« ПредишнаНапред »
officer of the order of St. Lewis was acquited himself. Every general officonvicted of corresponding with Blake- has likewise performed with ney, and condemn'd to the gallies for courage and conduct the business he life. So that a principal channel of was put upon. intelligence was cut off.
The Marquis de Laval, major-ge. June 15. The fire of the besieged neral of the trenches, was charged was much llackned, and the be- with the attack on the left, directed fieger's had approached so near that against Fort Strugen and Argyle, and the fire of the small arms prevented against the Queen's and Kenn's retheir replacing by night the guns that doubts. He was at the head of 16 were dismounted by day. During companies of grenadiers, and 4 bat: these operations the French fleet con- talions to support the attacks : he had tinued undisturbed before the port ; under him the Marquis de Monty, briand at this time the frigates that cruis- gadier, and the Marquis de Briqueville, ed at some distance had taken 15 colonel, whose regimenç was the leadBritish merchantmen without the loss ing one at the trenches
. Royal Comof a fingle man. These ships were tois was the second regiment. M. dę bound homeward from the Levant, Monti was appointed to attack Strugen and put into Mahon to refresh, fup- and Argyle, and M. de Briqueyille was posing they should there have been to advance upon Kenn and the covertprotected by Byng, who they knew way between this work and the queen's had a force fufficient to beat the redoubt. French, and therefore too hastily, and M. de Sades, Briqueville's lieute10o confidently concluded he had nant-colonel, was to attack the queen's beaten them. A shallop which serv- redoubt, at the head of four consed to keep a communication between panies of grenadier's of Haynault, Marlborough Redoubt and Fort St. Soiffonois and Cambis. To these 3 Philip, had also been taken some time attacks were joined two engineers and before, by ten grenadiers of the re- labourers, an officer of the areil. giment of Hainault, who leap'd into lery corps, and ten gunners, a dethe sea with their fabres in their tachment of 50 volunteers carrying mouths, and swam to the fhallop, ladders, and a brigade of miners. which in spight of those on board, The center attack was directed aand the fire from the fort, they car- gainst the weitern redoubt + and Caried off.
roline's lunette, and commanded by of the fubsequent operations we the Prince of Beauveau. who had unkaow nothing, but from the following der him two brigades, with which he letter sent by the Marshal Richelieu to was likewise to cover the trenches in · his court.
case of need.
The first attack on the right, comMar hal Richlieu's Leller to the French manded by the Count de Lannion.
King. Camp before St. Philip's June was directed against Marlborough Forr: 29.
he had under him the royal brigade HAD long been intent on foine and the regiment of Britanny. M. de
bold stroke, that might soon put Roquepine and the Chevalier de an end to the fiege, and at latt I de- Lemps, at the head of 400 volunteers termined my general attack Sunday and 100 grenadiers, were to land in the 27th. I consulted the preceding evening with all the general officers, * Fort Sirgen is Anstrucher's battery. and they instantly conceived the full Fort Argyle is Argyle's batcery. The quiren's caten: and advantage of the project. redoubt." And Kenn's redonde is. Kone's lu
nerte so called from the governor of tha: I had before charged the Count de Mallebois with the detail of the dis- 1 This is the west lunette, polition, of which he has perfectly
St. Stephen's Cove, and march from that part which was the principal atthence to Fort St. Charles.
tack, whilst the others made their rela The second attack on the right; pective diversions. under the direction of the Marquis The Prince of Beauveau having at de Monteynard, commanding the the same time caused his brigades to brigades royal marine and Talaru, was march up to Cateline's and the western intended to take the south west Lu- redoubts he made himself master of the netts, 'to communicate with the at
covert-way, and nailed up 12 pieces tack of Fort St. Charles, and to cut of cannon there. A lodgment being off the communication between Marl- impracticable, because Kent's redoubt borough Fort I and St. Philips was not taken, he contented him,
At the fame time that all these self with cutting down the pallisades, attacks were to be made, M. de Beau- breaking the gun-carriages, and mainmanoir, lieutenant colonel, command- taining a-while this attack, in order ing at the Signal-tower, was to set off 10 favour the principal one, which in Thallops with his detachment from was executed with the greatest conthe cove that lies between St. Philipet's duct and courage. Fort and the fandy towers, in order to The attacks of Messrs de Lannion come and favour M. de Monty's at- and Monteynard depending on the tack, and endeavour to Nip into the succeis of that upon Fort St. Charcovert-way between the i falf-moon les, they waited for the signal which and Argyle Fort ..
M de Rocupine was to make ; but M. de Tortainval, captain in the the enemy having perceived great regiment of Haynault, with 100 men morements in that part, they kept of that detachment, was to land at on their guard, and prevented the the foot of the encmy's grand bit- intended debarkation.
In the mean tery towards the entrance of the time M. de Lannion annoyed Marlboport.
rough Fort. At ten o'clock in the evening, all The diversion made by all these firour batteries having ceated firing the ings, and the combination of all these signal for the attack was given by a aitacks, gave the attack of the left cannon hot and 4 bombs tired from time to make sure of fuccess; so that the Signal-tower † M. de Monty ad- by break of day we lodged 400 men vanced upon Strugeon and Argyle, in the queen's redoubt and 220 in and Mefirs. de Briqueville and Sades Strugen and Argyle. I was posted in fucceflively preiled forward to their the center of the attacks on the left, attack of Kenn and the Queen's re- having with me the Count de Mailledoubts. Our troops marched on with bois, The Marquis du Mesnil and the the greatest valour and after a very Prince of Wirtemberg, to give orbrick and very long firing, which did ders necessary to support the attacks 210 small execution, they at last took and ensure success. Strugen by affault, and Argyle and At five in the inorning, the 28th, the Queen's forts by scalade. Wein- a luipension of arms was agreed upon itantly fer about making a lodgment in in order to carry off the dead and
wounded. + Marlborough Resoube.
We took many mortars and cannon The is a cove between Phillipet Fort and che Ilthmus on which the Sional-bwule
in Strugen, Argyle, and Queen's Forts. stands, called Sz: ly Bay or Philip Cove.
In the latter we made 15 prisoners, !! By this is meric the covered sy beewoon anong whom is the enemy's second the Half-roon and Arayle Batuery, called commandant, who was charged with the landing piace for bots and finall craft.
+ Thi' lems to have been a new signal the detail of the defence, and was the hor't esca: byte i rendh.
principal acling man in the garrison.
The same day, at two o'clock in lacrifice to the unaccountable neglithe afternoon, three deputies came gence, delay, treachery, or timidity out of the place, and desired 24 hours of those by whom he might have been to draw up articles of capitulation ; but enabled to render all attempts againit I allowed them only till 8 in the even- it ineffectual, for since the French being; at which hour one of them re- came masters of the place they find turned, and brought me a draught of new cause of furprize that they ever articles; upon which I drew up a coun- gained it. The difficulties they foreter-draught, and sent it by the Cheva- law were many, but in comparison of lier Redmont, who found the enemy thole which appeared upon a near exlo amazed at the prodigious feats of amination of the works, they were our infantry, and the thort time in nothing. which lo grand an attack was performed, that they submitted to the condi- Articles of Capitulation proposed by Lieutions I imposed, which are not harsh. lenant General BLAKENEY,. for his I shall speedily send the capitulation ; Britannick Majelly's Garrison of ibe but there are yet tome trifling matters Castle of St. Philip's in ihe Ipand to be settled, which however, does of Minorca ; with those agreed 10 by not hinder our grenadiers from being General Richelieu. masters of the gate of St. Philips
I. Charles's Forts.
hostility shall ceale, M. de Lannion is a little bruised in until the articles of capitulation are athe shoulder, and M. de St. Tropes, greed upon and signed. aid-de-camp to the Count de Maille- Art. I. Granted. bois, is slightly wounded in the face : Art. II. That all the honours of M. de Guelton, lieutenant in the na- war shall be granted to the garrison on vy, who commanded the shallows at their surrender, such as, to march out the attack of St. Charles Fort, is with their firelocks on their thoulders, killed. The number of killed and drums beating, colours flying, twentywounded amounts to about 25 officers four charges for each man, match lighand 400 soldiers.
ted, 4 pieces of cannon, and 2 morSuch is the history of the fiege and tars, with 20 charges for each piece, capture of Fort St. Philip, a fortrels a covered waggon for the governor, of the utmost importance o the trade and 4 others for the garrison, which of Great Britain, which yet seems to shall not be searched on any pretence. have been rather given away than tak- Art. II. The noble and vigorous en from us. The garrison was greatly defence which the English have made, deficient from the first, so that in a havingdeserved all the marks of esteem, fore time there was not a sufficient and veneration, that every military. number of men remaining to man the person ought to few to such actions ; works, without keeping the same guard and Marshal Richelieu being desirous longer upon duty than their strength allo to shew General Blakeney the recould bear. Yet the place was held gard due to the brave defence he has by the brave commander five weeks made, grants to the garrison all the after the misconduct of Adm. Byng honours of war that they can enjoy, bad deprived him of the luccour' he under the circumstance of going out was sent to afford; during which time for an embarkation, to wit, firclocks he had not the least sign of allistance, on their shoulders, drums beating, coor intelligence of encouragement. At lours flying, 20 cartouches each man, length having exhauited his atores, and also lighted match; he contents and wanting men for farther detence, likewise, that Lieutenant General is compled to give up the place 3 Biakeney, and his garrilon, Thall carry
away all the effects that belong to And hostages shall be given for the them, and that can be put into trunks. fafety of the tranfport veitels and their It would be useless to them to have co- crews,' who shall embark in the first vered waggons ; there are none in the neutral ship that hall come to fetch itland, therefore they are refused. them, after the faid vessels Thill be re
ART. III. That all the garrison, turned into the ports of France, including of all the subjects of his Bri
The garrison hall alfo be fopplied tannick majetty, as well civil as milita- with provisions, as well during their ry, shall have all their baggage and ftay in the island; as for 12 days voyage, citects secured, with liberty of remov- which shall be taken from thole that ing and disposing of them as they shall Ahall be found in the Fort St. Philip,
and distributed on the footing, that ART. III. Granted, except to the they have been ufually furnished to the natives of the island, upon condition, English garrison; and if more be wanthat all the lawful debts of the garri- red, it shall be furnished, paying for it fon, to the Minorquins, who are to as shall be agreed by commissaries on be considered as French fubjects, shall both sides. be paid.
Art. V. That proper quarters shall ART. IV. That the garrison, in- be provided for the garrison, with an cluding the officers, artificers, soldiers, hospital for the fick and wounded, and ocher subjects of his Britannick whilft the transports are getting ready, majesty, with their families, who shall which shall not exceed a month, to be be willing to leave the illand, hall be reckoned from the day of figning this provided with proper transport vessels, capitulation, and with regard to those and conducted to Gibraltar by the who shall not be in a condition to be Shortest and most direct navigation ; transported, that thall itay, and care that they shall be landed there imme- fhall be taken of them till they are in a diately on their arrival, at the ex- condition to be sent to Gibraltar by apence of the crown of France, and nother opportunity. that they shall be fupplied with provi- ART. V. The vessels being ready hons that may be yet remaining in the for the transporting the garrison, the place at the time of its surrender, as providing quarters, as demanded, belong as they fhall remain in the island, comes unnecessary; they hall go out and during their voyage at sea, and of the place with the least delay, in orthat in the same proportion that they der to proceed to Gibraltar ; and with receive at present. But if a greater tegard to those who cannot be embarkquantity should be wanted, that they ed immediately, they shall be permithall be furnished with it at the expence ted to remain in the island, and all the or the crown of France.
allistance they fall want shall be given ART. IV. Transport vefsels shall be them for their going to Gibraltar, when furnished from among those which are they shall be in a condition to be eniin the pay of his most christian majesty, barked ; a state of them hall be drawn and proper for the military and civil up, and the necessary passports shall be garrison of Fort St. Philip, and their left, for a ship to go and return ; and families. These vessels fall carry them an hospital Mall allo be furnished for by the fafest navigation to Gibraltar, the fick and wounded, as shall be setwith the shortest delay poffible, and tled by the respective commissaries. hall' land them immediately, upon
ART. VI. That the governor Mall condition, that after their being land- not be accountable for all the houses ed, these ships shall be provided with that shall have been destroyed and fufficient paffports, that they may not burnt during the fiege be molested on their return to the ports Art. VI. Granted for the houses of France they shall be bound for: dcitroyed or burnt during the fiege;
but several effects, and titles of the ART. XI. That Mr. Cuningham + admiralty court, which have been car- the engineer, who acted as a volunteer ried away by the receiver ; and the during the fiege, shall have a palfpapers and ticles relating to the ladings port, and leave to go wherever his afof the French merchant fhips, which fairs require. have been also retained.
ART. XI. Granted. ART. VII. When the garrison shall Art. XII. Upon the foregoing concome out of the place, no-body shall dition, his excellency the lieutenant be permitted to debauch the foldiers, general governor consents, after the to make them desert from their regi- hostages thall have been exchanged for mears; and their officers thall have ac- the faithful execution of the above arcets to them at all times.
ticles, to deliver up the place to bis ART. VII. No soldiers shall be ex- most christian majesty, with all the cited to defert, and the officers shall magazines, ammunition, cannon, and base an entire authority over them to mortars, except those mentioned in the the moment of their embarkation. second article ; and to point out to the
ÅRT. VIII. An exact discipline shall engineers all the mines and subteranek observed on both sides.
ous works. Done at the caftle of St. ART. VIII. Granted..
Philip, the 28th of June 1756. ART' IX. That such of the inhabi- ART. XII. As soon as the foregoing tants of the idland, as have joined the articles hall have been figned, the English for the defence of the place, French shall be put in poffetion of one ihall have leave to remain, and to en- of the gates of St. Philip's castle, as joy their goods and effects in the illand without being moletted.
+ This gallant officer was fecond 'engineer Art. IX. General Blakeney and of the place when Mr. Armstrong left it and Maribal Richelieu cannot fix or extend pro tempore, till a commiflion for that pur
appointed by General Blakeney to succeed him the authority of the kings their ma- pose lould arrive from England, of which no kers, over their subjects ; it would be doubt was made. However, an old decrepid fetting bounds to it, to oblige them Gn came out as chief engineer, and futo receive in their dominions, those ged Mr. Blakeney's leave to resign and retire
perseded Mr.Cuningham, who thereupon begwhom they should not think proper to to his regiment, as he could no:
with honour have fersled there.
serve under such a person. General Blakeney, Art. X. That all prisoners of war cho greatly concerned, could not refufe fo rea
sonable a request, and Mr. Cuningham imme fhall be restored on each side.
diately embarked for Nice, together with two ART. X. All the prisoners that have children, and his lady ready to lye-in of a been made during the fiege shall be re- third. She was brought to-bed at Nice; and ftored on each side, so that when the Mr. Cuningham, during the stay thereby occaFrench return those they have, the Minorca, and recollecting that the platforms
Sioned, hearing of the French designs against piquets, * which were taking going to of the batteries in Fort St.Philip were in fuch a join the French fleet, the day admiral rotten and ruinous condition, that they could Byng appeared before Mahon, Ihall be not stand any hot service, he instantly laid out restored.
all the money he was master of, aboué 16001. in purchasing tiniber fit for repairing them,
hired a vessel, put it on board, and failed di The Piquets here mentioned were the men re&tly, with it him .elf for Port Mahon, leavtaken by Admiral Byng in a tartan, Marshal ing his lady and children at Nice. His arrival kichelieu, on the appearance of the English with such a supply in such a critical juncture fquedron, embarked 13 companies of 50 men gave General Blakeney infinite plcafiire. He tach on board several tartans, to strengthen told Captain Cuningham, thai" the service he Galicionier's fleet, but the admiral failing a had done his country, out of pure zeal was way from the island about the same time, not fo considerable, that he did not know how one of them reached him, but all, except he could be fufficiently rewarded for it; but one got fafe back. The prisoners there- earnestly insisted on his staying, to which be fore taken in this one are the piquets here geucroully conicnted :