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a duty we owe the people, to assert, that their con- We take this opportunity, sir, the first that has duct has not been owing to base arts, practised been given us, to express the warm attachment upon them by wicked and designing men; and have we have to our sister colonies in general, and the it much to lament, tbat your excellency should add beart-felt compassion we entertain for the deplor. your sanction to such groundless imputations, as able state of the town of Boston in particular, and it has a 'manifest tendency to weaken the influence also to declare the fixed and determined resoluwhich the united petition of his majesty's Ameri- tion of this colony, to unite with the other colocan subjects might otherwise have, upon their so-nies in every effort to retain those just rights and vereign, for a redress of those grievances of wbich (liberties which, as' subjects to a British king, we they so justly complain.
possess, and which it is our absolute and indispen
sible duty, to band down to posterity, unimpaired. We should feel inexpressible concern at the in
JOHN HARVEY, Speaker. formation given us by your cxcellency, of your be. ing authorized to say, that the appointment of de-In provincial congress, North Carolina, September 8, legates, to attend the congress at Philadelphia,
1775. now in agitation, will be highly offensive to the
Mr. Hooper laid before the house an address to king, had we not recently been informed, from the the inhabitants of the British empire; and the same best authority, that his majesty has been pleased being read was unanimously received, and is as
follows viz. to receive, very graciously, the united petition of his American subjects, addressed to him by the
Friends, and fellow-citizens "The fate of the con continental delegates, lately convened at Philadel- test which at present subsists between these Ame. phia. We have not, therefore, the least reason to rican colonies and the British ministers who nov suppose, that a similar application to the throne, sit at the helm of public affairs, will be one of the will give offence to his majesty, or prevent bis re most important epochs which can mark the andals ceiving a petition for the redress of grievances, of the British bistory. which bis American subjects have a right to pre
“Foreign nations with anxious expectation wait sent, either separately or unitedly.
the result, and see with amazement the blind We shall always receive, with pleasure, the in- infatuated policy wbich the present administration formation of any marks of loyalty to the king, pursues to subjugate these colonies, and reduce given to your excellency, by the inhabitants of them from being loyal and useful oubjects, to an this colony; but we are greatly concerned, lest the absolute dependance and abject slavery; as if the manner in which you have thought proper to con- descendants of those ancestors who have shed sivey this information, should excite a belief, that a
vers of blood, and expended millions of treasure, great number of the people of this province are
in fiving upon a lasting foundation the liberties of disaffected to their sovereign, to prevent which, the British constitution, saw with envy the once it is incumbent upon us, in this manner, solemnly happy state of this western region, and strove to to testify to the world, that bis majesty has no exterminate the patterns of those virtues which subjects more faithful than the inbabitants of North shone with a lustre which bids fair to rival and Carolina, or more ready, at the expence of their eclipse their own. lives and fortunes, to protect and support his per. “To enjoy the fruits of our own bonest industry; son, crown, and dignity. If, however, by the sig. to call that our own which we earn with the labor nal proofs your excellency speaks of, you mean of our hands, and the sweat of our brows; to rethose addresses lately published in the North Ca guiate that internal policy by which we, and not rolina Gazette, and said to be presented to you, they, are to be affected; these are the mighty the assembly can receive no pleasure from your boons we ask. And traitors, rebels, and every congratulations thereupon, but what results from harsh appellation that malice can dictate, or the the consideration that so few have been found in violence of language express, are the returns which 50 populous a province, weak enough to be seduced we receive to the most humble petitions and earnest from their duty, and prevailed upon by the base supplications. We have been told that independarts of wicked and designing men, to adopt prio. ence is our object; that we seek to shake off ail ciples so contrary to the sense of all America, and connection with the parent state. Cruel suggestion! so destructive of those rights and privileges, it do not all our professions, all our actions, uniformly was their duty to maintain.
“We again declare, and we invoke that Almighty who thereby intended that the rectitude of our Being who searches the recesses of the human designs might be brought into distrust, and sedition, hearts and knows our most secret intentions, that anarchy, and confusion, spread through this loyal it is our most earnest wish and prayer to be restor. province. ed, with the other United Colonies, to the state in which we and they were placed before the year the world, to ourselves, and posterity; and may
“We have discharged a duty which we owe to 1763, disposed to glance over any regulations which Britain had made previous to this, and which seem
the Almighty God give success to the means we
make use of, so far as they are aimed to produce to be injurious and oppressive to these colonies, hoping that at some future day she will benignly
just, lawful, and good purposes, and the salvation interpose, and remove from us every cause of com
and happiness of the whole British empire." plaint.
IX PROVINCIAL CONORERE. “Whenever we have departed from the forms of the constitution, our own safety and self-pre.
Charleston, June 21, 1775. servation have dictated the expedient; and it in
Ordered-That the hon. William Henry Drayton, any instances we have assumed powers which the the hon. Barnard Elliot, colonel Charles Pinckney, laws invest in the sovereign or his representatives,
col. James Parsons, col. Isaac Motte, col. Stephen it has been only in defence of our persons, pro.
Bull, col. William Moultrie, major Owen Roberts, perties, and those rights which God and the con.
captain Thomas Savage, captain John Huger, Miles stitution have made unalienably ours.
Brewton, Thomas Ferguson, and Gabriel Capers,
As soon as the cause of our fears and apprehensions are re
esquires, be a deputation to present his excellency moved, with joy will we return these powers to
the governor, the address of this congress. their regular channels; and such institutions formed To bis excellency the right honorable lord Wilfrom mere necessity, shall end with that necessity liam Campbell, governor and commander in chief which created them.
over the province aforesaid, “These expressions flow from an affection, border. The humble address and declaration of the provincia! ing upon devotion, to the succession of the house
congress. of Hanover, as by law established, from subjects May it please your excellency-We, his mujesty's who view it as a monument that does honor to huo loyal subjects, the representatives of the people man nature; a monument capable of teaching kings of this colony, in congress assembled, beg leave to how glorious it is to reign over a free people.- disclose to your excellency, the true cause of our These are the heartfelt effusions of men ever ready present proceedings; not only that upon your arrito spend their blood and treasure, when constitu. val among us, you may receive no unfavorable imtionally called upon, in support of that succession pression of our conduct, but that we may stand of his majesty King George the third, his crown justified to the world. and dignity, and who fervently wish to transmit his
When the ordinary modes of application for rereign to future ages as the æra of common happi- dress of grievances, and the usual means of de. ness to his people. Could these our sentiments
fence against arbitrary impositions have failed, reach the throne, surely our sovereign would forbid mankind generally bave bad recourse to those that the horrors of war and desolation to intrude into this once peaceful and happy land, and would stop nental congress—and hence tbe present represen
are extraordinary. Hence, the origin of the contithat deluge of human blood wbich now threatens
tation of the people in this colony. to overflow this colony; blood too precious to be shed but in a common cause, against the common It is unnecessary to enumerate the grievances of enemy of Great Britain and her sons.
America; they have been so often represented, that “This declaration we hold forth as a testimony Let it, therefore, suffice to say, that the hands of
your excellency cannot be a stranger to them.of loyalty to our sovereign, and affection to our
bis majesty's ministers, having long lain heavy, parent state, and as a sincere earnest of our present and future intentions.
now press with intolerable weight. We declare,
that no love of innovation--no desire of altering "We kope, thereby, to remove those impressions the constitution of government~no lust of indewbich bave been made by the representation of weak pendence has had the least influence upon our coun. and wicked men to the prejudice of this colony, cils: but, alarmed and roused by a long succession of arbitrary proceedings, by wicked administra., and of mankind: to testify our just resentment to tionsimpressed with the greatest apprehension of so base and cruel a conduct in the inhabitants of instigated insurrections--and deeply affected by Poole, it is hereby resolved, That this colony will the commencement of hostilities by the British not use or employ any shipping belonging to that troops against this continent,--solely for the pre port, or owned by any inhabitant there, or carry on servation and deferce of our lives, liberties, and any transactions, or hold any communication with properties, we have been impelled to associate and that people. to take up arms.
PETER TIMOTHY, Secretary. We sincerely deplore those slanderous informations and wicked councils, by which his majesty
In provincial congress, Charleston, Thursday, June 22.
"Resolved, that all absentees, holding estates in has been led into measures, which, if persisted in,
this colony, except the sick, those above 60, and must inevitably have involved America in all the
those under 21 years of age, ought, forthwith, to calamities of a civil war, and rend the British em.
return to this colony. pire. We only desire the secure enjoyment of our invaluable rights, and we wish for nothing more "Resolved, that no persons, holding estates in ardently, than a speedy reconciliation with our this colony, ought to withdraw from its service, mother country, upon constitutional principles. without giving good and sufficient reasons for so Conscious of the justice of our cause, and the Joing to this congress, or, during its récess, to
the general committee. integrity of our views, we readily profess our loyal
PETER TIMOTHY, Secretarg. attachment to our sovereign, his crown, and digni. ty; and, trusting the event to Providence, we pre fer death to slavery. These things, we bave thought Association, unanimously agreed to in the provincia! it our duty to declare, that your excellency, and
congress of South Caroling. through you, our august sovereign-our fellow sub- The actual commencement of hostilities against jects—and the whole world may clearly under. this continent, by the British troops, in the bloody stand, that our taking up arms, is the result of dire scene on the 19th of April last, near Boston; the necessity, and in compliance with the first law of incrcase of arbitrary impositions, from a wicked nalure.
and despotic ministry, and the dread of instigated
insurrections in the colonies, are causes sufficient We entreat and trust, that your excellency will
to drive an oppressed people to the use of arms:make such a representation of tbe state of this co- We, therefore, the subscribers, inbabitants of South lony, and of our true motives, as to assure bis ma. Carolina, holding ourselves bound, by that most jesty, that in the midst of all our complicated dis sacred of all obligations, the duty of good citizens tresses, be bas no subjects in bis wide dominions, towards an injured country, and thoroughly conwho more sincerely desire to testify their loyalty vinced, tbat, under our present distressed circumand affection, or who would be more willing to
stances, we shall be justified before God and mas, devote their lives and fortunes to bis real service.
in resisting force by force, DO UNITE ourselves unBy order of the provincial congress, at Charles der every tie of religion and honor, and associate ton, June 20, 1775.
as a band in her defence, against every foe; hereby HENRY LAURENS, President.
solemoly engaging that whenever our continental
and provincial councils shall decree it necessary, FROM THE SOUTH CAROLINA GAZETTE. we will go forth, and be ready to sacrifice our lives In provincial congress, Charleston, Wednesday, June and fortunes, to secure her freedom and safety:21, 1775.
This obligation to continue in full force until a re“Whereas, the inhabitants of Poole, a seaport in concilation shall take place between Great Britain the English Channel, lost to all sense of honor, and America, upon constitutional principles; an bumanity and gratitude, have, by their late peti. event which we most ardently desire. And we will tion to parliament, manifested themselves not only hold all those persons inimical to the liberties of inimical to America, but desirous to add to the the colonies, who shall refuse to subscribe to this heavy oppressions under which the unfortunate association. and virtuous inhabitants of the four New England Subscribed by every member present, and certigovernments labor, in consequence of their lauda. fied by HENRY LAURENS, President. ble conduct in defence of the liberties of Americal June, 1775.
JOUR NAL OF THE STAMP-ACT CONGRESS; New-jersey-Robert Ogden
Pennsylvania--John Dickinson We have several times promised to treat our rea
John Morton ders with a correct copy of this venerable manu
Delaware- --Thomas M’Kean script, detailing the first movements of the friends
Cæsar Rolney. of freedom in the new world. It is an official copy, Maryland- --Willian Murdock under the signature of Joux Cotton, esq. clerk
Thomas Ringgold. to that illustrious body; and, we have reason to
South Carolina-Thomas Lynch believe, the only one extant. It was handed to
Christopher Gadsden the editor by his much respected friend, Cesar
New Hampshire, Were not represented in this con. A. Rodney, esq. of Delaware, who found it among Virginia, gress. But their assemblies wrote the papers of his late revered uncle, the estima- Vorth Carolina that they would agree to what. ble and patriotic Casar Rodney, one of the dele. and Georgia, j ever was done by the congress." gates, and for many years the great prop and stay
THE JOURVAL. of Whiggism in the lower parts of bis native state.
Boston, June, 1765. On a loose piece of paper, in the manuscript book,
SIR-The house of representatives of this pro. is a list of the members, with which we have unanimously agreed to propose a meeting, as soon
vince, in the present session of general court, have preceeded the journal itself, in the hand writing as may be, of committees from the houses of repre. of Mr. C. R. We are thus particular to shew the sentatives or burgesses, of the several British colo.
nies on this continent, to consult together on the entire authenticity of the document: wbich, we present circumstancee of the colonies, and the diffi. are informed, many of our sages have sought for culties to which they are and must be redued by in vain.
the operation of the acts of parliment, for levying duties and taxes on the colonies; and to consider of
a general and united, dutiful, loyal and humble re. In this journal the reader will not find any thing
presentation of their condition to his majesty and to astonish or surprize bim; but there is much to the parliment, and to implore relief. to admire. In every line he will discover a spiris The house of representatives of this province
have also voted, to propose that such meeting be of decision and firmness totally irreconcilable
at the city of New York, in the province of New. with a state of servitude, and highly worthy of York, on the first Tuesday in October next, and imitation at the present day. The difficulties have appointed the committee of three of their mem.
bers to attend ihat service, with euch as the other the people encountered in forming this congress, houses of representatives or burgesses, in the seveunknown to the laws and opposed by the royal. ral colonies, may think fit to appoint to meet them; ists invested with power, are honorable to their and the committee of the house of representatives
of this province, are directed to repair to the said cause and its agents. With an eye steadily fixed New-York, on the first Tuesday in October next, on freedom, they cast behind them the cold max. accordingly; if, therefore, your honorable house ins of prudence, and nobly resolved to systema. ble, that as early notice of it as possible might be
should agree to this proposal, it would be acceptatise an opposition to the growing tyranny of the transmitted to the speaker of the house of represen. "mother country.” They did so, and therein tatives of this province.
SAMUEL WHITE, Speaker, generated a spirit of union, that finally brought about the independence of these states, and led In consequence of the foregoing circular letter, to the establishment of our present happy con- the following gentlemen met at New York, in the atitution,
province of New York, on Monday, the 7th of Oc.
Massachusetts Bay, Timotar ROGGLES.
Who produced their appointment as follows viz:
To James Otis, Oliver Partridge, and Timothy Ruge Henry Ward.
gles, esquires. Connecticut- -Eliphalet Dyer
Gentlemen,-The house of representatives of this David Rowland
province, have appointed you a committee to meet William S. Johnson. at New-York on the first Tuesday in October nest, New York- --Robert R. Livingston such committees as the other houses of representa. John Cruger
tives or burgesses in the several colonies on this Philip Livingston
continent, may think fit to appoint, to consult togeth. William Bayard
er on the present circumstances of the colonies, Leonard Lespenard. on the difficulties to which they are, and must be
reduced by the operation of the late acts of parlia, for levying duties and taxes upon the colonies; and ment. By this choice, the house has reposed in you to consider of a general and united, dutiful, loyal a trust of singular importance, and have just reason and humble representation to his majesty and ibe to expect you will give your utmost attention to it. parliament, and to implore relief. And you are also In case you should receive advice that the houses bereby empowered to conclude and agree with the of representatives or burgesses of the other colo other commissioners, upon such measures as you nies, or any of them, agree to such committees, to shall think necessary and proper for obtaining re. join you in this interesting affair, you are directed dress of the grievances of the colonies, agreeably to repair to New-York at the time appointed, and to the instructions given you by the general assemendeavor to unite with them in sentiment, and agree bly of this colony. upon such representations, as may tend to preserve Given under my band and the seal of the said coour rights and privileges. And it is the opinion of lony, this sixteenth day of September, 1705, and in this house, that no address or representation shall the fifth year of bis majesty's reign. be esteemed the act of this house, unless it is agreed
SAMUEL WARD. to and signed by the major part of their commit- By his honor's command. tee.
HENRY WARD, Secretary. If it should be said, that we are in any manner re presented in parliament, you must by no means con: From the colony David ROWLAND,
ELIPHALET DIEB, cede to it; it is an opinion which this house cannot
of Connecticut, see the least reason to adopt.
WM. SAML. Johnson, Yurther, the house think that such a representa. Who produced the following appointment, viz: tion of the colonies as British subjects are to enjoy: At a general assembly of the governor and company would be attended with the greatest difficulty, if it is not absolutely impracticable, and therefore, you
of the colony of Connecticut, holden at Hartford,
by special order of his honor, the governor of said are not to urge or consent to any proposal for any representation, if such be made in the congress.
colony, on the nineteenth day of September, An.
no Dom. 1765. It is the expectation of the house, that a most loyal and dutiful address to his majesty and the par. | be attended by commissioners from the several go
Whereas, it has been proposed that a congress liament, will be prepared by the congress, praying |vernments on this continent, to çonfer upon a geneas well for the removal of the grievances the colo. nies labor under at present, as for preventing others ral, united, humble, loyal and dutiful representa for the future: which petitions, if drawn up, as far tion to his majesty and the parliament, of tbe preas you shall be able to judge, agreable to the mind ties to wbich they are and must be reduced by the
sent circumstances of the colonies and the difficul. of the house, you are empowered o sign and for. Ward; and you are to lay a copy of the same before operation of the acts of parliament for laying duties this house, and make report of your proceedings
and taxes on the colonies, and to implore relief,
Resolved by this assembly, That Eliphalet Dyer, upon your return, * It is the hearty prayer of this house, that the con.
David Rowland, and William Samuel Johnson, esqs. gress may be endued with that wisdom which is or any, two of them, be, and are hereby appointed from above, and that their councils and determi- to New York to attend the proposed congress
commissioners, on behalf of this colony, to repair nations may be attended with the divine blessing. the
matters above referred to; and his honor is SAMUEL WHITE Speaker.
bereby desired to commissionate them accord. From the colony of Rhode-S METCALF BOWLER,
ingly Island and Providence
A true copy, examined by
GEORGE'WYLLYS, Secretary. Who produced the following appointment, viz: At a general assembly of the governor and compaBy the honorable SAMUEL WARD, governor, cap
ny of the colony of Connecticut, holden at Harttain-general and commander in chief of and over
ford, by special order of his honor the governor the English colony of Rhode Island and Provi.
of said colony, on the 19th day of September, Abdence Plantations in New-England in America.
no Dom. 1765.
Instructions to the commissioners of this colony, To Metcalf Bowler and Henry Ward, esquires,
appointed to meet commissioners from the other GREETING: Whereas, the general assembly of this province tober next:
colonies at New York, on the first l'eusday of Oc. bave nominated and appointed you, the same Met. caif Bowler and Henry Ward, to be commissioners of New-York, at said time, or at the time which, &c
Gentlemen,-- You are to repair to the said city in behalf of this colony to meet such commissioners cording to the intelligence you may receive of the as are or shall be appointed by the other British convening of the other commissioners, it may ap. & vernmenis in North America, to meet at New. pear to you seasonable and best, to consult togeth. York the first Teus lay of October next
er with them on the present circumstances of the I do, therefore, hereby authorize and empower, colonies, and the difficulties to which they are and and commissionate you, the said Metcalf Bowler must be reduced, by the operation of the actor of and Henry Ward, forthwith to repair to New-York, parliament for levying duties and taxes on the color and there, in dehulf of this colony, to meet and join nies, and to consider of and prepare a general and with the other commissioners in consulting togeth. united, dutiful, loyal and bumble representation of er on the present circumstances of the colonies, their condition to his majesty and the parliament, and the difficulties to which they are and must be and to implore relief, &c. In your proceedings you reduced by the operation of the act of parliament are to take care that you fora no such junction with
the other commissioners as will subject you to the *The reader may remark in all these commis- major vote of the commissioners present. siong with how great authority the right of instruc- You are to inform the governor and general eţion is assumed.--Ep. Rie.
sembly at the sessions in October nest, of all soch