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nous and long-drawn hours, the wanderers return to their
That held the pear to the gable wall. old haunts. It is generally supposed that they move southward to get more abundant food; but why, asks Runeberg,
The pear on the gable wall may perhaps be more literal to do they leave their rich bunting grounds to return to the
some original in the poet's mind, but is it quite fair on bis north? The central regions of Europe are in every way
part thus to confuse the lines of so perfect a picture, every more desirable than the wastes of Scandinavia. Only one
touch and detail of which has found a place in the living thing is richer there, and that is light. The same instinct
memory of hundreds of readers ? I am glad to find on the that makes plants firmly rooted in the ground strain tow
other hand that the magnificent epical fragment • Morte ards the light, spreading upwards in search of it, works in
d'Arthur'is restored to the reader. We are glad of. The the birds, who, on their free wings, fly after and follow it.
Passing of Arthur'as an addition to our stock; but we This very suggestive and poetical notion is further carried
could not well accept it as a substitute for our earlier
love." out by reference to various analogies in natural history, and the final sentence is quite epigrammatic: “ The bird of Dr. SCHLIEMANX describes in the Allgemeine Zeilung passage is of noble birth; he bears a motto, and his motto
an ascent, made by him last month, of Mount Parnassus. is Lux mea dur.”
He did not see any snow until he had gained an altitude We thought the gas-companies of the United States
of 6000 feet, and even then only in clefts of the mountain. were rather autocratic institutions; but it seems that the
At pine in the evening, after repeatedly losing his way, he English gas companies could give ours a lesson in oppres
arrived at one of the highest of the shepherds' huts; but sion. The Pall Mall Gazelle remarks: Perhaps the
the place was so filthy that he preferred to sleep with his most absolute form of government which now exists in
companions in the open air. This he did with comparaEurope is that of the London gas-companies. All that
tive comfort, though when he left Delphi that morning the was bitherto known on the subject by the unfortunate gas
temperature was at 32 deg. Réaumur, while at his sleepingconsumer was that they supplied him with an article of place the thermometer showed 4 deg. only. At two A. N. low illuminating power and high price — the former con
they proceeded on mules for an hour and a balf, after stant in amount and the latter variable, and readjusted
which they had to climb with hands and feet up the Lyfrom time to time subject to the performance of certain keri, which is the highest peak of the mountain. They little illusory formalities called an 'inquiry,' at the discre
reached the summit with much labor at five o'clock, just tion of the gas-company. It now appears, however, that
as the sun was rising. To the east they saw the green the quality of the article supplied is equally discretionary
fields and meadows of Bæotia, Lake Copais, Attica, the with the companies, and that they claim not only the right
island of Eubea, and the Ægean Sea ; to the north, the to vary it at their will, but to compel the consumer to
mountain chains of Othrys and Eta, Pindus, Olympus, adapt his gas-fittings to the alteration. A Bromptonian Ossa, Pelion, and Athos ; to the south, the high table-land states that he has received a circular from the Gaslight they had visited on the previous day, the ravine of Pleistos, and Coke Company informing him that the directors,
in which Delphi lies bidden, the beautiful plain of Krysso, baving at the urgent request of the Kensington Vestry the bays of Cirrha and Anticirrha, and the magnificent changed the supply of gas in that district from cannel to
mountain range of the Helicon, the bay of Corintb, Acrocommon, give notice that except where an argand burner
corinthos, the mountains of Achaïa, descending precipiis fixed the common gas requires a burner slightly larger tously to the sea, the high mountains of Arcadia, and in than those used for cannel gas.' It is probable that no
the background the gigantic Taygetos; to the west, the cooler notice than this ever emanated even from a gas
mountains of Locria, Ætolia, and Acarnania, and bebind
them the Adriatic. Dr. Schliemann adds that on the company. It amounts, in fact, to saying to each of their customers, • As we have resolved to supply you with
summit of the mountain he found only one kind of plant, inferior gas in future, you will be good enough to alter
with small thick leaves, but that at the foot of the Lykeri your gas-burners in order to make use of it.”
there were six different species, giving abundant food io the
sheep. Some of the shepherds have 2000 sheep, which is “Mr. Tennyson,” says Sylvanus Urban in The Gen- equivalent to a property of 30,000 drachmas, or 7500 thalers. tleman's Magazine, " is probably as well aware as any of Everywhere on the mountain-tops there are high stones of his critics can be of the strong tendency existing in his various shapes which serve as landmarks to the sbepherds own mind to touch and retouch even his finished work in in foggy weather. The women carry about with them a a fidgety and unsatisfied way. Indeed, to those who read very, primitive spinning apparatus, with which they are him thoughtfully he has given one or two bints of his continually spinning wool, whether they sit, stand, or walk. knowledge of this particular failing. In • Will Waterproof's Lyrical Monologue' - a poem full of deep auto
“No little anxiety," says the Pall Mall Gazette, “ has been biographical interest - he writes in evident allusion to his
caused in the neighborhood of London during the last few own method of working, –
days by the sudden appearance of myriads of ants. A
vanguard of these insects has even been seen marching Nor add and alter, many times,
over Waterloo Bridge, and it is impossible to deny that Till all be ripe, and rotten.
our position is at the present moment one of extreme peril. It is just possible that in the two alterations I notice in At any moment the invading army may be upon us, and the new edition of his works he bas, in his desire to be
we shall then be exposed to all the horrors of an antexact and faithful, advanced a stage beyond ripeness. plague. Those who are accustomed to look on the ant as Everybody knows the couplet in Lady Clara Vere de an industrious but insignificant creature will probably Vere,'
smile at the idea of its presence even in swarms being a The grand old gardener and his wife
source of serious inconvenience. Without any wish to Smile at the claims of long descent.
cause an unnecessary panic, but merely with the view of In the new edition the first line is altered, and the epi
preparing Londoners for possible contingencies, it may be
as well to call attention to the proceedings of an army of thets are dropped for the literal simplicity of
ants that some years ago invaded the island of Grenada. The gardener Adam and his wife.
The ants on that occasion descended from the hills like The other alteration is in the poem Mariana in the
torrents, and the plantations, as well as every path and Moated Grange.' The verse ran thus in earlier editions:
road for miles, were filled with them. Rats, mice, and
reptiles of every kind became an easy prey to them, and With blackest moss the flower-pots
even the birds, which they attacked whenever they lighted Were thickly crusted, one and all:
on the ground in search of food, were so harassed as to be The broken nails fell from the knots
at length unable to resist them. Streams of water opposed That held the peach to the garden wall.
only a temporary obstacle to their progress; the foremost The last line of the first verse now reads, –
rushing blindly on certain death and fresh armies instantly
following, till a bank was formed of the carcasses of those which were drowned sufficient to darn up the waters and allow the main body to pass over in safety: Even fire was tried without effect. When it was lighted to arrest their route, they rushed into the blaze in such myriads as to extinguish it.' To such straits was the unfortunate island reduced by the ants that a reward of £20,000 was offered, but in vain, for an effectual means of destroying them; and it was not until a hurricane in 1780 came and blew them away and drowned them, — doing, by the way, almost more mischief than the ants, – that Grenada was freed from these terrible destroyers. Happily, in London we have the steam-roller, which should be kept ready for immediate action in the face of the calamity with which we are now threatened."
A GERMAN paper publishes a curious account by Herr Von Fries, an Austrian employed in the Chinese Customs service, of an official Chinese banquet at which he was present. The guests, he says, having all assembled in the outer court-yard of the house, the ors were thrown open by two coolies, who admitted them into a second court-yard. Here they were received by a flourish of trumpets, some discordant Chinese music, and the firing of mortars. They then proceeded to the third court-yard, where the master of the house received them and showed them into the diningroom, which is only divided from the court-yard by a glass partition. In the middle of the room was a large round table, and against the walls were chairs with a small table before each, to put teacups on, tea being served immediately before dinner. The walls were covered with Chinese pictures, and numberless lamps and lanterns hung from the ceiling After a short conversation in the Chinese language, the table was laid in the presence of the guests. When all was ready, the host asked each guest to come to the table, pointing out his seat, and banding him with many compliments a set of red lacquered chopsticks. When this ceremony was completed, the company sat down to dinner. Rice wine was first brought up, together with ham, eggs, and various cold vegetables. The next course consisted of bird's-nest soup, and thirty-four dishes followed, among which were sharks' tins, a soup made of diminutive snails of the size of small beans, which came from Lake Tabu, a ragout of ducks' tongues, fishes' brains with brown sauce (a most disgusting dish to a European palate), and puddings baked in oil. Roast pork and ducks were also served; these were eatable, and the fish was particularly well cooked, but Herr Von Fries came to the conclusion that the simplest European dish is far preferable to the most elaborate delicacy of the Chinese cuisine, and he says that after dinner be felt as if he had eaten boiled guttapercha. The best part of the entertainment was a dish of excellent fruit. Champagne was served towards the end of the dinner; this is the only wine drunk by the Chinese, and only the wealthy can afford to buy it, as a case costs from ten to fifteen Mexican ducats. Cigars were handed round after the soup, and it is the custom to go away directly after dinner. It is also remarkable that at a banquet of this kind the host only appears in official costume, the guests being all in mufti.
of each copy
good profit from it, and with which he is supposed to be EVERY SATURDAY: thoroughly familiar. If he be agent, he has limited reA JOURNAL OF CHOICE READING,
sponsibilities and limited control ; he risks little, and his PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY H. O. HOUGHTON AND COMPANY, commission bearing a fixed ratio, he makes something out 219 WASHINGTON STREET, BOSTON;
of every transaction, whether his principal makes a good NEW YORK : HURD AND HOUGHTON;
or a poor sale. Of course the more successful he is in his Cambridge: The Riverside Press,
management of the trust, the more he receives in commisSingle Numbers, 10 c18.; Monthly Par's, 50 cts.; Yearly Subscription, $5.00.
sion, and his interest is appealed to. Yet there is a difN. B. THE ATLANTIC MONTHLY and EVERY SATURDAY Sent to one address ference, not to be ignored, between the activity of a peror 38.00.
son who is simply the agent for another, and that of one
who ventures property and business reputation. As beTEN PER CENT.
tween the author owning his books and the publisher
owning them, we think the latter more likely to make the The bargains made by publishers with authors are
investment pay. various, but from what we can learn, the half profits sys
Another reason has already been implied. The author tem, as it is called, predominates in England, and the ten
makes his investment, but he is compelled to entrust the per cent. system in America. Mr. Spedding, at any rate, in his little book, " Authors and Publishers,” implies that
management of it to another. It is impossible that he the half profits system is the one most in vogue in Eng- matter, and his partial knowledge, he is constantly tempted
should personally direct it, yet from his interest in the land, and he is delighted at the discovery he made when
to take a share of the management, and his agent, for one be came to receive copyright from the American publishers of his edition of Bacon's works, that in America pecting his principal to fulfil quite important functions.
reason or another, is very likely to fall into a way of exauthors were free from the entanglements of a system it is easy to see that between them both there might be which always seemed to halve their half, and received a
some irregularity in the movement of the machine. clear ten per cent. on the retail price of all copies sold ;
We have not ventured to say how good or how poor a that they had nothing to do with the intricate accounts piece of property a moderately successful book may be, pertaining to manufacture and advertising, but simply how it would rank as an investment to tempt an author, needed to know how many copies had actually been sold
but we are inclined to think that the profits of a publisher since the last settlement; the retail price was advertised,
are from two sources : books on which there is no copyand they had at least arithmetic enough to reckon ten per right, but which sell steadily year after year, and books cent. on the product of the number of copies and price which run up into large editions, where the advertising The usual mode of dealing with authors for whom pub- ceipts, and the stereotype plates have been paid for out
has come to bear an exceedingly small ratio to the relishers are freely disposed to publish would seem to be
of the profits. that the publisher, taking upon himself the expenses of
In our judgment, if an author wishes to invest money publication, collects the proceeds of the sale and hands to
in his books, he cannot do better than own the stereotype the author ten per cent of the retail price of each copy plates from which the book is made. That gives him sold. Why should not the author, when he has the money
control of his book as nothing else can, and so long as his to invest, himself bear all the expenses, receive all the book sells, the plates are property. If his publisher fails proceeds, and pay the publisher ten per cent. for his labor
or gives up his business, the plates cannot fall into the in publishing the book ? This is by no means an uncom
hands of any one who would use them ill, and withmon arrangement. It sometimes is made when the author
out the plates the book cannot be printed. In this way, is rich and the publisher poor; sometimes when the pub- too, he shares risks with the publisher. Ilis own risk is lisher does not regard the book as a safe investment and
a simple one; the manufacture of the plates is not atthe author is willing to assume the risk; and sometimes,
tended with complicated calculations, and once made, though less frequently, a successful author prefers this
there need be but trifling expense of repair ever called method as insuring him a larger share of the profits, the
for; the merest tyro can own the plates, but the printed publisher in this case receiving an agent's commission.
stock, as we have before explained, is of much more variaThe answer in general which we should make to the
ble value, and requires to be under the control of an exquestion is that the author by this course becomes a cap
pert. A not uncommon mode of publisbing, where the italist, and it is for him to consider whether his money thus
author owns the plates, is for the publisher to assume all invested will bring him in a better return than if put out
other expenses and pay him a copyright of fifteen per at interest in some other form. He is entitled to his
cent. on the retail price of all copies of the book sold, ten copyright as payment for the labor of his brain, and if be
per cent. being regarded as copyright and five per cent. wishes to reckon the profit upon publishing his own works,
as interest on the investment : five per cent be it observed he must deduct the copyright which he would in any event receive. It makes no difference whether the pub-ed in the plates.
on the retail price of the book, not on the amount investlisher pays it to him or he pays it to himself. That being
NOTES. subtracted, will his investment of money in his books pay him as well as if invested in some other way? That is The Journal of Social Science, No. VII., is nearly the question which he must ask himself.
ready for subscribers and the public. This journal is We may say for one thing that it will not pay him as issued by the American Social Science Association, through much as it would pay the publisher, were that person to Ilurd and Houghton, New York; The Riverside Press, be the capitalist, and not, as we are now supposing, the Cambridge, and some notion of the scope of the Associaagent. The reason is obvious. The publisher, if he be tion, and the valuable character of the contributions to its capitalist, is a person with full responsibilities, engaged in meetings and journal may be formed from an examination using his money in a business of which he has control, of the contents of this new number. Dr. Woolsey writes which he must manage economically in order to extract a upon “ The Exemption of Private Property upon the Sea
from Capture,” Dr. Harris upon “ Public Uses of Vital At the recent Millennial celebration in Iceland one Statistics," and Dr. E. Jarvis upon “ Vital Statistics of of the specially large guns was Mr. Bayard Taylor, who Different Races." “ The Ventilation of Dwellings of the acquitted himself admirably, as he always does upon Poor " is discussed by Dr. Kedzie, and “ Animal Vaccina- large occasions. In a speech of welcome by Professor tion" by Dr. H. A. Martin. Dr. D. F. Lincoln reports Magnussen (a native Icelander, though now Librarian of on “School Hygiene," and Dr. A. L. Carroll on “ Hy- Cambridge University, England), America was mentioned, giene in Schools and Colleges.” Dr. J. Foster Jenkins, at and Mr. Taylor was introduced as the Scald Poet from one time Secretary of the U. S. Sanitary Commission, has America.
America. He quite surprised the people by addressing a long paper on " Tent Hospitals,” and Pres. A. D. them briefly but fluently in Danish. When he had conWhite's now famous paper on “ The Relation of National cluded, the king, who was standing in the thick of the and State Governments to Advanced Education " is given crowd, led the cheering, giving the Scald the full and in full, together with the discussion that followed, which regular three times three, and on a subsequent occasion was engaged in by Dr. McCosh, Principal Tulloch, and told him he was exceedingly surprised to hear him speak others. “ Free Public Libraries " is a paper by W. W. in Danish, and complimented him on his command of the Greenough, one of the trustees of the Boston Public language. Library, and Cephas Brainard writes of the “ Social Science
- A correspondent of a Boston journal, alluding to the work of the Young Men's Christian Association.” These private picture-galleries of New York, says that the largest papers are accompanied by reports of the discussions
and best is probably that of Mr. James Lenox, from created by the reading, and the impression produced upon
which the public gain no advantage, its doors being closed the reader is that here is a body of capable men, really against visitors, as is the superb library of that gentleman. in earnest about their work, and that work of very great He possesses four genuine Turners, of which there are importance.
few in America, to view which some of the more enthusi– Mr. George Cary Eggleston, lately editor of Hearth astic artists of Gotham would be delighted. There are and Home, and author of the series of papers “ A Rebel's
also specimens of Gerard Douw, Teniers, Cuyp, Ruysdael,
and other famous artists of the Flemish school; while in Recollections,” now publishing in The Atlantic Monthly, is to be editor of Our American Homes, a monthly published pictures of the French, Italian, and Venetian schools the by Henry L. Shepard & Co., of Boston. Mr. Eggleston collection is especially rich. Mr. Lerox has little faith is a brother of Edward Eggleston, author of “ The Hoosier in American art, and consequently few of our native Schoolmaster,” and other Western stories.
artists are represented. Church's “ Cotopaxi,” for which
$6000 was paid, is the principal exception to this rule. – Mr. A. A. Hopkins, editor of The Rural Home, of In 1863 the ladies of New York appealed to Mr. Lenox to Rochester, has nearly ready for publication, “ His Prison open his gallery to the public at an admission fee of $1, Bars; and the Way of Escape," a temperance story of his in behalf of the Sanitary Commission. It was estimated own, which he has been publishing in the columns of his that at least $10,000 could be raised in that manner. paper.
Several other gentlemen had responded favorably to a like
request, and the devotees of art in New York, feeling We spoke lately of the desirability of tablets or other assured that no refusal could be made under the circummemorials to aid in localizing personal traditions in our stances, were felicitating themselves upon the unbolting of towns and cities. We noticed a simple and suggestive the mysterious doors, when a note to the committee from tablet of this sort, lately, in the entrance-way of a building the owner blasted their hopes and left them to suffer the on Tremont Street in Boston. That part of the street pangs of disappointment. Mr. Lenox pleaded that to which faces the Common has slowly been yielding to the accede to the request made would be to break a rule from pressure of trade, and there are now but few dwelling, which he had never deviated. The refusal was softened houses in what was once a favorite locality. Mr. Amos by a check for $25,000, a sum which the sender thought Lawrence was once a resident there. His house has been not too exorbitant to pay for peace and privacy. He inremoved and a business building raised in place of it. tends to endow the Lenox Institute with these art treasLet into the wall as one enters is a marble tablet with ures at his death. the inscription
Conrad Heller is the name of an aged one — eighty
four — who resides now at Amsterdam, New York, folAmos Lawrence and his
lowing the peaceful calling of a cabinet-maker. It is his family lived on this estate
pride to relate that he fought at Waterloo under Napo
leon, and to read the newspapers without spectacles. This building was erected
Mr. John T. Lacey, of Bridgeport, Conn., has recently made a voyage of twenty-two miles on Long Island
Sound, in the space of three and a quarter hours, in a The Bric-à-Brac series, which has come gayly along row boat towed by a kite. The boat was twelve feet long, amongst books, like a literary humming-bird, say, grows and the kite ten feet high by eight feet wide. About six rapidly and with considerable variety. The next volume hundred feet of cord was let out. The speed of the boat to be issued will contain “ Prosper Mérimée's Letters to an is stated to have been considerably greater than that of Incognita," selections from Lamartine's Memoirs of him- a small sailing craft which attempted a race.
This was self, and from George Sand's Recollections. The volume probably due to the greater velocity of the wind at the to succeed that will go back to England again, and be taken elevated position of the kite. The towage of boats by from the chatty reminiscences of Barham, of Ingoldsby kites is a very old amusement, but it is a slow method of fame, Hodder, and Harness. Theodore Hook will figure navigation. The boat and kite can only travel in one largely in the book, a scapegrace of a joker who combined direction, directly before the wind; whereas the ordinary wit and impudence in a singular degree.
sail boat can move obliquely, in various directions.
A JOURNAL OF CHOICE READING.
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1874.
BY MARY CLEMMER AMES.
Ben. “I am that troubled to know what is best to HIS TWO WIVES.1
send you this notice or to keep it. My captain says ’tis my duty as your true friend to send it, as I do. If
it can only bring you back to us in peace and happiCHAPTER XXVI.
ness, I shall never be sorry ; but that, I am afraid, is It was not the actual man who had just gone from
not to be, though Lotusport can never be what it was her life that she mourned. It was the man that he
once to me, without you." should have been, for whom she cried. In his fading
“Defend her own interests !” Drag the bitter truth out she had lost the absorbing thought of her life. A
which had desolated her heart and life before the portion of herself seemed to have been struck from her,
world's eyes for its inspection and cruel comment, while to be drifting farther and farther from her, out some
the waste of happiness, the wreck of life, remained ? where upon the face of the earth. She often unaware
Never. She would put no plea against his desire.
What that desire was she was all too sure for her own held her hand tight over her heart, as if to stop its aching for what it had lost. This loss was not the
peace. If she were mistaken, would he have made no real man now sundered from her. It was for her lost
effort in all these months to discover the retreat of his
wife and child ? That he had made no such effort she faith, for sympathy and accord of soul, the consummate crown of all human companionship, that her nature
had every reason to believe, if only from the letters of called. Without these no human life could be com
Mary Ben. Her home was rented to strangers, and plete. Yet it was these, the very reward of being, that
her husband never spent a day in Lotusport that the she had missed. They were not hers, they could never
exigencies of public business did not demand. She be hers; yet her life went on. But if she had never
could endure, but she could not fight against fate. The divorce must go on.
This was indeed the end. comprehended to the utmost what a human life in the fulness of its multiform being could be ; if she had had
Once her husband, always her husband. He could a less keen realization of what had escaped herself of its
never be less to her faithful soul. Nevertheless, to the most potential sweetness ; if she had not learned that
world she had already ceased to be his wife. At last hardest of all lessons, to endure in patience, to grow in
she had lost not only him, but hope. At last in exthe graces of the spirit, — not in the repletion of happi
tremity she was alone ; alone as she had never felt
herself to be before. ness, but through loss and dearth and want, through loneliness and sorrow of heart, yet no less through love
The only visible sign of this interior desolation was and faith and ever-kindling hope, - she would have
the whiter face, the swifter hand. The spring came, been poor indeed. She would have had nothing to give,
the summer waxed and waned, the autumn blazed and whereas she now gave bounteously of soul-wealth to
died, the northern winter piled its inviolate snows, her kind. She poured forth of her largess without
and the heart within her had never made another outstint. Nevertheless the heart within her ached and
ward sign of its inward life. yearned even while it gave.
Meanwhile, even to the log-house within the forest She ministered and would not cease ; but in her
beside the Pinnacle had penetrated the eager questionutmost need who was there to minister to her? No one.
ing of the reading world concerning "Ulm Neil.”
Who is Ulm Neil ?” This was the latest conunShe never asked this question. But no less the want was there, and the hope, though she was scarcely con
drum put forth in the realm of letters. Like other scious of it, that sometime, – perhaps in the dim Here
conundrums its interest deepened proportionately with after, yet sometime, — he whose right it was would
the difficulty of its solution. Many persons“ knew as return to her, redeemed from the infirmities of flesh
well as they wanted to " just who Ulm Neil was; but
nobody was sure. “ Ulm Neil was a man." “ Ulm and spirit, to bind up the bleeding heart that loved him with the faith that it had lost and that lived
Neil was a woman.” Ulm Neil was an already wellagain. This hope received a heavy shock one day. It known author who chose to put forth this remarkable came in a letter from Mary Ben, in the shape of a
series of stories now published in a book called “The newspaper notice, an official announcement of a plea their revelations of life and character might not be
Annals of a Quiet City,” under a new signature, that for divorce on the part of Cyril King from his wife
"* Ulm Neil was a man of Agnes King, on the ground of desertion. The defend- traced to a definite source. ant was summoned in behalf of her own interests to
fortune and leisure, who chose to give his observations appear by such a date, else the plaintiff's suit would of gay life and fashionable society incog.” “Ulm proceed and the divorce be granted to him.
Neil was a young woman, self-educated, who had not “My mind is twisted this way and that," wrote Mary escaped the sting of maligning tongues nor the cruel
probings of poverty, herself; as her abiding and tender Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1874, by H. 0. Hougu- sympathy with the poor, the wronged, and the sorrowTOX & Co., in the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington. ing, which made the very atmosphere and aroma of he