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same manner as a cluster on the vine does from only one or two grapes.
§ 2. Some examples of the Allegory may
be very proper to be produced. Not to be tedious in the citations of them, let the following instances suffice :
Did I but purpose to embark with thee
That is a fine Allegory in the Poem, intitled the Spleen :
Thus, thus I steer my bark, and sail
With Judg. xiv. 14.- This observation thews us, that an Allegory ought not to be ranked under the Metapher, as it undoubtediy extends itself to other Tropes.
* Prior's Henry and Emma.
Wich store fufficient for relief,
The whole fourteenth ode of the first book of Horace is an Allegory, exquisitely wrought by that great favourite of the Muses *
O fhip! new billows foon will rise,
And bear thee off to sea again :
Make, make thy port, nor tempt the main.
groan; Bending beneath the heavy blast,
Soon muft thou see it rushing down. In vain thy keel attempts to plow
The wave, and conflict with the tide; No cords to bind thy planks hast thou,
Tho' all are starting from thy fide.
# O navis, referent in mare te novi
Portum. Nonne vides, et
Nudum remigio latus,
Vix durare carinæ
Æquor ? How rent, how tatter'd are thy sheets !
Thy guardian Gods that grac'd thy prow,
No more shall hear thy suppliant vow!
The daughter of a noble wood,
No splendors bribe th’ingulphing flood.
No more with Ocean's terrors'Arive;
Should'st headlong to perdition drive.
Still my fond hope, and dearest care,
Whatever glitt'ring charms they wear.
brought, says the Pfalmift, a vine out of Egypt: . Thou hast cast out the Heathen, and planted ss it. Thou preparedft room before it, and didst
Æquor ? non tibi funt integra lintea;
Quamvis Pontica pinus,
Silvæ filia nobilis,
Fidit. Tu, nisi ventis
Debes ludidibrium, cave.
s cause it to take deep root, and it filled the
land.. The hills were covered with the shadow ss of it, and the boughs thereof were like the
goodly cedars. She sent out her boughs unto is the sea, and her branches unto the river. Why ss halt thou broken down her hedges, so that all
they which pass by the way do pluck her? $ The boar out of the wood doth waste it, and ss the wild beast of the field doth devour it. Ress turn, we befeech thee, O God of hosts; look ss down from heaven, and behold, and visit this ss vine: and the vineyard which thy right hand 58 hath planted, and the branch that thou madest
strong for thyself. It is burnt with fire; it is ss cut down. They perish at the rebuke of thy
$ 3. Allegories are of two forts, pure and mixed.
Pure Allegories are such as preserve the Trope from the beginning to the end of them without any opening, if I may so call it, of the literal sense. Such an Allegory is that Ode of HORACE which we have but now recited; so that many « learned Commentators, says Mr Francis, in
a note upon his translation of the Ode, under“ stand it in a plain historical maŋner; though
QUINTILIAN, whose judgment we scruple not “ to prefer, quotes the Ode as an example of “ the Allegory, and tells us, that throughout " the whole passagė, the Poet means by the ship the commonwealth ; by the waves and
“ tempests, tempefts, civil wars; and by the haven, peace « and concord +." The danger arising from a pure Allegory is that of obscurity; and whoever frequently uses it, should take particular care that he does not involve the sense in hard and difficult riddles, which ought to shine out clear and perspicuous, as it may do even from under the veil of Tropes themselves, according to the very just account of Metaphors, which will alike extend to Allegories, by Lord LANSDOWNE, in his Elay upon unnatural Flights in Poetry:
As veils transparent cover but not hide,
$ 4. Mixed Allegories are such Allegories as are not intire, but admit of spaces in which the litera! sense appears: or, in other words, proper and allegorical expressions are alternately used in the same fentence or paragraph. Of this kind is that Allegory in the speech of Philip King of Macedon,
+ Anayyogia, quam inverfionem interpretamur, aliud verbis, aliud sensu oftendit, ac etiam interim contrarium. Prius, ut
O navis, referent in mare te novi