« ПредишнаНапред »
“I felt the pressure of his hand upon my forehead, the whole family appeared at church the next sab. as he leaned over me: "be's gone, poor fellow! but bath, clothed in habiliments of sorrow, and in the I'll take his sword- the regulars shall never get note which the minister read for the deceased, was that."
an expression of triumph that he had fallen for li. “This sword was a present from Warren, and, berty. though in that awful moment my soul seemed flut. "The next morning as my mother sat by her win. tering on the verge of eternity, it gave me inespres. dow, intently watching some little shrubbery which sible pleasure, to find that the gift of friendship was the hand of her departed child had planted, she likely to be preserved.
discovered, through the vista of the trees that em"A faintness now came over me, and I heard no bowered our peacefuldwelling, a litter, slowly windmore, and for what succeeded am indebted to the ing along the road. observation of col. B-
"The bope of being able to afford relief or re“ The Americans fought with determination and freshment to a wounded soldier, drew my mother to bravery until their last round of ammunition was the little gate that separated her' own cultivated espended, and they were reluctantly compelled to lawn from the highway. retreat.
“Will you stop and rest?” said she to the man “My poor Irish soldier, actuated by a sentiment who conducted the litter_"We go no farther,” was that should immortalize his name, now declared that the reply. She heard no more-the truth flashed the British should never have his captain, alive or dead. across her mind and she fainted. He sought among the slain for the breathless form of "Long and tenderly was I nursed by that heroic one he loved, and at last recognized the object of woman, and though she sympathised in every pain his search, among a heap of human bodies, which I felt, she never breathed a regret for the part I bad some resolute soldiers, where the breastwork hap. acted, and when I was again able to join my regi. pened to be too high, bad piled up to stand on. ment, she mingled with her parting blessing a fer
"He bore the inanimate body on his shoulder vent prayer that all her children might prefer death from the scene of carnage; but unable, thus loaded, to slavery.” Such was my father's tale~could I to keep up with his companions, a shot from the hear it and ever forget that I am a soldier's daugh. pursuers terminated his life, when the main body ter? Never, never. Recollections of patriotism are of the retreating army was out of danger. impressed on every page of my existence, and sen
"Some friends who knew us, passing immediately timents of freedom twined with every fibre of my after, thought they discovered in me signs of return. heart. ing life, and by their means I was conveyed to the Sadly as the tenor of my days bave passed, and bospital.”
sorely as the storms of sorrow have beaten on my By this time the little auditors were in tears, and head, there are hours when the tide of impetuous even Warren was awhile forgotten in admiration of feeling rushes back to the scenes of my infancy, the fidelity of the Irish soldier.
and finds, in tracing the lessons of paternal love, a My father, though a brave man and a soldier, kind of half oblivion to my cares. Then it is that wept--and though the lapse of twenty years has the spirit of my father glows with undiminished arpresented new and varied objects to my mind, I am dour, and it is my pride and my boast that I am a not asbamed that a kindred tear has blotted the page
SOLDIER'S DAUGHTER. that records his story.
Recovering his usual composure, and addressing Extract from an Election Sermon, delivered by pretibirself particularly to me, my father thus continued: dent Stiles, before the Conecticut legislature, in May,
“What follows is an example of female heroism 1783. and tenderness, if recorded on the page of history, “While we render our supreme honors to the might form a counterpart to the story of the Roman Most High, the God of armies, let us recollect, with mother, who died from the effect of joyful surprise, affectionate honor, the bold and brave sons of freewhen her son, whom she thought dead, was restored dom, who willingly offered themselves, and bled in the to her arms.
defence of their country. Our fellow citizens, the "My mother received the news that her darling officers and soldiers of the patriot army, who, with bad fallen in battle, but shed no tears.
the Manlys, the Joneses, and other gallant comman"Her son had done his duty, and what more in ders and brave seamen of the American navy, bave these times of peril could a virtuous mother desire? heroically fought the war by sea and by land, merit, A greeably to the primitive custom of our fathers of their once bleeding, but now triumphant coumtry,
laurels, crowns, rewarde, and the highest honors., baron de Steuben sball waft its fragrance to the Never was the profession of arms used with more monarch of Prussia: a marquis de la Fayette shall glory, or in a better cause, since the days of Joshua waft it to a far greater monarch, and diffuse tby the son of Nun. O WASHINGTON! bow do I love thy renown throughout Europe. Listening angels shall name! how often have I adored and blessed thy God, catch the odour, waft it to heaven, and perfume the for creating and forming thee the great ornament of universe." buman kind. Upheld and protected by the omnipotent, by the Lord of Hosts, thou hast been sustained
KOSCIUSCO. and carried through one of the most arduous and important wars in all history. The world and pos. The following is not a revolutionary paper, but it terity will, with admiration, contemplate thy deli.
relates to a noble volunteer in the cause of liberty berate, cool, and stable judgment, thy virtues, thy
in the new world, and a fearless advocate for the valor and heroic achievements, as far surpassing
freedom of bis native land in the old; and a prethose of Cyrus, whom the world loved and adored.
servation of the eulogium upon him is due to his The sound of thy fame shall go out into all the earth,
services. It was delivered at Warsaw on the 14th and extend to distant ages. Thou hast convinced
Nov. 1817, by M. Von Neimcewise:, who was bis the world of the BEAUTY of VIRTUE—for, in thee this
bosom friend. The translation here used was beauty shines with distinguished lustre. Those who
made for the "Republican Citizen," published at would not recognize any beauty in virtue in the world
Fredericktown, Maryland. beside, will yet reverence it in thee. There is a glory This mournful solemnity, these funeral rites; in thy disinterested benevolence, which the greatest these blazing tapers, this assemblage of dejected characters would purchase, if possible, at the ex. knights and people, the doleful voice of the venerpense of worlds, and which may excite indeed their able divine, all, all conspire to impress upon us a emulation, but cannot be felt by the venal great strong perception of our great, our irreparable loss. who think every thing, even virtue and true glory, What can I add to the accuteness of your feelings, may be bought and sold, and trace our every action or how dilate upon the ardent expressions of the to motives terminating in self;
reverend ministers of religion? Alas! it does not “Find virtue local, all relation scorn,
apperiain to these grey hairs, to this enfeebled “See all in self, and but for self be born." voice, to a mind blunted with years, and weakened But thou, o Wasti"gton, forgottest thyself, when by infirmities, to eulogize the man, wbo was cours. thou lovedst thy bleeding country Not all the gold genus and generous in war, and amiable in peace. of Ophir, nor a world filled with rubies and dia. But such was your desire: unmindful of the re. monds, could affect or purchase the sublime and straints and difficulties under which I labor, I will noble feelings of thine heart, in that single self endeavor to comply, and, although myself overmoved act, wben thou renourcedst the rew-rds of whelmed with grief, will become the interpreter generalship, and heroically tookest upon thyself the of this universal mourning. dangerous as well as arduous office of generalissimo Great and destructive have been the losses sus. -and this at a solemn moment, when thou didst de- tained by our country in the lapse of a few years; liberately cast the die, for the dubious, the very du. but we have felt none with such keen anguish, as bious alternative of a gibber or a triumphal arch! – that which we now bewail in the decease of our beBut, beloved, enshielded and blessed by the great loved Kosciusco. To mention the name of KosciusMelchisedec, the king of righteousness as well as co, that pattern of virtuous citizensbip; to depict peace, thou hast triumphed gloriously. Such bas his love of country, which continued to blaze out been thy military wisdom in the struggles of this whilst there was a breatb of life remaining; his fear. arduous conflict, such the noble rectitude, amiable. less intrepidity in battle; bis manly fortitude in ad. ness and mansuetude of thy character: sometbing versity; his patient endurance of suffering; his Ro. is there so singularly glorious and venerable thrown man uprightness of deporlment; his delicate modes. by Heaven about thee, that not only does thy county, that inseparable accompaniment of real worthtry love thee, but our very enemies siop the mad. is to awaken a thousand pleasing, but alas ! also Dess of their fire in full volley, stop the illiberality numberless painful emotions in the breast of every of their slander, at thy name, as if rebuked from native of Poland. Heaven with a "touch not mine anointed, and do my Ere History sball record our misfortunes, and ex. BIRO on barm." Thy fame is of sweeter perfume bibit, in their true light, the merits of this truly than Arabian spices in the gardens of Persia. Algreat man, be it permitted to us, his contempora
ries, to notice, in condensed brevity, his noble ac- (should enlarge upon the occurrences of the memo. tions, and the principal incidents of his life. rable war which followed. The army of Kosciusco
THaddeus Kosciusco, descended from an ancient was not composed of warriors, arrayed in the pride family in the palatinate of Brescia, in Lithuania of military pomp:'N ! he led troops of irritated pea. proper, neceived the rudiments of bis education in santry to the field of glory; peasantry, armed with the the military academy founded by Stanislaus Augus implements of busbandry, against experienced and
The commandant of that academy, prince veteran soldiers! – How many battles, sieges, dread. Adam Czartorski, soon remarked the uncommon ful nocturnal sallies and skirmishes did they sustain? military genius of the youth, together with his pre. The earth was ensanguined with the blood of the dilection for the science of war, and in consequence, commandants ere it furnished them with graves. sent him into France to complete bis studies. To The result of all these sacrifices, sufferings and the latest moments of his life, Kosciusco gratefully exertions, were inhuman fetters. The captivity conremembered the obligations which he owed to the tinued two years, and would have lasted yet longer, bounty of his benefactor. The abject, impotent and nor wouldst thou, Kosciusco, have ended thy days submissive situation of Poland, at that period, en- in Solothurn's free walls-nor would you, ye weep. gen:Iered dejection and despair in his useful breast. ing sons of Poland, bave again enjoyed ibe sweet He left his country and repaired to a foreign land, smiles of liberty, but would bare dragged out the there to fight the battles of independence, when he miserable remnant of your lives in dark and moul. found that her standard would not be raised in the dering dungeons, had it not been for the magnani. land of his birth. As the companion of the immor. mous interference of Paul I. The first act of his tal Washingtua, be fought bravely from the Hud. reign was to burst the fetters of twenty thousand son to the Potomac, from the shores of the Atlan- Poles. Thanks to thee, venerable shade! The name tic to the lakes of Canada. He patiently endured of Paul cannot be mentioned by a native of Poland, incredible fatigue; he acquired renown; and, what without feelings of genuine gratitude! Was infinitely more valuable in his estimation, be When Kosciusco was liberaied, be did not turn acquired the love and gratitude of a disenthraled his steps to that depressed and mourning country, nation. The flag of the United States waved in tri which had already become as a strange land to him. umph over the American forts, and the great work No: he turred bis eyes to that distant shure, where of liberation was finished ere Kosciusco returned to in his youth, he had mingled in the combat for li. his native country.
berty and independence; to that land which he knew Just at that period Poland awoke; but alas! awoke would receive him as une of her own children. Al. too late from her deplorable lethargy. She bad pro- though cuvered with scars and crippled, he did not claimed the memorable constitution of the third of permit the fatigues and dangers of the voyage to May, and determined to acknowledge no laws but dishearten bim. He embarked for America; and, du. ber own. Hence the inimical attack, bence the dering this voyage, the ocean had nearly become the solating wars which ensued. Say, ye few remain-grave of our hero. A vessel, belonging to a fleet of ing witnesses-say ye fields of Zielenice and Du. merchantmen, returning from Jamaica, was separat. binki, did not Kosciusco, did not the Poles con- ed from her company in a dark night, and wbilst tend with a valor woriby the sons of Poland? sailing with the greatest rapidity, struck the Ame. --It was not that our feeble force was over.frican ship. Masis, rigging and sails were instantly powered: No-it was by the stratagems and wiles entangled. Two large vessels lay beating forcibly of our enemies that our arms were wrested from against eacb' other. Great was the lumult, noise our hands, and the burning desire for the combat and disorder upon deck-death stared us in the smothered; aye, smothered! for in a short time the face. Kosciusco viewed the scene, at this dismay. dismemberment of our territory, and the contemp- ing and terrifying momeni, with his usual serenity tuous, the scornful treatment which wereceived, ex. and composure: but his last hour bad not yet arriv. asperated the feelings of our people. T'he excess of ed. Providence bad ordained that he should sur. their misfortunes and sufferings roused them to an vive to see that day on which the generous Alexander effort of noble and almost frenzied desperation. proclaimed the restoration of the kingdom of Po. His enraged countrymen grasped the sword and land. We escaped this imminent danger with the placed it in the hands of Kosciusco!
loss of the main-mast and torn sails, but the voyage The fraternal bonds which unite us to another was, in consequence of the disaster, protracted to bation, the protection of one common sovereign, seventy duys. At length we espied the happy shores and the gratitude due to Alexander, forbid that I of the land of freedooiPennsylvania! the country
FROM THE BOSTOX PATRIOT.
of Penn and Franklin, received Kosciusco into her, may thy memory be immortal amongst us. May bosom. After suffering such accumulated miseries, thy statue be placed in the sanctuary of the Lord, this was the first happy and joyful moment. Tbe in order to perpetuate the lineaments of thy face, members of congress, then in session--his old com- the benevolence of thy heart, and the purity of thy patriots in arms-his friends and acquaintances, and soul. May thy cenotaph be like thy life, plain and the citizens generally, hailed his arrival with unaf-junostentatious, with no inscription but thy name; fected pleasure. The people surrounded the car. that will be all-sufficient! Whenever a native of riage of bim, who had been one of their favorite stranger shall with tearful eyes behold it, be will be chiefs, who had suffered so much in their cause, and compelled to exclaim, “That was the man who did accompanied him to his lodgings. Not only in Ame. not permit bis countrymen to die ingloriously, and rica, but also in every European city through which whose virtues, magnanimity, intrepidity and patriot. he passed after his liberation, in Stockholm, in Lon. ism immortalized himself and his beloved country." don, and in Bristol, all those who cherished in their hearts a love of liberty, and a regard for her defen. ders, thronged about him and gave him the ipost It is good for us all to look back on "olden times to lively demonstrations of their esteem. Ob! it was - It is both good and proper for the young men and greatful to the heart of a Polander to perceive, in the youth of the present day to see and read some the honor and respect with which his chief was re. of the official acts of their fathers and grandfathers; ceived, esteem and commisseration for the fate of and thereby to trace out and mark down the emi. an unjustly destroyed nation.
nent exertions, the privations, dangers and sufferWas it the delusion of hope or_the wish to have ings to which they were exposed in struggling the advantage of the best medical advice, that in- through the arduous contest to establish the liberduced Kosciusco to visit the shores of Europe once ty and independence of their country, and to promore? Ifit was hope, soon, alas! did he preceive its vide for their posterity a NATIONAL NAXB-2 horie, fallaciousness and vanity, and the inutility of human a shelter and a fireside. Read this and treasure it 'exertions. He rejected the bustle and applause of for the time to come the world, and, if I may no express myself, enclosed By the congress of the United States of Americahimself in the mantle of his own virtues and retired
A MANIFESTO. to the rural solitude of a farm. Here agriculture “These United States having been driven to bos. was his employment, his solace, and his delight.- tilities by the oppressive and tyrannous measures of He left his peaceful retirement, for the first time, Great Britain; having been compelled to commit the to hank the illustrious Alexander for the restora. essential rights of man to the decision of arms; and tion of the Polish name, His aversion to public having been, at length, forced to shake off a roke employment, which had increased with age, his love which had grown too burdensome to bear, they deof solitude and quiet, led him into Switzerland.-clared themselves free aud independent. There in the city of Solothurn, it pleased the Al. Confiding in the justice of their cause; confiding mighty to call his virtuous soul, from the scene of in him who disposes of human events, althougb its sufferings and trials, to the abode of the blessed. weak and unprovided, they set the power of their He died as it became a christian and a soldier, with enemies at defiance. a firm reliance on his God, with complacency and In this confidence they have continued through manly fortitude. Poor as bis prototypes, Phocion the various fortune of three bloody campaigas, uoand Cincinnatus, he forbade all pomp and show at awed by the power, unsubdued by the barbarity of this funeral; and that man, who in the field of bat. their foes. Their virtuous citizens bare borne, kle had commanded thousands of armed warriors, without repining, the loss of many things which was carried to the last repository of frail mortality, makes life desirable. Their brave troops have paupon the shoulders of six poor old men!
tiently endured the hardships and dangers of a si. Peace to thy ashes, thou virtuous man! receive tuation, fruitful in both beyond former example. the last and parting laments of thy sorrowing coun. The congress, considering themselves bound to trymen; receive the parting address of him, in whose love their enemies, as children of that being who is arms thou hast so often reposed thine aching head. equally the father of all; and desirous, since ibey If thy native country do not receive thy mortal re. could not prevent, at least to alleviate, the calamimains into her lap, while thy liberated spirit dwells ties of war, have studied to spare those who were in in the same abode witb The Last Roman," then arms against them, and to lighten the chains of *Ultimus Romanorum, Marcus Junius Brutus has been so called. I captivity.
The conduct of those serving under the king of our enemies presume to execute their threats, or Great Britan bath, with some few exceptions, been persist in their present career of barbarity, we will diametrically opposite. They have laid waste the take such exemplary vengeance as shall deter others open country, burned the defenceless villages, and from a like conduct. We appeal to that God who butchered the citizens of America. Their prisons searcheth the hearts of men, for the rectitude of our have been the slaughter bouses of ber soldiers; their intentions; and, in His holy presence, we declare, ships* of her seamen, and the severest injuries bave that as we are not moved by any light and hasty sugbeen aggravated by the grossest insults.
gestions of anger and revenge, so through every pos. Foiled in their vain attempt to suhjugate the un.
sible change of fortune we will adhere to this our de
termination. conquerable spirit of freedom, they have meanly as
Done in Congress, by unanimous consent, the thir. sailed the representatives of America with bribes, t with deceit, and the servility of adulation. They
tieth day of October, one thousand seven hundred have made a mock of bumanity, by the wanton des
(Signed) truction of men: they have made a mock of religion,
HENRY LAURENS, President." by impious appeals to God whilst in the violation of his sacred commands: they have made a mock even
FROM THE EVENING POST. of reason itself, by endeavoring to prove that the li.
New York, Nov. 22, 1821. berty and happiness of America could safely be in William Coleman, esq. trusted to those, who have sold their own, unawed
DEAR SIR-Agreeably to your request, I wil. by the sense of virtue or of shame.
lingly give you the enclosed copies of papers relatTreated with the contempt which such conducting to the events of that memorable day, so soon deserved, they have applied to individuals; they to be celebrated in this city. I feel grateful to the have solicited them to break the bonds of allegiance, gentleman who transmitted them to me--and I canand embrue their souls with the blackest of crimes; not doubt but the possession of them will be gralibut, fearing that none could be found through these fying to every American. United States equal to the wickedness of their purpose,
Your obedient humble servant, to influence weak minds, they have threatened more
AARON CLARK. zoide devastation.
Danbury, ( Conn.) Aug. 24, 1821. While the shadow of hope remained, that our ene.
Mr. Aaron Clark: mies could be taught by our example to respect
Sir-Having observed that you are collecting those laws which are held sacred among civilized
various do ments relating to the history of the nations, and to comply with the dictates of a reli- state of New-York, I take the liberty of enclosing gion, which they pretend in common with us to believe and to revere, they have been left to the influed between the citizens of the city of New-York
to you copies of the addresses which were exchangence of that religion and that example. But since and the American generals who entered the city their incorrigible dispositions cannot be touched in triumph after the evacuation of the British in by kindness and compassion, it becomes our duty
1783. by other means to vindicate the rights of humanity.
A committee had been appointed by the citizens We, therefore, the congress of the United States to wait upon gen. Washington and gov. Clinton and of America, do solemnly declare and proclaim, that if other American officers, and to express their joy
*Notes by the transcriber-who recollects that se.ful congratulation to them upon this occasion. A veral of bis school mates suffered severely on board procession for this purpose formed in the Bowery, the Jersey prison ship; and he knows several persons yet living in Boston, who felt the iron hand and heart marched through a part of the city, and halted at of unrelenting barbarity, while prisoners on board a tavern, then known by the name of Cape's tavern, " that poisoned floating dungeon,” in the harbor of in Broadway, where the following addresses were New-York, when in possession of the British.
delivered. Mr. Thomas Tucker, late of this town, † The supposed or reputed author, (SAMUEL Adams), of the above elegantly written state paper, and, at that time, a reputable merchant in New. chose the high honor and exalted feeling of support-York, a member of the committee, was selected to ing the liberties and equal rights of his countrymen, with a moderate fortune, to the low and grovelling perform the office on the part of the committee. dignity of a “British pensioner of two thousand guineas The originals now lie before me, over the signatures per annum for life." He was in the cabinet of his of the respective generals. country, what general Greene was in the field; "ever early, ever watchful, and never weary of toil
I am, sir, your very obedient humble servant, or fatigue until he saw all tas well.”
ELISA D. WRITTLESEI.