bis book.
blows, Preri'x. n. s. I prefixum, Lat.) Some par
Who by the art of known and feeling sorrows, ticle put before a word, to vary its sig. 6. Free; kind. Obsolete.
Am pregnant to good pity. Sbakspeare. nification.
My matter hath no voice, but to your own In the Hebrew language the noun has its prefixa and affixa, the former to signify some few
most pregnant and vouchsafed ear. Sbakspeare, relations, and the latter to denote the pronouns PREGNANTLY. adv. (from pregnant.] possessive and relative.
Clarke, 1. Fruitfully.
2. Fully; plainly; clearly.
A thousand moral paintings I can shew, PREFI'XION. n. s. (prefixion, Fr. from That shall demonstrate these quick blows of fore
preix.] The act of prefixing. Dict. TO PREFO'RM. v. a. [pre and form.] To More pregnantly than words. Sbalsperrt form beforehand. Not in use.
The dignity of this office among the Jews is If you consider the true cause,
so pregnantly set forth in holy writ, that it is upWhy all these things change, from their ordi
questionable; kings and priests are mentioned nance,
PREGUSTA’TION. n. so (præ and gastar
Latin.] The act of tasting before an-
other. PRE'GNANCY. n. s. (from pregnant.]
TO PREJU'DGE. v. a. (prejuger, French; 1. The state of being with young.
præ and judico, Lat.) To determine any The breast is encompassed with ribs, and the
question beforehand; generally to conbeliy lett irce, for re piration; and in females, dema beforehand.
The stood upon his own title of the house of England and France might, thro' their amity, Lancaster, he knew it was condemn'd in parlia- Breed him some prejudice; for from this league ment, and prejudged in the common opinion of the Peep'd harms that menac'd him. Shakspeare. realm, and that it tended to the disinherison of Factions carried too high and too violently, is the line of York.
Bacon. a sign of weakness in princes, and much to the The child was strong and able, though born in prejudice of their authority and business. Bacona the eighth month, which the physicians do pre- How plain this abuse is, and what prejudice it judge.
Bacon. does to the understanding of the sacred scrip The cause is not to be defended, or patronized
Locke, by names, but arguments, much less to be pre- A prince of this character will instruct us, by judged, or blasted by them.
Hammond. his example, to fix the unsteadiness of our poliThe committee of council hath prejudged the ticks; or by his conduct hinder it from doing us whole case, by calling the united sense of both any prejudice.
Addison, houses of parliament an universal clamour.
To PRE JUDICE. v. a. (from the noun.] Some action ought to be entered, lest a greater 1. To prepossess with unexamined opi. Cause should be injured and prejudged thereby.
nions; to fill with prejudices. Ayliff.
Half pillar wanted their expected height, TO PREJU'DICATE. v. a. (præ and judico, And roofs imperfect prejudica the sight. Prior. Latin.] To determine beforehand to
Suffer not any beloved study to prejudice your disadvantage.
mind, so far as to despise all other learning.
Watts. Our dearest friend Prejudicates the business, and would seem
2. To obstruct or injure by prejudices To have us make denial.
previously raised. Are you, in favour of his person, beni
Companies of learned men, be they never so Thus to prejudicate the innocent? Sandys. great and reverend, are to yield unto reason ; PREJU’DICATE. adj. [from the verb.)
the weight whereof is no whit prejudiced by the
simplicity of his person, which doch allege ít. 1. Formed by prejudice; formed before
Neither must his example, done without the This rule of casting away all our former pre
book, prejudice that which is well appointed in judicate opinions, is not proposed to any of us to
Whitgift. be practised at once as subjects or christians, but I am not to prejudice the cause of my fellowmerely as philosophers.
Watts. poets, though I abandon my own defence. Dryd. 2. Prejudiced ; prepossessed by opinions. 3. To injure ; to hurt ; to diminish ; to
Their works will be embraced by most that impair; to be detrimental to. This understand them, and their reasons enforce belief from prejudicate readers.
sense, as in the noun, is often improPREJUDICA'TION, n. s. [from prejudi
perly extended to meanings that have
no relation to the original sense ; who cate.] The act of judging without exa- can read with patience of an ingredient mination.
that prejudices a medicine ? PREJUDICE. n. s. (prejudice, Fr. prejudi- The strength of the law is such, that no pare cium, Latin.]
ticular nation can lawfully prejudice the same by 1. Prepossession ; judgment formed be- any their several laws and ordínances, more than forehand without examination.
It is a man by his private resolutions, the law of the used for prepossession
favour of any
Hooker, thing or against it. It is sometimes used The Danube rescu'd, and the empire savid, with to before that which the prejudice Say, is the majesty of verse retriev'd ? is against, but not properly.
Andrould it prejudice thy softer vein, The king himself frequently considered more To sing the princes, Leuís and Eugene? Prior. the person who spoke, as he was in his
To this is added a vinous bitter, warmer in the than the counsel itself that was given. Clarındon.
composition of its ingredients than the watry My comfort is, that their nanifest prejudice to
intusion; and, as gentian and lemon-peel make my cause will render their judgment of less au
a bitter of so grateful a favour, the only care thority.
Dryden. required in this composition was to chuse such There is an unaccountable prejudice to proce
an addition as might not prejudice it. tors of all kinds, for which reason, when I talk
London Dispensatory. of practising to dy, silly people think me an owl Puejudi’CIAL.adı. [prejudiciable, French;
Addison. 2. Mischief; detriment; burt; injury, i. Obstructed by means of opposite pre
from prejudices! This sense is only accidental or consequential; a bad thing being called a 'T is a sad irreverence, without due considerPrejudice, only because prejudice is com- ation to look upon the actions of princes with a monly a bad thing, and is not derived prejudicial eye.
Holyday. from the original or etymology of the 2. Contrary; opposite. word: it were therefore better to use it What one syllable is there, in all this, prejudiless : perhaps prejudice ought never to cial any way to that which we huid? Hooter. be applied to any mischief, which does 3. Mischievous; hurtful; injurious ; de. not imply some partiality or preposses- trimeutal. This sense is improper. See sion. In some of the following exam.
PREJUDICF, noun and verb. ples, its impropriety will be discovered. His going away the next morning with all mis I have not spoke one the least word,
troops, was most prejudiciud and most ruitjusto That might be prejudice of her present state,
the king's chairs.
Clarador Os touch of her good persodio
Shekspeare. Oue oi thene ladje, reads, while the others
for my pains.
are at work; so that the learning of the fanily PRELIMINARY, 11. s. Something previis not at all prejudicial to its manufactures.
ous; preparatory act; preparation; preA state of great prosperity, as it exposes us to
parative. various temptations, so it is often prejudicial to
The third consists of the ceremonies of the us, in that it swells the mind with undue thoughts.
oath on bceh sides, and the preliminaries to the Atterbury. combat.
Nates er liiad. PREJUDICIAL NESS. n. s. [from prejudi.
PRELUDE. n. s. (prelude, Fr. preludium, cial.] The state of bcing prejudicial ;
1. Some short fight of musick played be. PRE'LACY. n. s. [from prelate.)
fore a full concert. 1. The dignity or post of a prelate or ec
My weak essay
But sounds a prelude, and points out their prey. clesiastick of the highest order
Isang Prelacies may be termed the greater benefices;
2. Something introductory; something as that of the pontificate, a patriarchship, an archbishoprick and bisnoprick. Ayliffe.
that only shows what is to follow.
To his infant arms oppose 3. Ep cpicy; the order of bishops.
His father's rebe's and his brother's foes; The presbyter, pufd up with spiritual pride, Shall on the necks of the lewd nobles ride,
Those were the preludes of his fate, His brethren damn, the civil power defy,
That form'd his manhood, to subdue And parcel oui republick prelacy. Dryden.
The hydra of the many-headed hissing crew,
Dryden How many are there, that call themselves
The last Georgick was a good prelude to the protestants, who put prelacy and popery together as terms convertible ?
Æneis, and very well shewed what the poet could
do in the description of what was really great. 3. Bishops. Collectively.
Addison. Divers of the reverend prelacy, and other most One concession to a man is but a prelude to judicious men, have especially bestowed their
Clarissa pains about the matter of jurisdiction. Hooker.
To PRELU'DE. v. a. (preluder, Fr. præ• PRELATE. n. s. [prelat, Fr. prælatus,
ludo, Lat.) To serve as an introduction; Lat.] An ecclesiastick of the highest
to be previous to. order and dignity. It beseemned not the person of so grave a pre
Either songster bolding out their throats,
And folding up their wings, renew'd their notes, late, to be either utterly without counsel, as the As if all day, preluding to the fight, rest were, or in a common perplexity to shew
They only had rehears'd, to sing by night. himself alone secure. Hooker.
Dryden. Hear him but reason in divinity,
PRELUʻDIOUS. adj. [from prelude.] Pre. And, all-admiring, with an inward wish You would desire the king were made a prelate.
vious ; introductory. Sbakspeare.
That's but a preludious bliss, Tlie archbishop of Vienna, a reverend prelate,
Two souls pickeering in a kiss.
Cleaselande said one day to king Lewis xi. of France; Sir, PRELUDIUM. n. s. (Latin.] Prelude. your mortal enemy is dead, what time duke
This Menelaus knows, expos'd to share Charles of Burgundy was slain.
Bacon. With me the rough preludium of the war. Yet Munster's prelate ever be accurst,
Droder. In whom we seek the German faith in vain.
Prelu'sive. adj. [from prelude. ] Previo
Dryden. PRELA'TICAL. adj. [from prelate.) Relat
ous; introductory: proemial.
The clouds ing to prelates or prelacy. Dici.
Softly shaking on the dimpled pool PRELATION. n. s. (prælatus, Lat.) Pre- Prelusive drops, let all their moisture flow. ference ; setting of one above the other.
Themie In case the father left only daughters, they PREMATU'RE. adj. (premature, French; equally succeeded as in co-partnership, without
præmaturus, Lat.] Ripe too soon;
form. any prelation or preference of the eldest daughter to a double portion.
ed before the time; too early ; too soon
said, believed, or done; too hasty. PRE'LATURE. n.s.[prælatura, Lat.
'T is hard to imagine, what possible consPRE'LATURESHIP.) prelature, French.) deration should persuade him to repent, til he
The state or dignity of a prelate. Dict. deposited that premature persuasion of his being PRELE'CTION. 1. s. Įprælectio, Latin.]
Harmond's Fundamentals. Reading ; lecture ; discourse.
PREMATU'RE LY. adv. (from prematures] He that is desirous to prosecute these asystata Too early ; too soon; with too hasty or intinitude, let him resort to the prelections of
Hale. PRELIBA'TION. n.s. (from pralibo, Lat.]
PREMATU'RENESS. n. s. [from prema:
PREMATU'RITY, ture.] Too great Taste beforehand; effusion previous to
haste; unseasonable earliness. tasting. The firm belief of this, in an innocent soul, is
TO PREMÉ’DITATE. v.a. (præmeditor, a high prelibation of those eternal joys. More. Lat. premediter, Fr.) To contrive or PRELIMINARY. adj. [preliminaire, Fr.
form beforehand; to conceive before. prælimine, Latin.] Previous; introduc- hand. tory ; proemial.
Where I have come, great clerks have purposed My master needed not the assistance of that To grect me with premeditated welcomes,
Sbakspeare. reliminary poet to prove his claim; his own inajestick inien discovers hiin to be the king. With words premeditated thus he said. Dryd.
Dryden. TO PREMEDITATE.V.. To have formed
in the mind by previous meditation; to
No body cares to make loans upon a new prothink beforehand.
ject; whereas men never fail to bring in their Of themselves they were rude, and knew not
money upon a land-tax, when the premium or inso much as how to premeditate ; the spirit gave
terest allowed them is suited to the hazard they them speech and eluquent utterance. Hooker.
Addison. PREMEDITA’TION. Mh. s. (premeditatio,
People were tempted to lend, by great pre
miums and large interest; and it concerned them Lat. premeditation, Fr. from premedi.
to preserve that government, which they had tate.] Act of meditating beforehand. trusted with their money.
Swifto Are all th' unlook'd-for issue of their bodies To take their rooms ere I can place myself?
To PREMOČNISH. v. a. (præmoneo, Lat.) A cold premeditation for my purpose! Shaksp.
To warn or admonish beforehand. Hope is a pleasant premeditation of enjoyment, PREMO'NISHMENT. n. s. from premonish.] as when a dog expects, till his master has done Previous information. picking of the bone.
More. After these premonishments, I will come to the He, amidst the disadvantages of extempore
Wotton, against premeditation, dispelled with ease and perfect clearness all the sophisms that had been PREMONI'TION. n. s. [from premonish.] brought against him.
Previous notice ; previous intelligence, Verse is not the effect of sudden thought; but
What friendly premonitions have been spent this hinders not, that sudden thought may be re
On your forbearance, and their vain event. presented in verse, since those thoughts must be
Chapman higher than nature can raise without premedi
How great the force of such an erronsou
Dryden. persuasion is, we may collect from our Saviour's TO PREME'RIT. w. a. (premereor, Lat.]
premonition to his disciples, when he tells thein, To deserve before.
that those who killed them shouid think they
did God service. They did not forgive sir John Hotham, who
Deray of Piety. had so much premerited of them. King Charles. PREMOʻNITORY. adj. [from præ and PREMICES. n. s. [primitiæ, Lat. premices, moneo, Lat.) Previously advising. Fr.] First fruite.
To PR F.MO'NSTRATE. v. a. [pre and A charger, yearly filled with fruits, was offered to the gods at their festivals, as the premices or
monstro, Lat.] To show beforehand.
PREMUNIRE. n. s. (Latin.] first gatherings.
Dryden. PREMIER. adj. (French.) First; chiet.
1. A writ in the common law, whereby a The Spaniard challengeth the premier place,
penalty is incurrable, as infringing some in regard of his dominions.
Camden. statute. Thus families, like realms, with equal fate,
Premunire is now grown a good word in our Are sunk by premier ministers of state. Swift.
English laws, by tract of time; and yet at first To PREMI's E. v. a. (præmissus, Latin.)
it was merely mistaken for premonire. 1. To explain previously ; to lay down
2. A penalty so incurred. The apostle's discourse here is an answer upon
Woolsey incurred a premunire, forfeited his
honour, estate, and life, which he ended in great a ground taken ; he premiseth, and then infers.
South. I premise these particulars, that the reader 3. A difficulty; a distress. A low ungiammay know I enter upon it as a very ungrateful
matical word. task.
Addison. PREMUNI'TION. n. s. [from præmunio, 2. To send before the time. Not in use. Lat.) An anticipation of objection. O let the vile world end,
To PRENOMINATE. v. a. [pre and And the premised flames of the last day Knit earth and heav'n together! Sbakspeare.
nomino, Lat.) To forename.
He PREMISES. n. s. [prenissa, Lat.premisses,
you would sound,
Having ever seen, in the pronominute crimes, French.]
The youth, you breathe of, guilty. Sbakspeare, 1. Propositions antecedently supposed or PRENOMINA’TION.n.s. (pre and nomino, proved. They infer upon the premises, that as great
Latin.] The privilege of being named
first. difference as commodiously may be, there should be in all outward ceremonies between the peo
The watry productions should have the preple of God, and them which are not his people.
nomination ; and they of the land rather derive
Hooker. their names, than nominate those of the sea. This is so regular an inference, that whilst the
Brown. premises stand firm, it is impossible to shake the PRENO'TION, n. s. [prenotion, Fr. prae conclusion.
Decay ojo Piety. and nosco, Lat.) Foreknowledge; preShe study'd well the point, and found
science. Her foe's conclusions were not sound,
The hedgehog's presension of winds is so exact, From premises erroneous brought,
that it stoppeth the north or southern hole of its And therefore the deduction's nought. Swift.
nest, according unto prenotion of these winds en2. In law language, houses or lands: as, I suing.
Brown, was upon the premises.
PRE'NTICE. n. s. (contracted, by colloPRE’MISS. n. s. I pramissum, Lat.) Ante- quial licence, from apprentice.) One
cedent proposition. This word is rare bound to a master, in order to instruc. in the singular.
tion in a trade. They know the major or minor, which is im- My accuser is my prentice, and when I did plied, when you pronounce the other premiss and correct him for his fauit, he did vow upon his. ihe conclusion.
knees he wouid be even with me. Sbakspeare. PXE’MIUM. n. s. [præmium, Lat.] Some- PRENTICESHIP. n. s. (trom prentic:-)
ibing given to invite a loan or a bargain. The servitude of an apprentice.
He serv'd a prenticeship, who sets up shop, 3. Ceremonious introduction.
upon you. PRENUNCIATION.n.s. (prænuncio, Lat.) - You 're welcome.
Sbakspeare The act of telling before. Dict. 4. The act of making or fitting by a regu: PREO'ccupancy. n. s. [from preoccu
lar process. pate.] The act of taking possession be- In the preparations of cookery, the most volafore another.
tile parts of vegetables are destroyed. Arbutbrct. TO PREO'CCUPATE. w. a. (preoccuper, 5. Any thing made by process of opera. Fr. præoccupo, Lat.)
tion. s. To anticipate.
I wish the chymists had been more sparing, Honour aspireth to death; grief fieth to it;
who magnify their preparations, inveigle the cuand fear preoccupietb it.
Brecer. . To prepossess; to fill with prejudices. 6. Accomplishment ; qualification. Out
That the model be plain without colours, lest the eye preoccupate the judgment. Wotton.
of use. PREOCCUPA'NON. n. š. (preoccupation,
Sir John, you are a gentleman of excellent
breeding, authentick in your place and person, Fr. from preoccupate.]
generally allowed for your many warlike, court1. Anticipation.
like, and learned preparations. Sbakspeare. 6. Prepossession.
PREPA'RATIVE. adj. (preparatif, French; 3. Anticipation of objection.
from prepare.) Having the power of preAs if, by way of preoccupation, he should have
paring, qualifying, or fitting. said; well, here you see your commission, this
Would men have spent toilsome days and is your duty, these are your discouragements;
watchful nights in the laborious quest of knor. never seek for evasions from worldly afflictions; this is your reward, if you perform it; this is PREPARATive. n. so (preparatif, Fr.
ledge preparative to this work? your doom, if you decline it. 16 PREO'CCúpy. v. a. To prepossess ;
from prepare.) to occupy by anticipation or prejudices. 1. That which has the power of preparing
I think it more respectful to the reader to or previously fitting leave something to reflections, than preoccupy his
They tell us the profit of reading is singular, judgment. Arbuthnot. in that it serveth for a preparative unto sermons.
Hocker. To PREO'MINATE. v. a. (præ and ominor,
My book of advancement of learning may be Lat.] To prognosticate; to gather from
some preparative or key for the better opening omens any future event.
of the instauration.
Bacan, Because many ravens were seen when Alex- Resolvedness in sin can, with no reason, be ander entered Babylon, they were thought to imagined a preparative to remission. preominate his death. Brown.
Decay of Picty. PREOPI'NION. n. s.[præ and opinio, Lat.] Though he judged the time of sickness an
Opinion antecedently formed; prepos- improper season for the great work of repentsession.
ance; yet he esteemed it a most useful preparaDiet holds no solid rule of selection; some, in
tive, the voice of God himself exhorting to it. indistinct voracity, eating almost any; others, out of a timorous preapinien, refraining from very
Such a temper is a contradiction to repentmany things.
ance, as being founded in the destruction of those TO PREORD:VIN. t. [pre and ordain.]
qualities, which are the only dispositions and To ordain beforehand.
preparatives to it.
2. That which is done in order to some Sin is the contrariety to the will of God; and if all things be freordrined by God, and so de
thing else. monstrated to be willed by him, it remains there
The miseries, which have ensued, may be yet, is no such thing as sin.
through thy mercy, preperatives to us of future Few' souls preordaind by fate,
blessings. The race of gods have reach'd that envy'd state.
What avails it to make all the necessary prre Roscommon.
paratives for our voyage, if we do not actually PREO'RDINANCE. n. so [pre and ordi- PREPARÁTIVELY. adv. (from prepara.
begin the journey?
Dryden. nance.] Antecedent decree; first decree. Not in use.
tive.] Previously; by way of prepara
tion. These lowly courtesies Might stir the blood of ordinary men,
It is preparatively necessary to many useful And turn preordinance and first decree
things in this life, as to make a man a good phy
Hak. Into the law of children.
Sbakspeare. PREORDINA’TION. n. s. [from preordain.]
PREPA'R ATORY. adj. [preparatoire, Fr.] The act of preordaining.
1. Antecedently necessary. PREPARA’TION. 12. s. (preparatio, Latin;
The practice of all these is proper to our con
dition in this world, and preparatory to our hapo preparation, Ir. from prépare.]
piness in the next.
Tillerson 1. The act of preparing or previously 2. Introductory; previous; antecedent. fitting any thing to any purpose.
Preparatory, limited and formal interrogato. Nothing hach proved more fatal to that due ries in writing preclude this way of occasional preparation for arcther life, than our unhappy interrogatories.
Hall. mistake of the nature and end of this. Wake. Rams were but preparatory, the violence of Previous measures.
che deluge depended upon the disruption of the I will shew what preparations there were in
Burnet. nature for this dissolution, and after what man
TO PREPARE. v. a. ner it came to ass,
Pirant, preparer, French.)