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April 19 Satur. St. Leo.
April 19 St. Leo was bishop of Toul, and in the year A. D.
1048, was chosen Pope. In 1053 he led a German
army against the Normans, who had invaded
Italy, but was defeated, and conducted back to
lowing. He was the first pope that kept an army,
the first poets of the age, after an illness of ten
celebrating their Easter festivities.
lisbury, ÆT. 71. He was elected previous to his
being made a bishop, master of Queen's College, 23 and 24 c. Num
Cambridge, where he was educated. In 1621, he bers, morn
was made bishop of the above Sre. He was a 25 c. afternoon.
man of great learning, and a strong Calvinist. St. Agues died, 1657. This day is the anniversary of the destruc. A.D. 1317.
tion of the Spanish fleet, effected by the gallant Sun ris 56m af. 4
admiral Blake, after being resisted four hours
by the Spaniards.
his public entry into London from Hartwell on
a monk of mount Sinai. He died A, D. 678. Some
of his writings on Practical Divinity were pub41m af. 6 morn
lished at Ingoldstadt, in 1606. 6m af. 7 even
1142. Died, Peter Abelard, AT. 63, a learned doc
tor of the church. He was the celebrated lover
which were published by him,
-22 St. Caius was a Sclavonian, and kinsman to the
emperor Dioclesian. He succeeded Eutychian 18m af. 5 morn
in the papacy, A. D. 283. He suffered martyrSun ris 53m af. 4
dom in 296. morn
1509. Died of a consumption, at Richmond, the sets 7m af. 7
avaricious monarch, Henry VIII. RT. 51. Dur. even
ing his reign gunpowder and artillery were added
to the art of war, 23 Wed. St. George.
23 St. George, the Greek martyr. This saint the Higb Water,
patron of England; and on this day takes place 27m af. 8 morn
the annual celebration of the birth-day his
present Majesty (George IV.)
whereon he had completed his 52 year, the cele
On the same day with Shakspeare in Enge
debt. 24 Thurs St. Mellitus, arch
24 1599. Born on this day, the protector, Oliver bishop of Can
Cromwell. The discontent that crept into his terbury died, A.
army at last, is said to have occasioned the illD. 624.
ness which terminated in his death, He was & East, Tm. begins
man of great courage and indefatigable industry,
but a most intolerable bigot and hypocrite. 26 Frid. St. Mark, the
25 This Evangelist wrote his gospel about the year
A. D. 43. He died in the eighth year of Nero,
and was buried at Alexandria,
1776. The birth-day of her Royal Highness, Mary,
Duchess of Gloucester. 1800. Expire
at East Dereham, in Norfolk, on this day, the amiable and excellent poet, William Cowper, RT. 69. The popularity of his poetry speaks volumes in its praise,
ILLUSTRATED ARTICLE. from morning till night. Even now you
may count in it as many churches and
cloisters as the year has days. In the year 1571, there lived at Cologne The principal church is the cathedral a rich burgomaster, whose wife Adelaide, of St. Peter-one of the handsomest then in the prime of her youth and beauty buildings in all Germany, though still not fell sick and died. They had lived very so complete as it was probably intended happily t-gether, and, throughout her by the architect. The choir alone is arfatal illness, the doating husband scarcely ched. The chief altar is a single block of quitted her bedside for an instant. During black marble, brought along the Rhine to the latter period of her sickness, she did Cologne, from Namur upon the Maas. not suffer greatly ; but the fainting fits In the sacristy an ivory rod is shewn, grew more and more frequent, and of in- said to have belonged to the apostle Peter; creasing duration, till at length they and in a chapel stands a gilded coffin, became incessant, and she finally sank with the names of the holy Three Kings under them.
inscribed. Their skulls are visible It is well known that Cologne is a city through an opening-two being white, as which, as far as respects religion, may belonging to Caspar and Baltesar—the compare itself with Rome; on which ac- third black, for Melchior.
It is easy to count it was called, even in the middle be understood that these remarkable relics ages, Roma Germanica, and sometimes rendered sacred by time, make a deep the Sacred City. It seemed as if, in impression on the imagination of the after times, it wished to compensate by Catholics; and that the three skulls, with piety, the misfortune of having been the their jewels and silver setting, are conbirth-place of the abominable Agrippina. vincing proofs of genuineness, to religious For many years nothing else was seen but feelings—though a glance at history is priests, students, and mendicant monks; sufficient to shew their spuriousness. while the bells were ringing and tolling It was in this church that Adelaide was VOL. I. R
APRIL 26, 1828.
buried with great splendour. In the spirit monks, carrying tapers and scattering of that age, which had more feeling for incense, sang requiems from their huge the solid than real taste-more devotion vellum folios, which were spread upon and confidence than unbelieving fear, the music-desks in the choir. But the she was dressed as a bride in flowered silk, service was now over ; the dead lay a motley garland upon her head, and her alone with the dead; the immense clock, pale fingers covered with costly rings; in which is only wound up once a-year, and which state she was conveyed to the vault shews the course of the planets, as well as of a little chapel, directly under the choir, the hours of the day, was the only thing in a coffin with glass windows. Many of that had sound or motion in the whole her forefathers were already resting here, cathedral. Its monotonous ticking seemed all embalmed, and, with their mummy to mock the silent grave. forms, offering a strange contrast to the It was a stormy November evening, silver and gold with which they were de- when Petier Bolt, the sexton of St. Peter's corated, and teaching, in a peculiar fas was returning home after this splendid hion, the difference between the perish- funeral. The poor man who had been able and the imperishable. The custom married four years, had one child, a of embalming was, in the present instance daughter, which his wife brought him in given up; the place was full ; and, the second year of their marriage, and when Adelaide was buried, it was settled was again expecting her confinement. It that no one else should be laid there for was therefore, with a heavy heart that the future.
he had left the church for his cottage, With heavy heart had Adolph followed which lay damp and cold on the banks his wife to her final resting-place. The of a river, and which, at this dull season, turret-bells, of two hundred and twenty looked more gloomy than ever. At the hundred weight, lifted up their deep door he was met by the little Maria, who voices, and spread the sounds of mourn called out with great delight, ing through the wide city; while the must not go up stairs, father ; the stork
has been here, and brought Maria a little cathedral. On the way, all manner of
piece of information more strange fancies crossed him : the earth expected than agreeable, and which was seemed to shake beneath him—it was the soon after confirmed by the appearance tottering of his own limbs : a figure seemof his sister-in-law, with a healthy infanted to sign him back—it was the shade in her arms. His wife, however, had thrown from some column, that waved to suffered much, and was in a state that re and fro as the lamp-light flickered in the quired assistance far beyond his means to night wind. But still the thought of home supply. In this distress he bethought drove him on; and even the badness of himself of the Jew, Isaac, who had lately the weather carried this consolation with advanced him a trifle on his old silver it—he was the more likely to find the watch; but now, unfortunately, he had streets clear, and escape detection. nothing more to pledge, and was forced He had now reached the cathedral to ground all his hopes on the Jew's com- For a moment he paused on the steps, passion—a very unsafe anchorage. With and then, taking heart, put the huge key doubtful steps he songht the house of the into the lock. To his fancy, it had never miser, and told his tale amidst tears and opened with such readiness before. The sighs; to all of which Isaac listened with bolt shot back at the light touch of the great patience—so much so, indeed, that key, and he stood alone in the church, Bolt began to flatter himself with a fa- trembling from head to foot. Still it vorable answer to his petition. But he was requisite to close the door behind him was disappointed : the Jew, having heard lest its being open should be seen by any him out, coolly replied,
" that he could one passing by, and give rise to suspicion, lend no monies on a child—it was no and, as he did so, the story came across good pledge."
is mind of the man who had visited a With bitter execrations on the usurer's church at midnight to shew his courage. hardheartedness, poor Bolt rushed from his For a sign that he had really been there, door ; when, to aggravate his situation, he was to stick his knife into a coffin the first snow of the season began to fall, but, in his hurry and trepidation, he and that so thick and fast, that, in a very struck it through the skirt of his coat short time, the house-tops presented a without being aware of it, and supposing single field of white. Immersed in his himself held back by some supernatural grief, he missed his way across the mar agency, dropt down dead from terror. ket place, and, when he least expected Full of these unpleasant recollections, such a thing, found himself in the front he tottered up the nave; and, as the of the cathedral. The great clock chimed light successively flashed upon the sculpthree quarters—it wanted then a quarter tured marbles, it seemed to him as if the to twelve. Where was he to look for pale figures frowned ominously upon him. assistance at such an hour-or, indeed, at But desperation supplied the place of any hour? He had already applied to courage. He kept on his way to the the rich prelates, and got from them all choir-descended the steps-passed through that their charity was likely to give the long narrow passage, with the dead Suddenly, a thought struck him like heaped up on either side-opened Adelightning :-he saw his little Maria cry- laide's chapel, and stood at once before ing for the food he could not give her her coffin. There she lay, stiff and pale his sick wife, lying in bed, with the infant--the wreath in her hair, and the jewels on her exhausted bosom-and then Ade on her fingers, gleaming strangely in the laide, in her splendid coffin, and her hand dim lights of the lantern. He even fanglittering with jewels that it could not çied that he already smelt the pestilential grasp. s Of what use are diamonds to breath of decay, though it was full early her now?” said he to himself. “ Is for corruption to have begun his work, there any sin in robbing the dead to give A sickness seized him at the thought, and to the living? I would not do such a he leaned for support against one of the thing for myself if I were starving--no, columns, with his eye fixed on the cofHeaven forbid ! But for my wife and fin; when—was it real, or was it illuchild-ah! that's quite another matter." sion ?-a change came over the face of
Quieting his conscience, as well as he the dead ! He started back; and that could, with this opiate, he hurried home change, so indescribable, had passed to get the necessary implements ; but, by away in an instant, leaving a darker shathe time he reached his own door, his dow on the features. resolution began to waver. The sight, “ If I had only time," he said to himhowever, of his wife's distress, wrought self" if I had only time, I would rather him up again to the sticking-place; and break open one of the other coffins, and having provided himself with a dark lan- leave the lady Adelaide in quiet." Age tern, the church-keys, and a crow to has destroyed all that is human in these break open the coffin, he set out for the mummies; they have lost that resem
blance to life, which makes the dead so Against this stone the unlucky sextoo tersible, and I should no more mind hand- stumbled, just as the turret-clock struck ling them than so many dry bones. It's twelve, and immediately he fell to the earth all nonsense, though ; one is as harmless in a death-like swoon. The cold, howas the other, and since the lady Adelaide's ever, soon brought him to himself, and on house is the easiest for my work, I must recovering his senses he again fled, winge'en set about it.
ed by terror, and fully convinced that he But the coffin did not offer the facilities had no hope of escaping the vengeance of he reckoned
with so much certainty. the dead, except by the confession of his The glass windows were secured inwardly crime, and gaining the forgiveness of with iron wire, leaving no space for the her family. With this view he hurried admission of the hand, so that he found him- across the market-place, to the Burgoself obliged to break the lid to pieces, a master's house where he had to knock task that, with his imperfect implements, long before he could attract any notice. cost both time and labour. As the wood The whole household lay in a profound splintered and cracked under the heavy sleep, with the exception of the unhappy blows of the iron, the cold perspiration Adolph, who was now sitting alone on poured in streams down his face, the sound the same sofa where he had so often sat assuring him more than all the rest that he with his Adelaide. Her picture hung on was committing sacrilege. Before, it was the wall opposite to him, though it might only the place, with its dark associations, rather be said to feed his grief than to that had terrified him; now he began to afford him any consolation. And yet, as be afraid of himself, and would, without most would do under such circumstances, doubt, have given up the business altoge- he dwelt upon it the more intently even ther, if the lid had not suddenly flown to from the pain it gave him, and it was not pieces. Alarmed at his very success, he 'till the sexton had knocked repeatedly started round, as if expecting to see some that he awoke from his melancholy one behind, watching his sacrilege, and dreams. Roused at last, be opened the ready to clutch him; and so strong had window, and enquired who it was that been the illusion, that, when he found disturbed him at such an unseasonable this was not the case, he fell upon his hour ?" It is only I, Mr. Burgomasknees before the coffin, exclaiming, “ For. ter," was the answer.-“ And who are give me, dear lady, if I take from you you ?” again asked Adolph.-“ Bolt, the what is of no use to yourself, while a sexton of St. Peter's, Mr. Burgomaster; single diamond will make a poor family I have a thing of the utmost importance to so happy. It is not for myself_Oh no! discover to you.”- Naturally associating --it is for my wife and children.” the idea of Adelaide with the sexton of
He thought the dead looked more kindly the church where she was buried, Adolph at him as he spake thus, and certainly the was immediately anxious to know somelivid shadow had passed away from her thing more of the matter, and, taking up face. Without more delay, he raised the a wax-light, he hastened down stairs, and cold hand to draw the rings from its fin- himself opened the door to Bolt. ger: but what was his horror when the • What have you to say to me?” he dead returned his grasp !*-his hand was exclaimed.-“ Not here, Mr. Burgoclutched, aye, firmly clutched, though master,” replied the anxious sexton that rigid face and form lay there as fixed “not here, we may be overheard.” and motionless as ever. With a cry of
Adolph, though wondering at this affechorror he burst away, not retaining so tation of mystery, motioned him in, and much presence of mind as to think of the closed the door ; when Bolt, throwing light which he left burning by the coffin. himself at his feet, confessed all that had This, however, was of little consequence; happened. The anger of Adolph was fear can find its way in the dark, and hé mixed with compassion as he listened to rushed through the vaulted passage, up the strange recital ; nor could he refuse the steps, through the choir, and would to Bolt the absolution which the
felhave found his way out, had he not, in low deemed so essential to his future his reckless_hurry, forgotten the stone, security from the vengeance of the dead. called the Devil's Stone, which lies in At the same time, he cautioned him to the middle of the church, and which, ac maintain a profound silence on the subcording to the legend, was cast there by ject towards every one else, as otherwise the Devil. Thus much is certain,-it has the sacrilege might be attended with fallen from the arch, and they still show serious consequences—it not being likely a hole above, through which it is said to that the ecclesiastics, whom the have been hurled.
judgment of such matters belonged, would
view his fault with equal indulgence. He * See Illustration, page 241.
even resolved to go himself to the church with Bolt, that he might investigate the