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this reasonable delight in the following man

•October 20 ner: "The prude,' says he, as she acts • Mr. Spectator,-I have been out of always in contradiction, so she is gravely town, so did not meet with your paper, sullen at a comedy, and extravagantly gay dated September the 28th, wherein you, to at a tragedy. The coquette is so much my heart's desire, expose that cursed vice taken up with throwing her eyes around of ensnaring poor young girls, and drawing the audience, and considering the effect of them from their friends. I assure you withthem, that she cannot be expected to ob- out flattery it has saved a 'prentice of mine serve the actors but as they are her rivals, from ruin; and in token of gratitude, as well and take off the observation of the men as for the benefit of my family, I have put from herself. Besides these species of wo- it in a frame and glass, and hung it behind men, there are the examples, or the first my counter. I shall take care to make my of the mode. These are to be supposed too young ones read it every morning, to fortify well acquainted with what the actor was them against such pernicious rascals. 1 going to say to be moved at it. After these know not whether what you writ was matone might mention a certain flippant set of ter of fact, or your own invention; but this females who are mimics, and are wonder- I will take my oath on, the first part is so fully diverted with the conduct of all the exactly like what happened to my 'prenpeople around them, and are spectators tice, that had I read your paper then, 1 only of the audience. But what is of all the should have taken your method to have most to be lamented, is the loss of a party secured a villain. Go on and prosper. Your whom it would be worth preserving in their most obliged humble servant.' right senses upon all occasions, and these are those whom we may indifferently call the

•Mr. SPECTATOR,-Without raillery, I innocent, or the unaffected. You may some desire you to insert this word for word in times see one of these sensibly touched with your next, as you value a lover's prayers. a well-wrought incident; but then she is You see it is a hue and cry after a stray immediately so impertinently observed by heart, (with the marks and blemishes unthe men, and frowned at by some insensible derwritten;) which, whoever shall bring to superior of her own sex, that she is asham- you, shall receive satisfaction. Let me beg ed, and loses the enjoyment of the most of you not to fail

, as you remember the laudable concern, pity. Thus the whole passion you had for her to whom you lately audience is afraid of letting fall a tear, and ended a paper: shun as a weakness the best and worthiest

'Noble, generous, great and good, part of our sense.

But never to be understood;

Fickle as the wind, still changing, SIR, -As you are one that doth not only

After every female ranging,

Panting, trembling, sighing, dying, pretend to reform, but affect it amongst But addicted much to lying: people of any sense; makes me (who am When the Syren songs ropaats, one of the greatest of your admirers,) give

Eqnal measure still it beats;

Whoe'er shall wear it, it will smart her, you this trouble to desire you will settle

And whoe'er takes it, takes a tartar.' the method of us females knowing when

T. one another is in town: for they have now got a trick of never sending to their acquaintance when they first come; and if No. 209.] Tuesday, October 30, 1711. one does not visit them within the week which they stay at home, it is a mortal Γυναικος ουδε χρημ’ ανηρ λη εται

Erbaus apsivov, ou de paylov ****5.-Simonides. quarrel. Now, dear Mr. Spec, either command them to put it in the advertisement

Of earthly goods, the best is a good wife;

A bad, the bitterest curse of human life. of your paper, which is generally read by our sex, or else order them to breathe their THERE are no authors I am more pleased saucy footmen (who are good for nothing with than those who show human nature in else,) by sending them to tell all their ac- a variety of views, and describe the several quaintance. If you think to print this, pray ages of the world in their different manners. put it into a better style as to the spelling A reader cannot be more rationally enterpart. The town is now filling every day, tained, than by comparing the virtues and and it cannot be deferred, because people vices of his own times with those which take advantage of one another by this prevailed in the times of his forefathers; means, and break off acquaintance, and and drawing a parallel in his mind between are rude. Therefore, pray put this in your his own private character and that of other paper as soon as you can possibly, to pre- persons, whether of his own age or of the vent any future miscarriages of this nature. ages that went before him. The contemI am, as I ever shall be, dear Spec, your plation of mankind under these changeable most obedient humble servant,

colours is apt to shame us out of any par• MARY MEANWELL.' ticular vice, or animate us to any particular

virtue; to make us pleased or displeased "Pray settle what is to be a proper noti- with ourselves in the most proper points, fication of a person's being in town, and how and to clear our minds of prejudice and that differs according to people's quality.' prepossession, and rectify that narrowness

of temper which inclines us to think amiss • The souls of one kind of women were of those who differ from us.

formed out of those ingredients which comIf we look into the manners of the most pose a swine. A woman of this make is a remote ages of the world, we discover hu- slut in her house and a glutton at her table. man nature in her simplicity; and the more She is uncleanly in her person, a slattern we come downward towards our own times, in her dress, and her family is no better may observe her hiding herself in artifices than a dung-hill. and refinements, polished insensibly out of .A second sort of female soul was formed

her original plainness, and at length en- out of the same materials that enter into îtirely lost under form and ceremony, and the composition of a fox. Such a one is

(what we call) good-breeding. Read the ac- what we call a notable discerning woman, counts of men and women as they are given who has an insight into every thing whether us by the most ancient writers, both sacred it be good or bad. In this species of feand profane, and you would think you were males there are some virtuous and some reading the history of another species. vicious.

Among the writers of antiquity there are • A third kind of women were made up none who instruct us more openly in the of canine particles. These are what we manners of their respective times in which commonly call scolds, who imitate the anithey lived, than those who have employed mals out of which they were taken, that themselves in satire, under what dress so- are always busy and barking, that snarl at ever it may appear; as there are no other every one who comes in their way, and live authors whose province it is to enter so in perpetual clamour. directly into the ways of men, and set their The fourth kind of women were made miscarriages in so strong a light.

out of the earth. These are your slugSimonides, a poet famous in his genera- gards, who pass away their time in indotion, is, I think, author of the oldest satire lence and ignorance, hover over the fire a that is now extant; and, as some say, of the whole winter, and apply themselves with first that was ever written. This poet alacrity to no kind of business but eating. flourished about four hundred years after • The fifth species of females were made the siege of Troy; and shows, by his way out of the sea. These are women of variaof writing, the simplicity, or rather coarse-ble uneven tempers, sometimes all storm ness, of the age in which he lived. I have and tempest, sometimes all calm and suntaken notice in my hundred and sixty-first shine. The stranger who sees one of these speculation, that the rule of observing what in her smiles and smoothness would cry her the French call the Bienseance in an allu- up for a miracle of good humour; but on a sion, has been found out of later years; and sudden her looks and words are changed; that the ancients, provided there was a she is nothing but fury and outrage, noise likeness in their similitudes, did not much and hurricane. trouble tliemselves about the decency of • The sixth species were made up of the the comparison. The satire or iambics of ingredients which compose an ass, or a Simonides, with which I shall entertain my beast of burden. These are naturally exreaders in the present paper, are a re- ceeding slothful, but upon the husband's markable instance of what I formerly ad- exerting his authority, will live upon hard vanced. The subject of this satire is woman. fare, and do everything to please him. He describes the sex in their several cha- They are, however, far from being averse racters, which he derives to them from a to venereal pleasure, and seldom refuse a fanciful supposition raised upon the doc- male companion. trine of pre-existence. He tells us that • The cat furnished materials for a seventh the gods formed the souls of women out species of women, who are of a melancholy, of those seeds and principles which com- froward, unamjable nature, and so repugpose several kinds of animals and elements; nant to the offers of love, that they fly in the and that their good or bad dispositions arise face of their husband when he approaches in them according as such and such seeds them with conjugal endearments. This and principles predominate in their con- species of women are likewise subject to stitutions. I have translated the author little thefts, cheats, and pilferings. very faithfully, and if not word for word, The mare with a flowing mane, which (which our language would not bear,) at was never broke to any servile toil and least so as to comprehend every one of his labour, composed an eighth species of sentiments, without adding any thing of my women. These are they who have little

I have already apologised for this regard for their husbands, who pass away author's want of delicacy, and must further their time in dressing, bathing, and perpremise, that the following satire affects fuming; who throw their hair into the only some of the lower part of the sex, and nicest curls, and trick it up with the fairest not those who have been refined by a polite flowers and garlands. A woman of this education, which was not so common in the species is a very pretty thing for a stranger age of this poet.

to look upon, but very detrimental to the • In the beginning God made the souls of owner, unless it be a King or a prince who womankind out of different materials, and takes a fancy to such a toy. in a separate state from their bodies. • The ninth species of females were taken


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out of the ape. These are such as are both uncertain term of a few years, his designs ugly and ill-natured, who have nothing will be contracted into the same narrow beautiful in themselves, and endeavour to span he imagines is to bound his existence. detract from or ridicule every thing which How can he exalt his thoughts to any thing appears so in others.

great and noble, who only believes that, The tenth and last species of women after a short turn on the stage of this world, were made out of the bee; and happy is the he is to sink into oblivion, and to lose his man who gets such a one for his wife. She consciousness for ever? is altogether faultless and unblameable. For this reason I am of opinion, that so Her family flourishes and improves by her useful and elevated a contemplation as that good management. She loves her husband, of the soul's immortality cannot be resumed and is beloved by him. She brings him a too often. There is not a more improving race of beautiful and virtuous children. exercise to the human mind, than to be freShe distinguishes herself among her sex. quently reviewing its own great privileges She is surrounded with graces. She never and endowments; nor a more effectual means sits among the loose tribe of women, nor to awaken in us an ambition raised above passes away her time with them in wanton low objects and little pursuits, than to value discourses. She is full of virtue and pru- ourselves as heirs of eternity. dence, and is the best wife that Jupiter can • It is a very great satisfaction to consider bestow on man.

the best and wisest of mankind in all naI shall conclude these iambics with the tions and ages, asserting as with one voice motto of this paper, which is a fragment of this their birthright, and to find it ratified the same author; "A man cannot possess by an express revelation. At the same time any thing that is better than a good woman, if we turn our thoughts inward upon ournor any thing that is worse than a bad one. selves, we may meet with a kind of secret

As the poet has shown a great penetra- sense concurring with the proofs of our own tion in his diversity of female characters, immortality, he has avoided the fault which Juvenal and •You have, in my opinion, raised a good Monsieur Boileau are guilty of, the former presumptive argument from the increasing in his sixth, and the other in his last satire, appetite the mind has to knowledge, and to where they have endeavoured to expose the extending its own faculties, which canthe sex in general, without doing justice to not be accomplished, as the more restrained the valuable part of it. Such levelling perfection of lower creatures may, in the satires are of no use to the world; and for limits of a short life. I think another prothis reason I have often wondered how the bable conjecture may be raised from our French author above-mentioned, who was appetite to duration itself, and from a rea man of exquisite judgment, and a lover flection on our progress through the several of virtue, could think human nature à pro- stages of it. "We are complaining," as per subject for satire in another of his cele- you observed in a former speculation, “of brated pieces, which is called The Satire the shortness of life, and yet are perpetually upon Man. What vice or frailty can a dis- hurrying over the parts of it, to arrive at course correct, which censures the whole certain líttle settlements or imaginary points species alike, and endeavours to show by of rest, which are dispersed up and down some superficial strokes of wit, that brutes in it."

are the most excellent creatures of the two? Now let us consider what happens to us A satire should expose nothing but what is when we arrive at these imaginary points

corrigible, and make a due discrimination of rest. Do we stop our motion and sit between those who are, and those who are down satisfied in the settlement we have not the proper objects of it.

L. gained? or are we not removing the boun

dary, and marking out new points of rest,

to which we press forward with the like No. 210.) Wednesday, October 31, 1711.

eagerness, and which cease to be such as

fast as we attain them? Our case is like Nescio quomodo inhæret in mentibus quasi sæculorum that of a traveller upon the Alps, who geniis altissimisque animis et existit maxime, et appa: should fancy that the top of the next hill ret facillime.

Cic. Tusc. Quæst. must end his journey, because it terminates There is, I know not how, in minds a certain presage his prospect; but he no sooner arrives at it, as it were, of a future existence; and this takes the deep than he sees new ground and other hills est root , and is most discoverable in the greatest ge- beyond it, and continues to travel on as be

fore. To the Spectator.

*This is so plainly every man's condition "Sir,-I am fully persuaded that one of in life, that there is no one who has obthe best springs of generous and worthy ac- served any thing, but may observe, that as tions, is the having generous and worthy fast as his time wears away, his appetite to thoughts of ourselves. Whoever has a mean something future remains. The use thereopinion of the dignity of his nature, will act fore I would make of it is, that since nature in no higher a rank than he has allotted (as some love to express it,) does nothing himself in his own estimation. If he con- in vain, or, to speak properly, since the siders his being as circumscribed by the Author of our being has planted no wan

niuses and most exalted souls.

Phadr. Lib. 1. Prol.

dering passion in it, no desire which has not a certain gravity which these thoughts have its object, futurity is the proper object of given me, I reflect upon some things people the passion so constantly exercised about say of you, (as they will of men who distinit; and this restlessness in the present, this guish themselves,) which I hope are not assigning ourselves over to farther stages true, and wish you as good a man as you are of duration, this successive grasping at an author. I am, sir, your most obedient somewhat still to come, appears to me humble servant,

T. D.' (whatever it may to others,) as a kind of T. instinct or natural symptom which the mind of man has of its own immortality. I take it at the same time for granted,

No. 211.] Thursday, November 1, 1711. that the immortality of the soul is sufficiently

Fictis meminerit nos jocari fabulis. established by other arguments: and if so,

Let it be remembered that we sport in fabled stories this appetite, which otherwise would be very unaccountable and absurd, seems very of an old poet, which describes womankind

•Having lately translated the fragment reasonable, and adds strength to the conclusion. But I am amazed when I consider under several characters, and supposes them there are creatures capable of thought, who to have drawn their different manners and in spite of every argument, can form to dispositions from those animals and elethemselves a sullen satisfaction in thinking ments out of which he tells us they were otherwise. There is something so pitifully compounded; I had some thoughts of giving mean in the inverted ambition of that man the sex their revenge, by laying together who can hope for annihilation, and please in another paper the many vicious charachimself to think that his whole fabric shall ters which prevail in the male world, and one day crumble into dust, and mix with showing the different ingredients that go to the mass of inanimate beings, that it equally the making up of such different humours deserves our admiration and pity.

The and constitutions. Horace has a thought mystery of such men's unbelief is not hard which is something akin to this, when in to be penetrated; and indeed amounts to order to excuse himself to his mistress, for nothing more than a sordid hope that they an invective which he had written against shall not be immortal, because they dare her, and to account for that unreasonable not be so.

fury with which the heart of man is often *This brings me back to my first ob- transported, he tells us that, when Promeservation, and gives me occasion to say fur- theus made his man of clay, in the kneadther, that as worthy actions spring from ing up of the heart, he seasoned it with worthy thoughts, so worthy thoughts are

some furious particles of the lion. But upon likewise the consequence of worthy actions. turning this plan to and fro in my thoughts, But the wretch who has degraded himself I observed so many unaccountable humours below the character of immortality, is very

in man, that I did not know cut of what willing to resign his pretensions to it, and animals to fetch them. Male souls are dito substitute in its room a dark negative world has

not variety of materials sufficient

versified with so many characters, that the happiness in the extinction of his being. •The admirable Shakspeare has given us to furnish out their different tempers and

inclinations. a strong image of the unsupported condition

The creation, with all its of such a person in his last minutes, in the animals and elements, would not be large second part of King Henry the Sixth, where enough to supply their several extrava-, Cardinal Beaufort, who had been concerned gances. in the murder of good Duke Humphrey, is

Instead therefore of pursuing the thought represented on his death-bed. After

of Simonides, I shall observe, that as he has short confused speeches, which show an

exposed the vicious part of women from the imagination disturbed with guilt, just as he doctrine of pre-existence, some of the anis expiring, King Henry, standing by him cient philosophers have in a manner satifull of compassion, says,

rized the vicious part of the human species

in general, from a notion of the soul's post“ Lord Cardinal! if thou think'st on heaven's bliss, existence, if I may so call it; and that as Hold up thy hand, make signal of that hope !He dies, and makes no sign!"

Simonides describes brutes entering into

the composition of women, others have • The despair which is here shown, with represented human souls as entering into out a word or action on the part of a dying brutes. This is commonly termed the docperson, is beyond what could be painted by trine of transmigration, which supposes that the most forcible expressions whatever. • I shall not pursue this thought farther, become the souls of such kinds of brutes as

human souls, upon their leaving the body, but only add, that as annihilation is not to they most resemble in their manners; or, to be had with a wish, so it is the most abject give an account of it as Mr. Dryden has dething in the world to wish it. What are scribed in his translation of Pythagoras's honour, fame, wealth, or power, when com- speech in the fifteenth book of Ovid, where pared with the generous expectation of a that philosopher dissuades his hearers from being without end, and a happiness ade- eating flesh: quate to that being?

Thus all things are but alter'd, nothing dies, •I shall trouble you no farther; but with And here and there th' unbodied spirit flies:


By time, or force, or sickness dispossess'd, mane, and a skin as soft as silk. But, sir, And lodges where it lights, in bird or beast;

she passes half her life at her glass, and Or hunts without till ready limbs it find,

almost ruins me in ribands. For my own And actuates those according to their kind; From tenement to tenement is toss'd,

part, I am a plain handicraft man, and in The soul is still the same, the figure only lost. danger of breaking by her laziness and exThen let not piety be put to flight,

pensiveness. Pray, master, tell me in your To please the taste of glutton appetite;

next paper whether I may not expect of But suffer inmate souls secure to dwell,

her so much drudgery as to take care of Lest from their seats your parents you expel; With rapid hunger feed upon your kind,

her family, and curry her hide in case of Or from a beast dislodge a brother's mind. refusal. Your loving friend,

"BARNABY-BRITTLE. Plato, in the vision of Erus the Armenian, which I may possibly make the sub

Cheapside, Oct. 30. ject of a future speculation, records some •Mr. SPECTATOR,-I am mightily pleas

beautiful transmigrations; as that the soul ed with the humour of the cat; be so kind # of Orpheus, who was musical, melancholy, as to enlarge upon that subject. Yours till and a woman-hater, entered into a swan; death,

JOSIAH HENPECK. the soul of Ajax, which was all wrath and *P. S. You must know I am married to a fierceness, into a lion; the soul of Agamem- grimalkin.' non, that was rapacious and imperial, into an eagle; and the soul of Thersites, who

Wapping, Oct. 31, 1711. was a mimic and a buffoon, into a monkey.

“SIR,-Ever since your Spectator of Mr. Congreve, in a prologue to one of his Tuesday last came into our family, my huscomedies, has touched upon this doctrine band is pleased to call me his Oceana, bewith great humour:

cause the foolish old poet that you have

translated says, that the souls of some woThus Aristotle's soul of old that was, May now be damn'd to animate an ass ;

men are made of sea-water. This it seems Or in this very house, for aught we know, has encouraged my sauce-box to be witty Is doing painful penance in some beau.

upon me,

When I am angry, he cries, I shall fill up this paper with some let- "Pr’ythee, my dear, be calm;" when I ters which my last Tuesday's speculation chide one of my servants, “Pr'ythee, child, has produced. My following correspondents do not bluster.” He had the impudence will show, what I there observed, that the about an hour ago to tell me, that he was a speculation of that day affects only the seafaring man, and must expect to divide Jower part of the sex

his life between storm and sunshine. When

I bestir myself with any spirit in my family, From my house in the Strand, Oct. 30. it is high sea” in his house; and when i

Mr. SPECTATOR,-Upon reading your sit still without doing any thing, his affairs Tuesday's paper, I find by several symp- forsooth are “wind-bound.” When I ask toms in my constitution that I am a' bee. him whether it rains, he makes answer, My shop, or if you please to call it so, my “ It is no matter, so that it be fair weather cell, is in that great hive of females which within doors.” In short, sir, I cannot speak goes by the name of the New Exchange; my mind freely to him, but I either sweli where I am daily employed in gathering to- or rage, or do something that is not fit for a gether a little stock of gain from the finest civil woman to hear. Pray, Mr. Spectator, flowers about the town, I mean the ladies since you are so sharp upon other women, and the beaux. I have a numerous swarm let us know what materials your wife is of children, to whom I give the best edu- made of, if you have one. I suppose you cation I am able. But, sir, it is my misfor- would make us a parcel of poor-spirited tune to be married to a drone, who lives tame insipid creatures; but, sir, I would upon what I get, without bringing any thing have you to know, we have as good pasinto the common stock. Now, sir, as on the sions in us as yourself, and that a woman one hand I take care not to behave myself was never designed to be a milk-sop. towards him like a wasp, so likewise I would


MARTHA TEMPEST.' not have him look on me as an humble-bee; for which reason I do all I can to put him upon laying up provisions for a bad day, No. 212.] Friday, November 2, 1711. and frequently represent to him the fatal effects his sloth and negligence may bring

-Eripe turpi upon us in our old age. I must beg that

Colia jugo, liber, liber sum, dic age

Hor. Lib. 2. Sat. vii. 92. you will join with me in your good advice

-Loose thy neck from this ignoble chain, upon this occasion, and you will for ever And boldly say thou'rt free.

Creech. oblige your humble servant,


MR. SPECTATOR,-I never look upon

my dear wife, but I think of the happiness • Piccadilly, Oct. 31, 1711. Sir Roger de Coverley enjoys, in having «Sir, I am joined in wedlock for my such a friend as you to expose in proper sins to one of those fillies who are described colours the cruelty and perverseness of his in the old poet with that hard name you mistress. I have very often wished you gave us the other day. She has a flowing I visited in our family, and were acquainted

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