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The Commission will cause a copy of the petition, with notice to satisfy or answer the same within a specified time, to be served personally or by mail, in its discretion, upon each defendant.


A defendant must answer within twenty days from the date of the notice above provided for, but the Commission may, in a particular case, require the answer to be filed within a shorter time. The time prescribed in any case may be extended, upon good cause shown, by the Commission. The original answer must be filed with the secretary of the Commission at its office in Washington, and a copy thereof at the same time served by the defendant, personally or by mail, upon the complainant, who must forthwith notify the secretary of its receipt. The answer must specifically admit or deny the material allegations of the petition, and also set forth the facts which will be relied upon to support any such denial. If a defendant shall make satisfaction before answering, a written acknowledgment thereof, showing the character and extent of the satisfaction given, must be filed by the complainant, and in that case the fact and manner of satisfaction, without other matter, may be set forth in the answer. If satisfaction be made after the filing and service of an answer, such written acknowledgment must also be filed by the complainant, and a supplemental answer setting forth the fact and manner of satisfac tion must be filed by the defendant.



A defendant who deems the petition insufficient to show a breach of legal duty may, instead of answering or formally demurring, serve on the complainant notice of hearing on the petition; and in such case the facts stated in the petition will be deemed admitted. A copy of the notice must at the same time be filed with the secretary of the Commission. The filing of an answer, however, will not be deemed an admission of the sufficiency of the petition, but a motion to dismiss for insufficiency may be made at the hearing.



Copies of notices or other papers must be served upon the adverse party or parties, personally or by mail, and when any party has appeared by attorney service upon such attorney shall be deemed proper service upon the party.



Upon application of any party, amendments to any petition or answer, in any proceeding or investigation, may be allowed by the Commission, in its discretion.



Adjournments and extensions of time may be granted upon the application of any party, in the discretion of the Commission.


The parties to any proceeding or investigation before the Commission may, by stipulation in writing filed with the secretary, agree upon the facts, or any portion


thereof, involved in the controversy, which stipulation shall be regarded and used as evidence on the hearing. It is desired that the facts be thus agreed upon whenever practicable.



Upon issue being joined by the service of an answer or notice of hearing on the petition, the Commission will assign a time and place for hearing the case, which will be at its office in Washington, unless otherwise ordered. Witnesses will be examined orally before the Commission, unless their testimony be taken or the facts be agreed upon as provided for in these rules. The complainant must in all cases establish the facts alleged to constitute a violation of the law, unless the defendant admits the same or fails to answer the petition. The defendant must also prove facts alleged in the answer, unless admitted by the petitioner, and fully disclose its defense at the hearing.

In case of failure to answer, the Commission will take such proof of the facts as may be deemed proper and reasonable, and make such order thereon as the circumstances of the case appear to require.

Cases may be heard by one or more members of the Commission, or by a special agent or examiner, as ordered by the Commission. When testimony is directed to be taken by a special agent or examiner, such officer shall have power to administer oaths, examine witnesses, and receive evidence, and shall make report thereof to the Commission.

All cases shall be orally argued in Washington, D. C., or submitted upon briefs, unless otherwise ordered by the Commission.


The testimony of any witness may be taken by deposition, at the instance of a party, in any case before the Commission, and at any time after the same is at issue. The Commission may also order testimony to be taken by deposition, in any proceeding or investigation pending before it, at any stage of such proceeding or investigation. Such depositions may be taken berore any authorized special agent or examiner of the Commission, judge of any court of the United States, or any commissioner of a circuit or any clerk of a district or circuit court, or any chancellor, justice, or judge of a supreme or superior court, mayor or chief magistrate of a city, judge of a county court, or court of common pleas of any of the United States, or any notary public, not being of counsel or attorney to either of the parties or otherwise interested in the proceeding or investigation. Reasonable notice must be given in writing by the party or his attorney proposing to take such deposition to the opposite party or his attorney of record, which notice shall state the name of the witness and the time and place of the taking of his deposition, and a copy of such notice shall be filed with the secretary of the Commission.

When testimony is to be taken on behalf of a common carrier in any proceeding instituted by the Commission on its own motion, reasonable notice thereof in writing must be given by such carrier to the secretary of the Commission.

Every person whose deposition is taken shall be cautioned and sworn (or may affirm, if he so request) to testify the whole truth, and shall be carefully examined. His testimony shall be reduced to writing, which may be typewriting, by the magis. trate taking the deposition, or under his direction, and shall, after it has been reduced to writing, be subscribed by the witness.

If a witness whose testimony may be desired to be taken by deposition be in a foreign country, the deposition may be taken before an officer or person designated by the Commission, or agreed upon by the parties by stipulation in writing to be filed with the secretary. All depositions must be promptly filed with the secretary.

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Subpoenas requiring the attendance of witnesses from any place in the United States to any designated place of hearing, for the purpose of taking the testimony of such witnesses orally before one or more members of the Commission, or an authorized special agent or examiner of the Commission, or by deposition, will, upon the application of either party, or upon the order of the Commission directing the taking of such testimony, be issued by any member of the Commission.

Subpoenas for the production of books, papers, or documents (unless directed to issue by the Commission upon its own motion) will only be issued upon application in writing; and when it is sought to compel witnesses, not parties to the proceeding, to produce such documentary evidence, the application must be sworn to and must specify, as nearly as may be, the books, papers, or documents desired; that the same are in the possession of the witness or under his control; and also, by facts stated, show that they contain material evidence necessary to the applicant. Applications to compel a party to the proceeding to produce books, papers, or documents need only set forth in a general way the books, papers, or documents desired to be produced, and that the applicant believes they will be of service in the determination of the case.

Witnesses whose testimony is taken orally or by deposition, and the magistrate or other officer taking such depositions, are severally entitled to the same fees as are paid for like services in the courts of the United States, such fees to be paid by the party at whose instance the testimony is taken.*



Where relevant and material matter offered in evidence is embraced in a report, tariff, rate sheet, classification, book, pamphlet, written or printed statement, or document of any kind containing other matter not material or relevant and not intended to be put in evidence, such report, etc., in whole, shall not be received or allowed to be filed in a cause on hearing before this Commission or at any time during the pendency thereof, but counsel or other party offering the same shall also present in convenient and proper form for filing a copy of such material and relevant matter, and that only shall be received and allowed to be filed as evidence and made part of the record in such cause; provided, however, that, if practicable, such matter may be read and taken down by the reporter and thus made part of the record.


Unless otherwise specially ordered, printed briefs shall be filed on behalf of the parties in each case. The brief for complainant and the brief or briefs for the defense shall contain an abstract of the evidence relied upon by the party filing the same, and in such abstract reference shall be made to the pages of the record wherein the evidence appears. The abstract of evidence shall follow the statement of the case and precede the argument. Briefs shall be filed with the Commission and served upon the adverse party or parties by the complainant within fifteen days after the taking of testimony has been concluded, by the defendant or defendants within ten days thereafter, and the complainant shall have five days' additional time for reply. A shorter time or different apportionment not involving greater time may be specially ordered in any case.

Briefs shall be printed in twelve point type, on antique finish paper, 5% inches wide by 9 inches long, with suitable margins, double-leaded text and single-leaded citations.

*Fees of witnesses are fixed by law at $1.50 for each day's attendance at the place of hearing or of taking depositions, and 5 cents per mile for going to said place from his place of residence and 5 cents per mile for returning therefrom.

Where the case is assigned for oral argument all briefs shall be filed and served at least five days before such argument. All briefs shall be filed with the secretary and shall be accompanied by notice showing service upon the adverse party. Fif teen copies of each brief shall be filed for the use of the Commission.

All parties will be required to comply strictly with this rule, and except for good cause shown no extension will be allowed.


Applications for reopening a case after final submission, or for rehearing after decision made by the Commission, must be by petition, and must state specifically the grounds upon which the application is based. If such application be to reopen the case for further evidence, the nature and purpose of such evidence must be briefly stated, and the same must not be merely cumulative. If the application be for a rehearing, the petition must specify the findings of fact and conclusions of law claimed to be erroneous, with a brief statement of the grounds of error; and when any decision, order, or requirement of the Commission is sought to be reversed, changed, or modified on account of facts and circumstances arising subsequent to the hearing, or of consequences resulting from compliance with such decision, order, or requirement which are claimed to justify a reconsideration of the case, the matters relied upon by the applicant must be fully set forth.



Pleadings, depositions, and other papers of importance shall be printed or in typewriting, and when not printed only one side of the paper shall be used.



Copies of any report, decision, order, or requirement of the Commission will be furnished without charge upon application to the secretary by any person or carrier party to the proceeding.

One copy of the testimony will be furnished by the Commission for the use of the complainant and one copy for the use of the defendant, without charge; and when two or more complainants or defendants have appeared at the hearing, such complainants or defendants must designate to whom the copy for their use shall be delivered.



Upon the issuance of an order against any defendant or defendants, after hearing, investigation, and report by the Commission, such defendant or defendants must promptly notify the secretary of the Commission, upon the date when such order becomes effective, as to whether such defendant or defendants has complied or not with the provisions of said order; and when a change in rates is required, such notice must be given in addition to the filing of a schedule or tariff showing such change in rates.



Any common carrier may apply to the Commission, under the proviso clause of the fourth section, for authority to charge for the transportation of like kind of property less for a longer than for a shorter distance over the same line, in the

same direction, the shorter being included within the longer distance. Such application shall be by petition, which shall specify the places and traffic involved, the rates charged on such traffic for the shorter and longer distances, the carriers other than the petitioner which may be interested in the traffic, the character of the hardship claimed to exist, and the extent of the relief sought by the petitioner. Upon the filing of such a petition, the Commission will take such action as the cir cumstances of the case seem to require.



The secretary of the Commission will, upon request, advise any party as to the form of petition, answer, or other paper necessary to be filed in any case, and furnish such information from the files of the Commission as will conduce to a proper presentation of facts material to the controversy.



All complaints concerning anything done or omitted to be done by any common carrier, and all petitions or answers in any proceeding, or applications in relation thereto, and all letters and telegrams for the Commission, must be addressed to Washington, D. C., unless otherwise specially directed.

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