« ПредишнаНапред »
very same religious sanctity that fill- the glens. No need now for any ed all the air at the tolling of the effort of thought. The images rise kirk-bell, when all the parish was of themselves independently of our hushed, and the voice of streams volition—as if another being, studyheard more distinctly among the ing the working of our minds, conbanks and braes,,and then, all at jured up the phantasmagoria before once, a thunder-storm that many us, who are beholding it with love, years before, or many years after, with wonder, or with fear. Darkdrove us, when walking alone over Dess and silence bave a power of the mountains, into a shieling, will sorcery over the past; and the soul seem to succeed, and we bebold the has then, too, often restored to it same threatening aspect of the hea- feelings and thoughts that it had vens that then quailed our beating lost and is made to know that nohearts, and frowned down our eye thing which it once experiences ever lids before the lightning began to perishes, but that all things spiritual flash, and the black rain to deluge all possess a principle of immortal life.
SACRIFICE OF AN INDIAN WIDOW.
FROM BISHOP HEBER'S TRAVELS IN INDIA.
D URING the time that I was at small hut. The procession with the
Poona, from November, 1809, widow arrived soon after. There to March, 1811, there were four in- were altogether about a hundred perstances of women who burned them- sons with her, consisting of the Braselves on the death of their hus. mins who were to officiate at the bands. The first two I witnessed. ceremony, and the retinue furnished I desired to ascertain the real cir- by the government. She was cumstances with which those cere- horseback. She had garlands of monies were attended, and, in parti- flowers over her head and shoulders, cılar, to satisfy myself whether the and her face was besmeared with women, who were the victims of sandal wood. In one hand slie held them, were free and conscious agents. a looking-glass, and in the other a The spot appropriated to this pur- lime stuck upon a dagger. Herr pose was on the margin of the river, dress, which was red, was of the immediately opposite the house in common description worn by Hindoo which I lived.
Where On the first occasion, the pile was the wife is with the husband when in preparation when I arrived. It he dies she burns herself with the was constructed of rough billets of corpse; and in those cases where wood, and was about four feet high, the husband dies at a distance, she and seven feet square.
At each cor must have with her on the pile, ner there was a slender pole, sup- either some relic of his body or some porting a light frame, covered with part of the dress he had on at the small fuel, straw, and dry grass. time of his death. In this instance, The interval between the pile and the husband had been a soldier, and the frame, which formed a sort of had been killed at some distance rude canopy, was about four feet. from Poona. His widow had with Three of the sides were closed up her one of his shoes. She had quite with matted straw, the fourth being a girlish appearance, and could not left open as an entrance. The top have been more than seventeen or of the pile, which formed the bottom eighteen years old. Her counteof this interval, was spread with Dance was of a common cast, without straw, and the inside had very much any thing peculiar in its character or the appearance of the interior of a expression. It was grave and com
posed ; and neither in her carriage, She herself took the lead throughout, manner, nor gestures did she betray and did all that was to be done of the slightest degree of agitation or dis- her own accord. When she was turbance. She dismounted, and sat seated on the pile, she adjusted her down at the edge of the river, and, dress with the same composure that with the assistance of the Bramins, she bad all along maintained, and went through some religious ceremo- taking from the hand of one of the nies. She distributed flowers and attendants a taper, which had been sweetmeats; and although she spoke lit at the temporary altar, she herlittle, what she did say was in an easy self set fire to some pieces of linen, and natural tone, and free from any which had been suspended for the apparent emotion. She did not seem purpose from the frame above, and to pay any attention to the prepara- then, covering her head with the tion of the pile ; but when she was folds of her dress, she lay quietly told that it was ready, rose, and and deliberately down. No fire was walked towards it. She there per applied to the lower part of the pile ; formed some other ceremonies, stand- but the flames soon spread through ing on a stone, on which the outline the combustible materials on the of two feet had been traced with a frame. The attendants threw some chisel. In front of her was a larger oil on the ignited mass; and the stone, which had been placed as a strings by which the frame was attemporary altar, and on which a tached to the posts being cut, it desmall fire had been lit. These cere- scended on the pile. The weight of monies lasted about five minutes, and it was insufficient either to injure or when they were over, she, of her confine the victim ; but it served to own accord, approached the pile, and conceal her entirely from view, and mounted it without assistance. From it brought the flames into immediate the beginning to the end of this try- contact with the body of the pile. ing period, she was, to all outward At the same moment a variety of appearance, entirely unmoved. Not musical instruments were sounded, the slightest emotion of any kind was producing with the shouts of the atperceptible.
Her demeanor was tendants a noise, through which do calm and placid; equally free from cries, even if any had issued from hurry or reluctance. There was no the pile, could have been distinguish, effort, no impatience, no shrinking. ed. The flames spread rapidly, and To look at her, one would have sup- burned fiercely ; and it was not long posed that she was engaged in some before the whole mass was reduced indifferent occupation; and although to a heap of glowing embers. No I was within a few yards of her, I weight nor ligature, nor constraint of could not at any moment detect, any kind was used to retain the woeither in her voice, or manner, or in man on the pile ; nor was there any the expression of her countenance, obstacle to prevent her springing the smallest appearance of constraint, from it, when she felt the approach or the least departure from the most of the flames. The smoke was evientire self possession. Certainly, dently insufficient to produce either she was not under the influence of suffocation or stupefaction; and I any intoxicating drug, nor any sort am satisfied that the victim was deof stupefaction ; and from first to stroyed by the fire, and by the fire last, I did not see any person per- only. suading, exciting, or encouraging her.
LONDON FASHIONS FOR FEBRUARY, 1828.
macher part is gathered full across, DRESS of white satin, trimmed with the fullness confined A
up with two rows of ornaments re tre of the bust by a narrow double presenting rosaces formed of satin rouleat. The sleeves are short, plain, rouleaux; each row divided by a and very full, and are confined round rouleau across the skirt, and another the arm by a narrow band of green rouleau concealing the hem next the or blue satin, and the waist is encirshoe. The sleeves long, and, fitting cled by a ribbon of the same tint. almost close to the smaller part of The hair is arranged in curls round the arm, are confined at the wrists the face, over which is a beret of blue with very broad gold bracelets, fast or green : bows of one of these coened by a cameo-head, set round with lours, in chequers, on a white ground, rubies. The hair arranged a la Mac ornament this head-dress under the donna, with a bandeau of pearls cross- brim, next the hair, where is also ed obliquely over the left side of the placed, ou the right side, near the tresses, in front: on the right, is a centre of the forehead, a bird-offull cluster of curls, forming a bow, Paradise plume ; another is placed and so elevated, as to appear like an over the beret, on the summit of the ornament on the turban, which is of head, and waves gracefully over the celestial blue and silver-lama gauze. left side. The ear-pendants are Over the dress is worn a cloak of short, round, and of fine gold, Parma-violet-coloured velvet, trimmed with chinchilla, forming a very A dress of pink satin, trimmed with broad border round the bottom of a broad puckering of tulle, or gauze, the cloak and down each side of the round the border of the skirt; on front. A Russian mantelet-cape of which are laid pink satin leaves, plain velvet, falls as low as the elbow, edged round with a narrow black and over that is a pelerine-cape, en- rouleau. Body made plain, and low; tirely of chinchilla. This superb round the tucker part of the dress is manile ties in front of the throat from a row of Spanish points, edged with two antique medallion ornaments, a quilling of white blond, or tulle. with rich silk cordon, terminating by Head-dress formed of long puffs of large tassels, which depend as low as gauze of saffron-colour, and white the knee. The ear-rings are not gossamer aigrettes. Ear-rings and pendant, but are composed of clusters necklace of pearls, the latter elegantof rubies.
ly set in delicate festoons ; and in
front of the hair is a superb jewelry A dress of white taffety, with two ornament, in the diadem style, confull puckerings round the border, in sisting of large pearls, surrounded by distinct rows; these are of tulle, and fillagree, and finely-wrought gold. over them are laid in bias, rouleaux of satin, of the colour of the young A dress of painted Indian taffety, holly-leaf, or of a bright cerulean- with a full broad fluting of white tulle blue, according to fancy: these orna- at the border, crossed over in treilments are headed by a rouleau of the lage work, by rouleaux of white satin, same colour, and by a row of clo- edged on one side with blue and yelchottes, reversed, which are formed low satin, narrower rouleaux ; one, also of narrow rouleaux. The body very broad, and wadded, conceals is finished in front with fichu-robings, the hem next the shoe. The body is which are edged with a double range a la Circassienne ; and where the of narrow rouleaux, of the same colour drapery across the bust is partially as those on the skirt; and the sto- left open, before it wraps over, is a
chemisette tucker of Japanese gauze, bow, is a coronet ornament of white edged with narrow blond. The and gold enamel. The ear-pendants sleeves are short, and very full; are a l'antique, en girandoles ; and rather confined in the middle by a are composed of three drops in rurow of diamonds, the same as those bies : the necklace is formed of three formed by the treillage work on the rows of pearls and rubies interminfluted border. The hair is arranged gled, with three valuable drop-rubies in full curls on each side the face, in the centre. Bracelets of dark with a bow on the summit formed of hair, and cameos, worn
over the three puffs of hair, which are very gloves. highly elevated. At the base of this
liquor to students, workmen, serTHE HE laws against intoxication are vants, apprentices, and private sol.
enforced with great rigour in diers. Whoever is observed drunk Sweden. Whoever is seen drunk is in the streets, or making a noise in a fined, for the first offence, three dol- tavern, is sure to be taken to prison, lars; for the second, six ; for the and detained until sober, without, third and fourth, a still larger sum, however, being on that account exand is also deprived of the right of empted from the fines. Half of these voting at elections, and of being ap- fines goes to the informers (who are pointed a representative. He is, generally police officers), the other besides, publicly exposed in the pa- half to ihe poor. If the delinquent rish church on the following Sunday, has no money, he is kept in prison If the same individual is found com until some one pays for him, or unmitting the same offence a fifth time, til he has worked out his enlargehe is shut up in a house of correc ment. Twice a year these ordition, and condemned to six months' nances are read aloud from the pulpit hard labour; and if he is again guilty, by the clergy; and every tavernto a twelvemonth's punishment of a keeper is bound, under the penalty similar description. If the offence of a heavy fine, to have a copy of has been committed in public, such them hung up in the principal rooms as at a fair, at an auction, &c. the of his house. fine is doubled ; and if the offender
NOLLEKENS. has made his appearance in a church, Mr. Nollekens left £240,000 bethe punishment is still more severe. hind him, and the name of one of the Whoever is convicted of having in- best English sculptors. There was duced another to intoxicate himself
, a great scramble among the legatees is fined three dollars, which sum is -a codocil to a will with large bedoubled if the drunken person is a quests unsigned, and that last triumph minor. Au ecclesiastic who falls of the dead or dying over those who into this offence loses his benefice; survive-hopes raised and defeated if it is a layman who occupies any without a possibility of retaliation, considerable post, his functions are or the smallest use in complaiot. suspended, and perhaps he is dis- The king was at first said to be left missed. Drunkenness is never ad- residuary legatee. This would have mitted as an excuse for any crime ; been a fine instance of romantic and and whoever dies while drunk, is gratuitous homage to majesty, in a buried ignominiously, and depriv- man who all his life-time could never ed of the prayers of the church. be made to comprehend the abstract It is forbidden to give, and more idea of the distinction of ranks, or explicitly to sell, any spirituous even of persons. He would go up
CUSTOMS OF ALAGNA.
to the Duke of York or Prince of neighbourhood of Abbotsford, he
• Here, my good old king was sitting to him for his fellow," said the baronet," here is a bust, fairly stuck a pair of compasses shilling for you; but mind, you owe into his nose, to measure the dis- me sixpence."
" God bless your tance from the upper lip to the fore- honour !” exclaimed Pat; “may head, as if he had been measuring a your honour live till I pay you!" block of marble. His late majesty
When the French landed at Banlaughed heartily at this, and was try Bay, an Irish peasant, who was amused to find that there was a per- posted, with a musket, upon one of the son in the world ignorant of that vast cliffs, and had wandered a little out interval which separated bim from of his position, was accosted by an every other man. Nollekens, with English officer with “ What are you all his loyalty, hardly liked the man, here for ?" " 'Faith, your honour," and cared nothing about the king said Pat, with his accustomed grin of (which was one of those mixed good humour," they tell me I'm here modes, as Mr. Locke calls them, of for a century.” which he had no more idea than if he had been one of the cream-coloured horses) - handled him like so Near Monte Rosa, in the district much common clay, and had no other of Varallo in Lombardy, there is a notion of the matter, but that it was small town called Alagna, containing his business to make the best bust of about twelve hundred inhabitants. him he possibly could, and to set For four centuries there has not been about it in the regular way. There one criminal prosecution or action at was something in this plainness and law; nay, not even a formal contract simplicity that savoured perhaps of drawn up by a professional man. It the hardness and dryness of his art, is very rarely that an individual comand of his own peculiar severity mits any grave offence, or is guilty of of manners. Nollekens' style was serious misconduct; but when such comparatively hard and dry. He cases occur, the culpable person is had as much truth and character, but compelled to fly from the place. On none of the polished graces or trans one occasion, the clergyman of the parent softness of Chantrey. He place was obliged to abscond for illhad more of the rough, plain, down- behaviour, and his absence depriving right honesty of his heart.
them of their pastor, one of the eled to be his character. Mr. North- ders of the town performed the duty cote was once complimenting him on of the priest, and read the churchhis acknowledged superiority—“Ay, service at the proper time. Pateryou made the best busts of anybo- nal authority is here absolute, as in dy!" " I don't know about that,” China or old Rome, and continues said the other, his eyes (though their during life ; fathers disposing of the orbs were quenched) smiling with a whole of their property as they gleam of smothered delight, " I only please, without written wills, the know I always tried to make them as verbal declaration of the dying being like as I could.”
invariably considered sufficient. Not
died, leaving his property, worth As Sir Walter Scott was riding (a about £4000, which is there a confew weeks ago) with a friend in the siderable sum, to individuals who