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“ might not be interrupted: then their use may be further “ extended, to charm their lovers into Matrimony."
We shall now conclude with an Account of the Origin, &c. of the Knights of Windsor.
This foundation was first established by king Edward III. out of the great respect he bore to the military profesfion, and was intended by the royal founder for the reception of only such, who having behaved themselves bravely in his wars, were reduced to poverty, or were in a weak infirm state. On their admission they received the name of Milites pauperes, Poor Knights. At first their number was 24, as were the Custos and Canons, but shortly after, upon his instituting the princely fociety of knights of the most noble order of the garter, consisting of 26, there were added two more to the former number, and the number 26 we after find settled at the ordination of the college, by the bishop of Winchester, the pope's delegate.
Their presentation, when first admitted, was by the same hands that presented the first canons, viz. each knightcompanion of the order presented his Alms-Knight; nevertheless, it was then also ordered, that from thenceforward every election should remain at the disposal of the sovereign of this most noble order. To each of these Alms-Knights was appointed for their habit, a red mantle with a scutcheon of St. George, but without any garter to surround it.
Their allowance at this time was 12 d. each for every day they were at service in the chapel, or abode in the college, and 40 s. per annum for other necessaries, it being the same which was appointed to each of the canon-residents; which shows the high respect which was entertained for these Poor Knights.
Their presence at chapel was every day expected ; and for every day's absence (except illness prevented) they forfeited their 12 d. which forfeitures were appropriated to the
THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THIS FOUNDATION,
429 use of the rest of the Poor Knights then residing in the Caftle.
About the beginning of the reign of Henry VI. it seems these quotidian distributions, and the annual 40 s. were, on account of fome dissensions between the dean, canons, and Poor Knights, not regularly discharged. These non-payments occasioned complaints on all sides; the Poor Knights petitioned for their money, and the dean and canons to be utterly discharged from any care of them. The latter had obtained an act of parliament in their favour, for a repeal of which the Poor Knights endeavoured in vain; but Henry VIII. having settled lands upon them for their maintenance, not only freed the college from their incumbrance, but preserved this laudable institution.
In the interval between the disunion of the college and the Poor Knights, to their establishment by queen Elizabeth, their habit and badge continued the fame, and was so confirmed by the statutes of Henry VIII. At this time several persons who had been of considerable property and worth, were admitted, fome of whom were notwithstanding great objects of charity; among these was Sir Robert Champlain, Knt. a valiant soldier, and one whose martial services abroad rendered him an honour to our nation. He was admitted through the favour of Henry VII. Some also fought and obtained admission more out of devotion than through the calls of poverty.
It appears by the will of Henry VIII. that he intended a re-establishment of half the ancient number of Poor Knights; and in performance of this will, Edward VI. in the first year of his reign, gave several lands, the produce of which was to be employed in building of houses for the Poor Knights. This work, however, was not begun till the 3d and 4th year of Philip and Mary, and finished in the 5th and 6th year of that reign, the charge whereof came to 2,7471. 7 s. 6 d. These houses are situate at the
fouth side of the lower ward of the Castle, and contain 13 rooms, besides a hall, kitchen, and pantry. The stone for building was brought from Reading, the timber from several places in the Forest, and the lead, &c. for chimnies, from Suffolk-Place, in Southwark. On the completion of the building, the queen had nominated nine of the then intended thirteen Poor Knights; but her death, which took place foon after, put a stop to the business.
When queen Elizabeth came to the throne, the confirmed her sister's grants to these nine Poor Knights, and appointed herself three others to make up the number. By the establishment of this queen, one of the thirteen Knights of Windsor was to be governor, or master of the rest; they were all to be chosen of men unmarried, not prohibiting them to marry afterwards, but in such case to lose their place; and if any Poor Knight, after his admission, should obtain lands or revenues to the yearly value of 201. or upwards, he should be removed, and another admitted in his place. The annual allowance upon this establishment is 181. 5 s. besides 3 l. 6 s. 8 d. to each for a gown or surcost of red cloth, and a mantle of blue or purple cloth on the left sleeve, whereof is embroidered the arms of St. George in a plain scutcheon. James I. doubled their penfion, viz. 361. 105. and made it payable out of the exchequer, by quarterly payments. The governor has moreover an additional salary of 31. 6 d. 8 d. with many other perquifites.
To these thirteen Alms-Knights there were added in the reign of Charles I. five more, viz. two of the foundation of St. Peter la Maire, Knt, and three of Sir Francis Clare, sometime chancellor of this most noble order; these are fituate at the west end of the court. Besides their annual payment, about 401. each, 501. per annum is allowed to these five Alms-Knights, agreeable to the will of siz Richard Crane, for which they are obliged to repair their respective dwellings; but the houses of the other thirteen
Poor Knights on the royal establishment, are repaired at the expence of the crown.
Remarkable ANTIPATHIES. It has been remarked, that the bravest and most intrepid of men have been subject to Antipathies, as well as the pufillanimous and those of weak constitutions; witness the duke of Epernon, whom no one ever accused of having been overcome in an instant in the most perilous fituations, and who yet fainted at the fight of a levret. Precisely the same may be said of Cefar d'Abret, who was sick whenever he saw a young wild boar, or sucking pig, at table; and who it was easy to release from this weakness instantaneously by cutting off the head of the animal, for this was the only part of its body by which his painful sensations were occafioned. Deflandes has related several facts of this kind in a letter printed in the Mercure de France, for June 1727. Among others, he cites this, of which he askires us he was witness. An officer of the artillery, he says, turned pale, and grew fick whenever a wisp of linen was cu: in his prefence. In vain, he adds, he tried every posible effort to surmount this species of antipathy: he only incurred a risk of losing life.
The celebrated Peter d’Apono, who profefied, and exercised with great distinction, the practice of medicine at Bologne, could not sce cheese, nor even smell its odour without fainting. Martin Schoockius, professor of philosophy at Groningen, was under the same misfortune; and it induced him to write a treatise on the subject, entitled, De Averfione Cafei. Men of the greatest minds have had similar weaknefics. We are assured that Thomas Hobbes would fall into a swoon, if left without light in the night (but from the reports of Hobbes' biographers it seems probable that this fenfation should be attributed rather to intelectual de
pression than to any physical antipathy; like Johnson, Hobbes disliked to hear of death); also that Tycho Brahé grew fick if he saw a hare or a fox; and that Bayle was seized with convulsions when he heard the noise of water falling from a rain spout.
The Journal de Medicine for the month of August 1760 relates that the abbé Devilledieu had, from bis infancy, an insurmountable aversion from all food derived from an ani. mal having once had life. Neither the caresses of his par rents, it is said, nor the threats of his preceptors, could prevail, even at a tender age, over the firength of this feeling. It was the same during the progress of his youth; and, even till he was thirty years of age, he fed only upon eggs and vegetables. Pressed, however, to make some efforts against this habit, he was disposed to yield to the reiterated folicitations of several persons who had influence over his mind. He began by taking soup made with beef and mutton. Insensibly, he grew to eat these meats; and, for some time, he used them without inconvenience. Little by little, he grew fat; but a plethora soon followed: he lost his sleep, and fell into a state of phrenzy, followed by convulsions ; consequences, adds the writer of this article, by which we ought not to be surprised.
His new food, observes the latter, furnished him with juices more abundant than his former. Hence the flight fever he had occafioned a rarefaction of his fluids, and a considerable diftension in his veffels, a diftenfion which extended to those of the brain, where the danger was greatest. There followed a strong compression of the smaller vessels of the nerves, and nothing more was requisite to disturb the economy of this viscera, produce an inflammation, and convulsions which became fatal to the patient in spite of an illue on the arm, two on the feet, one on the jugular, the use of embrocations and bathinys, which only procured him temporary tranquillity and momentary sleep. The following