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ments thereof.

Names very rudely handled, and the great Benefits they • did this Nation treated slightly and contemptuously. I

have lived to see our Deliverance from Arbitrary Power • and Popiry, traduced and vilified by some who for. • merly thought it was their greatest Merit, and made it

part of their Boast and Glory, to have had a little hand and Ihare in bringing it about; and others who, without it, must have livd in Exile, Poverty, and Misery, meanly disclaiming it, and using ill the glorious Infiru

Who could expect such a Requital of o such Merit? I have, I own it, an Ambition of exemp

ting my self from the Number of unthankful People: « And as I loved and honoured those great Princes li

ving, and lamented over them when dead, so I would gladly raise them up a Monument of Praise as lafting as

any thing of mine can be; and I chuse to do it at this « time, when it is so unfashionable a thing to speak honourably of them.

« THÉ Sermon that was preached upon the Duke of Es Gloucester's Deuth was printed quickly after, and is now, 's because the Subject was so suitable, join'd to the others, • The Loss of that most promising and hopeful Prince • was, at that time, I saw, unspeakably great; and many • Accidents fince have convinced us, that it could not « have been over-valued. That precious Life, had it • pleased God to have prolonged it the usual Space, had • saved us many Fears and Jealousies, and dark Distrusts, • and prevented many Alarms, that have long kept us, • and will keep us ftill, waking and uneasy. Nothing reo mained to comfort and support us under this heavy

Stroke, but the Necessity it brought the King and Na

tion under, of settling the Succession in the House of « HANNOVER, and giving it an Hereditary Right, • by Act of Parliament, as long as it continues Protestant.

So much good did God, in his merciful Providence, pro

duce froin a Misfortune, which we could never other« wise have sufficiently deplored.

THE fourth Sermon was preached upon the Queen's Accession to the Throne, and the first Year in which that

Day was folemnly observed, (for, by fome Accident or • other, it had been over-look'd the Year before ;) and every one will see, without the date of it, that it was



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preached very early in this Reign, since I was able only to promise and presage its future Glories and successes, from the good Appearances of things, and the happy. Turn our Affairs began to take; and could not then count up the Victories and Triumphs that for seven Years after, made it, in the Prophet's Language, a Name and a Praise among all the People of the Earth, Never did seven such Years together pass over the

head of any English Monarch, nor cover it with lo s much Honour: The Crown and Scepter seemed to be • the Queen's least Ornaments; those, other Princes wore

in common with her, and her great personal Virtues

were the same before and since; but such was the Fame « of her Administration of Affairs at home, such was the

Reputation of her Wisdom and Felicity in chusing Ministers, and such was then esteemed their Faithfulness and Zeal, their Diligence and great Abilities in executing her Commands; to such a height of military Glory did her great General and her Armies carry the

British Name abroad; such was the Harmony and Con• cord betwixt her and her Allies, and such was the Bles. • sing of God upon all her Counsels and Undertakings,

that I am as sure as History can make me, no Prince of

ours was ever yet so prosperous and successful, so ' beloved, esteemed, and honoured by their Subjects and • their Friends, nor near fo formidable to their Enemies. • We were, as all the World inagined then, just entring

the ways that promised to lead to such a Peace, as would have answered all the Prayers of our religious Queen, the Care and Vigilance of a most able Ministry,

the Payments of a willing and obedient People, as • well as all the glorious Toils and Hazards of the Sol• diery; when God, for our Sins, permitted the Spirit of

Discord to go forth, and, by troubling fore the Camp, • the City, and the Country, (and oh that it had alto"gether (pared the Places facred to his Worship!) to

spoil, for a time, this beautiful and pleasing Prospect, rand give us, in its stead, I know not what Our - Enemies will tell the rest with Pleasure. It will be

come me better to pray to God to reitore us to the • Power of obtaining such a Peace, as will be to his Glory, the Safety, Honour, and the Welfare of the


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Queeu and her Dominions, and the general Satisfaction
of all her High and Mighty Allies,
May 2, 1712.


N° 385. Thursday, May 22.



Thesea pectora juncta fide,

Intend the Paper for this day as a loose Esay upon
Friendship, in which I shall throw my Observations
together without any set Form, that I


avoid peating what has been often said on this Subject.

FRIENDSHIP is a strong and habitual Inclination in two Ferfons to promote the Good and Happiness of one another. Tho' the pleasures and Advantages of Friendship have been largely celebrated by the best moral Writers, and are considered by all as great Ingredients of human Happiness, we very rarely meet with the Practice of this Virtue in the World,

EVERY Man is ready to give in a long Catalogue of those Virtues and good Qualities he expects to find in the Person of a Friend, but very few of us are careful to cultivate them in cur selves,

LOVE and Esteem are the first Principles of Friend. ship, which always is imperfect where either of these two is wanting

AS, on the one hand, we are soon ashamed of loving a Man whom we cannot esteem : fo, on the other, tho? we are truly lea:lible of a Man's Abilities, we can never raise ourselves to the Warmths of Friendship, without an affectionate Good-will towards his Person.

FRIENDSHIP immediately banishes Envy under all its Disguises. A Man who can once doubt whether he should rejoice in liis Friend's being happier than himself, may depend upon it that he is an utter Stranger to this Virtue,

THERE is something in Friendship so very, great and noble, that in those fictitious Stories which are inyen


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ted to the Honour of any particular Person, the Authors have thought it as necessary to make their Hero a Friend as a Lover. Achilles has his Patroclus, and Æneas his Achates. In the first of these instances we may observe, for the Reputation of the Subject I am treating of, that Greece was almost ruin'd by the Hero's Love, but was preserved by his Friendship.

THE Character of Achates suggests to us an Observation we may often make on the Intimacies of great Men, who frequently chuse their Companions rather for the Qualities of the Heart than those of the Head, and prefer Fidelity in an ealy inoffensive complying Temper to those Endowments which make a much greater Figure among Mankind. I do not remember that Achates, who is represented as the first Favourite, either gives his Advice, or strikes a Blow, thro' the wholc Æneid.

A Friendship which makes the least noise, is very often most useful : for which reason I should prefer 2 prudent Friend to a zealous one,

ATTICUS, one of the best Men of ancient Rome, wasa very remarkable Instance of what I am here fpeaking. This extraordinary Person, amidst the Civil Wars of his Country, when he saw the Designs of all Parties equally tended to the Subversion of Liberty, by conftantly preserving the Esteem and Affection of both the Competitors, found means to serve his Friends on either fide : and while he sent Money to young Marius, whose Father was declared an Enemy of the Commonwealth, he was himself one of Sylla's chief Favourites, and always near that General.

DURING the War between Cæsar and Pompey, he still maintained the same Conduct. After the Death of Cæfar he sent Money to Brutus in his Troubles, and did a thousand good Offices to Antony's Wife and Friends when that Party seemed ruined. Lastly, even in that bloody War between Antony and Augustus, Atticus ftill kept his place in both their Friendships; insomuch that the first

, says Cornelius Nepos, whenever he was absent from Rome in any part of the Empire, writ punctually to him what he was doing, what he read, and whither he intended to go ; and the latter, gave himn constantly an exact Account of all his Affairs,


A Likeness of Inclinations in every Particular is so far from being requisite to form a Benevolence in two Minds towards each other, as it is generally imagined, that I believe we shall find some of the firmest Friendships to have been contracted between Persons of different Humours; the Mind being often pleased with thofe Penfections which are new to it, and which it does not find among its own Accomplishments. Besides that a Man in some measure supplies his own Defeats, and fancies himself at second hand poffefled of those good Qualities and Endowments, which are in the poffeffion of him who in the Eye of the World is looked on as his other self.

THE most difficult Province in Friendship is the letting a Man see his Faults and Errors, which should, if pollible, be so contrived, that he may perceive our Advice is given him not so much to please ourselves as for his own Advantage. The Reproaches therefore of a Friend should always be strictly just, and not too frequent.

THE viořent Desire of pleasing in the Person reproved, may otherwise change into a Despair of doing it, while he finds himselfcensur'd for Faults he is not conscious ofe A Mind that is softened and humanized by Friendship, cannot bear frequent Reproaches; either it must quite sink under the Oppreffion, or abate considerably of the Value and Efteem it had for him who bestows them.

THE proper Business of Friendship is to infpire Life and Courage ; and a Soul thus supported, outdoes itself: whereas if it be unexpectedly deprived of these Succours, it droops and languishes.

W E'are in some measure more inexcusable if we violate our Duties to a Friend, than to a Relation : since the for- . mer arise from a voluntary Choice, the latter from a Ne. cessity to which we could not give our own Confent.

A Ś it has been said on one side, that a Man ought not? to break with a faulty Friend, that he may not expose the Weakness of his Choice ; it will doubtless hold much stronger with respect to a worthy one, that he may never be upbraided for having lost fo valuable a Treasure which was once in his pofleflion.



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