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sued. A special commission was instantly issued, by the Councils of Ancients and Five Hundred, appointing Bonaparte First Consul of the French Republic! and, on the 15th of December, 1799, he was installed, in the Champde-Mars, with great pomp and solemnity.
Thus vested with supreme authority, he proceeded to the appointment of men of honour, sound judgment, and abilities, to execute the different functions of the civil government: and the most experienced generals to the command of his armies.
Soon after he had attained his consular power, it was his wish, by every honourable means, to sue for peace. Accordingly he addressed letters to the Belligerent Powers, signifying his desire to put an end to the miseries of war, by an honourable and general peace; but this not being listened to, he gave orders for new preparations. The whole machine was now in motion; and his measures were taken with so much wisdom and celerity, that the campaign of Italy, then about to commence, promised infallibly to bring about peace, and terminate at last the revolution.
The army formed at Dijon for this purpose, was denominated the Army of Referve, and soon amounted to 50,000 effective men.
In the first week of May, 1800, Bonaparte set out from Paris in order to join this army, and now it can be no exaggeration fo say, that the First Consul performed wonders: the ever memorable battle of MARENGO in the month of June, established his fame, and after a continued Naughter of fourteen hours, determined the fate of Italy, by returning it into the hands of its former conqueror. The day after this victory, Bonaparte perceiving the wounded Austrian prisoners pass by him, exclaimed, “ One cannot help regretting at the sufferings of his enemy !" and gave directions that the greatest care should be taken of NAPOLEONE BONAPARTE.
them: while the prisoners, as they passed, cried, “ Long live Bonaparte.”
Having now given orders to demolish all the fortresses of the Milanese and Piedmontese countries, he took his departure, accompanied by General Berthier, and his staff, for Milan; where he was received by the inhabitants with the greatest acclamations of joy.--Here he immediately established the Cisalpine Republic, and attended Te-deum at the cathedral church. He also caused the celebrated Uni. versity at Pavia to be re-organized; it having been shut up since the invasion of the combined Powers, in 1799.
Having settled those and some other affairs in Italy, he set off on his return for Paris, where, July 2, at half past two in the morning, he arrived by the gate of Marengo, cie devant des Gabelins; and extraordinary as it may appear, yet it is an indisputable fact, that from the time he left Paris, and accomplished the conquest of Italy a second time, and returned to the capital, was no more than fifty-eight days!
On the second of February, 1801, peace was concluded with the Emperor of Germany. Bonaparte's chief attention was then directed to an attainment of peace with Great Bri. tain ; which desirable object was at last effected, attended with demonstrations of joy on both sides.
Thus has Bonaparte, by his consummate skill as a foldier, and his profound wisdom as a statesman, gained for France much more than even her most fanguine partizans could have expected. We must not, however, omit to mention, that, notwithstanding all his exertions for the Republic, she did, at one time, and probably still does, harbour some ingrates in her bosom: for, on the roth of Oc. tober, 1800, some wretches formed a plot to assassinate the First Consul, which they were to have executed while he was at the opera : but their plan was disconcerted by the Minister of Police, who arrested them at the moment they were to have perpetrated the horrid deed. - Another act of
the same nature was attempted, on the 24th of December. A small carriage, containing a barrel of gunpowder, cartridges, and old nails, was placed in a street through which he generally passed, in his way to the opera ; and although he came as expected, fortunately the explosion did not take place, through mismanagement of the conspirators, till the instant after his carriage had gone by. The villains foon after suffered the just punifhment of death.
It is a circumstance also worthy of note, that this fortunatę man, although exposed to danger in so many battles, never received a single wound!
With respect to his person, he is of a small ftature, but admirably proportioned. He is of a spare habit of body, yet robuft, and calculated to undergo the greatest fatigues. His complexion, like that of all the males of southern climates, is olive; his eyes blue, his chin prominent, the lower part of his face thin, and his forehead square and projecting.
With respect to his mind, he possesses uncommon attain. ments. He converses freely, and without pedantry, on all fubjects, and writes and fpeaks with fluency and eloquence. Above all things, he has attempted, and in a great meafure obtained, the mastery over his passions. He is abstemious at his meals, and was never seen, in the Nightest degree, intoxicated. He poffeffes many friends, but has no minions; and preserves an inviolable secrecy, by means of a rigorous filence, far better than other men do by a loquacious hypocrisy.
He rises very early, and immediately applies himself to business, in which lie usually occupies the whole morning. Every thing that is important is transacted entirely by himfelf. The only two persons in whom he appears to have any confidence, are Fouche and Tallyrand. He consults them for their opinion, but is not controuled by either.