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is the name of that attendant of yours?" to whom Kaundinya replied, " His name is Asvajit." Then Udayi requested Asvajit to enter the wood and tell Siddartha that a messenger from his Royal 'Father had come to inquire for him. But Asvajit declined to accede to such a request, and desired Udayi himself to go into the wood. At length Udayi complied, and found Bodhisatwa asleep on the ground; but how altered his appearance! Then, raising a great cry, Udayi exclaimed, "Alas! alas! that one so beautiful and full of grace should ever come to thisI" etc. Then Bodhisatwa, hearing these cries, demanded, "Who are you?" On which ever explained why he had come; but Bodhisatwa replied, "I seek Nirvana, and will have nothing more to do with the troublesome world;" and, he added, "may my body be ground to powder small as the mustard-seed if I ever desire to return to my home! If indeed I die before the completion of my vow, then, Udayi, take back my bones to Kapilavastu, and say, 'These are the relics of a man who died in the fixed prosecution of his resolve;' but, as it is, go tell my royal Father that I am resolved to persevere. For, in truth, in my dreams the Devas come to me, and they tell me that within seven days I shall indeed attain to the perfection I seek. Go, then, UdayiI return home, for there can be no further communication between us." Then Udayi, having heard these words, arose and left the wood and returned to Kapilavastu, and told Suddhodana Raja that his son was still persevering in his aim, and was alive; on this the king said, "Myson is yet alive, and my heart is filled with joy."

The conclusion of his Severe Fast.

§ 2. Now during the six years' penance which Bodhisatwa endured, Mararaja Pisuna1 had come once and again to try and tempt him to the commission of some small sin, but with no success. And so the Gatha says 2

1 That is, "the wicked Mara." Mara is the same as the Lord of the World of Pleasure (Kama loka). He is sometimes identified with "Death."

s These Gathas are almost identical with the Thibetan. Lai. Irish, p. 251.

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1 I ii'vn, Won t hi! niggard Brahman who had supplied Bodhisatwa with thu low grains of millet he ate daily. Vid. ante.

To whom Deva replied—"Virtuous sir, indeed I have no such things at hand to offer; but if Bodhisatwa will follow my advice, it will be easy to procure them."

"And what is your advice?" he said. "To come to the house of the Brahman Senayana, and receive them there?" On this Bodhisatwa consented.

Accordingly Deva, returning to Senayana, said—" Oh! great sir, not far from this place is an illustrious Shaman, who is about to break through his long and rigorous fast, and to come to your house to beg for some wheat, oil, and honey, and water, wherewithal to refresh his body. Can you, oh, virtuous sir! provide these things?"

Now Senayana had two daughters, one called Wanda, the other Bala, both of them very beautiful, and in the prime of their youthful days. These girls had long ago heard about the Sakyas who lived at Kapilavastu, beneath the northern mountains, and of Suddhodana, and Maya, and their graceful son; and having heard all this, they had besought their father to try to get for them the graceful youth, the child of Suddhodana, as a husband.

Then Senayana, having heard from the Brahman Deva that Bodhisatwa was coming to his house to beg for food, ordered his two daughters to prepare at once provision of wheat and oil, and milk and honey, and take it, said he, "to the place where the great Shaman is, and carry him warm water for his body, for thus perhaps you may obtain the desire of your hearts, and become the wives of that beautiful Sakya Prince." The girls having received this intimation, forthwith proceeded to prepare the necessary food, and afterwards they carried it to the place where Bodhisatwa was undergoing his penance. Arrived there, they bowed down their heads at his feet, and offering their food to him, spake thus—" illustrious and honourable sir! deign to receive this offering of food at our hands." Then Bodhisatwa, having received the gift at the hands of the two maidens, ate according to his desire. Then, taking the butter and the oil, he rubbed it into his body, and afterwards using the tepid water, he washed himself as he purposed. Then his body, absorbing the oil, like the thirsty ground drinks up the rain, from that moment he began to revive, and his frame resumed its youthful appearance.

And now Bodhisatwa, having eaten and drunk, addressed the two maidens thus—" My sisters! you have wrought a meritorious deed by thus ministering to my wants; tell me, then, have you any wish you would have fulfilled?" On which they replied— "Of old time we have heard of a certain beautiful Sakya Prince, whose equal it would be hard to find; we would wish to become the wives of that prince." Then Bodhisatwa answered—"My sisters, I am that Sakya Prince! but I have vowed never again to participate in the five pleasures of sense—for my object is to obtain supreme enlightenment, and to preach the insurpassable Law." To which the maidens replied—" If this be indeed the case, beyond all doubt you will obtain your end; when this is so, come, we pray you, to our house, that we may become followers of yours." On which Bodhisatwa said, "My sisters, it is well—it is well; your wish shall be accomplished."

From that day forth these two maidens continued to bring food and water to Bodhisatwa, until his body had once more resumed its wonted beauty.

After this Bodhisatwa desired them no longer to bring him food.

Now at this time a certain shepherd boy, having observed the invincible purpose of Bodhisatwa in practising his penance, approached him, being filled with reverence and joy, and bowed before him and said, " Oh! virtuous and honourable sir! may I be permitted to make you some offerings of food." On obtaining the desired permission, he took of his goat's milk and offered it to Bodhisatwa, and anointed his body therewith ; whilst, cutting down some branches of the Nyagrodha tree, he wove a covering over the head of Bodhisatwa, as a shelter from the wind and the rain. Meantime, in virtue of the spiritual power of Bodhisatwa, these branches took root, and bore flowers and leaves as they sheltered him.

Now it came to pass that the five men, seeing Bodhisatwa's altered mode of life, and his appearance of revived grace and health, thought with themselves that he had lost his power of Dhyana, and also his purpose of attaining supreme wisdom; they were therefore incensed against him, and left him with many reproaches. After a time they came to Benares, and entering the deer-garden, they gave themselves up to severe contemplation. And so the Gatha says— "Those five Rishis practising severe penance,

Seeing Bodhisatwa partake of various kinds of food,

Spake thus among themselves, 'This is no contemplative discipline—

He has given up the quest, and now nourishes his earthly body (5-element-body)'."

Now from the day when the daughter of the village lord had first given Bodhisatwa the food in charity, which we have described, through the whole of the six years that he had practised his severe penance, she had ever ministered her substance in bestowing charity on all the Brahman and Shaman mendicants who came to her door; and in each case she uttered this vow— "May the merit of this charitable act accrue to the benefit of that Sakya mendicant who is now undergoing such severe penance, and may he in the end attain his earnest desire."

Now the six years being over, on the 16th day of the second month of spring-time, Bodhisatwa began to reflect thus, "It is not right that I should continue thus eating, and not aiming to attain the end of all, the perfection of complete wisdom; where, then, shall I obtain fitting food for the purpose, which may nourish me, and at the same time not unfit me for that great end of all?"

Thus reflecting, a certain Devaputra, knowing the thoughts of Bodhisatwa, went straight to the house of the village Lord, Sujata,1 and his two daughters, and spake thus—" Sujata, now is your opportunity! Bodhisatwa desires some choice food, after partaking of which he desires to devote himself to the attainment of supreme wisdom. 2 Ye, then, should now prepare some exquisite cream for the purpose of ministering to his wants."

Then the two daughters of Sujata, the village lord, having heard the Devaputra's words, quickly assembled a thousand milch kine, and with their milk fed five hundred others, and with their milk fed two hundred and fifty others, and so on down to fifteen cows; taking the milk of these cows and mixing it in a dish with some of the purest rice, these two maidens proceeded to prepare a lordly dish for Bodhisatwa. Then appeared all kinds of wonderful portents; every kind of appearance presented itself on the surface

1 But Sujata was given before as the name of one daughter, and the village lord was called Nandika. s H ere again the expression denotes two, "ni-tang."

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