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They encamped gainst them, and destroyed 2. TO LEAVE off. To desist. the increase of the earth, and left no sustenance Grittus, hoping that they in the castle would for Israel.
Judges. not hold out, left of to batter or undermine it, He shall eat the fruit of thy cattle; which also wherewith he perceived he little prevailed. sball not leave thee either corn, wine, or oil.
Knellesa Deuteronomy. But when you find that vigorous heat abare, Vastius gave strict commandment, that they Leave off, and for another summons wait. should leave behind them unnecessary baggage.
Roscommon. Knolles' History. 3. TO LEAVE off. To stop. 3. To reject; not to choose.
Wrongs do not leave of there where they beIn all the common incidents of life,
gin, I am superiour, I can take or leave. Steele. But still beget new mischiefs in their course. %. To fix as a roken or re nembrance.
Daniel. This I leave with my reader, as an occasion for TO LEAVE. v. a. (from levy; lever, him to consider, how much he may be beholden
French.) To levy; to raise; a corrupt to experience.
word, made, I believe, by Spenser, for a 10. To bequeath; to give as i: heritance.
rhiine. That peace chou leav'st to thy imperial line,
An army strong she leavid, That peace, Oh happy shade! be ever thine.
To war on those which him had of his realm Dryden.
bereay'd. 11. To give up; to resign.
Spenser's Fairy Queen.
LE'AVED, astj. [from leaves, of leaf.) Thou shalt not glean thy
vineyard; thou shalt kave them for the poor and stranger. Leviticus,
1. Furnished with foliage. If a wise man were left to himself, and his own
2. Made with leaves or folds. choice, to wish the gresiest good to himselt he I will loose the loins of kings, to open before could devise; the sum of all his wishes would be him the two leaved gates.
Isaiab. this, That there were just such a being as God is. LE'AVEN. n. s. [levain, Fr. levare, Lat.)
Tillitson. 1. Ferment mixed with any body to make 12. To permit without interposition. it light; particularly used of sour dough Whether Esau were a vassal, I leave the rea
mixed in a mass of bread. der to judge.
It shall not be baken with leaven. Leviticus. 13. To ce se to do; to desist from.
All fermented meats and drinks are easiest Let us return, lest my father leave caring for
digested; and those unfermented, by barm or the asses, and take thought for us. 1 Samuel.
leaven, are hardly digested.
Floyer. 14. 70 LEAVE of. To desist from ; to
2. Any mixture which makes a general forbear.
change in the mass : it generally means If, upon any occasion, you bid him leave of
something that depraves or corrupts the doing or any thing, you must be sure to carry
that with which it is mixed.
Locke. la proportion as old age came on, he lefi of
Many of their propositions savour very strong fos-hunung.
King Charles 15. TO LEAVE off. To forsake.
He began to leave of some of his old acquaint- TO LE'AVEN. v. n. (from the noun.] aace, his roaring and bullying about the streets : 1. To ferment by something mixed. he put on a serious air.
Arbuthnot. You must tarry the leav'ning. Sbaksp; 16. 10 LEAVE out. To omit; to neglect.
Whosoever eateth leavened bread, that soul shall be cut off.
Exodus. I am so fraught with curious business, that I leave out ceremony. Sbaksp. Winter's Tale.
Breads we have of several grains, with divers You may partake: I have told 'em who you
kinds of leovenings, and seasonings; so that some do extremely move appetites.
Bacon, -I should be loth to be left out, and here too.
2. To taint; to imbue. Ben Jonson.
That cruel something unpossest, What is set down by order and division doth
Corrodes, and leavens all the rest. Prior. demonstrate, that nothing is left out or omitted, LE'AVER. n. s. [from leave.] One who but all is there,
Bacon. deserts or forsakes.
Let the world rank me in register
LEAVES. n. s. The plural of loaf:
Parts fit for the nourishment of man in plants
are, seeds, roots, and fruits; for leuves they give That we the world's existence may conceive,
no nourishment at all. Bacon's Natural History, Though we one atom out of matter leave?
LE'AVINGS. N. s. (from leave.] Remnant ; Blackmore.
relicks; offal; refuse : it has no singuI always thought this passage left out with a
lar. great deal of judgment, by Tucca and Varius, as My father has this morning call’d together, It seems to contradict a part in the sixth Æneid. To this poor hall, his little Roman senate,
Addison. The leavings of Pharsalia. Addison's Cato. TO LEAVE. V. n.
Then who can think we'll quit the place, 1. To cease ; to desist.
Or stop and light at Chloe's head, She is my essence, and I leave to be,
With scraps and leavings to be fed? Swift. If I be not by her fair influence
Le’avy. adj. [from leof.] Full of leaves; Foster'd, illumin'd, cherish'd, kept alive. Sbakip.
covered with leaves : leafy is more used. And since this business so far fair is done,
Strephon, with leavy twigs of laurel tree,
For he then chosen was the dignity
Now, near enough: your leavy screens throw 3. A magisterial reprimand; a pedantick down,
discourse. And show like those you are. Shatsperre.
Numidia will be blest by Cato's lectures.
2. To instruct insulently and dogmati. LE'CHER. a s. (Derived by Skinner trom luxure, old French : luxuriu is used in
To Li'CTURE. V. n. Tore::d in publick; the middle ages in the same sense.] A
to instruct an audience by a tormai exwhoremaster. I will now take the leacher; he's at my house;
planation or discourse: as, Wallis lectur, he cannot 'scape me.
te on geometry.
2. A preacher in a church hired by the About his churning chaps the frothy bubbles rise. parish to assist the rector or vicar.
If any rinister refused to admit into his church She yields her charms
a lecturer recommended by them, and there was To that fair leeber, the strong pod of armis. Poje.
not one orthodox or learned man recommended, To LE'CHER. V. n. (from the noun.] To
he was presently reyuired to attend upon the committee.
Die for adultery? no. The wren goes to't, LECTURESHIP. n. s. [from lecture.] The and the small gilded Ay does letcher in my sighi.
office of a lecturer.
Sboksporco He got a lecturesbip in town of sixty pounds a-
Then shall they know that I am the Lord The sapphire should grow foul, and lose its
your God, which caused them to be led into capbeauty, when worn by one that is lecherous; tlie tivity mong the heathen.
'The leiders of this people cause them to err,
As in vegetables and animals, so most other Lewdly ; lustfully.
bodies, not propagated by seed, it is the colour LE'CHEROUSNESS. n. s. [from lecherous.] we most tix on, and are most bed by. Locke. Lewdness.
LEDGE. n. s. lleggen, Dutch, to lie.] LE'CHERY. n. s. [from lecher. ] Lewdness;
1. A row; laver; stratum. lust.
The lowest ledare or row should be merely of The rest welter with as litele shame in onen
stone, closely led, without mortar: a general lechery, as swinc do in the common mire. tisebam.
caution for all parts in building contiguous to Against such lewdsters, and their lechery',
Woiies. Those that betray then do no urcachery.
2. A ridge rising above the rest, or proLE'CTION. N. s. [iectio, Lat.) A reaangi
jecting beyond the rest.
The four parallel sticks rising above five inches a variety in copies.
higher than the handhercliiei, served as Wedges Every critick has his own hipothesis; if the
on exch side.
Guliver. common text be not favourable to his opinion), a
3. Any prominence, or rising part. yarious lection shall be made authcotiek.
Beneath a lerige of rocks his teet he hides, LE'CTURE. 11. s. [lecture, Frinch.)
The bending brow abcve a safe retrcat provides.
Dryden. 1. A discourse pronounced upon any sub
LEDHORSE. n. is. [led and borse.] А ject.
Mark him, while Dametas reads his rustick lecture unto him, how to feed liis beasts before
Lit. n. s. (lie, French.) noon, and where to shade them in the exirene 1. Dregs; sediment; refuse : commonly heat.
lies. Wrangling pedunt,
My cleaths, my sex, exchana'd for thee, When in musick we have spent an hour,
I'll mingle with the people's wretched lor. Prior, Your lecture shall have leisure for as much.
2. (Sea term ; supposed by Skinner from
l'eari, French.} It is generally that side ticus, he refused to open them till the philoso
which is opposite to the wind, as the pher had done his lectures. Tijdr's Holy Living:
hre shore is that the wind blows on. To Virtue is the solid good, which tutors should be under the lee of the shore, is to be not only riadiectares and talk oi, hut the laboris close under the weather shore. A leeand art of eucation should furnish the mind
ward ship is one that is not fast by a with, and fasten there.
Leche. %. The act or practice of reading ; peru
wind, to make her way so good as she sal.
might. To lay a ship by the lee, is to In the lecture of holy scripture, their appre.
bring her so that all her sails may lie hensions are commonly contined unto the literal against the masts and shrowds fat, and sence or the text.
the wind to come right on her broad
side, so that she will make little or no way.
Dict. line, in the bay of Biscay, had had a port under our ler, that we might have kept our transporting ships with our men of war, we had taken the iridian fleet.
Ruleigh. The Hollanders were before Dunkirk with the wind at norih-west, making a lee shore in all
Raleigó. Unprovided of tackling and victualling, they are forced to sea by a storm; yet better do so wian Vetture splicing and sinking on a lee shore.
King Charles. Hin, haply slumb'ring on the Norway foam, The plot of some small night-founder'd skiti, Deeming some island, ofi, as seainen tell, With ed anchor in his scaly rind, Nicors by his side under the dee, while night lorests the sea.
Milton. Barter'd by his le: they lay, The passing winds through their corn canvass play.
Dryden. LEECH, H. s. [læc, Sixon.] 1. A physician ; a professor of the art of healing: whence we still use cowicech.
A leesb, the which had creat insight, In :hac disease of grieved conscience, and well could cure me same; his name was
Patience. Spenser's Fairy Queen. Her words prezild, and then th: learneulcoob His cansing hand 'gan to his wounds to lay, And all things else the which his art did teach.
Fairy Queen. Ph:sick is their bane. The learned lecches in dosi air depart, And shake their huads, desponding of their art.
Dryden. Wise leesbes will not vain receipts obtrude : Deaf to complaints they wait upon the ill, Till some sale crisis.
Dryden. i ne hoary wrinkled leech has watch'd and
toil'd, Tried every health-restoring herb and gum, And wearied out his paintul skill in vain. Roze.
A skiltul leerl, They say, had wrought this blessed deed; Inis leeb Arbuthnui was yclept. Gay's Pestor. 2, A kind of small water serpent, which
fastens on arijinals, and sucks the blood : it is used to draw blood where the lancet is less safe, whence perhaps the name.
I drew blood by leeches behind his ear. Wisem. Scaing like lisebes, till muy burst with blood, Without remorce insatiably. Roscommun. T: LEICH. W. a. (trom the noun.] To
treat with medicaments. LE’ECHCRAFT. 11. s. [leesb and craft.] The art of healing.
We study speech, but others we persuade: We reciberaft Icarn, but others cure with it.
Davies. LEEF. adj. [lieve, leve, Dutch.] Kind ; toni.
Whilcome all these were low and leef, Ard bid their rocks to ieed;
The's never strove to be the chief,
Kuow's thou, Fluclla? - Yos.
Shunspeare. Lise to the Websis, to Dutchmen butter 's dear.
Gun. We use acrid plants inwardly and outwardly
in gangrenes; in the scurvy, water-cresses, horseradish, garlick, or leck pottage.
Finyet. LEER. n. s. (hleare, Saxon.] 1. An oblique view.
I spy entertainment in her; she gives the leer of invitation. Shaks. Murry Wives of Windsor.
Aside the devil turn'd
Milton. 2. A laboured cast of countenance. Damn with faint praise, concede with civil leer.
Pope. I place a statesman full before my sight; A bloaied monster in all his geer,
With shameless visage, and pertidious leer. Sævift. To LEER. V. n. (trom the noun.] 1. To look obliquely; to look archly.
I will leer upon him as he comes by; and do but mark the countenance that he will
Sbukspeare, I wonder whether you taste the pleasure of independency, or whether you do not sometimes leer upon the court.
Swift. 2. To look with a forced countenance.
Bertran has been taught the arts of courts, To gild a face with smiles, and leer a man to ruin.
Dryden. LEES. n. 5. [lie, French.) Dregs; sediment: it has seldom a singular.
The memory of king Richard was so strong, that it lay like lees at the bottom of men's hearts; and if the vessel was but stirred, it would come up.
Bacon's Henry VIL If they love lees, and leave the lusty wine, Envy them not their palates with the swine.
Ben Jonson. Those lees that trouble it, refine The agitated soul of generous wine. Dryder. To LEESE. V. a. [lesen, Dutcn.) To lose: an old word.
Then sell to thy profit bo:h butter and cheese, Who buleth it sooner the more he shall leese.
Tusser. No cause, nor client fat, will Chey’ril leese, But as they come on both sides he takes fees; And pleaseth both: for while he melts his grease For this, that wms for whom he holds his
Ben Jonson. How in the port our fee: dear time did leese, Withering like prisoners, which lie but for focs.
Donne LEET. n. s.
Lerte, or leta, is otherwise called a law-day. The word seemeth to have grown from the Saxon lede, which was a court of jurisdiction abuve the wapen-take or hundred, comprebending three or four of thein, otherwise called thirshing, and contained the third part of a province or shire: these jurisdictions, one and other, be now abulishac de swallowed up in the coure ty court.
Cuwe!. Who has a breast so pure, But some uncleanly apprehensions Keep leets and law-days, and in scssions sit With meditations lastul?
Sbakst. You would present her at the iret, Because she bought sione jugs, and no seal'd quarts.
Sbukspeare. LE'E WARD. adj. [lee and peajid, Saxon.} Toward the wind. See LEE.
The classicæ were called long ships, the onerariæ round, because of their higure approuching towards circular : this figure, though proper for the storage of goods, was noi the fittest for saila ing, hecause of the grew quantity of beiter/ way, except when they sailed suid véiore the wind.
Let no statesman dare,
legs very gracefully, a dancing-master will cure A kingdom to a ship compare ;
Loke. Lest he should call our commonwcal
He made his leg, and went away. Swift. A vessel with a double keel;
3. To stand on bis own Legs. To support Which just like ours, new rigg'd and man'd, himself. And got about a league from land,
Persons of their fortune and quality could well By change of wind to leeward side, The pilot knew not how to guide. Swift.
have stood upon their own legs, and needed got to lay in for countenance and support.
Collier. LEFT. The participle preter. of leave.
4. That by which any thing is supported Alas, poor lady! desolate and left; I weep myself to think upon thy words
. Shakipot LEGACY. n. s. (legatum, Latin.)
on the ground : as, the leg of a table. Had such a river as this been left to itself, to have found its way out from among the Alps, Legacy is a particular thing given by last will whatever windings it had made, it must have
Cowel. formed several little seas.
Addison. If there be no such thing apparent upon reWere I left to myself, I would rather aim at cord, they do as if one should demand a legacy instructing than diverting; but if we will be by force and virtue of some written testament, useful to the world, we must take it as we find wherein there being no such thing specified, he it.
pleadeth that there it must needs be, and bringLEFT. adj. [lufte, Dutch; lauks, Latin.] eth arguments from the love or good-will which Sinistrous; not right.
always the testator bore him; imagining, that That there is also in men a natural prepoten
these, or the like proofs, will convict a testa
ment to have that in it, which other men can cy in the right, we cannot with constancy af,
no where by reading find.
Hooker. firm, if we make observation in children, who,
Fetch the will hither, and we shall determine permitted the freedom of both hands, do oft
How to cut off some charge in legacies. Sbaksp. times confine it unto the left, and are not with
Gcord counsel is the best Legacy a father can out great difficulty restr. ined from it.
leave a child.
L'Estrange. Brown's Vulg. Errours.
When he thought you gone The right to Pluto's golden palace guides,
T'augment the number of the bless'd above, The left to that unhappy region (ends,
He deem'd’em legacies of royal love ; , Which to the depth oi l'artarus descends. Dryd. Nor arm'd his bother's portions to invade, The gods of greater nations dwell around,
But to defend the present you had made. Dryd. And, on the right and left, the palace bound;
When the heir of this vast treasure knew, The commons where they can. Dryden.
How large a lıgasy was left to you, A raven from a wither'd oak,
He wisely tied it to the crown again. Dryden. Left of their lodging was oblig'd to croak:
Leave to thy children tumult, strife, and war, That omen liked him not. Dryden.
Prier. The left foot naked when they march to fight, LE’GAL. adj. (legul, Fr. legis, Lat.]
Portions of toil, and legacies of care. But in a bull's raw hide they sheathe the right.
1. Done or conceived according to law. The man who struggles in the fight,
Whatsoever was before Richard I. was before Fatigues left arm as well as right. Prior. time of memory; and what is since, is in a legal LEFT-HA'NDED. adj. [left and hand.]
sense, within the time of
memory: Using the left hand rather than right.
2. Lawful; not contrary to raw. The limbs are used most on the right-side, 3. Accoruing to the law of the oid diswhereby custom helpeth; for we see, that some pensation. are left-handed, which are such as have used the
His merits left hand most.
Bacon, To save them, not their own, though legal, works. For the seat of the heart and liver on one side,
Milton whereby men become lift-harded, it happeneth LEGA'LITY. n. s. [legalité, Fr.) Lawtul. too rarely to countenance an effect so common:
ness, for the seat of the liver on the left side is very To Le'Galize. v.a. [legaliser, Fr. from monstrous.
Brown's Pilg. Errours. LEFT-HA'NDEDNESS. n. s. [trom left.
legal.] To authorize ; to make lawful. barded.] Habitual vse of the left hand.
If any thing can legalize revenge, it should be
injury irom an extremely obliged person : but Although a squint left-handedness
revenge is so absolutely the peculiar of Heaven, B’ungracious; yet we cannot want that hand.
that no consideration can impower, even the best Donne. men, to assume the execution of it,
Soxtb. LEC. n. s. [leg, Danish; leggur, Islandick.] LE'GALLY. adv. (trom iegul.] Lawfully ; 1. The limb by which we walk; particu- according to law.
lariy that part between the knee and the A prince may nor, much less may inferior foot.
judges, deny justice, when it is legally and con
potently demanded. They haste; and what their tardy feet deny’d, Die trusty staff, their better leg, supply'd. Did LEGATARY. 1. s. [legataire, Fr. trom Purging comfits, and ants' eggs,
legatum, Lat.] One who has a legacy Hlad alu.ost brought him off his legs. Hudibris. lett.
Such intrigues people cannot meet with, who An executor shall exlib't a true inventory of have nothing but logs to carry them. Audison. goods, laken in the presence oi nt persons, as 2. An act of obeisance; a bow with the creditors and legaiaries are, unto the ordinary. leg drawn back.
LE'GATE. n. s. [lega!us, Lat. legat, Fr. A: couit, he that cannot make a leg, put off kis cap, kiss his hand, and say nothing has nei- legato, Italian.] ther 'c, hands, lip, nor cap.
Sloksp. 1. A deputy; an ambassadour. Their horses never give a blow,
The Irgates from th' Ætolian prince returni Pishen they make a leg, and bow. Hucibras. Sad news they bring, that after all the cost,
li the boy should not put off his bat, nor make And care employ'd, their embassy is lost. Druda
L. A kind of spiritual ambassadour from book, a book that lies in the counting
the pope ; a commissioner deputed by house. the pope for ecclesiastical affairs.
Lord Angelo, having affairs to Heav'n, Look where the holy legate comes apace,, Intends you for his swift ambassador, To give us warrant from the hand of Heav'n. Where you shall be an everlasting leiger. Shak..
I've giv'n him that, Upon the legate's summons, he submitted Which, if he take, shall quite unpeople her himself to an examination, and appeared before Of leidgers for her sweet. Shaksp. Cymbeline. him.
Atterbury. If legior ambassador or agents were sent to LEGATE’E. 1. s. (from legatum, Latin.) remain near the courts of princes, to observe One who has a legacy left him.
their motions, such were made choice of 28
Bacon. If he chance to 'scape this dismal bout,
Who can endear
Thy praise too much? thou art Heav'n's leiger
here, gatzus shuol die before me, that then the respective legacies shall revert to myself. Swifi.
Working against the states of death and hell. LE'GATINE. adj. (from legate.]
He withdrew not his confidence from any of 1. Made by a segate,
those who attended his person, who, in truth, When any one is absolved from excommuni- lay leiger for the covenant, and kept up the spication, it is provided by a legatine constitution, rits of their countrymen by their intelligence. that some one siall publish such absolution.
Clarendor. Ayliffe. I call chat a ledger bait, which is fixed, or made 2. Belonging to a legate of the Roman to rest, in one certain place, when you shall be
absent; and I call that a walking bait which you All those you have done of late,
have ever in motion.
Walton. By your power lezatine within this kingdom, LEGERDEMA'IN. n. s. (contracted perhaps
Fail in the compass of a præmunire. Sbaksp. from legereté de main, Fr.) Slight of LEGA'TION. n. s. [legatio, Lat.) Deputa- hand ; juggle; power of deceiving the tion; commission; embassy.
eye by nimble motion ; trick ; decepAfter a legation, ad res repetendas, and a refu
tion; knack. sal and a denunciation or indiction of a war, the
He so light was at legendemain, war is no more contined to the place of the qua
That what he touch'd came not to light again. sel, but is left at large. Bucon.
Hubberdo In attiring, the duke had a fine and unaffected
Of all the tricks and legerdemain hy which men politen: ss, and up a occasion costly, as in his
impose upon their own souls, there is none se kgatious.
common as the plea of a good intention. South. Liu. Tor. 1. s. (trom lego, Lat.) One LEGEʻRITY. n. s. (legerele, Fr.] Lightwho makes a wiil, and leaves legacies.
ness; nimbleness ; quickness. Not in Suppose debate Betwixt pretenders to a fair estate,
use. Bequeath'd by some !egator's last intent. Dry.?.
When the mind is quicken'd, LEGEND. 2.'s. [l genia, Lat.)
The organs though defunct and dead before,
Break up their drowsy grave, and newly move 1. A chronicle or register of the lives of With casted slough and fresh legerity. Sbuespa - $2:nts.
LE'GGID. adj. (froin leg:) Having legsi Lumis being grown in a manner to be no.
furnished with legs. thing else but heaps of frivolous and scandalous vanities, they have been even with disdain LE'GIBLE, n. s. [legibilis, Latin.] thrown oui, the very nests which bred them ab- 1. Such as may be read. borring them.
Hooker. You observe some clergymen with their heads There are in Rome two sets of antiquities, the held down within an inch of the cushion, to read christian and the heathen; the former, though of what is hardly legible.
Swift a fresher date, are so embroiled with fable and 2. Apparent; discoverable. band, that one receives but little satisfaction.
People's opinions of themselves are legible in
Addison. their countenances. Thus a kind imagination 2, Any memorial or relation.
makes a bold man have vigour and enterprize in And in this legend all that glorious deed his air and motion; it stamps value and signifiRead, whilst you arm you; arm you whilst you
cancy upon his face.
Fairfax. LE'GIBLY. adv. (from legible.] In such a 3. A incredible unauthentick narrative.
manner as may be read. We can show the leginu's, that record
LEGION. n. s. (legio, Latin.]
1. A body of Roman soldiers, consisting profane scorners so wilingly let go the expecta
of about five thousand. • tion of it. It is nec the articles of the creed, but The most remarkable piece in Antoninus's the duty to God and their neighbour, that is pillar is, the figure of Jupiter Pluvius sending
such an inconsistent incredible legend. Bentley. fain on the fainting army of Marcus Aurelius, 4 dny inscription, particularly on mé
and thunderbolts on his enemies, which is the dals or col.is,
greatest confirmation possible of the story of the Christian legien.
Addison Consare the beauty and comprehensiveness of isginds on ancient ccing, Advison on Medals. 2. A military force. Li'c . n. s. [from leagir, Dutch. To
She to foreign realms lie or remain in a pace.) Any thing
Sends forth her dreadful legions. Pliljor. that lies in a place; as, a leger ambas
3. Any great number,
Not in the legions sador, a resident, one that continues at
Of horrid hell, can come a devil more damn'da the court to which he is sent; a leger.