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2. Wearing a comb:'
CRIB. n. š. Cenybbe, Sax. crib, Germí The crested bird shall by experience know, 1. The rack or manger of a stable. Jove made not him his master-piece below. Let a beast be lord of beasts, and his crib shall
Dryden. stand at the king's messe. Sbakspeare's Hamlet. CREST-PALLEN.adj. [srest and fall.] De- The steer and lion at one çrib shall meet,
jected; sunk; dispirited; cowed; heart- And harmless serpents lick the pilgrim's feet. less ;- spiritless.
Popi. I warrant you, they would whip me with their
2. The stall or cabin of an ox. fine wits, till I were as crest-fallen as a dried 3. A small habitation; a cottage. pear.
Sbakspeare's Merry Wives of Windsor. Why rather, sleep, liest thou in smoaky cribrý They prolate their words in a whining kind Upon uneasy pallets stretching thee, of querulous tone, as if they were still complain- Than in the perfum'd chambers of the great ? ing and crest-fallen. Howel.
Shakspears CRE'STLESS. adj. (from crest.] Not dig. To CRIB. V. a. (from the noum.] To shut nified with coat-armour; not of any up in a narrow habitation; to confine eminent family.
His grandfather wasLionel duke of Clarence, Now I am cabbin'd, cribb’d, confin', bound ing Third son to the third Edward king of England. To saucy doubts and fears. Sbakspeare's Masb. Sprung crestless yeomen from so deep a root? CRI'BBAGE, n. s. A game at cards.
Shakspeare. C'R'BBLE. n. š. (cribrum, Lat.) A corn. CRETA'CEOUS. adj. [creta, chalk,
CRIBRA’TION. n. s. [cribro, Lat.). The 1. Having the qualities of chalk; chalky. What gives the light, seems hard to say; whe
actof sifting, or separating by a sieves ther it be the cretaceous salt, the nitrous salt, or
CRICK, n. so soine igneous particles.
• Grew. 1. (from cricco, Ital.] The noise of a door. 2. Abounding with chalk.
2. (from cnýce, Saxon, a stake.] A painNor from the sable ground expect success,
ful stiffness in the neck. Nor from cretaceous, stubborn and jejune. Pbilips; CRICKET. n. s. (krekel, from kréken, to CRETA'TLD. adj. [cretatus, Lat.] Rubbed make a noise, Dutch.] with chalk.
1. An insect that squeaks or chirps about Crevice.nis. [from crever, Fr. crepare, ovens and fire-places. Latin, to burst.] A crack; a cleft;
Didst thou not hear a noise la narrow opening.
I heard the owl scream, and the crickets cry. I pried me through the crevice of a wall,
Sbakspeare's When for his hand he had his two sons heads. Far from all resort of mirch,
Save the cricket on the hearth. Milton. I thought it no breach of good-maniers to
The solemn death-watch click'd the hour she peep at a crevice, and look in at people so well
And shrilling crickets in the chimney cried. Gay. To CRE'vice. v. a. [from the noun.] To 2. (from chyce, Sax. a stick.] A sport, at crack; to flaw.
which the contenders drive a ball with So laid, they are more apt in swagging down sticks in opposition to each other. to pierce with their points, than in the jacent The judge, to dance, his brother serjeant call; posture, and so to crevice the wall. Wotton. The senator at cricket urge the ball. Pope. CREW. n. s. (probably from crud, Sax.] 3. [from kriechen, Gerinan, to creep.] A 1. A company of people associated for any low seat or stool.
purpose: as, gallant crew, for troops. - CRI'CKETING Apple. s. s. A small species Chevy-chase.
of apple. There a noble cretu
CRI'ER. ni s. [from cry.) The officer Of lords and ladies stood on every side, Wluch with their presence fair the place much
whose, business is to cry or make probeautified.
clamation. 2. The company of a ship.
He openeth his mouth like a crier. Evilus.
The criers command silence, and the whole The anchors' dropp'd, his crezu the vessels
multitude Dryden's Æneid.
present stind in a suspense. Brerewood.
The crier calls aloud 3. It is now generally used in a bad
Our old nobility of Trojan blood,
Who gape among the crowd for their precarious One of the banish'd creto, food.
Dryden. I fear, hath ventur'a from the deep, to raise CRIME. 1. s. [crimen, Lat. crime, Fr:] An New troubles.
Milton's Paradise Lost. He, with a crew, whom like ambition Joias
act contrary to right; an offence; a With him, or under him to tyrannize,
great fault; an act of wickedness. Marching from Eden tow'rds the west, shall
find High God be witness that I guiltless am; Milton's Paradise Lost,
But if yourself, sir knight, ye guilty find, The last was he, whose thunder slew
Or wrapped be in loves of former dame, The Titan race, a rebel crew.
With crime do not it cover, but disclose the Crew. The preterit of crow, ·
Spencer. The cock crew.
Undergo with me one goile, one crime,
Milton. CRE'WE L. 13. s, [klewel, Dutch.) Yarn
Like in punishment twisted, and wound on a knot, or ball. As in their crime.
Milton. Take silk or crewel, gold or silver thread, and No crims was thine, if 't is no crime to love. make these fast at the bent of the book.
Pope. Walton's Angler. CRI'MEFUL. adj. [from crime and full.1 VOL. I
Boyle en Colour
Wicked ; criminal; faulty in a high
Now the fowler, warn'd degree ; contrary to duty ; contrary to
By these good omens, with swift early steps virtue,
Treads the crimp earth, ranging through fields and glades.
Philife. You proceeded not against these feats, So crimeful and so capital in nature. Sbaksp.
2. Not consistent; not forcible : a low CRI'MELESS.adj. (from crime.] Innocent;
cant word. free from crime.
The evidence is crimp; the witnesses swear My foes could not procure me any scathe,
backwards and forwards, and contradict them So long as I am loyal, true, and crimeless. Sbak.
selves; and his tenants stick by him. Arbatbat CRI'MINAL, adj. [from crime.)
To CRI’mple.v.a. [from rumple, crumple, 1. Faulty ; contrary to right; contrary to
crimple.] To contract; to corrugate;
to cause to shrink or contract. duty ; contrary to law. Live thou; and to thy mother dead attest,
He passed the cautery through them, and < That clear she died from blemish criminel. Spens.
cordingly crimpled them up. What we approve in our friend, we can hardly CRIMSON. n. s. (crimosixo, Italian.]
be induced to think criminal in ourselves. Rogers. 1. Red, somewhat darkened with blue. 2. Guilty ; tainted with crime ; not inno
As crimson seems to be little else than a rary cent.
deep red, with an eye of blue; so some kinds di The neglect of any of the relative duties ren
red seem to be little else than heightened, yede
low. ders us criminal in the sight of God. Rogers.
Why does the soil endue 3. Not civil ; as, a criminal prosecution ;
The blushing poppy with a crimsen huel Pries the criminal law.
2. Red in general. CRI'MINAL. n.s. (from crime. ]
Can you blame her then, being a maid ye! 1. A man accused,
rosed over with the virgin crimson of modesty, Was ever criminal forbid to plead ?
she deny the appearance of a naked blind boy, -. Curb your ill-manner'd zeal. Dryd. Spanish Fr. in her naked seeing self? Sbaksfert 2. A man guilty of a crime.
Beauty's ensign yet All three persons that had held chief place of
Is crimson in thy lips, and in thy cheeks. Stats, authority in their countries; all three ruined,
The crimson stream distain'd his arms around, not by war, or by any other disaster, but by jus- And the disdainful soul came rushing through tice and sentence, as delinquents and criminals.
Bacon. To CRI'MSON. v. a. (from the noun.) To CRI'MINALLY. adv. (from criminal.] die with crimson. Not innocently; wickedly; guiltily. Pardon me, Julius. Here wast chou bay'd, As our thoughts extend to all subjects, they
brave hart! may be criminally employed on all. Rogers.
Here didse thou fall; and here thy hunters stand CRIMINALNESS. n. š. (from criminal.]
Sign'd in thy spoil, and crimsea'd in thy lethe.
Sbakspear: Guiltiness ; want of innocence.
CRI'NCUM. n. s. CRIMINA'TION. n. so [criminatio, Lat.]
1. s. [a cant word.] A cramp;
a contraction; whimsy. The act of accusing ; accusation ; ar
For jealousy is but a kind raignment; charge.
Of clap and crincun of the mind. H. CRIMINATORY.adj. (from crimina, Lat.) 'TO CRINGE. v. a. (from kriechen, GerRelating to accusation; accusing ; cen
To draw together ; to canborious.
tract. CRI'NINOUS. adj. [criminosus, Latin.]
Whip him, fellows, Wicked; iniquitous; enormously guilty,
Till, like a boy, you see him cringe his face,
And whine aloud for mercy.
Sbelspero criminous guilt, is the forfeiture of his right and claim to all mercies which are made over to
with bows; to fawn ; to flatter. him by Christ.
Flatterers have the flexor muscles so strong, CRI'MINOUSLY. adv. [from criminous.]
that they are always bowing and cringing Enormously : very wickedly. Some particular duties of piety and charity,
The cringing knave, who seeks a place
Without success, thus tells his case. which were most criminously omitted before.
CRINGE. n. s. [from the verb.] Bowi CRI'MINOUSNESS. n. s. [from criminous.]
servile civility Wickedness; guilt ; crime.
Let me be grateful; but let far frotte me I could never be convinced of any such crimi
Be-fawning crings, and false dissembling looks montress in him, as willingly to expose his life to
CRINIGEROUS. adj. [criniger, Latis. the stroke of justice, and malice of his enemics,
King Cbarles. Hairy; overgrown with hair. CRI'MOSIN. 1. n. s. [crimosino, Italian; com
TO CRÍNKLE. 7. n. (krinckelen, Dutch. monly written as it is pronounced, crim.
To go in and out; to run in feruios: son.] A species of red colour tinged
diminutive of crankle. with blue.
Unless some sweetness at the bottom lia,
Who cares for all the crinkling of the pie
TO CRI'NKLE, v. 0.
To mould into it
equalities. Embellish the white violet. 'Spenser's Pastorals. CRI'NKLE. x. s. [from the verb.) A CRIMP. adj. (from crumble, or crimble.] wrinkle ; a sinuosity. »s. Friable: brittle ; casily crumbled; CRI’NOSÉ. adj. [from crinis, Latin. casily reduced to powder.
CRINO'SITY. n. s. [from crinose.] Haiti. Severn, affrighted with their bloody looking ness.
Dict. Ran fearfully among the trembling reeds, CRI‘PPLE. n. s. [crypel, Sax. krepel,
And hid his crisp'd head in the hollow bank.
Sbakspeare's Henry IV. Dutch.] A lame man; one that has lost
Young I'd have him too; or never enjoyed the use of his limbs. Yet a man with crisped hair, Donne, with great appearance of pro
Cast in thousand snares and rings, priety, writes it creeple, from creep.
For love's fingers, and his rings.
Spirit of wine is not only unfit for inflammaHe, poor man, by your first order died, And chat a winged Mercury did bear:
tions in general, but also crisps up the vessels of
the dura mater and brain, and sometimes pro Some tardy cripple had the countermand,
duces a gangrene.
Sharp's Surgery That came too lag to see him buried. Shaksp.
2. To twist. I am a cripple in my limbs; but what decays are in my mind, the reader must determine. Along the crisped shades and bow'rs
Revels the spruce and jocund spring. Milton. Among the rest there was a lame cripple from
3. To indent; to run in and out. his birth, whom Paul commanded to stand up
From that saphine fount the crisped brooks, right on his feet.
Bentley. Rolling on orient pearl and sands of gold, See the blind beggar dance, the cripple sing,
Ran nectar, visiting each plant. Milten. The sot a hero, lunatick a king. Pope. CRISPAʻTION. n. s. [from crisp.] To CRI'PPLE. v. a. (from the noun.) To 1. The act of curling.
lame; to make lame; to deprive of the 2. The state of being curled. use of limbs.
Some differ in the hair and feathers, both in Knots upon his gouty joints appear,
the quantity, crispation, and colours of them: as And chalk is in his crippled fingers found. Dryd.
he lions are hirsute, and have great manes; the Tettyx, the dancing-master, threw' himself she's are smooth, like cats.
Bacon. from the rock, but was crippled in the fall. CRI'SPING-PIN. n. s. [from crisp.] A
curling-iron. CRI'PPLENESS. n. s. [from cripple.] The changeable suits of apparel, and the Lameness ; privation of the limbs. mantles, and the wimples, and the crisping-pins Dict.
dicieb. Crisis. N. so [zpicas:]
CRISPISU'LCANT.adj.[crispisulcans, Lat.) 1. The point in which the disease kills, or Waved, or undulating, as lightning is changes to the better ; the decisive mo
Dict. ment when sentence is passed.
CRI'S PNESS. n. s. [from crisp.] CurledWise leeches will not vain receipts obtrude;
ness. Deaf to complaints, they wait upon the ill,
Cris'py, adj. [from crisp.] Curled. Till some safe crisis authorize their skill. Dryd. So are those crispy snaky locks, oft known
To be the dowry of a second fread. Sbakspedre. 2. The point of time at which any affair comes to the height.
CRITERION. 1. s. [xpirágoox.] A mark by This hour's the very crisis of your fate. which any thing is judged of, with reYour good or ill, your infamy or fame,
gard to its goodness or badness. And all the colour of your life, depends
Mutual agreement and endearments was the On this important now.
Dryden. badge of primitive believers; but we may be The undertaking, which I am now laying known by the contrary criterion. Glanville. down, was entered upon in the very crisis of the We have here a sure infallible criterion, by late rebellion ; when it was the duty of every which every man may discover and find out the Briton to contribute his utmost assistance to the
gracious or ungracious disposition of his own government, in a manner suitable to his station
Soutb. and abilities.
Addison's Frecbolder. By what criterion do you eat, d' ye think, CRISP. adj. [crispus, Latin.]
If this is prizid for sweetness, chat for stink? 1. Curled.
Pope's Horace. Bulls are more crisp on the forehead than cows. CRITICK. n. s. (xşırıq.]
Bacon. 1. A man skilled in the art of judging of The Ethiopian black, flat nosed, and crisp
literature; a man able to distinguish haired.
the faults and beauties of writing. 2. Indented ; winding.
This settles truer ideas in men's minds of seYou nymphs callid Naiads, of the winding veral things, whereof we read the names in anbrooks,
cient authors, than all the large and laborious With your sedg'd crowns, and ever harmless arguments of criticks,
Now learn what morals criticks ought to show, Leave your crisp channels, and on this green For 't is but half a judge's task to know. -Pope. land
2. An examiner; a judge. Answer your summons; Juno does command.
But you with pleasure own your errours past,
Shakspeare. And make each day a critick on the last. Pope. 3. Brittle; friable.
3. A sparler ; a carper; a' caviller. In frosty weather, musick within doors sound
Criticks I saw, that others names deface, eth better; which may be by reason, not of the And fix their own with labour in their place. disposition of the air, but of the wood or string of the instrument, which is made more crisp, and
Where an author has many beauties consistenc so more porous and hollow,
with virtue, piety, and truth, let not little criticks To CRISP. v. a. (crispo, Latin.]
exalt themselves, and shower down their ill1. To curl; to contract into knots or
4. A censurer; a man apt to find fault.
My chief design, next to seeing you, is to be me, have been nicely and critically examined by a severe critick on you and your neighbour. very many learned men.
Woodward. Swift. 2. At the exact point of time. CRI'TICK. adj. Critical ; relating to criti. CRITICALNESS. n. s. (from critical. Ex:
cism ; relating to the art of judging of literary performances.
actness ; accuracy; nicety ; incidence Thence arts o'er all the northern world ad- To CRITICISE. v. n. (from critick.)
at a particular point of time. vance, But critick learning flourish'd most in France.
1. To play the critick; to judge; to
Pope. . write remarks upon any performance CRITICK. n. s.
of literature ; to point out faults and 1. A critical examination; critical re- beauties. marks; animadversions.
They who can criticise so weakly, as to ima I should be glad if I could persuade him to
gine I have done my worst, may be convinced
, continue his good offices, and write such another
at their own cost, that I can write severely with critick on any thing of mine.
more ease than I can gently. Dryden. I should as soon expect to see a critique on the
Know well each ancient's proper character; poesy of a ring, as on the inscription of a medal
Without all this at once before your eyes, Addison on Medals.
Cavil you may, but never criticise. Pep. 2. Science of criticism.
2. To animadvert upon as faulty. If ideas and words were distinctly weighed,
Nor would I have his father look so natroniy and duly considered, they would afford us an
ipto these accounts as to take occasion from other sort of logick and critick than what we
thence to criticise on his expences. have been hitherto acquainted with.
Locke. To CRITICISE. v. a. To censure ; to What is every year of a wise man's life, but a pass judgment upon. censure and critique on the past ?
Nor shall I look upon it as any breach of clan Not that my quill to criticks was confin'd; rity to criticise the author, so long as I keep My verse gave ainpler lessons to mankind.
Pope. clear of the person. To CRI'TICK. v. n. (from the noun.) To CRITICISM. n. s. [from critick.] play the critick ; to criticise.
1. Criticism, as it was first instituted by They do but trace over the paths that have
Aristotle, was meant a standard of judg. been beaten by the ancients; or comment, cri- ing well. tick, and flourish, upon them.
Dryder's Innocener, Prefacr
. Temple. CRITICAL. adj. (from critick.]
2. Remark; animadversion; critical ob1. Exact; nicely judicious ; accurate;
There is not a Greek or Latin critick whe
has not shewn, even in the stile of his criticissi, It is submitted to the judgment of more critical that he was a master of all the eloquence and cars, to direct and determine what is graceful delicacy of his native tongue. and what is not.
Holder. Virgil was so criticel in the rites of religion,
TO CROAK. v. n. (cracezzan, Sason ; that he would never have brought in such pray
crocare, Italian ; crocitare, Latin.] ers as these, if they had not been agreeable to 1. To make a boarse low noise, like a the Ronan customs.
Stilling picet. frog. 2. Relating to criticism : as, he wrote a The subtle swallow flies about the brook, critical dissertation on the last play.
And querulous frogs in muddy pools do crest. 3. Captious; inclined to find fault.
So when Jove's block descended from on being What wouldst thou write of me, if chou
Loud thunder to its bottom shook the boss shouldst praise me!
And the hoarse nation croal'da -, gentle lady, do not put me to 'r; For I am nothing, if not critical. Sbakspeare
Blood, stuffd in skins, is British christias 4. (froin crisis.] Comprising the time at And France robs marshes of the creaking brow which a great event is determined.
Guy The moon is supposed to be measured by se- 2. To caw, or cry as a raven or CTOW. vens, and the critical or decretory days to be de
The raven himself is hoarse, pendent on that number. Brown's Vulgar Err. That croaks the fatal entrance of Duncan 5. Decisive ; nice.
Under my battlements.
Shungite Opportunity is in respect to time, in some The hoarse raven, on the blasted baugh, sense, as time is in respect to eternity : it is the By croaking from the left, pressig'd the comes small moment, the exact point, che critical mi.
blow. nute, on which every good work so much de- At the same time the walk of elms, with the pends.
Spratt's Sermons. crooking of the ravens, ke is exceeding saksa The people cannot bat resent to see their ap- and venerable. prehensions of the power of France, in so criti
It may be used in contempt for any di sal a juncture, wholly laid aside. Script.
agreeable or offensive murinur. 6. Producing a crisis or change of the dis
Their understandings are but little instruerak ease ; as, a critical sweat.
when all their whole time and pains is laid out CRITICAL.LY.adv. (from critical.)
to still the treaking of their own ballies lat ,1. In a critical manner; exactly ; curi. CROAK. 13. s. [from the verb.) The of ously.
or voice of a frog or raven. Difficult it is to understand the purity of The swallow skins the river's watery fas; English, and critically to discern good writers The frogs renew the croaki et their loquaze from bad, and a proper stile from a corrupt one.
Dryden. These sbells which are diyged up out of the No matter which; i 'ü to the grave, und bietet
Was that a raven's crash, or my son's reite! earth, scyúrd bundreds of which I now kety by
CRO'CEOUS. adj. [croceus, Latin.] Con. 1: An old ewe.
sisting of saffron ; like saffron. Dict. Fresh herrings plenty Michel brings, CROCITA'Tiox. n. s. [crocitatio, Latin.]
With fatted crones, and such old things. Tusser, The croaking of frogs or ravens. Dict.
2. In contempt, an old woman.
Take CROCK. n. so [kruick, Dutch.] A cup;
Take 't up, I say; give 'c to thy crone. Shakse. any vessel made of earth.
The crone being in bed with him on the wedCROCKERY. n. s. Earthen ware,
ding-night, and finding his aversion, endeavours CRO'CODILE. 1. s. [from róxo, saf
to win his affection by reason. Dryder. fron, and dis20.9, fearing.] An amphibi- CRO'NET. n. s. The hair which grows ous voracious animal, in shape resem. over the top of a horse's hoof. bling a lizard, and found in Egypt and CRONY..n. s. [a cant word.] An old acthe Indies. It is covered with very hard quaintance; a companion of long stand. scales, which cannot, without great ing difficulty, be pierced; except under the
So when the Scots, your constant cronies, Th' espousers
of belly, where the skin is tender. It has
your cause and monies, Hudib.
To oblige your crony Swift, a wide throat, with several rows of
Bring our dame a new year's gift. Srvift teeth, sharp and separated, which en- Strange, an astrologer should die ter one another. It runs with great Witbout one wonder in the sky! swiftness; but does not easily turn it
Not one of all his crony stars
To self. It is long lived, and is said to
pay their duty at his herse!
Swift. grow continually to its death. Some CROOK. n. s. (croc, French.] are fifteen or eighteen cubits long. Cro
1. Any crooked or bent instrument. codiles lay their eggs, resembling goose
2. A sheephook.
I sing the man who Judah's sceptre bore eggs, sometimes amounting to sixty,
In that right hand which held the crook before. near the water-side; covering them with
Cowley. the sand, tbat the heat of the sun may He left his crook, he left his flocks; hatch them.
Calmet. And, wand'ring through the lonely rocks,
Brown's Vulgar Errours. Sweet islands make in that sweet land. Sidney. Cæsar will weep: the crocodile will weep, Dryd. To Crook. P: a. (crocher, French.)
Enticing crocodiles, whose tears are death; 1. To bend ; to turn into a hook. Syrens, that murder with enchanting breath.
It is highly probable, that this disease proceeds Granville,
from a redundant acidity; because vinegar will Crocodile is also a little animal, otherwise called soften and crook tender boncs. Arbutbrot. stinx, very much like the lizard, or small crocodile. It lives by land and water; has four short
2. To pervert from rectitude ; to divert small legs, a very sharp muzzle, and a short
from the original end. small tail. It is pretty enough to look at, being
Whatsoever affairs pass such a man's hands, covered all over with little scales of the colour of
he crooketh them to his own ends; which must silver, intermixt with brown, and of a gold co
needs be often eccentrick to the ends of his
Bacon. lour upon the back. It always remains little.
To CROOK. v.1. To be bent; to have a CRO'Codiline. adj. (crocodilinus, Lát.]
curvature. Like a crocodile.
Their shoes and pattens are snouted and piked CRO'cus. n. 5. A flower.
more than a finger long, crooking upwards.
Camden, Fair-handed Spring unbosoms every grace, Throws out the snow-drop and the crocus first.
CRO'OK BACK. N. s. (crook and back.] A
· Thomson. term of reproach for a man that has Croft. n. s. (croft, Saxon.] A little gibbous shoulders. close joining to a house, that is used for
Aye, crookback, here I stand to answer thee, corn or pasture.
Or any he the proudest of thy sort. Sbaksp. This have I learn'd,
CROOKBACKED. adj. Having bent shoulTending my flocks hard by, i' th' lilly crofts
ders. That brow this bottom glade.
Milton. A dwarf as well may for a giant pass, CROISA'DE. 1. s. (croisade, Fr. from
As negroe for a swan; a crookback'd lass CROISA'Do.) croix, a cross. ] A holy
Be called Europa.
There are millions of truths that a man is not, war; a war carried on against infidels
or may not think himself, concerned to know under the banner of the cross.
as, whether our king Richard 111. was crooke See that he take the name of Urban, because a
bucked or no.
Locke. pope of that name did first institute the croisado; CROOKED. adj. [crocker, French.] and, as with an holy trumpet, did stir up the 1. Bent; not straight ; curved. voyage for the Holy Land.
A bell or a cannon may be heard beyond a CROISES. n. S.
hill which intercepts the sight of the sounding 1. Pilgrims who carry a cross.
body; and sounds are propagated as readily 2. Soldiers who fight against infidels un
through crooked pipes, as through straight ones. der the banner of the cross.
Mathematicians say of a straight line, that it CRONE. n. so (crone, Sax. according to is as well an index of its own rectitude as of the Verstegan; kronis, Dutch, according to obliquity of a crooked one.
W odrvard. Skinner.]
2. Winding; oblique; anfractuous,
master or state.