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astonishing and troublesome. There are, them; and yet as I write this I blush. I homes where, unless dissimulation be car- have used a passionate imprecation, and ried to the height of genius, I am always yet my hand glides as calmly over the a welcome guest, and am, on entering, paper, and my heart beats as placidly affectionately greeted by old and young, within my breast as if I had just put mistress and maid.

down in my account-book the amount of The fathers and mothers look upon me my last week's washing-bill. as a young man who has been well. This inertia, in a great measure, re. brought up, and who, though not pre- sults from the fatal gift of sympathy uncisely the product his education might checked by spiritual or moral pressure. have been expected to yield, is yet never- It is all very well, indeed it is most detheless, in a season of doubts and per-| lightful in matters of taste, to be able to plexities, a person worthy of commenda- say, as Charles Lamb does of style, that tion. As for the daughters of the house, for him Jonathan Wild is not too coarse, I am not aware that I flutter their sus nor Shaftesbury too elegant. Thank ceptibilities, and should think it unlikely, Heaven, I can say that too ; but in mat. because in the first place I studiously ters of morals and religion this catholiavoid attempting to do so, and in the sec- city becomes serious. To find yourself ond place I am not too disposed to be extending the same degree of sympathy lieve that they have any susceptibilities to, say, both the Newmans — to read, in to flutter ; but I more than pass with the course of one summer's day, and with them, for I can quote poetry to those who the same unfeigned delight, Liddon and like to listen to good poetry well quoted, Martineau — to stroll out into the woods and there are a few who do; I can pre- and meadows, careless whether it is tend to talk philosophy to those who pre- Keble or Matthew Arnold you have tend to like philosophy, and they are slipped into your pocket — this, too, is a many; and though I can't talk religion, very delightful catholicity, but I am not yet I can listen very contentedly to it; sure that I ought to thank Heaven for it. and if a lady is High Church, and is doing I wonder how often in the course of a battle with some person more enthusias- year Dr. Johnson's saying to Sir Joshua tic than I am, I can quietly, and without is quoted — "I love a good hater." That binding myself in any way, come to the it should be so often quoted is a proof fair combatant's rescue, whenever sore that the Doctor's feeling is largely shared pressed, with a sentence from Dr. New-by his countrymen. I am sure I share it, man, or a line from Faber, and be re- and nobody can accuse me of self-love in warded with a grateful smile; whilst, doing so — for I hate nobody. I haven't again, if the lady be more Genevan in brought myself to this painful state withher faith, my memory is equally well out a hard struggle. For a long time I stored with the sayings of divines and made myself very happy in the thought bymn-writers who have grasped with an that I hated Professor Huxley. How enviable tenacity the simple and grand carefully I nursed my wrath! By dint of doctrines of Calvin and his successors. never speaking of the Professor, except For the sons of the house, when I say in terms of the strongest opprobriuin, that I smoke, and am not at all scrupu- and never reading a word he had ever lous about what sort of stories I hear written, I kept the happy delusion alive and tell, it will be at once understood how for several years. I had at times, it is perfect is my sympathy with them. true, an uneasy suspicion that it was all

But in the meantime, what of myself? | nonsense ; but I was so conscious how Am I as easily satisfied ? I can't say I necessary it was to my happiness that I am dissatisfied, that is such a very should hate somebody, that I always strong word; but I may say that I am resolutely suppressed the rising doubt in often very much provoked. It would be an ocean of superlatives expressive of annoying for a cold man to gaze stead the supposed qualities of this mischiev. fastly into a blazing fire and yet remain ous Professor. But one day, in a luckchill. It is provoking to be able nicely less hour, I opened a magazine at hapto estimate and accurately to appreciate hazard, and began in a listless fashion to emotions, affections, martyrdoms, hero- read an article about I knew not what, isms, to perceive the force which natural and written by I knew not whom, and ly belongs to certain feelings and con- speedily grew interested in it. The style victions, and yet to remain cool, impas-was so lucid and urbane, the diction so sive, and inert. Would to God that I vigorous and expressive, the tone so free could stir myself up to believe in any of' from exaggeration and extravagance, and * the substance so far from uninteresting, or æsthetically, for I am very sensitive in that my fated symathies began to swell both these quarters, but morally. There up, and when half-way down the next was a time when I did draw a line with column I saw awaiting me one of my fa- my jokes and stories, never a very steady vourite quotations from Goethe, I men- line, but still a line, I now disport my. tally embraced the author and hastily self at large, and a joke - if good qua turned to the end to see what favoured joke — causes me to shake my sides, man was writing so well, and there, lo even though it outrages religion, which I and behold! was appended the name of believe to be indestructible on this earth, the only man I had ever hated. Of course and morality, which I believe to be essenthe illusion could not be put together tial to our well-being upon it. again, and the chair once filled by the The painful problem arises in conneclearned Professor stands empty. The tion with quite another subject. Alother day I made an effort to raise Arch- though not in love, I have some idea of bishop Manning to it. He has not the prosecuting a little suit of mine in a cerplayful humour, the exquisite urbanity of tain direction, and have to own that at the great modern Pervert, but I have odd hours and spare seasons, when my heard him preach, he has the accents of thoughts are left io follow their own bent sincerity and conviction, and represents I find them dwelling upon, lingering over, what I believe to be in a great degree in- returning to, a face, which though no destructible on this earth. Failing the artist on beholding, would be led to exArchbishop, the name of Fitzjames claim — Stephen occurred to me, but as he him

A face to lose youth for, occupy age self has told us, he has so many claims to

With the dream of, meet death with, distinction that it would be a shame to hate him; and, after all, I am nearer his is yet in my opinion, a very pleasant and position by many a mile than I am to the companionable face, one well suited to Archbishop's, and so in despair I have spend life with, which is after all what given up the attempt of finding a suc- you want a wife for. This is not the cessor to Professor Huxley, and repeat painful problem - that comes on a step that, poor limping Christian as I am, I later. Supposing I was married, and hate nobody. Why not read your Car- blessed, as, after all, most men are, with lyle ? it will be indignantly asked. Is not children, how on earth shall I educate “ Sartor Resartus " upon your shelves ? them to keep them out of Newgate ? Why bless me! hear the man talk! Car- “ Bolts and shackles !" as Sir Toby Jyle is my favourite prose author. I have Belch exclaimed - the thought is bewilall his books, in the nice old editions, dering. If I, educated on Watts's Hymns round about me, and not only have read and the New Testament, am yet so hazy them all, but am constantly reading them. on moral points and distinctions, which You won't outdo me in my admiration can hardly be described as nice, such as for the old man. I think his address to paying my bills, using profane language, the Scotch students, if bound up within going to Church, and the like, my son, the covers of the New Testament would brought up on Walter Scott and George not be the least effective piece of writing Eliot, and the writers of his own day, there. Carlyle has long taught me this will surely never pay his bills at all, his

- to lay no flattering unction to my soul, oaths will be atrocious, and he will die and to go about my business. He has incapable of telling the nave from the tried to do more than this, and at times I transept - and how I am to teach him have almost thought he has done more, better I really do not see. The old but it is not for man to beget a faith. régime was particularly strong on this Carlyle has planted, he has digged, he has point; and if one could only bring one's watered, but there has been no one to conscience to it, the difficulty is at an give the increase. He has taught us, like end, and the education of children, so the Greek Tragic Poets, “moral pru- long at any rate as they are in the nursdence,” and to behave ourselves decently ery or the schoolroom, goes forward and after a dignified fashion between quite easily and naturally. Two eternities, and for a time I thought If anybody has had the patience to I had learnt the lesson, but I am at pres- wade so far in my company, he will probent a good deal agitated by a dangerous ably here exclaim, “My dear sir, you symptom and a painful problem.

must have been abominably educated The dangerous symptom is that noth- yourself ;” and though I don't altogether ing pains me. I don't mean physically deny the statement, I can't allow it to piss unchallenged. I remember at school for money. That is my prose. I find in a boy, whom it happened to be the fashion' my second love my poetry of life, and I of the day to torment, bearing with a think it is this love that keeps my life wonderful patience the jeers and witti- sweet, and makes me a favorite with cisms of half a score of his companions, children and with dogs. Who can exuntil one of them made some remark, aggerate the blessings showered upon boldly reflecting upon the character of Englishmen by their poets :the boy's father, whereupon he at once,

They create clenching his puny fist, bravely advanced And multiply in us a brighter ray upon the last speaker, exclaiming, “ You

And more beloved existence. may insult me as much as you like, but

1 Shakespeare was of us, Milton was of us, you shan't insult my parents." So, in

| Burns, Shelley were with us. my case, you may call me as many hard | names as you like, but you mustn't blame What names ! what exhaustless wealth ! anybody else, but the Time-spirit - if ! A Golden Treasury indeed — where what the Time-spirit is a body - (and really, heart I have got lies stored. body or no body, it is the fashion now to speak of it as if it were the most potent of beings, dwelling far above argument or analogy). I had what is called every ad-1

From The Journal of The Franklin Institute. vantage. Religion was presented to me

THE MOON'S FIGURE AS OBTAINED IN in its most pleasing aspect, living illus

THE STEREOSCOPE. trations of its power and virtuous effects moved around me, my taste was carefully

BY CHAS. J. WISTER. guarded from vitiating influences. Our In a paper published some time since, house was crowded with books, all of in the " Cornhill Magazine," and repubwhich were left open to us, because there lished, September last, in the " Living were none that could harın us ; money, i Age," entitled “ News from the Moon," which was far from plentiful, was lav- la singular argument, and to my mind a ished on education and books, and on singularly fallacious one, is put forth in these alone. How on earth did the Time-confirmation of the figure of the moon as spirit enter into that happy Christian deduced from the calculations of the conhome? Had it not done so, I might now tinental astronomer, Gussew, of Wilna. have been living in the Eden of Belief, The article referred to is without signaand spending my days “bottling moon- ture, but as the author alludes to his shine," like the rest of my brethren. correspondence with Sir John Herschel, But enter it did, and from almost the very he no doubt speaks ex cathedrâ. first it subtly mixed itself with all spir- The figure of the moon should be, as itual observances, which, though it did not proved by Newton, an ellipsoid, her shortthen venture to attack, it yet awaited to est diameter being her polar one, her neutralize. No! my education was a longest diameter that turned towards the very costly one; even in point of money earth, and her third diameter lying nearly a family might be decently maintained on east and west, a diameter intermediate to the interest of the sam that has been thus the other two. Newton further found expended, and in point of time too it was that her shortest diameter would not differ remarkable.

more than sixty-two yards from her longAnd yet I have advantages over some est — an insignificant difference surely in men, I know, upon whom the Time-spirit a body whose mean diameter is about has worked even more disastrously, for twenty-one hundred miles. they don't know what they like or want. Gussew, however, comes in at this point Now I do. The things I am fondest of, with an assertion based upon measurebar two or three human things, are money ments of De la Rue's photographic copies and poetry – the first, not of course for of the moon at the extremes of her liits own sake — who ever heard of any brations, and upon ocular demonstration one admitting that he liked money for its derived from viewing these different perown sake? And as I always spend more spectives of the moon's image combined money than I have got (my catholic taste by the aid of the stereoscope, and underin books is so expensive) it can't be said takes to subvert his great predecessor's that I am likely to grow a miser. Neither theory, and to substitute one of his own, is money a necessary condition to my founded on this very unreliable testimony. happiness — not at all ; but it is for all He asserts not only that the moon is egg. that the motive power that causes me to shaped, its smaller end being turned exert myself in my daily work. I work earthward, but that the point of this colossal egg rises seventy miles above the tion of the effect of stereoscopically commean level of its surface. Now it is to 'bining images of our satellite taken at the proof of this as derived from stereo- opposite stages of her librations, “ It apscopic evidence that I take exception for pears just as a giant might see it, the reasons hereinafter set forth.

interval between whose eyes is equal to The stereoscopic views of the moon the distance between the place where the are, as already stated, taken in the oppo- earth stood when one view was taken, site stages of her librations, in order to and the place to which it would have been obtain greater differences of perspective removed (the moon being regarded as than would be obtained if taken in the or- fixed) to get the other." Now this would dinary way, where the separation of the all be very well provided the pictures two pictures corresponds with the average produced were for the use of giants distance between the eyes of adults — formed after the pattern proposed; for four and a half inches ; for this, it is evi- they would see the stereoscopic image dent, would give no more spheroidal ap- under exactly the same circumstances pearance when viewed through stereo- that they would see the moon herself in scopic glasses than is obtained by viewing the natural way with their widely sepaher by unassisted vision, in which cases rated organs - no greater change being she aspears as a disk only, and not as a required in the direction of the optic axes sphere. With the same object — that of in combining similar points of the two increasing the stereoscopic illusion (for perspectives than is required in viewing illusion only it is) it is not uncommon for corresponding points of the moon's surphotographers, when taking stereoscopic face by unassisted vision ; but when these views of distant scenery, to avail them- exaggerated perspectives are presented in selves of the same means — that of un- a stereoscope to finite beings like ournaturally increasing the base of operations selves, the effect is magical indeed. - and thus effecting a much greater ap- Then do near points of the moon protrude parent separation of the various planes of in a most alarming manner, threatening distance ihan really exists. The effect to punch us in the eyes, the whole preof this is to distort the picture painfully, senting the appearance of an unusually advancing the middle distance boldly into elongated turkey's egg. Neither the the foreground — similar points being modest sixty-two yards of the immortal combined by the stereoscope much nearer Newton, nor the more pretentious seventy the eyes than if the pictures had been miles of Gussew would satisfy her claims taken in the normal way — whilst the now; nothing, indeed, less than several foreground is seen so near that one feels thousand miles would represent the difit in his power almost to reach it with his ference between her longest and shortest hand. Another and more objectionable diameters thus distorted. feature of this exaggerated perspective Indeed, for a very pretty scientific toy, effect is that all near objects are dwarfed ; with which De la Rue has supplied us, men become pigmies ; imposing mansions this distortion of the moon's image is of are reduced to baby-houses, and lofty little moment. The curious are, no doubt, trees become insignificant bushes — the more pleased with it than if it appeared reason being that these objects, though in its true proportions — for figures genseen at points much nearer the eye, sub- erally are more admired the less nearly tend, nevertheless, the same visual angles they conform to nature's lines — but that as though seen at more distant points — men of science, even great men, should points corresponding with their true posi- accept this delusive and distorted image tion in the landscape — for the photo- as a basis for serious investigation of the graphic representations of them are no figure of our satellite, conscious of the larger, and therefore appearing nearer, manner in which pictures producing this and yet subtending no greater visual an- image are taken-and, though forewarned, gles, the impression upon the mind is should not be forearmed - passeth my that of smaller objects. Every one, I understanding. It is but another instance think, who has viewed stereoscopic pic- of the too great avidity with which worldtures of distant objects, combining middle 'renowned philosophers seize upon the distance and foreground, must have wit-most unreliable evidence from which to nessed this distortion.

draw conclusions most important to sciNow let us apply this principle of op-!ence, thus shaking the faith of those who tics to De la Rue's exaggerated stereo- have hitherto looked upon them as infalscopic perspectives of the moon, and what lible. is the result ?

Germantown, 7 mo., 1874. Sir William Herschel says, in illustra

Fifth Series, 3
Volume VII. S

No. 1575. — August 15, 1874.

{From Beginning,

. 387

. 402


. British Quarterly Review, . II. ALICE LORRAINE. A Tale of the South

Downs. Part VIII., . . . . . Blackwood's Magazine, .
III. Louis PhilippE. By the Author of “Mira-
beau," etc., . . . . . . .

Temple Bar, . .
IV. A ROSE IN JUNE. Part IX., . . . Cornhill Magazine, . .

V. A PROFESSOR EXTRAORDINARY, . . . Fraser's Magazine, . .
VII. COmers, . . . . . . . . Spectator, . . .
VIII. DERISIVE PUNISHMENTS, . . . . Chambers' Journal, . .

NOT LOST, . . . . . . 3861

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