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a dinner to celebrate the Revolution in rity, every possible species of evidence France Thewed no more enmity to the against the fufferers was obtained : yet, British Conftitntion than the zeal of our at the expiration of two years, has noclergy in favour of the French emigrants thing been produced to criminate them, does at this period : the proceedings of The dialogue of Caliban and his allothe National Assembly were sben fanc. ciates may have suggested to kindred tioned by the unfortunate Louis, though spirits an idea that it is easy to prevail reprobated by a majority of priests; over the enchanter after depriving him England was on amicable terms with of his books; but, though a series of her neighbours, &c. profeffed not to persecutions should drive a diftinguillied interfere with their internal govern- philosopher weary of lojourning “ jn ment at present, the face of things is Mesech and dwelling in the tents of altered; but no judgement can be drawn Kedar,” to end his days in a remote from such subsequent events as the wiseft quarter of the globe, it can never be exwere incapable of foreseeing. The sole pected that “the manile” of this great averred cause of the siot was the brutal object of envy to the sycophant and the fanaticism of a tory mob; whoever illiterate will ever make its appearance knows other causes will deserve the in any Birmingham Sanhedrim. thaoks of his country by disclosing The two questions proposed to me are them. As real " Enemies to the Con- fo extraordinary that they deserve rather ftitution,” even they who plunder and to be noticed in order to expose them, deftroy, must yield precedence to those felves than to receive any answer; your who, after men's minds have had rime Cbrifiion correspondent, after quouingihe to cool, exult in such outrages; among refpıéableJ. M.'s exuliation over those who may thank themselves for the thele scenes of diabolicai outrage, ineffc&ts, if they feel afTefsments for da- ftantly turns fhort round again, and, Fiages fall heavy on their estares, may paying me the compliment of thinking be numbered such magistrates as, pro- ihat my opinion muft be diametrically fefling their attachment to what they oppofie, asks me whether, “if Hou; es cailed pacific measures," refused Cap- are to be demolifbed,” I had not rather tain Maxwell's fpirired offer to collect they were thote of my friends ?” and, and head the soldiers in the town, and " if the riots were on a religious ac. opitted reading the Riot-A&, whether count, why the Diflenters were never their conduct proceeded from their fears molested before? The preliminary to or their prejudices: but, no doubt, many this catechulin, “ if Houles are to be dea blameiets tradesman owes his ruin to molished,” requires much explanation the transactions of that day, which before any choice can be made : Dii, J. M. calls “ a dispofition in the pub. meliora pris!" is the natural and most lic mind, however irregularly expretled obvious sentiments; the Presbyterians to repel all “ insults on the happy con- certainly came not under the descrip. ftitution of their country.” Il burning tion of chole “ on whom the Tower of the houses of peaceful citizens, whose Siloam fell,” to all human appearance, se at differs from our own, be a good by mere accident; nor, I trust, will disposition irregularly exprefled, the they at any time be numbered among cutting their throats, or beating out their thote “whose blood Pilare mingled with brains, will as eally be mitigated into their facrifices :" we may, in the mean " taking raibir too great a liberty with time, rett fatistied that they were not them.” Were I to ascribe my hafiily " finners above all men that dwelt in giving an imperfect transcript of the Jerufalem.” If the interrogatory be above foul paffage to tenderness or de. Itill puthed, I would say (but not from licacy, I should act the hypocrite: but any leveling principle), "if the favages to call it " unfair" is the grofleft per. of Birminghain are to repeat these horversion of language; the truth is, my rors, may they spare boih my fricods exhibiting the quotation in 100 cure, and my enemies; it were more tule. tasied a itate, for want of suficiently rable for them to wreck their brutal fury observing where the shoe pinches, was on those of higher rank, for this obowing to inadvertence or Itupidity, vious reason, because ibeir fufferings moft probably to a mixture of buch. would claiin immediate attention, and

By the riotcrs liealing and depositing exemplary punishment, followed up by a private Jetters corn from the blazing neceflary enquiry into the fource of lucha soofs of Dillunters in the hands of such repeaidd miichiefs, would press clole un as transmitted them to thote in autho. hic heels of the transgretions ; to wronged Plebeians justice 13 - hard of access, might, like the wild Indians, have but statesmen and fenates vie with each Aattered himself with the hopes of luce other in preffing forward to avenge all ceeding to the virtues and abilițies of injuries done to those of their own his vanquilhed foe; but aiming at me, order.”

who am within the same pale, and, like My affailane's second question (" why Naaman, have always profeffed to bow the Diffenters were never molested be down in the house of Rimmon, is fore?") carries ten-fold absurdity on throwing away so much powder and the very face of it; I will not turn to thot in saying the slain. If I “con do Neal's Hiftory of the Puritans to few, thanks," as he quaintly expresses it, to that, during the reigns of Elizabezh and “the Enemy of Persecution," for pointthé Stuarts, they were under a series of ing me out as an object of his reseniperfecutions diversified by some inter• ment, he may be afured that, in raising vals; the meaning must be, "why have my feeble voice to affert the cause of fourscore years intervened since the humanity, I am as little disposed to blefed days of Sacheverell without any fun censure as to court praise. No. conspicuous renewal of 'hostilities !" thing can be more immaterial than his While Sir Robert Walpole, the two comparing me to tbe child, or the repe Pelhams, or Lord Chatham, presided tile to the prelate thundering down his at the helm, the repeated infances Dis. charge surrounded by a groupe of fleepfenters had given of their attachment to ing clergymen, or the sexton raifog the the House of Brunswick were too fresh fave from Sternhold over the dead; in the minds of those statesmen to suffer neither the one nor the other of these them to be trodden under foot with im. likenesses will, in the smallest degree, punity ; a parliamentary enquiry would, elate or depress my spirits, no doubt, have been countenanced. A In some European nations, spies are Small portion of common sense will in- ftationed in their public coffee-houses ; form those who are not determined to and, if a gentleman of warm temper close their eyes against all evidence, ulter unguarded expreffions at a time that, if Mr. Whitbread's motion had when the witnesses themselves cannot been acceded to, it had clearly been pro. agree in their report whether he be ed, by a full and impartial discullion that drunk or sober, he is imprisoned, pilthe riot originated in the madness of an loried, turned out of his profeffion, High Church mob, without any latent bound over to considerable bail, and, to mystery of wickedness; it muft have close the scene, commanded, with bit. tended to narrow instead of widening ter sarcasms, to remember the excel. the breach, by removing a variety of lence of the Constitution under which injurious suspicions, which, from its he suffers all these things. being thrown out with an high hand, Let us turn our eyes from the capital could not fail to acquire additional to one of those provincial diftri&ts which strength.

wears the afpe&t of being in a singular The expression, of “ soothing them as degree priest-ridden. Suppose a writer, a mischievous boy going to torment obnoxious to the mitred lages of the fome poor animal,” applied to the Biro land, stands fo firm in innocence that mingham magiftrates' address to the ri. the common-law cannot reach one hair oters, is setting the outrages committed of his head; stationed in a college qua. by the latter in what tome will think drangle he is equally secure from perse. too ludicrous a point of view : not that cuting mobs, who cannot approach his cruelty can, properly speaking, ever be dwelling without violating the roofs of Judicrous, whether exercised by peers, deans and prebends. Yet thall not he or priests, or button. makers; be its ob- thus escape. A numerous conspiracy of ject to the poor beetle “whom we tread Levites is formed to hunt him down. upon," or the more loathed separatist His enemies rout out from the dust of from a domineering hierarchy. Wit, pedantry, where it has slept for ages, a like some of our swampy grounds, has itarute de concionibus, lo worded as tą been so affected by the drought as to take in any thing, or every thing. Jesus grow putrid and offensive: fimiles run. exhorted the Jews who rejected his tef. ning icarce, the above was thought timony “10 learch the Scriptures:" but choice enough to serve t:vo,purpoles, the chairman of this court, according being originally aimed at me. Could to the trial published by his own beadle, Christians have levelled fome.eminent with a peculiar emphasis, warns bis hear. Schilmatick, such as Dr. Priestley, he trs, most of them tudents in theology,


* to brware of entering into religious calculated to induce registers and their controversy." With the holy leer of a deputies to press for a return of these Dominick, he concludes by sentencing certificates ; nor, considering the little the accused to recant publicly; the per. chance there is of any emolument likely secuted object of their malice, with a lau. to accrue from the custody of the padable manly spirit refuses, and is banished. pers, was it to be expected that they

The liberal author of the Tour would be duly arranged, and carefully through Spain, himself a beneficed clero preserved. Whether, under these disgyman, observes, that "the original couraging inuendos, it will be advisable Inquisition, under the appellation of the to search the Confistory office at WinSpiritual Court, still exifts in England." chester, in order to ascertain the repreTown send's Travels, vol. II. p. 331. fentative of Sir Hugh Middelton, ihall A landed hierarchy, founded, according be submitted to the deliberation of your to Lord Shaftesbury's idea, on the mo- correspondents W.and PERHAPS, p.419. del of Egyptian and Afiatic priesthoods, P. 426, col. 2, 1. 33. The late Mrs. may continue to thrive; but all parties Berenson was fifter, not widow, of Sir are agreed that Religion is rapidly decli- Richard Berenson. Her bequests are ping among us; the causes of its decline noticed in vol. LVIII. pp. 1032, 1123, float on the surface, and are by, no 1151, and vol. LIX. p. 119. means among those truths which it is ibid. col. 2, I. 22, for charity read requisite to dive deep in quest of. Christ.

Ar an early period of the 18th cen. P. 523, col. 2, l. 4 from the bottom, tury, this nation exhibited one Sacheve. Dr. Muss, who published a fermon on rell; and the very name has been hi- Heb. xii. 3, was not a bishop: he was therto proverbially used to signify un- dean of Ely. lettered virulence and bigotry: but, in P. 528, col. 1, 1. 40, for Stratford, r. these days, wherever we ftation our. 'Dartford. Mr. Lambe was rector of felves, from the Land's-end to the mar. Ridley, situated about seven miles (o gio of the Tweed, thousands of Sache. the South of Dartford. In that neighverells, like the severed limbs of the bourhood the culture of burnet was foon polypus, thicken round us; they not discontinued, the plant, upon a farther only infeft øvery column of our periodi. trial, not answering to the fanguine recal publications, but disgrace our pul- ports made of its fruitfulness and utility pits, by rendering fermons, like the an- by Messrs. Rocque and Lamb. ricot comedies censured by Horace,

From the Maidstone Journal, June 18. mere vehicles of unseemly invectives

" At a meeting of the Kentish Society on against those seats and individuals who Thursday Jalt, the following very valuable are not sufficiently obsequious to them. observations were communicated by Mr. Yours, &c.

L.L. Hont, gardener, of this town.

“A great custom has of late years pre Mr. URBAN,

June 28.

vailed in these parts among gentlemen, 'HOUGH ihe Register of the parish sportsmen, and game-keepers, in deitinging miffing, perbaps some of the inscriptions which entirely live upon the wing, and are that were in it rnay be extant in the Re. only to be seen in this country during the giftry of that diocese; it being ordered, breeding months of summer. ' Mr. H. reby the 70th canon of 1601, that the marked, that the number of these birds has,

within these few years, greatly diminished, church wardens Ihalt every year transmit

and that the present year produces infinitely to the bishop, or his chancellor, a true

less than can be remembered in any prece. copy of the names of the persons chrif- ding one*. This diminution is attributed, tened, married, or buried, in their

pa- in part, to the wanton havock made of them rishes, during the preceding year. Per.. by practitioners and o:hers with their gues, baps is the proper term; fince the ex

who, without reflexion, destroy wbat Protrads may or may not be found in the vidence sent for a great purpose. By thuotabovementioned place, it being well ing the old birds, the nestlings are in conseknown thar this injunction has not been quence destroyed ; which, when added to a regularly complied with, as well because number of the latter lost in the feas by michurch wardens are not always willing gration for the winter, unitedly assign a just to defray the charge of making the

* According to A Southern Faunist, ia transcripts, as that they are to be re

his part of the country, “the birundines are ceived at the office without a fee. Such

this season moft exceedingly numerous." à sestriction does azt feem to have been P.493, col. x; line go from the bullom.


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reason for their great decreale. Minute ob- Melancholy (1638, p. 536) is applicaServers calculate, that one of these birds daily ble to the subject of this colle&tion : destroys some hundreds of moths, Aies, and “ Rusticks have their wakes, Whitson. other insects, parents of the alarming swarms ales, shepherd's-feafts, meeting on ha of caterpillars, grubs, &c. that of late have lidays, country-dances, roundelays.... committed such disasters in the gardens and Inftead of odes, epigrams, and elegies, fields on vegetation in general

. It is earnestly they have their BALLADS, countryhoped that the above-described gentlemen will discontinue Thooting or destroying any swallow, marten, (wift, or other bird, ." O, the broome, the bonnie bonnie broomewhich feed in Aght:.their humanity and dirties, and songs : forbearance towards this valuable and inof.

« Belle a Bell fensive part of the feathered creation, will

She doch excellferve to reduce the very noxious infects They must write likewise, and indite in which annually infest the British illands."

rhyme; Mr. URBAN,

July 30.

“ Thou honey-suckle of the hawthorn hedge, O BSERVING in your last Maga. My heart's dear blood, sweet Cis! is thy ca

Vouchlafe in Cupid's cup my heart to pledge; zine, p. 536, an intimation of an

rouse, intention to re-publish Dr. Percy's ele.

Worth all the ale in Gammer Gubbin's house. gan: Collection of English Ballads (a I say no more, affairs call me away ; Collection which, I venture to prediet, My father's horse for provender doth stay. will remain a standard book, while the Be thou “ the Lady Creffeligbe" to me, more Arifily accura'e compilations of a 66 Sir Trolly Loly will I prove to thee. previso antiquary or two are forgotten), Written in haste.-Farewell, my cowslip I have sent you a few remarks on that sweet. work; and, if vou think fit to insert Pray let 's a' Sunday at the alehouse meet. them, will continue my observarions on

S. R. 1600." a future occasion, - Not having the ho. This passage not only exhibits a picture nour to be known to the respc&table pre- of ruftic manners two centuries ago, but late abovementioned, I have no other it also preserves the names of several way of introducing to him my com. ballads unnoticed by Percy. ments; which, however, he may per- Among those ballads which have not haps not think worthy of his notice. been publithed by Dr. P. is a pretty one

Yours, &c. NUGATOR. by Wichers; of which Hearne has cited Vol. I.--I shall obseri'-, in this place, the following plaintive (tanza in his that Mr. Capell. in the Addenda to the notes on Newbery : School of Shikspeare, has extracted se- " In summer-time, to Medley veral ballads from Dr. Percy's Collec- My love and I would go: tion ; but, for some reason which I The boat-men there stood ready have not discovered, he does not think My love and I to row. fit to name him; only in a note on For creame there would we call, for cakes, Hamlei, in his first volume of Notes, for pruines too;

[loo." p. 133, he says, they are taken from But now, alas ! The has left me—falero, lero,

a late publication.” Mr. Thomas Mr. Ritson has published this. Warton has also many ballads in com.

I will notice one more old song unmon with Dr. Percy, without acknowmentioned by Percy. lo 5 Edward III. ledgement of the obligation.

a dispute arose between Ralph Nevil A collection of these things has been and the priory of Durham concerning recommended by very great names. the offering of a stag on the day of the « Un recueil de vaudevilles (lays Me. invention of the cross; “ whereupon," nage) est une piece des plus nécessaires says Dugdale, grew an old song in à un historien qui veut écrire sincere. rithme, as a lamentation for Robert de ment. (Menagiana, vol. 11. p. 227, Nevil, his great grandiather : edit. 1695). And La Monnoye, the « Wel I wa*, tal ys hornes blaw learned editor of that work (vol. IV. p. Holy rode this+ day; 181, edit. 1716), cites, for examples of Non as he dede, and lies law authors to whom they have been of use, Was wont to blaw them ay." Suetonius and Braatome. Bayle makes

Baronage, vol. I. p. 293. : a similar observation : Oeuvres, tom. I. Essay on the Minstrels. Many partipp. 221, 300; Nouvelles de la Répub. culars might be added to this elegant lique de Lettres, Fevr. 1685, art. 2. A passage from Burton's Anatomy of * f. Wet a wa.Holy roode's day.


differrarion from the ad volume of Dr. Itis's Order of the Garter, vol. II. p. Burner's Hiftory of Mufick, e. g. p. 569. 283, Conf. p. 300. From this it would

P. xxv. This story of King Anluff, seem that minstrels were pursuivants at who ventured into Athelfau's camp in arms; and it might easily be shewn, that the habit of a mioftrel, is told by Le- several parts of the office or an herald land of a king of Scotland, who prac

are derived from his antient capacity of rised this fratagem while A helftan iay a minstrel : thus heralds and minarels in his cents beside York. Collectanca, are joined together in the facute of vol. II. part I. p. 3:

arms (16. p. 294); and in a Scorch sta. P. xxi. On the fingular use of min. cute of 1471 (16. p. 441). Now, Mr. fi els jo raising the siege of Rhodlan, Ansis Thews, p. 282, that an analogy see Gough's Camden, vol. II. p. 439. was al vays under finod to exist between

P. xxxiv, Some light is throivo upon heralds and the clergy; and this will the condirion of mio frels in the time of serve to establish the connexion between Edward II. by a proclamation in the minstrels and ecclefiafticks contended ninh year of his reign (printed in Le. for by Dr. Percy in the text. land's Coll. vol. VI. p. 36), regulating

P. xliv. Some information relative to the number of dishes which Bould be the jongleurs may be collected from ferved up at dinners; in the preamble Petrarch's curious, but angry, descripto which, after reciting the luxury tion of them, in the Memoirs of his which had of old been used, it is added, Life by M. l'Abbé de Sade, vol. 111. and belydes this, because many idle P. 695; a passage which is noriced by persons, under colour of mynftretje .... Barrington, our. anc. Stat. p. 504, haveien, and yet be, receaved in other where he refers his reader, “for his men's houses to meate and drynke, and fuller satisfaction,” to this "molt learnbe not therwith contented yf they be ed differtation of Mr. Percy's." An not largely consydered with gyfres of Hungarian chronicle (cited py Gibbin, the lordes of the houses." And it is Rom. Hist. vol. V. p. 548), men:ious provided, that “to the houses of pre- the “ garrulus cantus joculatorum.” lares, earles, and baroos, none resort to The chroniclers were generally monks; meate and dryoke, uniess he be a myn- a consideratiwn which will account for Grel: and of these mynørels, that there the use of this contempluous epithet, come none except it be thre or foure for the same reason, I suppose the au myfrels of bonour at the most, in one thor of Flesa to have been an ecclefiata day, unleis he be derired..... and to the tick (as indeed most lawyers in that houses of meaner men none come unless early age were); for, in his 2d book, he be desired ...... and if any one do cap. 71, he says, that the lord of a maagainst this ordinaunce, at the firtte nor ought to follow his own counsel ratime he to lose his mioftrelle, and at ther than that of " cujuslibet voluntari the second ty me to forfweare his crafte, juvenis, menestralli vel adulatoris." I and never to be receaved for a mintirel will beg leave to add one more infance. in any house." It is obvious that this In Jocelin's Life of St. Kentigern, cap. is a iranslation; or, at least, that the 37, is a fory of a joculator of the King Orthography and structure of the fen- of Ireland, who came to the coure of ttoces has been accommodated to the Rederech [Roderick], King of Cam. time when it was first printed, which bria (Strathcluyd], to see the magnifiseems to have been about the beginning cence of that monarch ; and, being adof Queen Elizabeth's reign.

mitted into the hall, he manu pjellebat P. xxxiv. Rymer has preserved a pa. in sympano & cytbara. For his reward, tent by Edward IV. 1469, conftituting this joculator, who is allo called by frio, a corporation of mio strels; and a fimilar demanded neither silver vor gold, of one in " Car. f, See Burney's Hiftory which, he said, there was plenty in Ireof Musick, vol. II.

land [this was about A. D. 550), but P. xli. In the “Compotus Garde. Some ripe mulberries; which the saint, robe," 12 Edward III. is an entry, by a miracle, for it was in the depth of " Magisiro Conrad, regi heraldoruin, winter, furnished. The monkiti bio. & decem aliis minėjirallis;" and af, grapher cannot help having a fling at terwards, “ Ludekino regi heraldorum the profession of minArels: “tanto, Alemannie, et Ludekino Piper minis. says he, “hujusmodi minijier in oculis trailo domini imperatoris, facientibus menefralliam suam coram rege." An.

* i, e. wilful. GENT. MAG. august, 1793.


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