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FROM A BRITISH MAGAZIXE.
ship, and abstain from servile labor on the said } The next exploit, which took place on the same day. By order of the congress.
day, was the plunder of lord Selkirk's house, in Joun Hancock, president." St. Mary's Isle, near the town of Kirkcudbright.
The particulars of this event, and of the action GENEROSITY OF PAUL JONES, which succeeded, as well as the motives upon
wbich Jones acted, are well given in the following
letter, which he addressed to lady Selkirk, and This distinguished person was the son of a small
which has not before been printed:farmer a few miles from Dumfries, and impelled
"RANGER, BREST, 8th May, 1778. by that love of enterprize which is so frequently
“Madam-It cannot be too much lamented, that, to be met with among the peasantry of Scotland,
in the profession of arms, the officer of finer feeling, he seems to have eagerly embarked in the cause
and of real sensibility, should be under the necesof the colonies against the mother country. Whe. ther he was actuated, in any degree, by a sense of sity of winking at any action of persons under his the injustice of Britain towards America at the command which bis beart cannot approve; but the
reflection is doubly severe, when he finds himself outset of his career, or merely availing himself of
obliged, in appearance, to countenance such action the opportunities in which revolutionary warfare so
by authority. greatly abounds, to rise from his original obscurity, it is now, perhaps, impossible to determine, and “This hard case was mine, when, on the 23d of unnecessary to enquire. But it will be seen, from April last, I landed on St. Mary's Isle. Knowing the letters we are going to lay before our readers, lord Selkirk's interest with his king, I wished to that, in the progress of bis adventurous life, he make him the happy instrument of alleviating the well kaew how to employ the language of men horrors of hopeless captivity, when the brave are inspired with the love of liberty, and tbat he was overpowered and made prisoners of war. honored by some of its warmest friends in both perbaps fortunate for you, madam, that he was hemispheres.
from home, for it was my intention to have taken
him on board the Ranger, and to have detained There are probably few instances, especially him, until, through his means, a general and fair among adventurers who have risen from the condi. exchange of prisoners, as well in Europe as in Ame. tion in which Paul Jones was originally placed-of rica, bad been effected. more enlarged views-more generous feelingsand a more disinterested conduct, than the follow
“When I was informed by some men whom I ing letters exhibit, combined as these are with senti. met at landing, that bis lordship was absent, I ments of relentless hostility towards the claims of walked back to iny boat, determined to leave the bis vative country.
island. By the way, however, some officers who
were with me, could not forbear expressing their In the progress of the revolutionary war, Paul discontent, observing, that in America no delicacy Jones obtained the command of a squadron, with was shown by the English, who took away all which, in 1778, he undertook to annoy the coasts sorts of moveable property, setting fire not only of Great Britain. On the 2d of December, 1777, to towns, and to the houses of the rich without he arrived at Nantez, and in January be repaired distinction, but not even sparing the wretched to Paris, with the view of making arrangements hamlets and milch-cows of the poor and helpless, with the American ministers and the French go at the approach of an inclement winter. That vernment. In February he conveyed some Ameri- party had been with me as volunteers the same can vessels to the Bay of Quiberon, and, on his morning at Whitehaven; some complaisance, there. return to Brest, communicated his plan to admiral fore, was their due. I bad but a moment to think D'Aruillers, who afforded him every means of for- how I might gratify them, and, at the same time, warding it. He accordingly left Brest, and sailed do your ladyship the least injury. I charged the through the Bristol channel without giving any two officers to permit none of the seamen to enter alarm. Early in the morning of the 23d of April, the bouse, or to hurt any thing about it; to treat be made an attack on the harbor of Whitehaven, you, madam, with the utmost respect; to accept in which there were about three hundred sail. He of the plate wbich was offered; and to come away succeeded in setting fire to several vessels, but was without making a searcb, or demanding any thing not able to effect any thing decisive before day else. I am induced to believe that I was punctually light, when he was obliged to retire.
Tobeyed, since I am informed that the plate whicha
they brought away is far short of the quantity "As the feelings of your gentle bosom cannot, in which is expressed in the inventory which ac. that respect, but be congenial with mine, let me companied it. I have gratified my men, and when entreat you, madam, to use your soft persuasive the plate is sold I shall become the purchaser, arts with your husband, to endeavor to stop this and will gratify my own feelings, by restoring it cruel and destructive war, in which; Britain never to you by such conveyance as you shall please to can succeed. Heaven can never countenance the direct.
barbarous and unmanly practices of the Britons in
America, which savages would blush at, and which, “Had the earl been on board the following even if not discontinued, will soon be retaliated in Bri. ing, he would have seen the awful pomp and dread. tain by a justly enraged people. Should you fail. ful carnage of a sea engagement; both affording in this, (for I am persuaded you will attempt itample subject for the pencil, as well as melancholy and who can resist the power of such an advocate?) reflection for the contemplative mind. Humanity your endeavors to effect a general exchange of starts back at such scenes of horror, and cannot prisoners will be an act of bumanity, which will but execrate the vile promoters of this detested afford you golden feelings on a death bed.
“I hope this cruel contest will soon be closed: For they, 'twas they, unsbeatbed the ruthless blade, And Heaven shall ask the havock it bas made.
but should it continue, I wage no war with the
fair! I acknowledge their power, and bend before “The British ship of war Drake, mounting twenty it with profound submission! Let not, therefore, guns, with more than her full complement of offi- the amiable countess of Selkirk regard me as an cers and men, besides a number of volunteers, enemy; I am ambitious of her esteem and friendo came out from Carrickfergus, in order to attack ship, and would do any thing consistent with my and take the continental ship of war Ranger, of duty to merit it. eighteen guns, and short of her complement of officers and men; the ships met, and the advantage
“The honor of a line from your hand, in answer was disputed with great fortitude on each side for to this, will lay me under a very singular obligation; an hour and five minutes, when the gallant com- and if I can render you any acceptable service, in mander of the Drake fell, and victory declared in France or elsewhere, I hope you see into my cha. favor of the Ranger. His amiable lieutenant lay racter so far as to command me without the least mortally wounded, besides near forty of the in- grain of service. I wish to know, exactly, the beferior officers and crew killed and wounded. A
haviour of my people, as I am determined to pu. melancholy demonstration of the uncertainty of nish them if they bave exceeded their liberty. human prospects. I buried them in a spacious I have the honor to be, with much esteem and grave, with the honors due to the memory of the with profound respect, madam, your most obedient brave.
and most humble servant,
PAUL JONES. “Though I have drawn my sword in the pre. "To the Right Hon. the countess of sent generous struggle for the rights of man, yet SELKIRK, St. Mary's Isle, Scotland." I am in arms, merely as an American, nor am I in
PENNSYLVANIA. pursuit of riches. My fortune is liberal enougb, having no wife nor family, and having lived long
The following spirited address of the deputies of enough to know that riches cannot ensure happi.
Pennsylvania, met in provincial conference at Phi. ness. I profess myself a citizen of the world, totally
ladelphia, on the 24th of June, 1776—should
have followed their “declaration" inserted in unfettered by the little niean distinctions of climate or of country, which diminish the benevolence of
page 252. It was unanimously adopted the day
after that declaration was agreed upon. the heart, and set bounds to philanthropy. Before this war began, I had, at an early time of life, Address to the people of Pennsylvania. withdrawn from the sea service, in favor of 'calm “The only design of our meeting logether was, contemplation and poetic ease.' I have sacrificed, 10 put an end to our own power, in the province, by not only my favorite scheme of life, but the softer fixing upon a plan for calling a convention, to form affections of the heart, and my prospects of domestic a government under the authority of the people. But happiness, and I am ready to sacrifice my life also, the sudden and unexpected separation of the last with cheerfulness, if that forfeiture would restore assembly has compelled us to undertake the exe. peace and goud will amongst mankind.
cution of a resolve of congress, for calling forth
4500 of the militia of the province, to join the mili- “Remember the name of Pennsylvania-think of tia of the neighboring colonies, to form a camp for your ancestors and posterity.” our immediate protection. We presume only to
ANECDOTE. recommend what we have formed to you; trusting that, in such a case of consequence, your love off. “During the first struggles of the revolution
it was recommended in that part of Virginia that virtue and zeal for liberty, will supply the want
no more tea should be drank or used. A Mrs, of authority delegated to us expressly for that pur. N-(lady of K. N.)) of 5, being in opulent pose.
circumstances, invited a party of her female ec“We need not remind you, that you are now fur. quaintances, to spend an evening with her in a nished with new motives to animate and support. private room up stairs, and regale themselves with your courage. You are not about to contend against a dish of forbidden tea.
But, as good luck would power, iš order to displace one set of villains to have it, Mr. N. who gressed what was going on, make room for another; your arms will not be stole unperceived up stairs, and slipped a piece of enervated in the day of battle with the reflection, tobacco into the tea-kettle. The consequence was, that you are to risk your lives, or shed your blood, that the ladies went home sick, some vomitting, for a British tyrant; or that your posterity will have &c. whilst the old gentleman enjoyed himself hear your work to do over again ..... You are tily at their expense." about to contend for permanent freedom, to be sup
GEORGE ROGERS CLARKE. ported by a government, which will be derived while his countrymen on the sea-board were confrom yourselves, and which will have for its ob
tending with the British regulars, col. George ject not the emolument of one man, or one class
Rogers Clarke was the efficient protector of the of men, but the safety, liberty, and happiness of
people of the frontiers of Virginia and Pennsyl. every individual in the community.
vania from the in-roads of the savage allies of the “We call upon you, therefore, by the respect and
"defender of the faith.” The history of his es. obedience which is due to the United Colonies, to exploits would fill a volume--and for bair.breadth concur in this important measure. The present 'scapes and hardy enterprize, would hardly hare campaign will probably decide the fate of America. a parallel. The character of this veteran is well It is now in your power to immortalize your names, developed in the following extract, recently pubby mingling your achievments with the events of lished in the (Philadelphia) "National Gazette," the year 1776-a year which, we hope, will be sa.
from “the note of an old officer." cred in the annals of history, to the end of time, for establishing upon a lasting foundation, the i. ington in the most friendly manner, escept the
“The Indians came into the treaty at Fort Wasbo berties of one quarter of the globe.
Shawahnees—the most conceited and most warlike i "Remember the honor of our colony is at stake.
of the aborigines; the first in at a battle--the last Should you desert the common cause at the pre.
at a treaty. Three hundred of their finest war sent juncture, the glory you have acquired by your
riors, set off in all their paint and feathers, filed former exertions of strength and virtue will be tar.
into the council house. Their number and des bished; and our friends and brethren, who are now meanor, so unusual at an occasion of this sort, was acquiring laurels in the most remote parts of Ame
altogether unexpected and suspicious. The United rica, will reproach us, and blush to own themselves
States stockade mustered seventy men, batives or inhabitants of Pennsylvania.
"In the centre of the ball, at a little table, sat "But there are other motives before you—your scourge of these very marauders, general Richard
the commissary general Clarke, the indefatigable houses--your fields—the legacies of your ances. Butler, and the hon. Mr. Parsons—there was pre tors, or the dear bought fruits of your own indus. sent, also, a captain Denfry, who I believe is still try, and your liberty, now urge you to the field: alive, and can attest this story. On the part of the these cannot plead with you in vain, or we might Indians an old council sachem and a warrior chief point out to you further, your wives, your children, took the lead: the latter, a tall, raw boned fellow your aged fathers and mothers, who now look up with an impudent and villanous look, made abdis to you for protection, and hope for salvation, in terous and threatning speech, which operated et this day of calamity, from the instrumentality of sec ually on the passions of the Indians
, who seturi your swords.
la prodigious whoop at every pause. He concluded
by presenting · black and wbite wampum, to signi.fhave already commenced the horrid war. Your fy they were prepared for either event, peace or houses are already devoted to the flames; your war. Clarke exhibited the same unaltered and wives have been driven with the flocks and herds careless countenance he had shown during the to their ships. To the Hessian, and the still more whole scene, his head leaning on his left hand and barbarous Highlander, let them now offer up their bis elbow resting on the table: be raised his little prayers for mercy. But what mercy are they to cane and pushed the sacred wampum off the table, hope from those whose avowed design is conquest, with very little ceremony_every Indian at the same ruin, and nisery! Indig iation usurps the place of moment started from his seat with one of those reflection. Indignation should hurry us to action, sudden, simultaneous and peculiarly savage sounds should fire our souls with the noble emulatian, who which startle and disconcert the stoutest beart, and first should have the immortal glory of plunging can neither be described nor forgotten.
his dagger in the breast of such an enemy. "Parsons, more civil than military in his habits,
Fortunately for us, we have men to command, was poorly fitted for an emergency that probably beloved, respected, and admired for their intrepi. embarrassed even the hero of Saratoga-the bro dity, activity, and good conduct; men, who, if sup. I ther and father if soldiers. At this juncture Clarke ported by their fellow citizens, will soon baffle the rose-the scrutinizing eye cowered at his glance; designs of our enemy; will soon rescue this country be stamped bis foot on the prostrate and insulted from the disgrace of being plundered and ravaged symbol and ordered them to leave the hall-they by a merciless banditti. Virginia stands foremost did so apparently involuntarily.
for public spirit. Her sons have now the most glo.
rious opportunity of gaining immortal fame. They “They were heard all that night debating in the bushes near the fort. The raw.boned chief was
have a commander to lead them to the field, whose for war, the old sachem for peace: the latter pre
experience and bravery will ensure them victory. vailed, and next morning they came back and sued They may now have the satisfaction, not only of for peace."
saving their country but of revenge-of revenge
for attempts, which, if carried into execution, will VIRGINIA-CALLED TO ARMS. entail shame and ruin upon us to the latest ages. The following address was issued to the people of
Activity, vigor, a determination to conquer or to Virginis, at the time when the governor, Patrick
die, will soon expel those invaders of our rights; Henry, issued his proclamation on the 14th of May, 1779, announcing the arrival of a British torpor and inactivity will confirm them in their Seet in the Chesapeake, and noticing some of
conquest. Example will create heroes. The body
of the people must be put in motion by the influ. the ravages they bad committed.
ence of those whom they respect and. esteem, Friends and countrymen.-When our country is Follow then the conduct of our brave brethren tə lovaded by the avowed enemies to the common the north, remember what gave a favorable cast to rights of mankind; when it is threa.ened with all the melancholy prospect they had before them. those calamities which barbarity and cruelty can Men of fortune and distinction were the first to inflict, it is no longer time to pause. We have not
oppose the enemy. Success crowned their efforts, an enemy to oppose who can claim the common and patriotism received eternal honor. Similar pretension for war. We have to combat those who example here will ensure similar success. The seek not for a retaliation of injuries done them, progress of the enemy in our country may carry but who would be our tyrants. Tyranis of the along with it the most dangerous consequences. blackest nature, who would rob us not only of Wbat accessions will they not gain froin those those privileges which are dearest to us, but would among us who feel every day the yoke of slavery! bring our grey bairs down with sorrow to the grave. We shall supply them with the certain means of To be tlae base slaves of arbitrary power, to be in our own destruction, unless our activity and vigor sulted, trampled under foot by a soldiery, the out. arrest them in their progress. The possession of casts of jails, to be stripped of your property, to sufficient ground for their encampment is not only behold your wives and children the victims of bru | disgraceful to us, but ruinous. It will be an asytal lust, or nobly to resist the torrent of despotism, lum for our slaves; they will fock to their standards, pobly to stand forth and to wreak your vengeance and form the flower of their army. They will ri. upon an enemy the most barbarous and cruel, is val the Hessian or Highlander, if possible, in cru. ikę only alternative which now awaits you. Theyl elty and desolation. It is said that at present their army does not consist of inore than two thousand.por repeal laws, neither to advance nor recede, but This circumstance, which may lull us into secu- to remain in total silence.” His lordship, I hope, rity, seems big with the most fatal consequences, un. will excuse me, if I presume to look beyond the less we resolve to anticipate the evil. They doubt. acknowledged indolence of his disposition, to ex. less expect reinforcements from our slaves; not to plain this stupor of a first minister, and the case is mention from tories and the disaffected.
very obvious; for as soon as their five reginents
should have completed the conquest of Anerica, it In a word, the means of our salvation are diffi. should lie with the lives and properties of its inhacult, but certain and glorious, if we will seize them bitants, at the mercy of the conqueror's sword. in time. Delay and inactivity will bring along the very names of assenblies, conventions, or with them iafany, disgrace, and certain perdition. charters, those odious appendages of democratical , TO THE GOOD PEOPLE OF IRELAND.
power, should be finished, and the tyrant's fiat The misery and distress which your ill-fated
should henceforth beco.ne the law of the land, and country has been so frequently exposed to, and
hence sprung the torpedo that benuigbed the mi.
nisters faculties. bas so often experienced, by such a combination of rapine, treachery, and violence, as would have
His lordship says, his proposition was misinterdisgraced the name of government, in the most ar. preted or misunderstood, and was rendered suspi. bitrary country in the world, has most sincerely af. cious by a supposition of a variety of cases; the fected your friends in America, and has engaged congress treated it as unreasonable and insidious, the most serious attention of congress; the ministry and rejected it. War began, and his intention was, of Britain have seen the extreme meanness and folly from the beginning, at the moment of victory, to of the attempt to establish a supreme authority in propose the same proposition in terms obviating parliament, as their venal scribblers had endeavor. all the misrepresentations and misunderstandings ed to define it, exempt fron question and control, concerning it. Here it is confessed, that this wise appeal or restriction; but it is evident to all the and virtuous administration, at every hazard, and world, that such doctrine is incompatible with eve. at a certain expense, has almost annihilated public ry idea of a civil constitution, for all compacts, credit, have been looking for victory which bas never bills of right, nay, the solemn obligation of their come, and I trust never will come; and which, if it did king to govern according to the statutes in parlia.come, must have been accomplished by the mur. ment agreed on, and the laws and customs of the der of fellow citizens, sooner than clear their own same, would have been all nugatory trumpery, propositions of their ambiguity and suspicion, and were such a supremacy admitted; for this supreine what deprives them of the color of escuse, for the authority having no rule or law to direct its ope.
horrid barbarities of the war, the city of London, rations, or limit its power, it must necessarily be in the most respectful language, petitioned the come arbitrary and absolute; for ceasing to be a go.
throne to declare clearly and explicitly before the vernment by force, and it will appear fully evident war commenced, what they wished to have done that this unnatural war, in which we have been und on the part of America; but all to no purpose; avoidably engaged, has been begun and supported they would not, they dare not declare their true for no other purpose than to establish this supreme object. The solemn appeal was made, and, for the or arbitrary power, for they are individually the honor of virtue, the comfort of human nature, and Bame; nor is it in the power of sophistry to draw the terror of oppression, it will be indelibly rea line of separation; the flimsy and contradictory corded in the historic page, that a few virtuous speech of lord North, introductory to his concilia. citizens could effectually resist the most vigur. tory motion, furnishes the fullest conviction on ous efforts of the most powerful tyranny, and this poi it. He says, "before the war broke out thereby establish the freedom of the western world he offered a conciliatory proposition. The ground forever. To arrive at power, Gustavus like, by a upon which he made it was, That it was just the bold effort of courage, proves at least the existence colonies should contribute to the support of go. of one virtue, at the same time we detest the vernment.” And almost in the same breath be treachery; but to sacrifice the public treasure, to says "he thought necessary to shew the colonies we devote every effort of rapacious taxation, and the were not fighing for taxation, for he never thought fruits of an ever growing excise, to this idol of taxation would be beneficial to us." He farther madness and folly, to establish a system of venality, says, "he never proposed any tax, his maxim was by which the price of every man's integrity and to say nothing about America, neither to propose abilities was to be determined, to stipulate the