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ped,' every two years, by a vote of the town,) he repairs to the 'General Court,' charged with a speech 'full of Bunker-Hill, and heroes of seventy-six, and dying for liberty.' Ambitious for action, he distinguishes himself at first by seconding all the motions that are made, by both parties, biding his time for his own speech; but for this effort, and the amusing circumstances attending its delivery, we must refer the reader to the book itself. The 'Chapter on Metaphysics' is capital. The abstract and 'inward soul-ofnature' philosophers, of the ultra German and transcendental schools, are depicted to the life. The misty 'Doctor' well replies to 'Uncle Tim's remark, that 'in common cases, those who utter nonsense are considered blockheads, that 'in metaphysics, the case is different!' 'The Science of Starvation' we commend to every dietetic eremite's perusal. It will go far to counteract the influence of the 'Library of Starvation,' the 'Sawdust Journal,' and other works on short commons. The Decline and Fall of Dogtown' may be commended to sanguine speculators, as a beacon above sunken rocks and quicksands. The 'Proceedings of the Society for the Diffusion of Useless Knowledge' is after the manner of the Report of the 'Mudfog Association,' by Boz, but less humorous and effective. The 'Biography of a Broomstick' was doubtless suggested by the papers under that title, which were published, some time since, in these pages. We must be pardoned for yielding our biographer the palm. There are several other 'notions,' in prose and rhyme, which we will not particularize, but close with commending the volume to all who would rather laugh than cry.
FREEDOM OF OPINION AND ACTION. - We have somewhere heard of a connoisseur in the arts saying to a friend, 'I wish you would come down and see a picture I have just purchased. I would like you to give me your candid opinion of it. A friend of mine had the impudence to say, this morning, that it was not an original! If there's another man says it is not an original, by Jove! I'll knock him down! But come and see it, and tell me honestly what you think of it.' Here was freedom of opinion; and something akin to the liberty of action said to have been granted by Col. M'LANE, (whose 'Journal' we give elsewhere,) to the troops under his command, before going into winter-quarters, at Valley-Forge. They were suffering for provisions and clothing, and Congress had been repeatedly petitioned for that relief which it was not in their power to bestow. Under these circumstances, Col. M'LANE paraded his band of suffering soldiers, and harangued them as follows: Fellow-Soldiers! You've served your country faithfully and truly. We've fought hard fights together, ag'inst the enemy. You're in a bad way for comfortable clothes, that's a fact; and it makes me cry, a'most, to see your feet bleeding on the frozen ground. But Congress can't help it, nor I n'ither. Now if any of you want to return home, you may go. Let them that would like to go, step out two paces in front. But the first man that steps out, darn my skin! if I don't shoot him as quick as I would a red-coat!' It is needless to add, that not a solitary' volunteer' was to be found.
THE WRITINGS OF 'Boz.'-The last number of the London Quarterly has an extended review of the writings of this modern humorist, which assigns him an elevated position as an author. The reviewer states that his popularity is the most remarkable literary phenomenon of the present times, for it has been fairly earned, without resorting to any trickery to excite public attention. Mr. DICKENS is the grand object of attraction to all the male and female lion-hunters of the metropolis. 'Pickwick chintzes' figure in linen-draper's windows, and 'Weller corduroys' in breeches-makers' advertisements; 'Boz cabs' are seen rattling through the streets, and the author of 'Pelham's portrait is scraped down, or pasted over, in the omnibuses, to make room for that of the
new favorite. In some observations upon the originality of the 'Pickwick Papers,' the reviewer takes occasion to remark, that the only writer who appears to have exercised any marked influence over his style, is Washington IRVING, Whom he has undoubtedly imitated in parts. 'The Bagman's Story' is pronounced to be a palpable plagiarism from the 'Adventure of my Grandfather;' the description of an English coachman is also very like the picture of the same original, in the 'Sketch-Book ;' while 'Wardle's manor-house, with its merry doings at Christmas-time, is neither more nor less than 'Bracebridge Hall' at second hand.' Mr. DICKENS receives just commendation for following nature, and for treating his humble characters as if he were not ashamed of them; and it is mentioned, that a celebrated beauty jocularly proposed a party, to which none were to be admitted who did not consider SAM. WELLER a gentleman! The reviewer expresses fears lest 'Boz' may exhaust his genius by such large drafts upon his intellectual treasury; but admits that in 'Oliver Twist,' his latest and still unfinished series, so far from there being any diminution of talent, it really exceeds, in many respects, the best of his previous efforts.
'ADVENT: A MYSTERY.'-Thus is entitled a poem, in the form of a drama, recently published by Mr. JOHN S. TAYLOR, of this city. It comes to us too late for an extended review; yet we have hastily perused it, and can record a brief sketch of its alleged character. It portrays the incidents which attended the coming of the Saviour; the restoration of peace and good will among men; the dispersion and overthrow of the devils, whose power on earth was now ended; the holy converse and bright anticipations of Zacharias and Elizabeth, over the cradle of their infant son; the high themes on which the Magi dwelt, as they journied on, guided by the star of Bethlehem; the ancient lays and sacred songs of the shepherds, watching their flocks through the starlit hours; and the chorus of angels who came from their starry mansions to join them in hymning praises.' The author is Mr. ARTHUR CLEVELAND Cox, a young gentleman scarcely twenty years of age. There is evidence, judging from a cursory perusal, of some imagination; and there are portions of the poem which do not require the apology of youth, and an inexperienced pen; but candor compels us to say, that there are many defects of language and rhythm, and diverse infelicitous terminations.
'How soft the landscape, and how balm the breeze,'
is hardly allowable; and
is a strained, and withal, as accented, erroneous pronunciation. There are one or two expressions, also, wherein the choice of terms favors strength, rather than poetical beauty. The lines descriptive of the cave where Hecate holds her reign, and the dialogues and chorus of the fiend, wherein
Queen of fiends, we bow to thee,
'More will quake at that bright face of thine,
may be cited as examples in point. There is something, too, of plain prose, cut into lines of exceedingly blank verse, in the colloquial performances of one or two of the shepherds. One replies, for instance, to another-whom he seems to accuse (very wrongfully, as it seems to us,) of attempting a joke, instead of a song, with which he had been 'requested to favor the company' as follows:
I thought we were to have
Had suited better.'
This is both feeble and prosaic, to a degree. Not so the dedication to the author's father, which is both filial and beautiful :
TO MY FATHER.
'FATHER, as he of old who reap'd the field,
The first youug sheaves to Him did dedicate
And if of hours well saved from revels late
The volume is handsomely executed; and its subject constitutes it an appropriate gift for the Christmas Holidays, (which have passed, since the above was placed in type.)
THE TOURIST IN EUROPE. - We have examined the мss. of a work under this title, now in the press of Messrs. WILEY AND PUTNAM, the plan and execution of which combine the useful and entertaining, in a very happy manner. In addition to the memoranda made during a tour of eight months in Great Britain and on the Continent, in 1836, which alone comprise a mass of valuable facts and interesting descriptions, in a style at once spirited and unassuming, this volume will contain a variety of valuable information for Americans going to Europe; such as outlines of the various routes; references to places and things most worthy of notice; hints on time, distances, hotels, conveyances, passports; tables of actual expenses during recent tours in Great Britain, France, Switzerland, Germany, Belgium and Holland; table of coins of those countries, and their relative value; list of travels, 'guide books;' and other details, carefully collected from original sources, and personal observation. Thus, while of special value to the tourist, this book will be no less attractive to the general reader.
In connection with the above, the same publishers will also issue in a few weeks a NEW FRENCH MANUAL, on a novel and decidedly excellent plan, so arranged that the language and pronunciation may be rapidly acquired, without an instructor. It includes, also, a series of conversational phrases, of every-day life, and dialogues relative to the curiosities of Paris, and other European cities, both amusing and instructive. Altogether, we have no hesitation in pronouncing it far superior to any thing of the kind within our knowledge. It is edited by Mons. A. PESTIAUX, well known as a successful teacher of the French language in this city.
ANGLO-SAXON DICTIONARY.-This valuable work, by Dr. BoSWORTH, of Cambridge, has lately appeared in England, and may be had of the American agents, Messrs. CHARLES LITTLE AND COMPANY, Boston. The work is very full and complete, containing the accentuation; the grammatical inflections; the irregular words referred to their themes; the parallel terms from the other Gothic languages; the meaning of the Anglo-Saxon in English and Latin; and copious English and Latin indexes, serving as a dictionary of English and Anglo-Saxon, as well as Latin and Anglo-Saxon. The whole is clearly and methodically arranged, and preceded by a long preface, containing a sketch of the Teutonic and Scandinavian Language, and a synopsis of Anglo-Saxon Grammar; forming altogether a large and elegant volume, of eight hundred pages. It receives high praise, we are glad to perceive, from Mr. PICKERING, of Boston, the offcers of Harvard University, and other eminent literary sources.
'CROMWELL.'-The author of 'The Brothers' has an historical novel in two volumes in the press of the Brothers HARPER, entitled as above. Through the courtesy of the publishers, we are enabled to present a scene from the work, much in advance of its publication; and we have little hesitation in saying, that if this spirited sketch be but a fair specimen of the volumes, they will reflect high honor upon their author, as a minute observer, and most graphic describer.
'TALES FROM THE GERMAN.' If the accomplished translator of these tastefullyexecuted volumes had selected his stories with less judgment, and clothed them in a less attractive English garb, then might the apology contained in his preface have perhaps been necessary. As it is, we are bound to say that Mr. GREENE has laid the reading public under an obligation to him, which we venture to predict they will repay by a wide perusal of his work, and a proper appreciation of his labors. The tales are 'taken almost at random from the thirteen volumes of VAN DER VELDE's works, of which they are a fair specimen.' 'Arwed Gyllenstierna,' a tale of the early part of the eighteenth century, occupies the first volume; the second contains 'The Lichtensteins,' 'The Sorceress,' and 'The Anabaptist.' Boston: AMERICAN STATIONERS' COMPANY.
RECOLLECTIONS OF A SOUTHERN MATRON: By CAROLINE GILMAN, Author of 'Recollections of a New-England Housekeeper.' We intended to have done justice to this charming volume, but our leisure and space will not permit. We may commend it, however, to our readers, as natural, various, and entertaining, in no common degree; and as better, even, than the 'Recollections of a Housekeeper,' in the same spirit and with the same object as which, it has been penned. Every essential part is founded on events of actual occurrence, and the whole is intended to present, and no one can doubt that it does present, as exact a picture as possible of local habits and manners. Miss SEDGWICK must look to her laurels. She has a counterpart in the field. HARPER AND BROTHERS.
MR. WARD'S ADDRESS. - Although late, and perchance out of season, we are inclined to have our brief 'say' in reference to the Address delivered at the opening of the Stuyvesant Institute, in November last, by SAMUEL WARD, Jr. We commend it to the reader, for the merits of a good style and valuable inculcations, and particularly for the course it marks out for the intellectual American merchant. The address deserves notice on another account. It is, without exception, the most beautiful specimen of American printing we have ever seen, and equals, in every respect, the finest English typography. It is from the press of Messrs. G. F. HOPKINS AND SON.
MR. BUCKINGHAM'S LECTURES.-'Shall we send,' (say the editors of the 'NewYork Observer,' a well known religious journal,) to Rome, and bring over the Coliseum for Mr. BUCKINGHAM to lecture in? At his last lecture, Chatham-street Chapel, (the largest public room in the city,) could not contain all who wished to attend.' It were superfluous to add to this substantial testimony in favor of the lecturer's performThe perusal of his 'Address to the American Public,' attached to this work, will convey to our distant readers some idea of the variety and extent of his intellectual resources; and to this we invite their attention.
PETER PARLEY'S UNIVERSAL HISTORY.-This work, on the basis of a geography for the use of families, in two handsome volumes, is one of the clearest, and best arranged, and most admirably written, of any similar volumes which have fallen under our observation. We lack space to go into the detail of their many merits, and must ask the reader to trust our judgment in relation to their contents, since a mere glance through them will confirm the justice of our verdict. They are beautifully printed, and illustrated by numerous good engravings on wood, maps, etc. New-York: WILEY AND PUTNAM.
THE PROFESSIONAL TEACHER. We have read, with much gratification, an 'Address delivered before the College of Teachers, at Cincinnati, on the Moral Dignity of the Of fice of the Professional Teacher.' By SAMUEL EELLS. It is sound in its positions, and forcible as well as often eloquent in its style. Like the article 'Pedagogy,' which we published a short time since, it will serve to elevate the office of the teacher, and to inculcate in teachers themselves a larger regard for the important station which they are called to fill.
ROBERT R. RAYMOND, ESQ., a young gentleman of fine talents, whose contributions to this Magazine have made him favorably known to our readers, has assumed the associate editorship of the 'Long-Island Star,' a semi-weekly journal of good repute, and honorable longevity.
AN AVANT COURIER.-It is both meet and proper, at this stage of our new volume, that we should render an account of our more prominent literary stock,' consigned, and on hand. Imprimis, therefore:
SCANDINAVIAN LITERATURE AND ANTIQUITIES.'- A very interesting paper thus entitled, has, by the merest inadvertency, been reserved for a place of honor in our next number. It will be accompanied by an editorial notice, should leisure serve, of some of the recent works of the 'Northern Antiquarian Society,' of Copenhagen. Apropos of this. There is an admirable article upon the Discovery of America by the Northmen,' from the pen of Gov. EVERETT, of Massachusetts, in the last number of the North American Review,' which we would commend to general perusal. The belief is gaining ground, in intelligent minds, that this continent was discovered by the Northmen, in the tenth century. The subject is therefore pregnant with interest to the American reader.
SCENES AND ADVENTURES IN THE ORIENT. There are few men living, as our readers are doubtless aware, who have traversed a larger portion of the 'fair and fertile East,' than Mr. BuckINGHAM. From his intimate acquaintance with oriental countries and subjects, acquired by extensive journies through, and long residence in, those interesting regions, he is known generally in Europe as the Oriental Traveller.' His published works on Palestine, Arabia, Mesopotamia, and Persia, are among the most frequently quoted by biblical critics, and scriptural commentators, of any that are before the public; and his descriptions of Joppa, Ptolemais, Tyre and Sidon, Nazareth, Bethlehem, Damascus, and Jerusalem, are constantly referred to, in illustration of their scriptural history, and present condition; while his account of the cities beyond Jordan, and of the ancient Ur of the Chaldees, and the ruins of Nineveh, Babylon, and the remains of the Tower of Babel, all of which he personally visited, are seen scattered over many volumes of works devoted to scriptural illustration, from the best editions of Calmet and Watson, to the more recent works of Keith on the Prophecies, and the learned Commentaries of Professor BUSH, of our University. Mr. BUCKINGHAM has still, however, a large portion of his valuable Mss. unpublished; and these contain a rich variety of information on portions of the eastern world less frequently visited, and consequently less familiarly known, than those which are described in the published works referred to. A choice and ample selection from these мss., the literary and classical reader will be gratified to learn, has been secured for insertion, from time to time, in these pages. We have lately occupied some of our space, advantageously and agreeably, we have reason to believe, in describing the remarkable monuments of ancient days in the cities, forts, and sepulchres of the extinct nations of the West. We shall now present a companion to these, in the accounts of ancient monuments of grandeur and utility in the East and in the present number we commence this series, by the narrative of a journey undertaken by Mr. BUCKINGHAM to traverse the Isthmus of Suez, examine its ancient port at the head of the Red Sea, and investigate the tract lying between that Gulf and the Mediterranean, for the purpose of tracing out the vestiges of the ancient canal, commenced by one of the Pharaohs, completed by Darius, and used for navigable purposes up to the time of the Ptolemies and Cleopatra. Some novel and curious information respecting the primitive and patriarchal manners and customs of the Bedouin Arabs, or Wanderers of the Desert, among whom the writer sojourned, will be interwoven with the narrative, together with descriptions of ancient remains, far in the solitude of the desert, supposed to be antediluvian, and varied and exciting personal adventure, etc. But the articles will speak for themselves, and be read, we cannot doubt, with great interest; not less from the intrinsic value and importance of the facts they contain, than from a knowledge of the ability and interest which characterize the author's oral and written efforts. In relation to the former, it may not be amiss to remark in this place, that we hope our readers, in such sections of the country as Mr. BUCKINGHAM may visit, will avail themselves of the intellectual enjoyment which he rarely fails to afford his auditories.
In addition to a series of American Reminiscences,' illustrating novel and stirring events connected with our early history, and struggles for national existence, with ‘Ollapodiana,' 'King Christian,' by Prof. LONGFELLOW,'' Our Wedding Days,' an admirable companion to 'Our Birth-Days,' by our veteran correspondent, Hon. JUDGE MELLEN, of Maine, and a variety of articles in prose and verse, from many of our old and established,' as well as several from new, AMERICAN contributors, (the cherished of our hearts,) in addition, we repeat, to these, we shall present in ensuing numbers an original romance, on American ground, from the pen of JOHN GALT, ESQ., the amusing bio