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dispose of, any real property, or any estate or interest therein (except property within the exterior boundaries of national parks and national monuments), as may be necessary and proper in carrying into effect the purposes of the National Trust.
(g) To contract and make cooperative agreements with Federal, State, or municipal departments or agencies, corporations, associations, or individuals, under such terms and conditions as it deems advisable, respecting the protection, preservation, main tenance, or operation of any historic site, building, object, or property used in connection therewith for public use, regardless of whether the National Trust has acquired title to such properties, or any interest therein.
(h) To enter into contracts generally and to execute all instruments necessary or appropriate to carry out its corporate purposes, which instruments shall include such concession contracts, leases, or permits for the use of lands, buildings, or other property as are deemed desirable either to accommodate the public or to facilitate administration.
(i) To appoint and prescribe the duties of such officers, agents, and employees as may be necessary to carry out its functions, and to fix and pay such compensation to them for their services as the National Trust may determine.
(j) To do any and all lawful acts necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes for which the National Trust is created. § 94. Consultation with advisory board on national parks, historic sites, buildings and monuments
In carrying out its functions, the National Trust is authorized to consult with the Advisory Board on National Parks, Historic Sites, Buildings, and Monuments, on matters relating to the selection of sites, buildings, and objects to be preserved and protected pursuant hereto.
§ 95. Annual report
The National Trust shall, on or before the 1st day of March in each year, transmit to Congress a report of its proceedings and activities for the preceding calendar year, including the full and complete statement of its receipts and expenditures.
§ 96. Conflict of laws
The provisions of this chapter shall control if any of them are in conflict with any other provision or provisions of the United States Code relating to the same subject-matter.
NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM AND MISCEL
CHAPTER 5-GENERAL PROVISIONS
121. Purpose of National Park System.
122. Existing rights preserved; rights of private owners and residents; rightsof-way.
123. Exchange of public lands outside park for private lands within park.
124. Exchange of lands within exterior boundaries of park; removal of timber. 125. Lands added; application of laws, rules and regulations.
126. Exclusive privileges prohibited.
127. Permits for summer homes prohibited.
128. Permits for use of natural resources.
129. Leases, privileges or permits; purposes.
130. Mortgaging of leases by lessees.
131. Rules and regulations; duties of Secretary.
132. Fish and game in general.
133. Hunting prohibited.
134. Forfeiture of property for violations of hunting and fishing regulations. 135. Sale of matured, dead or down timber; charges for leases and privileges. 136. Revenues covered into Treasury; estimates for care of park system and miscellaneous areas.
137. Reclamation projects.
138. Voting rights.
139. Alcoholic beverages.
140. Trespassers; forest fires.
141. Unlawful acts; misdemeanors.
142. Removal, disturbance, destruction, or molestation of ruins.
143. General penal clause.
144. Penalty for misdemeanor.
145. Actions on account of wrongful death or personal injury within areas which are part of National Park System.
146. Limitation on further extension or establishment of national monuments in Wyoming.
§ 121. Purpose of National Park System
Areas of the National Park System are dedicated and set apart as public parks or pleasure grounds for the benefit and enjoyment of the people and shall be open, under such regulations as the Secretary may prescribe, to all visitors and the public generally.
§ 122. Existing rights preserved; rights of private owners and residents; rights-of-way
The establishment of or the addition of land to a National Park System area shall not affect any valid existing right or rights unless the same are acquired from or are voluntarily surrendered or abandoned by the owner thereof.
All persons either residing within a National Park System area upon lands privately owned, or residing outside a National Park System area but owning land therein, shall have the right of access to and from such lands.
Persons residing in a National Park System area shall have all the rights and privileges of citizens of the state in which the area of their
residence lies, subject to any valid law, rule or regulation enacted or adopted for the government of said area.
The Secretary may, upon such conditions as he deems proper, grant easements or rights-of-way for railroads or other transportation agencies upon or across a National Park System area.
§ 123. Exchange of public lands outside park for private lands within park
The Secretary may exchange alienated lands within a National Park System area for unappropriated and unreserved public lands outside of said National Park System area of equal value and approximately equal acreage in the State within whose external boundaries the lands to be exchanged lie.
§ 124. Exchange of lands within exterior boundaries of park; removal of timber
When the public interests will be benefited thereby, the Secretary may accept, on behalf of the United States, title to any land within the boundaries of a National Park System area which, in the opinion of the Director of the National Park Service, are chiefly valuable for forest or recreational and National Park System purposes, and in exchange therefor may patent not to exceed an equal value of such National Park System land within the boundaries of said National Park System area; or the Secretary may authorize the grantor to cut and remove an equal value of timber in exchange therefor from certain designated areas within the exterior boundaries of a National Park System area. Such timber shall be cut and removed from the designated area in a manner that will not injure the National Park System area for recreational purposes and under such forestry regulations as shall be stipulated, the values in each case to be determined by the Secretary.
§ 125. Lands added; application of laws, rules and regulations Additions to the National Park System or miscellaneous areas either by acquisition or from the public domain are subject to all laws, rules and regulations relating to the particular area to which the addition is made.
§ 126. Exclusive privileges prohibited
No exclusive privilege shall be granted within the National Park System and miscellaneous areas or on or over the roads and trails therein, except upon ground leased for the erection of buildings or thereon for the accommodation of visitors and the maintenance of the area.
§ 127. Permits for summer homes prohibited
No permit, license, lease or other authorization for the use of publicly owned land within the National Park System or miscellaneous areas shall be granted for the erection and maintenance of privately owned summer homes or cottages.
§ 128. Permits for use of natural resources
Under rules and regulations to be prescribed by him the Secretary may issue permits to any bona fide claimant, entryman, landowner, or lessee of land within the National Park System and miscellaneous areas to secure timber for use on and for the improvement of his land; and he shall also have authority to issue, under rules and regulations to be prescribed by him, grazing permits, and to authorize the grazing of livestock on the lands within the area to be grazed at fees not to exceed those charged by the Forest Service on adjacent areas, so long as such timber cutting and grazing are not detrimental to the primary purpose for which the area was created.
§ 129. Leases, privileges or permits; purposes
The Secretary may grant leases, privileges or permits to any person may authorize to transact business on lands within the National Park System and miscellaneous areas for separate tracts of land, not exceeding twenty acres each, for periods of not exceeding twenty years, at annual rentals, and under such terms and conditions and at such places, as the Secretary may determine and the comfort and convenience of visitors may require, for the construction and maintenance of substantial hotel and restaurant buildings or other structures, and buildings for the protection of motor cars, equipment, and supplies. Such leases may, at the option of the Secretary, contain appropriate provisions for the appraisement, at the expiration of the lease, of the value of such hotel and other buildings (or portions thereof) as may be constructed by the lessees, and the payment of the same to the lessees in case a new lease is made to persons other than said lessees, such payments to be made by such new lessees. The Secretary may at the expiration of each period of five years during the continuance of each lease, readjust the terms and amounts of payments provided for therein as may be just.
Such lease or leases shall not include any prehistoric ruins, or other wonders, objects of curiosity or interest in any park, or exclude the public from free and convenient approach thereto, or include any ground within one-eighth of a mile of the Yellowstone Falls, the Grand Canyon, the Yellowstone River, Mammoth Hot Springs, or
any geyser or object of curiosity in the Yellowstone National Park; nor shall such lease convey either expressly or by implication any exclusive privilege within any park, except upon the premises held thereunder and for the time therein granted. Every lease made for any property within the National Park System or a miscellaneous area shall require the lessee to observe and obey each and every provision in any Act of Congress, and every rule, order, or regulation made and published by the Secretary concerning the use, care, management, or government of the particular park or area, or any object or property therein, under penalty of forfeiture of such lease, and shall be subject to the right of revocation and forfeiture, which shall therein be reserved by the Secretary.
The Secretary may grant such other necessary privileges and concessions as he deems wise for the accommodation of visitors.
§ 130. Mortgaging of leases by lessees
Any person holding a lease or leases on lands within the National Park System or a miscellaneous area for the purposes specified in section 129 of this title is authorized, with the approval of the Secretary, to execute mortgages upon his or its rights, properties and franchises, including his or its contract or contracts with the Secretary; such mortgages shall be executed in duplicate and delivered to the Secretary for his approval, and upon his approval thereof he shall retain one of said duplicates and file the same for record in his office.
Any mortgage, lien, or encumbrance created under the provisions hereof shall be subject to the rights of the United States to compel the enforcement of the terms of the lease or contract of the mortgagor, and any purchaser under a foreclosure of such encumbrance shall take subject to all the conditions assumed by the original lessee or
§ 131. Rules and regulations; duties of Secretary
The Secretary shall make and publish such general rules and regulations, not inconsistent with the laws of the United States, as he may deem necessary or proper for:
(a) The care, protection, management, and improvement of the National Park System and miscellaneous areas, such regulations being primarily aimed at the freest use of said parks for recreation purposes by the public and for the preservation from injury or spoliation of all property, timber, and mineral deposits;
(b) The retention in their original form to the fullest extent possible of the natural curiosities or wonders, ruins and other