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walk which Goethe alone has successfully the eternally fresh stream of humour, trod. This is so true that even a vulgar poetry, and life which flows in his admiVorstadt-theatre in Berlin or Vienna, rable novel immediately begins to slackcoarse and tasteless as are their products, en when he dips his pen into literary ink. is a relief after the comedies which the Fortunately he was rarely tempted to do German public endures in its fashionable so; and he began his career as a writer theatres. As for Reuter, he certainly was too late, and finished it too early, to obno longer himself when he undertook to literate the vivid impression his masterspeak the language of “good society ;” work produced.
The letters of Matthew Prior, which were | donnels, that is, writing my self blind, and going to included in our summary of the contents of bed at 3 in the morning without having eaten my sud
per : if all this trade ends in a Peace I shall not regrett the Macclesfield papers, now belonging to the my pains, our Ministers are every day at it, and I think British Museum (see ACADEMY for February it advances every way but towards Vienne, these
people like those in the Scripture) must be compelled
to come in, and necessity which they say has no law possess much literary or biographical interest.
: must give us Jus pacis. They are chiefly short semi-official communi. cations to the Under-Secretary of State, John Cardonnel was the hard-working secretary Ellis, giving the chief items of continental of the Duke of Marlborough. news during Prior's mission to the Hague and We have space but for one elegant extract Paris, a period ranging from July, 1695 to from his correspondence after reaching Paris, July, 1699. We give here the few passages | This is dated Paris, Sept. 6, 1698, and runs which most attracted our attention.
thus:Writing from the “Hague ye 26-16 July,
I have nothing worth troubling Mr. Secretary with, '95," Prior concludes :
and am not in a very good stile at present, having been
for these 3 days past with Custom house officers and I have printed in Dutch and French the bombarding
Porters fighting and squabbling about les petits droits St. Malo, and distributed it to all the Ministers and
et les aides d'entrée, so that Maltofier, chien and Politicians here, to the great discouragement of some
bougre are the civilest words that have come out of my of our Nouvellists, who give a certain French turn to
mouth. I have only time to alter the language one our affairs when they relale them.
moment, whilst I tell you that I am most truly, &c. Another letter, dated June 5, 1796, has an A volume of miscellaneous correspondence allusion to one of his minor writings :
in the same collection contains a few letters of I ought to be angry with you for drawing up a letter
Jester Richard Steele to Ellis, chiefly remarkable of immoderate praises in the name of Mr. Secretary, from their having been written before he had which I hope He only subscribed as the King does the abandoned the profession of arms for that of circular leiter, and for recapitulating the same Praises | letters: they are dated between March and in your own of the next post the 19th, however my resentment at this time shall go no further then to tell July, 1704. It may be worth while to print you that I wish the poem but half so good in its kind as one as a specimen :your Prose upon it, and that having written what you will see to Mr. Secretary I have no more to trouble you
March 25, 1703-47, with then that I am &c.
Sr, “Mr. Secretary” we would fain believe to I was ordered hither on a sudden, or had waited on be Prior's friend and Patron, Charles Mon- you to receive your commands, but indeed I do not
trouble you only to make my apology for that, but also tague, afterwards Earl of Halifax, though it
I to desire your Friendship and interest to the Duke of was hardly his official designation at that time. Ormond in my behalfe: What I would pretend to is a
Our next selection exhibits the poet hard at Troop in a Regiment of Dragoons I understand he is work on the details of the Treaty of Ryswick,
going to raise to be commanded by His Grace himself:
This request is the more reasonable for that it is no adwhich was signed on September 11 following. vancement of my post in the dignity, but the income of
it only, since I am already a Captain. If I can be so Hag: ye 23-13 Augt 1697. fortunate as to have any encouragement from you Our own affair is God be thanked) in agitation, and this matter, I'll hasten to town. In the mean time any is doing as most things in this world with violence |
in this world wib violence commands from you will be receiv'd as a very great and hurry, you that have been in business in all its
en in business in all its Honour to, Sr, shapes know so well how it happens in these cases
Ýr most obedient Humble Servant, that you will easily excuse my not answering yours of
RICHD. STEELE. the 3d sooner, and believe me that the 8 last days of
Endorsed “Capt. Steele." my life have been not unlike every day of poor Car-|
No. 1578. - September 5, 1874.
S From Beginning, 2 Vol. CXXII.
CONTENTS. I. King VICTOR AMADEUS Of Savoy AND
SARDINIA: THE VERDICT OF HISTORY
REVERSEN, . . . . . . . Quarterly Review,
. . . . Spectator, . . VI. M. GAMBETTA'S SPEECH,
Pall Mall Gazette, VII. M. LEON GAMBETTA ON THE SITUATION, . Spectator, . . VIII. THE COUNT OF Paris's HISTORY OF THE
AMERICAN WAR, . . . . Saturday Review, .
: 578 | DORA WORDSWORTH, ·
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His hand belike is on the helm ;
The fog has hid the foam ;
ONLY a sister's part - yes, that was all,
And yet her life was bright and full and free. He sees a lamp amid the dark,
She did not feel, “I give up all for him," He thinks our pane alight;
She only knew, “ 'Tis mine his friend to be." And haply on some storm-bound bark, He founders in the night.
So what she saw and felt the poet sang,
She did not seek the world should know her Now God be with you ; He who gave
share ; Our constant love and troth ;
Her one great hunger was for “ William's" Where'er your oar may dip the wave,
fame, You bear the hearts of both.
To give his thoughts a voice her life-long
prayer. Through storm and mist, God keep my love, That I may hear once more
And when with wife and child his days were Your boat upon the shingled cove,
crowned, Your step upon the shore.
She did not feel that she was left alone,
Glad in their joy, she shared their every care,
His “ dear, dear sister,” that was all she ask'd, THE RUINED CHAPEL.
Her gentle ministry her only fame ; UNROOFED, below the mountain stands But when we read his page with grateful The shrine within the pine-trees' shade;
heart, From memory, as from sight, the hands Between the lines we'll spell out Dora's name. Have passed its crumbling walls that made. | Spectator.
From The Quarterly Review. by a mayor of the palace in the Middle KING VICTOR AMADEU'S OF SAVOY AND Ages. But the interest and importance SARDINIA: THE VERDICT OF HISTORY REVERSED.
of the historical episode to which we inThe domestic tragedies of royal and
| vite attention, will best appear from a princely houses seem commonly en
brief outline of his career. dowed with an irresistible attraction
| Victor Amadeus, born May 1666, asfor the historian. The summary exe
ve sumed the government of his hereditary cution of Don Carlos by paternal del
de duchy, reluctantly surrendered to him by cree, the condemnation and punishment
the regent-mother, in September 1684. of Queen Caroline Matilda and her
The position of his dominions on the paramour, the last fatal meeting of the
French side of the Alps placed him enPrincess Sophia Dorothea with the
tirely at the mercy of his powerful neighdoomed Königsmark, the appalling catas
bour, and Louis le Grand treated him as trophe of the Kirk of Field, the “ many a
a vassal not entitled to a will or even an foul and midnight murder” traditionally op
Yo opinion of his own. Sorely against the associated with our own fortress-prison,
grain he obeyed a peremptory mandate to - these have been one and all exhaust
co-operate in the religious persecution ively discussed ; and no false delicacy, no
which followed on the revocation of the misapplied tenderness for the reputation
Edict of Nantes. Putting himself at the of the living or the dead, has been per
head of an armed force, he made a clean mitted to suppress or mystify the motives
sweep of all the Huguenots and Walor the facts. It is, therefore, the more
denses within his territory ; but his lukeremarkable that incidents of the stran
warmness in the cause was obvious, his
secret communications with the Protesgest, most startling, and suspicious char-| acter should have taken place in one of tants got wind, and Louis took the deci. the most ancient and illustrious of the sive step of sending Marshal Catinat, at sovereign houses of Europe, without the head of a French army, to bring matprovoking investigation or protest : that te
hailters to a point. The proffered terms were events like the abdication, imprisonment,
nothing short of unconditional submisand death of Victor Amadeus II., occur
sion. The castle of Verrue and the cit
| adel of Turin were to be delivered up, ring within the short space of two years,
and the whole Savoyard army was to be (1730-1732), should have been tamely recorded almost as things of course, with
merged in the French. Driven to exhaply a passing comment on the fickle-tremit
tremities, the Duke at length resolved on ness of fortune : that the statesman, war
a measure he had long meditated. He rior, and legislator who had baffled and joinea
or who had bafilled and joined (June 1690) the famous League of humbled the Grand Monarque. won a Augsburg, thereby putting an end to the kingdom, led armies to victory, framed peac
weil peaceful if humiliating relations which codes and systems of finance that endure"
ure had bound Savoy to France for sixty still. - who was the grandfather of one years, and boldly challenging a prolonged powerful monarch and the father-in-law contest, which, ominous and threatening of another, - that such a personage at
at the commencement, left him the vicshould be suddenly removed from the cor
the torious monarch of an independent nation stage on which he had played so conspic
at the end. uous a part, like a Sultan deposed by a
The announcement of the breach with Grand Vizier, or a roi fainéant set aside"
ide France, which he made in person to his
assembled nobles and justified in a mani• Memorie Aneddotiche sulla Corte di Sardegna festo, was received with enthusiasm by his del Conie di Blondei, Ministro di Francia a Torino subjects of all classes ; and with the aid sotto i Re Vittorio Ainedeo II. e Carlo Emanuele III Edite da Vincenzo Promis. Torino: Stamperia Reale. of volunteers the principal towns were 1973. (Anecdotical Memoirs on the Court of Sardinia By the Count de Blondel, Minister of France at Turin
army more numerous than that of Caunder King Victor Amadeus II. and Charles Emmanuel 111. Edited by Vincenzo Promis. Turin: Royaltinat was got together for the defence of Printing Press.)
the capital. But the allies on whom the Duke mainly counted lost heart after the 'est daughter, that his ambassadors should battle of Stafarda, and remained inactive be received on the same footing as those whilst one after the other of his strong of kings at Versailles, and that France places was taken and his country overrun. and Savoy should join in compelling the The first campaign of 1690 was disas- recognition of Italian neutrality by Austrous ; and that of 1691 was rendered tria and Spain ; in which case it was to still more so by the explosion of a pow- be equally recognized by the French. der-magazine at Nice, which so weakened As this grand object was eventually the defences that a capitulation became effected, his reputation and consideration inevitable. This opened the mountain on the south of the Alps were materially passages it commanded to the French, enhanced, although it was literally true and after blowing up the fortifications of (as stated by Voltaire) that he was genAveillane, for which military reasons eralissimo for the Emperor and generalmight have been alleged, Catinat wan-'issimo for Louis Quatorze within the tonly set fire to the Duke's favourite Villa month. His defection proved catching, at Rivoli; who, watching from the and led to consequences which, without heights of Turin the progress of the reference to the motives or precise qualflames, exclaimed, “Ah, would to God ity of his acts, have been set down as that all my palaces were thus reduced to redounding to his credit by his biogcinders, and that the enemy would spare 'raphers. Each of the allies hastened to the cabins of my peasantry !” Like open a separate negotiation : all the prinTurenne in the Palatinate and (we re- cipal belligerents were parties to the gret to say) like Victor Amadeus when Treaty (or Treaties) of Ryswick in 1697; his turn came, Catinat burnt and de- and after the Treaty of Carlowitz in Janstroyed whatever fell in his way; and on uary 1699, it was recorded as an extraorone occasion some peasants, flying be- dinary phenomenon for that age — it fore him, threw themselves at the feet of would be no less extraordinary in ours the Duke to implore his help. After that the whole of the civilized world was emptying his purse amongst them with actually at peace for nearly two years.* the warmest expressions of sympathy, he This halcyon period was abruptly tertore off the collar of the Order round his minated by the war of the Spanish Sucneck, broke it into pieces, and flung them cession in 1701, and Italy again became the bits. Traits of this kind abound. the battle-field, in open defiance of the His brilliant courage enhanced the popu- boasted recognition of neutrality. Victor lar fondness and admiration; and he was Amadeus, with the Savoy contingent, hardly guilty of exaggeration, when he formed part of the army (French and Spantold M. de Chamery, a secret French ish) which was defeated by the Imperiagent, who warned him in 1692 that, if alists at Chiari, where he had a horse the war went on much longer he would killed under him whilst covering the rebe entirely denuded of troops : “ Mon- treat, and is allowed on all hands to have sieur, je frapperai du pied le sol de mon displayed the most chivalrous bravery pays, et il en sortira des soldats."
and given signal proofs of his good faith. Although he was beaten again by Ca- But this merely excited the jealousy of tinat at Marsaglia, and underwent a va- Villeroy, who had superseded Catinat, riety of reverses, he inspired so much and fought the battle contrary to the respect in his opponents, that it was best military opinions, including the deemed of the bighest importance to de- Duke's. “This Marshal," says Voltaire, tach him from the League, and such “entered Italy to give orders to Marshal tempting offers were made to him, that,
* “Il fut glorieux pour un duc de Savoie d'être la in August 1696, he signed a separate!
cause première de cette pacification générale. Son treaty with France, stipulating that all cabinet acquit un très-grand crédit, et sa personne une the territory taken from him should be très-haute considération." — Alémoires Historiques sam
la Maison Royale de Savoie, &c. &c. Par M. Mar restored, that the Duke of Burgundy
01 Durgunuyquis Costa de Beauregard, Quartier-maître-général de (grandson of Louis) should marry his eld- l'Armée. Turin, 1816. Vol. iji. p. 55.