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cites his Victories, and entails a Royal Inheritance to reward them, shall record his Glory to late Posterity. There is nothing wanting to compleat his Character, but this, that he shall be as willing to let his Country enjoy the Fruits of his Victories, as he has been able to gain them; that he fhew himself as grateful to England, as She has been to him; that he may judge a Princely Fortune (a Fortune unrivalled by any other Subject) to be sufficient for him and his Family, and that he may not desire to make a Trade of War, becaufe he profits by it, tho’ at the same Time it consumes whole Nations, and his Mother Great-Britain among the rest.
L ET TER XVII.
April 13, 1710. Y OU rightly observe, that this hot-headed Priest
has cost both Houses more Time and Trouble than his Head is worth. What matters it if he has been too peremptory in the Pulpit, on a Subject he might better have let alone. Some Parts of his --Sermons are little better than Nonsense, but the general Doctrine may be supported by the Authority of all our most eminent Divines, and corresponds with that Maxim in Law, that the King can do no Wrong.
I think the Doctor and his Prosecutors have fplit on the fame Rock; an extraordinary Cafe, like the Revolution, is quite out of the ordinary Rules of Law, and not defined among the general Learning of the 'Cafuifts concerning the
cafion and are changed of God, of fancy, that
Obedience of Subjects to their Sovereign. The Doctor ought not to have drawn the Revolution into the Debate, nor ought we to fancy, that the Maxims of the Laws of God, of Nature, and of the Land, are changed by that extraordinary Occasion and Event. Tho’ I am persuaded the fame Tenet has been taught ever since our Reformation, yet this Gentleman's Manner of teaching it is indiscreet; and his Warmth has been singular feveral Years ago. Defoe, in his Hymn to the Pillory, , has long since justly celebrated the Doctor's intemperate Žeal against the Dissenters; (I think Defoe had been then exalted for writing The Morteft Way with the Disenters) he wishes, that all who merit equal Punishment, might stand there along with him; and then descending to Particulars, says heg
dit this Cbeen tauroThothat exi
There wou'd the fam'd Sachev'rel stand,
But the Consequence of this mighty Eclat is, that most People are apt to consider a Sentence against this Preacher, (not as a Condemnation of
his Temerity by instancing the Revolution upon . an improper Occafion, and of his unwarrantable
pronouncing Damnation against the Diffenters, but) as an Establishment of the difcretionary Resistance of the Subject, and as a Degradation of kingly Power in England, to the Condition of the Consular in Rome, controled by the Senate, Tribunes, and People; and all this, by a folemn
Judgment of the Lords at the Demand of the Commons.
Our political Penmen, who swarm in every Age, will not fail hereafter to magnify every Mistake, every Slip, in every Administration; and even to call Virtue, Vice; Sweet, Bitter; and Good, Evil. Algernon Sidney's Treatise of Government will pass upon many for the Law of the Land ; and those who approve most of the Revolution, may live to see this latitudinarian Allegiance (which the misguided People will be apt to learn) become troublesome under the best Princes.
I should think therefore this Prosecution cannot have been a very agreeable Entertainment to the Queen, nor a pleasant Speculation to those who are in the Course of Succession to the Crown.
In the mean time, Converfation runs as low With us in Town as you describe it in the Country. You can hardly find a rational Creature to talk to, or a rational Topic to talk upon. Go where you will, you meet the Doctor. Be it pro or con, it is still the Doctor. The devout Adherers to the literal Construction of Holy Writ, say, that the sacred Volume is in Peril; and ejaculate their Apprehensions in Metre. One of their Pafquins closes thus,
Tho' all the Fathers, great and small,
Hith us in can hardly fifTopic to taler. Be it more
He copy'd you, was your Disciple;
The Poet's Partiality, in Favour of the Doctor, . is as extravagant, as his Apprehension of the Danger of burning the Bible. I give you this only as a Specimen, or rather Symptom, of the Fever of the Town; for I assure you, the Zealous of my Acquaintance, who read these Lines, are as fond of them as he can be that made them; for my own part, I rather agree with Mr. Dryden, to count such Clergymen,
The Phaetons of Mankind, who fire that World,
The Alteration of the many-headed Monster in Seventy, yea, in Thirty Years, is unaccountable. Pym and his Fellows were idolized by the Multitude of this very City, for the Reverse of this Doctrine, and so were the seven Bishops: But now if any Man has a Doubt about it, let him not divulge that Doubt in the Streets of London: If the present Humour of the Town continues a little longer, I shall be able to send you an whole Suit of Apparel, or Set of Houshold Furniture, fanctified with the goodly Image of the Doctor.
L ET TER XVIII.
Aug. 14, 1712. İ T is not doubted that this Treaty will end in 1 Peace, in Spite of all Opposers. It is pretty unhappy for us, that all the Nations engaged in
lieves the sense of the will take tices of pubiai
War should not concur with us to wish heartily for the general Tranquillity of Europe. Nor will I answer for our own Soldiers of Fortune, The inferior Officers make a great Clamour against it in Coffee-Houses and other places of publick Refort; and, if you will take their Words, they speak the Sense of the Nation ; but do not you believe a Word of that.
The Emperor perhaps fancies that it is the Business of Great-Britain to raise the House of AuAtria, on the Ruins of that of Bourbon and of Great-Britain together; the Dutch can never be tired of having the Subsistence Money of our great Land-Army circulate in their Country; and the little Princes of Germany can afford to hire out Troops to us a good while longer, if we can find Cash to pay for them; this is a Trade among them."
Mancipiis locuples, eget æris Capadocum Rex.
But England seems, as well as France and Spain, to have Occasion for a Peace, and for some of the · fame Reasons. We have not been beaten often,
it is true; we have gotten great Victories, yet stili we are Sufferers, and must be so, as the Scene has been laid. What we conquer in Flanders is to be divided between the Dutch and the Emperor, and Spain is also to be conquered for the latter. As if the House of Austria might not lord it over Europe as severely as that of Bourbon; as if it were necessary to exhaust ourselves, to bring a Moiety of Europe under a single. Person, left a Moiety of Europe Thould at some Time or other hereafter (which poffibly may never happen) fall under the Dominion of a single Person. This is, ne mori