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to subdue the disease, and many vernal intermittents ceale spontaneously after a few fits, particularly in persons who have before undergone an intermittent of long duration, we shall be apt to attribute some cures thereto that are performed wholly by the powers of the body. Fixed alcaline salt, such as that of tartar or wormwood, diluted with cold spring-water, is nicarly of like efficacy with the abovesaid spirit against vernal intermittents, as I have in some cases experienced.”

With regard to the epidemical fore-throat and miliary fever, as it appeared in Cleveland, in 1760, we fhall briefly observe, that it differed materially from the fore-throat of a former epidemy in London, and another in Plymouth; with the account and treatment of which doctors Fothergill and Huxham obliged the public. The cure of this at Cleveland is correspondently different, and is very distinctly reguJated, in a kind of appendix to the preceding description of it. His observations on the Bastard black hellebore highly recommend it, as the most potent vermifuge our author has experienced, having expelled worms after the most celebrated othcinal compofitions had failed. It contains fome good practical directions, with regard to different medicines appropriated to the killing and expelling different fpecies of worms.

Mr. Billet modestly apologizes for his style, of which we have given a specimen, laying, “ he aimed rather at conciseness and perspicuity than elegance.” Upon this foundation, however, we think there are a few expressions in this work, which he may, for the greater perfpicuity, avoid in any fublequent olle. For instance, to impair the diaphoresis, we imagine, may be commuted into the more usual medical phrase-to lejen the perspiration. To incur a great degree of one or more of the nonnaturals, means, we fuppofe, to commit an intemperance or excefs in any of them. An infiuent herpetic humour was probably designed to fignify the determination of such a humour rather to the internal than external parts, or a firiking in, as it is vulg: rly called. We may conjeclure the same of an influent land-fcurvy, when the peccant humour is supposed to be employed rather in cxciting a linall fever in the mass of blood, than in discharging itself upon the folids. But a little influent fever is rather less intelligible, as all fevers feem to be internal, or fisting within, if they are not confined to some external inflammation, as in a carbuncle, phlegmont, paroxychia, &c. even an ague having been sometimes fuppofed by the vulgar to be contined to the face. Perhaps, an ehfiicut antiscorbutic, p. 133, means such an antiscorbutic medicine as operates chiefly


by sweat, thus expelling or lessening the scorbutic humour: but if it ejects it equally by urine, will that make it less «ffluent ? which ambiguity inters, the term is not as strictly ascertained as the author intended it. Bibulary (pores) seems much less, if at all, in use, than bibulous, and is derived less analogically: ncr can we perceive any improvement in substituting morbóus fometimes for morbid. Pofsibly the former may be critically fupposed to fignify a greater combination, or load of diseases; but this distinction did not seem intended, where we met with it. It is confessed, some of these differences are trivial; but all innovations in speech, to be commendable, should be improvements ; and signify their subjects more clearly and exactly than the terms or phrales already appropriated to them.


A Dissertation on Miracles : Containing an Examination of the

Principles advanced by David Hume, Efq; in an Eljay on Miracles. By George Campbell, D. D. Principal of the Marifchal College, and one of the Ministers, of Aberdeen. 8vo. 48. Millar, &c.


HE main design of this candid, spirited, and sensible

performance is, not to refute the reasoning and objections of Mr. Hume, but to set the principal argument for Christianity in its proper light. On a subject that has been fo often treated, it is impossible to avoid saying many things which have been said before. Accordingly, such readers ås are conversant with subjects of this kind will find few observations in the Dissertation now before us, that are not to be met with in Dr. Adams's ingenious antwer to Mr. Hume, the Criterion, Butler's Analogy, 8 Our author's principal merit confifts in treating his subject in a more regular and methodical manner than those who have gone before him ; and, as he justly observes, the evidence of any complex argument depends very much on the order into which the material circumstances are digested, and the manner in which they are displayed. He treats his ingenious adversary with candor, but without ceremony or reserve, and answers the arguments contained in his famous Elay on Miracles in a clear and rational manner,

“ The Elay on Miracles, says he, deserves to be considered as one of the most dangerous attacks that have been made on our religion. The danger results not solely from the Kk2


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of the piece; it results much more from that of the author.
The piece itself, like every other work of Mr. Hume, is inge-
nious; but its merit is more of the oratorial kind than of the
philofophical. The merit of the author, I acknowledge, is
great. The many useful Volumes he hath published of
History, Criticism, Politics, and Trade, have justly procured
him, with all persons of taste and discernment, the highest
reputation as a writer. What pity is it that this reputation
should have been fullied by attempts to undermine the foun-
dations both of natural religion and of revealed.

“ For my own part, I think it a piece of justice in me,
to acknowledge the obligations I owe the author, before I
enter on the proposed examination. I have not only teen
much entertained and instructed by his works, but if I am
poffeffed of any talent in abstract reafoning, I am not a little
indebted to what he hath written on human nature, for the
improvement of that talent. If therefore, in this tract, I have
refuted Mr. Hume's Elay, the greater Nare of the merit is
perhaps to be ascribed to Mr. Hume himself. The compli-
ment which the Russian monarch, after the famous barile of
Poltowa, paid the Swedish generals, when he gave them the
honourable appellation of his masters in the art of war, I may,
with great sincerity, pay my acute and ingenious adver:

The genteel and ingenuous manner in which our author speaks of his adversary, must give every impartial reader a favourable opinion of his candor ; and those who are qualified. to judge of such subjects, will, we are persuaded, after an attentive perusal of his Dillestation, entertain as favourable an opinion of his abilities.

A regular abstract of a work of this kind will not be expected from us; we shall not therefore attempt it, but give the sum of what the author has advanced. It is briefly this:

That Mr. Hume's favourite argument, of which he boasts the discovery, is founded in error, is managed with fophiftry, and is at last abandoned by its inventor, as fit only for hew, not for use ; that he is not more successful in the collateral arguments he employs ; particularly, that there is ro peculiar presumption against religious miracles ; that, on the contrary, there is a p:culiar pr lumption in their favour; that the general inaxim whereby he would enable us to decide be wist opposite miracles, when it is stript of the pompous dition that serves it at once for decoration and for disguise, is discovered to be no other than an-identical propo4



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sition, which, as it conveys no knowledge, can be of no ser-
vice to the cause of truth; that there is no presumption arising
either from human nature, or from the history of mankind,
against the miracles said to have been wrought in proof of
Christianity; that the evidence of these is not subverted by
those miracles, which historians of other religions have re-
corded ; that neither the Pagan nor the Popish miracles, on
which he has expatiated, will bear to be compared with those
of Holy Writ; that, abstracting from the evidence for par-
ticular facts, we have irrefragable evidence, that there have
been miracles in former times; and, lafily, that his examina-
tion of the Pentateuch is both partial and imperfect, and con-
sequently stands in need of a revisal.

Before we conclude this article we cannot help limenting,
with our author, that so excellent a writer as Mr. Hume
should have treated religion in so illiberal a manner as he has
done. The many ungenerous fneers,, for so we must call
then, that are to be met with in his works, in regard to
Christianity and its profeflirs, must certainly, even in the
opinion of his warmest admirers, if they are men of candor,
be looked upon as very injurious to his character. ' It is na-
țural to imagine, that a person of such exalted sentiments
and of such distinguished talents, must entertain exalted no-
tions of religion ; but let the impartial reader judge of this
matter from the following passage, taken from his natural
History of Religio', $cl. xi. 4to. È dit. and which may have
escaped the notice of many of his readers.

“ If we examine, says he, without prejudice, the ancient heathen mythology, as contained in the poets, we hall not discover in it any such monstrous absurdity, as we may be apt at first to apprehend. Where is the difficulty of conceive ing, that the same powers or principles, whatever they were,

formed this visible world, men and animals, produced also a species of intelligent creatures, of more refined subItance and greater authority than the rest? That these creatures may be capricious, revengeful, pallionate, voluptuous, is easily conceived ; nor is any circumstance more apt, amongit ourselves, to engender such vices, than the licence of absolute authority. And, in short, the whole mythological system is so natural, that, in the vast variety of planets and worlds, contained in this universe, it seems more than probable, that, somewhere or other, it is really carried into execution,"

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This passage stands in no need of any cominent; we fhall therefore only beg leave to observe upon it, that if Mr. Hume Jaughs at those who believe in Christianity, he laughs with a very bad grace,

and that there are few who need be ashamed of their Creid, when compared with his.



A Letter to the Authors of the Monthly Review : Or, a Reply to

their Animadversions on a Pamphlet lately published, intitulert, the Reviewers Reviewed, relative to the Doctrine of Electricity. By R. Lovett, of Worcester. 8vo. 6 d. Sandby,

E little thought to have heard from Mr. Lovett again

on this subject, after what passed between us in a former Review ; much less that he should complain of our severity, when he was himself, in fo great a degree, the aggreflor : but there are men, as well as arguments, that are unanswerable. Whether what we advanced may be ranked among the latter, it is the part of others to determine. It appears sufficiently plain to us, that our antagonist deserves a place among the former, Bad casuist as he is, he is a bold combatant; and, though reduced to his stuinps, is determined not to give out. It is very justly remarked by a judicious French writer, « Tous ceux qui sont capable de faire des objections, ne font pas toujours en etat de comprendre tous les principes, dont depend la resolution de leurs objections." This ieems to be the case with Mr, Lovert: indeed he frankly confefles, that our distinctions are too refined for the comprehenfion of electricians; and styles such reasonings, in the usual cant of ignorance and incapacity, the cobwebs of metapbysics. It does not, however, become a mere experiment monger to talk so di respectfully of any science. And yet this our doughty opponent is very carnest with us to continue the controversy in our Review. But, fuppofing it consistent with our plan, as it is not, to what purpose should we dispute? If Mr Loveit cannot comprehend us, we never can hope to convince him. And as to his “ strong desire of entering into a nearer and cloer engagement, that the matter in debate may be brought to a fair issue, and the public no longer remain in doubt, which of us is in the right,” we are willing to rest our cause, with the judicious reader, on the merits of what has been already said. Indecd we conceive, that thore, who have paid any attention to this little debate, remain in no doubt about the matter : at least, we shall think fo t:ll


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