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Therefore, my brethren, dearly beloved, and CRU'CIAL. adj. [crux, crucis, Latin.] longed for, my joy and crown, stand fast in the
Transverse ; intersecting one another. Lord.
Whoever bas seen the practice of the crucial 10. Completion ; accomplishment.
incision, must be sensible of the false reasoning CROWN-IMPERIAI.. n. s. (corona imperi- used in its favour.
Sbart: alis, Lat.) A plant.
TO CRU'CIATE. v. a. (crucio, Lat.] TO To Crown. v. a. (from the noun.]
torture ; to torment; to excruciate. 1. To invest with the crown or regal or- CRUCIBLE. n. so [crucibulum, low Lat.) nament.
A chymist's melting pot, made of Had you not come upon your cue, my lord, earth: so called, because they were William lord Hastings had pronounc'd your part; formerly marked with a cross. I mean your voice for croquning of the king.
Take a quantity of good silver, and put it in a Shakspeare's Richard 111. Her who fairest does appear,
crucible or inelting cruse: and set them on the fire,
well covered round about with coals. Peacbami. Crown her queen of all the year. Dryden. CRUCIFEROUS. adj. (crux and fero, Lat.) 2. To cover, as with a crown.
Dict. Umbro, the priest, the proud Marrabians led,
Bearing the cross. And peaceful olives crown'd, his hoary head.
CRUCIFIER. 1. s. [from crucify.] He Dryden's Æneid.
that inficts the punishment of cruci3. To dignify; to adorn; to make illus- fixion. trious.
Visible judgments were executed on Christ's Thou hast made him a little lower than the crucifiers,
Hammond. angels, and hast crowned him with glory and ho- Crucifix, n. s. [crucifixus, Latin.] A
Psalms. representation in picture or statuary of She shall be, to the happiness of England, our Lord's passion. An aged princess; many days shall see her, There stands at the upper end of it a large And yet liv day without a deed to crown it.
crucifix, very much esteemned. The figure of
Shakspeare. our Saviour represents him in his last agonies of 4. To reward ; to recompense.
Addison on Italy, Urge your success; deserve a lasting name ; CRUCIFI'XION. 1. s. [from crucifixus, She 'Il crown a grateful and a constant flame.
Latin.] The punishment of nailing to a
Roscommon. 5. To complete; to perfect. The lasting and crowning privilege, or rather
This earthquake, according to the opinion of property, of friendship, is constancy. Soutb.
many learned men, happened at our Saviour's crucifixion.
Italy. b. To terminate ; to finish.
CRUCIFORM. adj. (crux and forma, Lat] All these a milk-white honeycomb surround, Which in the midst the country banquet crorun'd.
Having the form of a cross.
Dryden. TO CRUCIFY. v. a. (crucifigo, Latin.] CRO'WN-GLASS, 1. s. The finest sort of To put to death by nailing the hands window-glass.
and feet to a cross set upright. CRO'WNPOST. n. s. A post, which, in They crucify to themselves the son of God
afresh, and put him to an open shame. Heb. some buildings, stands upright in the
But to the cross he nails thy enemies, middle, between two principal rafters.
The law that is against thee, and the sins CRO'WNSCAB. 1. 5. A stioking filthy scab, Of all mankind, with him there crucify'd. Milt.
that breeds round about the corners of Cruci'GEROUS, adj. (cruciger, Latin.] a horse's hoof, and is a cancerous and Bearing the cross. painful sore.
Farrier's Dict. CRUD. n. s. [commonly written curd. CROWN-THISTLE. n. s. [corona imperia- See Curd.] A concretion of any liquid lis.] A flower.
into hardness or stiffness; coagulation, CROWNWHEEL. N. S. The upper wheel CRUDE. adj. [crudus, Latin.]
of a watch next the balance, which is 1. Raw ; not subdued by fire. driven by it.
2. Not changed by any process or prépaCRO'WNWORKS, n. s. [In fortification.] ration).
Bulwarks advanced towards the field, Common crude salt, barely dissolved in comes to gain some bill or rising ground. mon aqua fortis, will give it power of working Harris. upon gold.
Boyle. CRO'WNET. n. s. [from crown.]
Feriented liquorshave quite different qualities
from the plant itself; for no fruit, taken crude, 1. The same with coronet.
has the intoxicating quality of wine. Arbuthnot. 2. In the following passage it seems to 3. Harsh ; unripe.
signify chief end; last purpose : proba- A juice so crude, as cannot be ripened to the bly from finis coronat opus.
degree of nourishment.
Bacon. Oḥ, this false soul of Egypt! this gay charm! 4. Unconcocted; not well digested in the Whose eye beck'd forth my wars, and call'd stomach. them home;
While the body to be converted and altered it Whose bosom was my crownet, my chief end; too strong for the efficient that should convert Like a right gipsy hath, at fast and loose, or alter it, whereby it holdeth fast the first form
Beguild me to the very heart of loss. Sbaks. or consistence, it is crude and inconcoct; and the CROWTO E. n. s. (crow and toe.) A plant. process is to be called crudity and inconcoction. Bring the rathe primrose that forsaken dies,
Bacon's Natural History. The tufted crow-foe, and pale jessamine, 3. Not brought to perfection; unfinished;
immature, CRO'YLSTONE, Rs. Crystallized cauk. In a moment up they turn'd
In this the crystals are small. Woodw. Wide the celestial soil; and saw beneach
Th' originals of nature, in their crude
Since you deny him entrance, he demands
Milton's Par. Lost. His wife, whom cruelly you hold in bands. Dry 6. Having indigested notions.
2. Painfully ; mischievously.
Brimstone and wild-fire, though they burn
cruelly and are hard to quench, yet make no Of provinces abroad, which they have feign'd
such fiery wind as gun-powder. Bater. To their crude hopes, and I as amply promis'd.
CRU'ELNESS. n. š. (from cruel.] Inbu
But she more cruel, and more sivage wild, appear very crude and maimed to a stranger. Than either lion or the lioness,
Digby on the Soul. Shames not to be with guiltless blood defil'd;
delight in the pain or misery of other.
Permitted by our dastard nobles,
Have suffer'd me by the voice of slaves to be
Whoop'd out of Rome. Shekspiere
major part to stay. Dryd. 2. Act of intentional affliction. CRU'DENESS. n. s. [from crude.] Unripe
There were great changes in the world by the ness; indigestion.
revolutions of empire, the cruelties of conquero CÂU'DITY. 1. s. [from crude.]
ing, and the calamities of enslaved nations. I. Indigestion ; inconcoction. They are very temperate ; whereby they pre
CRU'ENTATE. adj. [cruentatus, Latin.) vent indigestion and crudities, and consequently
Smeared with blood. putrescence of humours.
Atomical aporrheas pass from the cruentato
cloth or weapon to the wound. erudities in the stomach.
Arbuibnot. CRU'ET. n.'s. [kruicke, Dutch.) A vial 2. Unripeness; want of maturity.
for vinegar or oil, with a stopple. TO CRU'DLE. v. a. [a word of uncertain
Within thy reach I set the vinegar;
And fill'd the cruet with the acid tide, etymology.) To coagulate ; to congeal.
While pepper-water worras thy bait supplied.
cup. They mix their crudled milk with horses blood.
I have not a cake, but an handful of meal in a barrel, and a little oil in a cruise.
1 Kinga Dryden's Virgil. CRU'D Y. adj. [from crud.]
The train prepare a cruise of curious mold,
A cruise of fragrance, form'd of burnish'd gold. 1. Concreted; coagulated.
His cruel wounds, with crudy blood congeald, CRUISE. n. s. [croise, Fr. from the or They binden up so wisely as they may. Spenser. 2. (from crude.] Raw; chill.
ginal cruisers, who bore the cross, and Sherris sack ascends into the brain; dries me
plundered only infidels.] A voyage in there all the foolish, dull, and crudy vapours
search of plunder. which environ it.
Shakspeare. To CRUISE. v. . [from the noun.] To CRU'EL. adj. [cruel, French; crudelis,
rove over the sea in search of opportu. Latin.)
nities to plunder; to wander on the 1. Pleased with hurting others; inhuman;
sea without any certain course. hardhearted; void of pity'; wanting Cruïtser. n. s. (from cruise.]. One that compassion; savage; barbarous ; unrelenting.
Amongst the cruisers it was complained, that If wolves had at thy gate howl'd that stern
fractured members. Thou shouldst have said, Go, porter, turn the
CRUM. n. s. (cruma, Sax. krupere,
CRUMB.Dutch; krummel, German.)
Take of manchet about three ounces
, the Delight in blood, and human sacrifice. Dryden.
crumb only thin cut; and let it be boiled in mk 2. [Of things.] Bloody; mischievous ; till it grow to a pulp. destructive ; causing pain. Consider mine enemies; for they are many,
More familiar grown, the table crimes and they hate me with cruel hatred. Psalmis.
Attract his slender feet.
Sidney 1. In a cruel manner; inhumanly ; bar
Be crumbled into dusta barously. He relies upon a broken reed, that not only
joints, basely falls, but also cruelly pierces the hand
And crumble all thy sinews,
roves upon the
sea in search of plunder. their surgeons were too active in amputaring
1. The soft part of bread; not the crust.
2. A small particle or fragment of bread.
that rests upon it.
By frequens parcelling and subdividing af in
Heritances, in process of time they became so CRUSA'DE.? divided and crumbled, that there were few per
7. i See CROISADB, sons of able estates. Hale's Law of England.
At the same time we were crumbled into va- 1. An expedition against the infidels. xious factions and parties, all aiming at by. 2. A coin stamped with a cross. interests, without any sincere regard for the pub
Believe me, I had rather have lost my purse.
Sbakspeare The bill leaves three hundred pounds a year Cruse. See CRUISE. to the mother church; which they can divide CRU'SET. n. 5. A goldsmith's melting-pot. likewise, and crumble as low as their will and
Pbillips. pleasure will dispose of them. To CRUMBLE, V. n.
To fall into smali To CRUSH. v. a. (ecraser, French.) pieces.
1. To press between two opposite bodies ; There is so hot a summer in my brain,
to squeeze ; to force by compression. That all my bowels crumble up to dust. Sbaksp.
The ass thrust herself unto the wall, and crusbe Nor is the profit small the peasant makes,
ed Balaam's foot against the wall. Numbers. Who smooths with harrow, or who pounds with
Cold causes rheums and defluxions from the rakes,
head, and some astringent plaisters crush out purulent matter.
Bacon. The crumbling clods.
He crusbed treasure out of his subjects purses, Ambition sigh'dshe found it vain to trust The faithless column, and the crumbling bust.
by forfeitures upon penal laws. Bacon, Pope.
Bacchus, that first from our the purple grape If the stone is brittle, it will often crumble, and
Crush'd the sweet poison of misused wine. Milt. pass in the form of gravel.
Arbutbnot. I fought and fell like one, but death deceiv't What house, when its materials crumble, Must not inevitably tumble ? Swift.
I wanted weight of feeble Moors upon me, For the little land that remains, provision is
To crusb my soul out.
Dryder made by the late act against popery, that it will 2. To press with violence. daily crumble
You speak him fair-
I don't extend him, sir ; within himself
Sbakspeare, The fat ox, that woonnt ligye in the stall,
When loud winds from diff'rent quarters rush, Is now fast stalled in her crumenal. Spenser.
Vast clouds encount'ring one another crusb. CRU'MMY. adj. [from crum.] Soft; not
3. To overwhelm ; to beat down. CRUMP. adj. [crump, Saxon; krom, Put in their hands thy bruising irous of wrath;
Dutch ; krumm, German.] Crooked That they may crush down, with a heavy fall, in the back.
Th' usurping helmets of our adversaries! When the workmen took measure of him, he
Shakspeare was crump shouldered, and the right side higher
Vain is the force of mán, and heav'n's as vain, than the left.
To crust the pillars which the pile sustain. To CRU'MPLE. v.a. [from crump; or cor
Dryden. rupted from rumple, rompelen, Dutch.]
4. To subdue; to conquer beyond resist
ance. To draw into wrinkles ; to crush together in complications.
They use them to plague their enemies, or to
oppress and crush some of their own too stubborn Sir Roger alighted from his horse; and exposing
Spenser on Ireland, his palm to two or three that stood by him, they
Mine emulation srumpled it into all shapes, and diligently scanned
Hath not that honour in 't it had; for every wrinkle that could be made. Addison.
I thought to crush him in an equal force, CRU'MPLING. n. S. A small degenerate True sword to sword.
This act apple. TO CRUNK,
Shall bruise the head of Satan, crusb his strength, 2 v. n. To cry like a TO CRU'NKLE.) crane.
Defeating sin and death, his two main arms. Dict.
Miltor. CRU'PPER. 1. s. [from croupe, Fr. the What can that man fear, who takes care to
buttocks of the horse.] That part of please a Being that is so able to crusb all liis adthe horseman's furniture that reaches versaries! a Being that can divert any misform from the saddle to the tail.
tunc from befalling him, or turn any such mis
fortune to his advantage ? Addison's Guardian. Clitophon kad received such a blow, that he had lost the rtins of his horse, with his head To CRUSH. v. n. To be condensed ; to well nigh touching the crupper of the horse. come in a close body.
Sidney. CRUSH, n. s. [from the verb.) A colliWhere have you left the money
that I gave
sion; the act of rushing together.
Thou shalt flourish in immortal youth; -On-sixpence, that I had a Wednesday last,
Unhurt amidst the war of elements, To pay the sadler for my mistress'crupper.
The wreck of matter, and the crush of worlds. Sbakspeare.
Addison's Cat, Full of the rivals mct, and neither spar'd His utmost force, and cach forgot to ward: CRUST. 1. s. (crusta, Latin.] The head of this was to the saddle bent, I. Any shell, or external coat, by which
The other backward to the crupper sent. Dryd. any body is enveloped. CRU'RAL. adj. [from crus, cruris, Lat.]
I have known the statue of an emperor quite hid under a crust of dross.
Addison. Belonging to the leg. The sharpness of the teeth, and the strength of
2. An incrustation; collection of matter the crural muscles, in lions and tygers, are the
into a hard body. cause of the great and habitual immorality of
Were the river a confusion of never so many those animals.
Arbutbnor. different bodies, if they had been all actually
dissolved, they would at least have formed one Ah! thus king Henry throws away his creatie continued crust: as we see the scorium of metals Before his legs be firm to bear his body. Sbakso, always gathers into a solid piece. Addison. Hence, therefore, thou nice crkteb?
The viscous crust stops the entry of the chyle A scaly gauntlet now, with joints of steel, into the lacteals. Arbutbnot on Aliments. Must glove this hand. Sbakspeare's Hary , 3. The case of a pie, made of meal, and On these new crutcbes let them learn to wak baked.
Dryden's Georgicko He was never suffered to go abroad, for fear This fair defect, this helpless aid, call'd wife, of catching cold: when he should have been The bending crutch of a decrepit life. Dryden
. -, hunting down a buck, he was by his mother's
Rhyme is a crute that lifts the weak along, side, learning how to season it, or put it in crust. Supports the feeble, but retards the strong.
Addison's Spectator. 4. The outer hard part of bread.
The dumb shall sing ; the lame his cruto Th' impenetrable crust thy teeth defies,
forego, And, petrified with age, securely lies. Dryden. 2. It is used for old age.
And leap exulting like the bounding roe. Pope. 3. A waste piece of bread. Y are liberal now; but when your turn is
Beauty doth varnish age, as if new born, sped,
And gives the crutch the cradle's infancy. Sbat. You 'n wish me choak'd with every crust of T. CRUTCH. v. a. (from crutch.] To supbread.
port on crutches as a cripple. Men will do tricks, like dogs, for crusts. I hasten Og and Doeg to rehearse,
Two fools that crutch their feeble sense on verse To CRUST. v. a. (from the noun.]
Drydes. 1. To envelop; to cover with a hard case.
TO CRY. v. n. (crier, French.} Why gave you me a monarch's soul,
1. To speak with vehemence and loudness. And crusted it with base plebeian clay ? Dryden. Methought I heard a voice ery, Sleep no more!
Nor is it improbable but that, in process of Macbeth doth murther sleep! the innocent sleep time, the whole surface of it may be crusted over,
Sbakspeare. as the islands enlarge themselves, and the banks
While his falling tears the stream supplied, close in upon them.
Addison on Italy. Thus mourning to his mother goddess erind. And now their legs, and breasts, and bodies,
Dryden': Virgil stood
2. To call importunately. Crusted with bark, and hard’ning into wood. I cried, by reason of mine affliction, unto the
Addison. Lord, and he heard me. In some, who have run up to men without 3. To talk eagerly or incessantly; to reeducation, we may observe many great qualities darkened and eclipsed; their minds are crusted
peat continually. over, like diamonds in the rock.
They be idle; therefore they cry, saying, ki Felton. us go.
Eradar 2. To foul with concretions.
4. To proclaim ; to make publick. If your master hath many musty, or very foul and crusted bottles, let those be the first you
Go, and cry in the ears of Jerusalem. Jerze. truck at the alehouse.
5. TO CRUST. V. n. To gather or contract a
Yet ler them look they glory not in mischief,
Nor build their evils on the graves of great men; crust; to gain a hard covering.
For then my guiltless blood must try agains
: I contented myself with a plaister upon the
Shatrpan. place that was burnt, which crusted and healed
What's the matter, in very few days.
Temple. That in the several places of the city CRUSTACEous, adj. (from crusta, Lat.) You cry against the noble senate? Statsport
. Shelly, with joints; not testaceous ; If dressing, mistressing, and compliment, not with one continued uninterrupted
Take up thy day, the sun himself will cry,
Hirdet. shell. Lobster is crustaceous, oyster tese
Lysimachus having obtained the favour of taceous.
seeing his ships and machines, sorprised at the It is true that there are some shells, such as
contrivance, cried out, that they were buik sith those of lobsters, crabs, and others of crustaceous
more than human art. Arbatbac ex Cams kinds, that are very rarely found at land. Woodward's Natural History.
6 To utter lamentations. CRUSTACEOUSNESS. n. s. (from crusta
We came crying hither;
Thou know'st, the first time that we spel che ceous.] The quality of having jointed air, shells.
We wawle and cry.
Sbakspeare's King LT CRU'STILY. adv. [from crusty.] Peevish- Behold, my servants shall sing for joy of heat ly; snappishly; barshly.
but ye shall cry for sorrow of beart, and soul
howl for vexation of spirit. CRU'STINESS. n. s. [from crusty.]
When any evil has been upon philosopheth 1. The quality of a crust.
they groan as pitifully, and cry out as loud, s 2. Peevishness; moroseness.
other men. CRU'STY, adj. (from crust.}
7. To squall, as an infant. I. Covered with a crust.
Should some god tell me, that I should be The egg itself deserves our notice; its parts
bo:n within, and its crusty coat without, are admira- And cry again, his offer I should scorn. Deates. bly well fitted for the business of incubation. Thus, in a starry night, fond children cry Derbam's Pbysico-Tbeology. For the rich spangles chat adorn the sky
.. 2. Sturdy; morose; snappish : a low
He struggles first for breath, and cria faras; word.
Then helpless in his mother's lap is laid. Dryd CRUTCH. 11. s. (croccia, Ital. croce, Fr.
The child certainly knows that the wat.
seed or mustard-seed it refuses, is not the typit crucke, German.]
sugar it cries for. 1. A support used by cripples.
8. To weep; to shed tears.
Her who still weeps with spungy eyes;
The astrologer, if his predictions come to pays, And her who is day cork, and never cries. Dorine, is cried up to the stars from whence he pretends 9. To utter an inarticulate voice, as an to draw them.
They slight the strongest arguments that can He giveth to the beast his food, and to the
be brought for religion, and cry up very weak young ravens which cry.
Tillotsoni The beasts of the field cry also unto thee. Joel.
He may, out of interest as well as conviction,
cry up that for sacred, which if once trampled 10. To yelp, as a hound on a scent.
on and profaned, he himself cannot be safe, nor He cried upon it at the meerest loss;
Locke Trust me, I take him for the better dog.
Poets, like monarchs on an eastern throne, Shakspeare.
Confin'd by nothing but their will alone, To CRY. v. a. To proclaim publickly Here can éry up, and there as boldly blame,
something lost or found, in order to its And, as they please, give infainy or fame. recovery or restitution.
Walsb. She seeks, she sighs, but no where spies him;
Those who are fond of continuing the war, cry Love is lost, and thus she cries him. Crasbaw. up our constant success at a most prodigious rate. To Cry down. v. a.
Swift 1. To blame ; to depreciate ; to decry:
2. To raise the price by proclamation. Bavius cries down an admirable treatise of phi
All the effect that I conceive was made by cryo losophy, and says there 's atheism in it. Watts. ing up the pieces of eight, was to bring in much Men of dissolute lives cry down religion, be
more of that species, instead of others current
here. cause they would not be under the restraints of
Tillotson. CRY. n. s. [cri, French.) 9 To prohibit.
1. Lamentation ; shriek; scream. By all means cry down that unworthy course of And all the first-born in the land of Egypt shall late times, that they should pay money, Becon.
die, and there shall be a great cry throughout all
the land. 3. To overbear.
2. Weeping; mourning.
Proclaims Laocoon justly doom'd to die. Dryd. 1. To exclaim ; to scream; to clamour.
These narrow and selfish views have so great They make the oppressed to cry; they cry out
an influence in this cry, that there are several of by reason of the arm of the mighty. Fob.
my fellow freeholders who fancy the church in With that Susanna cried with a loud voice,
danger upon the rising of bank stock. Addisor. and the two elders cried out against her. Susan. 4. Exclamation of triumph or wonder, or 2. To complain loudly.
any other passion. We are ready to cry out of an unequal ma- In popish countries some impostor cries out, nagement, and to blame the Divine administra- a miracle! a miracle! to confirm the deluded
vulgar in their errours; and so the cry goes round, 3. To blame ; to censure : with of, against,
without examining into the cheat. Swift.
$. Proclamation. upon. Are these things then necessities?
6. The hawkers proclamation of wares to Then let us meet them like necessities;
be sold in the street: as, the cries of And that same word even now cries out on us. London.
7. Acclamation ; popular favour.
The cry went once for thee; Will then cry out of Marcius: oh, if he
And still it might, and yet it may again. Sbak. Had borne the business!
Sbakspeare. Behold, I cry out of wrong, but I am nut heard. 8. Voice ; utterance; manner of vocal ex
Job. pression. Cry out upon the stars for doing
Sounds also, besides the distinct cries of birds Ill offices, to cross their wooing. Hudibras. and beasts, are modified by diversity of notes of Epiphanius cries out upon it, as rank idolatry,
different length, put together, which make that and destructive to their souls who did it.
complex idea called cune.
Locke. Stillingfileet. 9. Importunate call. Tumult, sedition, and rebellion, are things Pray not thou for this people, neither lift up that the followers of that hypothesis cry owi try nor prayer for them.
Locke. 10. Yelping of dogs. I find every sect, as far as reason will help He scorns the dog, resolves to try them, make use of it gladly, and where it fails The combat next; but if their cry them, they cry out, it is matter of faith, and above Invades again his trembling ear,
Locke. He strait resumes his wonted care. Weller. 4. To declare loud.
11. Yell; inarticulate noise. s. To be in labour.
There shall be the noise of a cry from the fish, What! is she crying out?
gate, and an howling from the second, and a So said her woman; and that her suff'rance
great crashing from the hills.
Zephaniah. made Each pang a death. Sbakspeare's Henry VIII.
12. A pack of dogs.
About her middle round, TO CRY up. v. a.
A cry of hell-hounds never ceasing dark'd. Milt, 1. To applaud ; to exalt; to praise.
You common cry of curs! whose breach I hate Instead of crying up all things which are As reek o' th' rotten fens; whose loves I prize brought from beyond sea, let us advance the na- As the dead carcases of unburied men, tive commodities of our own kingdom. Bocom. That do corrupt my air. Sbakspeare's Corner
The philosopher deservedly suspected himself of vanity, when cried up by the multitude.
CRY'AL. 1. s. The heron.
Linsert Glenville's Scepsis. CRY'ER. See CRIER.