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is naturally to be presumed, that a female (whatever the men may pretend) it reminiftry may restore our decayed consti quires " no conjuration, or mighty ma. tution, and enable it to exert its pristine gic” to go through the common routine vigour.

business of office. 'Tis true, that diffi. I foresee many good consequences re- cult negotiations may sometimes occur, i sulting from this scheme, one of which in the conduct of which finesse and in

is, that it will infallibly put a kop to trigue are necesary. But furely the men those political bickerings which to the will not pretend to excell us in either of disgrace of the present age, have been those arts. carried on with a virulence and malignity It may be urged, perhaps, in behalf unknown to former times.

of some veteran minifters and place. I take it for granted, Mr. Urban, that men, that having spent the greatert part most of the present writers against the of their lives in some office or other about ministry, confift of discarded courtiers, the court, they have contracted certain er military gentlemen, disappointed of habits, which had become as it were fepreferment. Now, all these personages cond nature ; and therefore it would be being remarkable for their complaisance cruel at their years to send thein back into the fair fex, can't in honour draw their to the wide world. In answer to which, pens against a female adminiftration ; fo let these veterans ftill continue about the that we shall no longer be distracted with court, and have places! there will be reading the several sides of political con- openings enow for 'em, and it will make troveriy; the wheels of government will no material alteration in my plan. As be unclogged, the business of the ftate for example: They can very properly will go smoothly on, commerce will flou- succeed to those ladies of the bedchamber, Tish a-new, and the weavers, initead of maids of honour, house-keepers, necesidly parading in Bloomsbury square, will fary women, or dry nurses, who shall find fufficient employment in Spital fields. vacate their places, by accepting any of

The real strength and riches of a state the great offices of ftate.
confiit in the number and industry of its I do not mean, Mr. Urban, that this
inhabitants. To increase the number of my offered scheme should take immedi-
people, and to find them fufficient em- ate effect. I have no objection to our
ployment, will naturally be the great ob- prefent ministers, whom our amiable
jects of a female adminiftration. All fine Šn has entrusted with the reins of
cure places will be abolished, all unneccf- government. But from the natural
fary rettrictions and bars on the matri- fickleness of our tempers, and the insta-
monial road will be removed; the mar- bility of human affairs, a change of mi-
riage act will be repealed, with fome nisters must happen fome time or other.
other acts, which mostly affe&t the poor; Whenever through these, or any other
and the deficiency in the funds made up, caufes, a change shall be judged necessary,
by a heavy tax on Batchelors; as also on then would i humbly propose to make
dags and horses for sport, which would trial of a female adminiftration, and fub-
contribute more to the preservation of mic to the judgment of the public whe-
the game, than any method our male ad- ther the several departments and offices of
ministrators have yet discovered, though the late would not be very ably and
they seem to have confidered this point of properly filled, in the following man-
greater national importance than the in- ner:
crease of popularity.

First Lady of the Treasury,
I am very tenlible that many obje&tions Lady N-th-mband.
may be brought against every scheme Chancellor of the Exchequer,
that is offered for the public good. As

Miss Ch-dl-gb.
to this my scheme, I fhall be told, that President of the Council,
womeu in general want learning, and

Lady T-nh-nd.
have no heads for businefs. In answer

Secretaries of State,
to the first, I have never heard much of Northern department, Duchess of C--).
the learning of any one of our ministers, Southern department, Mrs. Geo. P-tt.
during three adminiftrations.

Lady High Chancellor,
The second objection is, that women

Duchess of Q--nj--.
have no heads for business. We all know


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Lady Privy-Seal,

Lady Ayl-b-ry.
Steward of the Houthold,

AVIEW of NATURE. From Monsieur
Duchess of B-df-d.

Bufon's Works.
Duchess of An-1-y.

Mistress of the Horse,
Lady Sa-h B-nb-y..

of matter is discovered, divided into First Lady of the Admiralty, parts at immense distances ! Millions of Lady P-a-ck.

luminous globes serve for the base of the First Lady of Trade,

superb edince round which thousands of Lady H-ld-le.

opaque bodies move, giving an impression Secretary at War,

of the most beautiful architecture. We Lady Herretルー

discover fixe stars and wandering stars, Pay-Mistress General of the Forces, some solitary, and some accompained with Lady D-km-tb.

satellities; planets enjoying a borrowed Captain of the Band of Pensioners, light, comets lost in the obscurity of imLady Cb-t-m.

measurable space, and returning after Mistress of the Stag Hounds, ages to enjoy light and heat ; some which Mrs. F-1-pl-e.

appear alternatively to be set on fire and Mittels of the Wardrohe, extinguished; others once seen, thereaf. Lady Dowager W-ld-ve. ter to vanish for ever. Man confined to Minister for Scotcb affairs, a terrestrial atom, upon which he vegeDuchess of D-gl-s.

tates, sees that atom as a world, and Lady Lieutenant of Ireland, worlds a's atoms only. Marchionefs of K-ld-e.

That earth which he inhabits, scarce As to any places about court, which discernible among the other globes, is a inquire particular talents in the persons million of times less than the sun which who hold them, I should be at no lofs illuminates it, and a thousand times less to find females of adequate abilities, than some of the other planets, the comand only desire they may be fairly com- panions of its circulation round the fun. pared with the males who at present enjoy Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, the Earth, Venus, those places :

Mercury, and the Sun, occupy that small Poet Laureat, Miss Carter. part of the heavens which we term our Historiographer, Mrs. Macaulay. universe. All these planets with their King's Painter, Miss Reade, &c. fatellities, moving with rapidity in the

The commissioners places at the seve- same plane, compose a wheel of vast cira ral Boards of Treasury, Admiralty, cumference, of which the sun is the axle. Trade, Customs, and Excise, might be The sun again, turning round its own occupied by the wives and daughters of axle, spreads light and heat around. the Mayor, Aldermen, and Sheriffs. The comets, in much greater number The other inferior offices of business than the planets, are subjected equally might be filled by the wives and daugh- with the planets to the sun's attračtion. teis of the commion-council; which But they have nothing common among would be such ' a happy establishment themselves, nor with the planets : for of public measures, as would infallibly they circulate each of them in a different keep the great corporation in good hu- plane, in orbits of very different figures, mour;' a point of the utmost importance, and in periodical times not less different. and to which no administration, male or Some of the comets, after a long absence, temale, can be too attentive.

approach fo near the sun in their return, And now, Mr. Urban, having sketch- as to suffer inconceivable heat : their ed ouť a rough draught of my plan, I vicissitudes of heat and cold are by this appeal to every impartial Englishman, means in extreme ; as well as the viciffiwhether the ministry, as here named, is tudes of their motion. They seem to be not in point of real abilities confessedly worlds in difforder, compared with the fuperior to any administration he has seen planets, moving equally in regular orbits, or read of in this country fince the days of and having nearly the same temperature. Queen Anne or Queen Elizabeth. The Earth, which we inhabit, appears JACOBINA HENRIQUES.



among the other planets to possess the best lidheth nature itfelf, cultivates, exten:ls, Yolace ; less cold than Saturn, Jupiter, and polishes it : in place of thistles and and Mars, and less scorched than Venus briers, he multiplies the vine and the and Mercury

rose. Behold those desert regions, those With that magnificence doth Nature melancholy spots where man never trod, display itself on this our Earth! A pure covered with wood, thick and dark, trees light extending from the east to the west, without leaves wasting through old age, gilds successively the parts of this globe : others in greater number rotting upon the air, a light and a transparent element, heaps already putrefied. Nature, which surrounds it : a heat soft and animating, when cultivated is in fplended youth, rouses every thing to life : water so ne- seems to be here in the lait stage of life : cessary for the support of life, is spread the earth covered with the ruins of its own upon the surface with a liberal hand: the productions, instead of fweet verdure, fea, which separates the continents, is not offers nothing to the fight but corruption a cold and sterile element, but as rich and and impure plants, the fruit of corruptias well peopled as the land : this immense on : in low places, rotten water and mass of water, inactive in itfelf, is moved spungy earth neither folid nor 'liquid : by the attraction of the heavenly bodies : moraffes covered with fetid plants, 2011it rises and falls alternately by the influ- rishing veneinous infects and uncleau anience of the moon : and when the influ- mals. Betwixt marshes in the low ence of the sun also concurs, as in the grounds, and waisted forests in grounds time of the equinoxes, the tides rise the more elevated, are interjected great exhighest.

tents of heath, were bad plants prevail, The air more light and Auid than wa. and choke the wholesome ; no road, no ter, obeys a ftill greater number of powe communication, no veltige of art in these ers. The distant action of the sun and fàvage places. Man there would be a moon, the near action of the sea, that of prey to wild beasts : terrified with their heat, which rarifies, that of cold, which roarings, and not less so with the filence condenses, are the occasion of continual of these profound folitudes, he retires agitations in the air. The winds are its with precipitation exclaiming how difinal currents : they put the clouds in motion, and hideous is brute nature ; it is man, and transport to the dry surface of the man only can give her life and beauty : land the humid vapours of the sea, and let us drain there marshes ; let us put thus spread fecundity by means of dew these dead waters in motion ; let us emand sain : they excité tempelts ; the sea ploy fire to conlume the rotten surface, enraged, dalhes with a hoarfe found against and destroy with feel what the fire leaves the thore ; which against all its efforts unconsumed; and then we shall foon fee the remains firm and immoveable.

production of plants tweet and falutary : The earth, raised above the level of Hocks and herds lhall bound upon that the fea, cloathed with a green furface, ground formerly imperviable : they hall variegated with flowers, peopled with an find nourishment in abundance, and paendless variety of animals, is a place of sturage constantly renewing : let us take repose and a delicious habitation, where the aid of these new servants to acconman prefides over the other animals; the plish our work : the ox, subinislive to the single being who is capable to know and yoke, will “mploy his force to till the worthy to admire the marvellous works of ground, which grows young again by

culture : a new liature is the product of Nature is the external throne of the die our labour. vine magnificence. Man, who contem How beautiful it is, that cultivated naplates and Atudies it, ascends by degrees ture ! How splendidly adorned it is by to the internal throne of infinite power, the care of man ! He himself is the chief and not less infinite benevolence. “Fitted ornament and the noblest production. In for the adoration of his maker, he is the multiplication of the species, nature trusted with anthority over all the crea. itself teems to be multiplied: by his art tures ;, vafsal of heaven, king of the he brings to light whatever is hid in her earth, he peoples and ennobles it: among bofom : new riches and treasures former living creatures he establishes order, sube ly unknown ! flowers, fruits, perfected, ordination, and harmony : he embela and multiplied withouis erd: useful ani


the Deity:

mals transported, propagated, augumented afflicted earth, and filence the loud clawithout number : the hurtful ipecies re- mours of war and discord. God of bounty, duced, confined, banished: gold, and author of all beings, thy paternal care jron, more useful than gold, extracted embraces all created objects. But inan is from the bowels of the earth : torrents ty chief care : thou haft illuminated bis rendered innocent ; rivers directed, and foul with a celestial ray: complete thy locked up within their beds : even the sea benefits by penetrating his heart with love fubdued, and traversed from the one he. for thee his Creator : this divine senti. misphere to the other : the earth every ment will reunite the most bitter enemies where acceslible, rendered every where in cordiality and affection : man will be alive and fruitful : in the valleys smiling no longer afraid of man ; nor will murmeadows, in the plains rich pasturages, derous tteel any longer arm his hand : the or corus, ftill more rich : the hills cove- devouring fire of war will no longer thorred with vines and fruits, and their sum. ten his days : the human fpecies, weakmits crowned with useful trees and young ened, mutilated, cropped in its flower, forests : deserts converted into cities inha- will spring again and multiply without bited by an immensity of people spreading end : nature, overwhelmed with misfor. from these centers to the very extremities: tunes, barreu and abandoned, will reafroads open and frequented, make a free fume, with new life, its wonted fecundity; communication, witnessing the art and and we, beneficient Deity, will second union of the fociety. A thousand monu. nature, and join our efforts to hers; renmehts of power and glory demonstrate, dering to thee continually a renewed trithat this globe is more indebted to man bute of gratitude and admiration. for its beauty, that to nature itself.

But if he be King of the earth, his title A letter wrote by tbe celebrated Rouffeau; is by conquest alone ; which he cannot before his departure for Berlin [62], to preferve but by cares constantly renewed. Prince Louis of Wirtemberg, at LausanIf these cares be abandoned or remitted, ne. Transcribed in a letter, dated, every thing languishes, is changed, and Berne, Nov. 9. 1765. to a gentleman of returns to the state of Nature : she exerts diftinction in Edinburgh, wbo favoured her rights ; defaces the works of man, us with a copy of it. covers with duft and moss his most fumptuous monuments, levels them in time with

Je pars, Prince ; c'est la necessité qui the ground, leaving him nothing but the l' ordonne. J'emporte au milieu de mes regret of losing by his indolence what his disgraces le legret de ne vous avoir jaancestors acquired by their labours. Those mais vu. Mais j'ai vu votre ame. Son melancholy times in which man loses his image est empreinté dans non coeur ; et dominion, those periods of barbarism dure quelque part que je vive et que je meure, ing which all things go to ruin, are al- le fera jusqu'à mon dernier soupir. Souways prepared by war, and accompany venés vous aussi de moi ; parlés en quelfamine and depopulation. Man, who can quefois avec le vertueux Tillot ; aimés do nothing tingly, who is strong by union moi toujours; plaignes les hommes, et ne oniy, and who cannot be happy but in les haissés pas. peace, has the madness to take up arms for bis own unhappinels, and to fight for

A TRANSLATION, his own ruin : excited hy insatiable avarice, blinded by ambition, still more in Prince, I depart; necessity commands satiable, he renounces all sentiments of it. I go, amidit the rest of my misforhumanity, turns his power against himself, tunes, with the regret of never having and contrives his own destruction. When seen you. But I have seen your foul. the fumes of glory are dissipated, he sees, Its image is imprinted on my heart; and with a sad and desponding eye, the earth wherever I live or die, will remain fo walted, arts buried, nations desperfed, till my lateft breath. Do you also rehis happinels ruined and his power an. member me ; speak of me sometimes nihilated.

with the virtuous Tissot : love me always; Almighty God, rektore peace to the pity mankind, but hate them not.


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Description of Wilton-House, a magnif- this piece, and Lewis XIV. of France ofcient Seat of the Earl of Pembroke. fered as many louis d'ors as would cover

it; but the peice is really invaluable. Over Twil

HIS elegant Atructure is situated at the chimney is prince Charles, and his

Wilton, about three miles from Sa- brothers the duke of York and Gloucelisbury in Wiltshire, and was begun in the fter. And over the doors, on each side reign of Henry IV. on the ruins of a fup. of the capital picture, are iwo admirable preifed abbey.' The great quadrangle was portraits of king Charles I. and his • finished in the reign of Edward VI. toge. queen ; all hy the above celebrated artist, ther with the porch, which was designed The pasage from this room is by. the by Hans Holben. But the hall fide being grand geometrical ftair case, the first of burnt down about 60 years ago, was re- the kind in this kingilom, with a rich and built by the late earl of Pembroke, then lord lofty stair-case hardly to be paralleled for bigh admiral of England, in a very noble its magnificence. At the foot of the stairand sump!uous manner. The other parts, cale is a Grecian statue of Bacchus, of rebuilt by the first Philip earl of Peme white Peloponnesian marble, and a young broke, were all designed by that celebra. Bacchus on his arm eating grapes; the ted architect Inigo Jones, and finished in whole so soft and natural as can hardiy be the year 1640. The canal before the house excelled in the Vatican at Rome.' In Jies parellel to the road, and receives into short, the whole stair-case, and two rooms it the greatest part of the Willy. at the top of it, are so crowded with pica

The court-yard of the palace is paved tures of both Italian and Flemish marters, with free-stone, and has a marble foun- as would require a volume to describe. tain in the center. On the right-hand of There is also another fine flair-cafe as the entrance is the hall, in which is a full of pictures as the former, and at the large Thuffle-board table of marble. In foot of it a beautiful marble statue of Fio. one of the two large parlours on the teft. ra. Near it is a parlour, decorated withi hand are two celebrated pictures, one re- the heads and horns of itags, some of them presenting our Saviour wathing his disci- very large ; and also with the horns of ples feet, and the other little thepherds antelopes. and country-utensils, both by the famous The falon, which, as we have already Balano. From this a portico leads to the observed, is a cube of thirty feet, is alto other parlour, supported by two fine pil. adorned with family pictures, most of lars of black and spotted porphyry. The them by Sir Peter Lely.' In this and molt grand-front of this noble structure is 194 of the rooms are marble chimney pieces of feet long and justly esteemed as one of the the most exquisite workmanship, carved in finest productions of Inigo Jones. Italy, and brought over by ihe first earl

The grand apartments are universally of Pembroke. Here is alto a giadiator acknowledged to be one of the noblest finely gilt, and preferable to that at that architecture has yet produced, parti- Hampton-Court. But some of the chiin cularly that called the salon and the great ney pieces which are of white marble, and dining room :, the former is a cube of done by Inigo Jones, exceed every thing thirty feet, and the latter a double cube of the kind ; and a black marble (tone of fixty by thirty, and both thirty feet over the chimney of one of the garreis is high. At the upper end of the latier is so finely polished, that Salisbury church, the celebrated family-piece by Vandyke, and its spire, are seen on it as plain as in twenty feet long and twelve high. a looking glass. There are also a great The figures are as big as life, and number of basso relievas, and other works appear as so many real personages rather in marble. With pictures by the inost cethan the production of the pencil. These Jebrated matters. figures are the earl of Pembroke (then There is likewise a large variety of fine lord chamberlain of the household) with granate, porphyry, and marble tablea, his lady, fitting ; their five sons ; Itand- and a cheft made of the numeg. treen ing, on the right ; and the earl of car- which, when opened, emits a fine spicy nareon, with his lady, their daughter, odour. In a word, there are so many on the left; before them stands their el. antique busts, by Greek and Roman madeit fon, with the duke of Buckingham's Rers, such a collection of wonders hou in daughter, whom he married. Sir God sculpture and painting, that nothing can frey Kneller would have given 3000 l, for exceed thein in beauty, nothing he more February, 1766.



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