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MOZART THE COMPOSER.
of the young single men. The largest you; anger makes men witty, but it keeps tree from the next forest is chosen, stripped them poor." of its bark, planed, and surmounted with the crown of a fir-tree, bearing the emblems of country life ; apples, bottles WHEN Mozart had composed his cheffilled with wine, ribbons, and garlands. d'ouvre, Dou Giovanni, he hastened to This tree is raised in the centre of a pa- Prague to lay his work before a public, vilion, or rather a bower, covered with which, as he expressed himself, was alone branches, and hung over with festoons of capable of giving a correct opinion of every colour. Each farmer invites his the merits of his production. It was acfriends of the neighbouring villages. cordingly performed through three sucAfter grand mass is over, the dinner is cessive nights. The enthusiasm increased served, consisting of at least twenty dif- with every performance. When he referent dishes. At three o'clock, after the turned to Vienna, this master-piece met second divine service, the lads make their there with a cold reception; the Emappearance, dressed very elegantly, and peror Joseph was present during the perrepair in a body to the different farm- formance." Mozart was called before the houses where the maidens are.
monarch :-“Mozart,” said the monarch, conducted in procession to the dancing your music would do very well, but place, the before-mentioned bower. The there are too many notes in it!”. 26 Just orchestra consists of an exquisite band of as many," replied the offended artist, from ten to fifteet musicians, who regu. as there ought to be! larly attend these festivals. Among their This kind-hearted soul received soon instruments are two lyres, but no violin, after an invitation from Frederick the which give to the music an exquisite air Great, with an offer of 5000 florins saof country life. There is nothing which lary; his own was but 800 florins, 801. equals the waltzes of these people. The While hesitating, he was called before his most prejudiced enemy to this dance can- Sovereign, Joseph II. who addressed him; not help being delighted with the simpli “ Mozart, you are going to leave me.” city and true charm which these dancers Overpowered by the kind tone in which display in every turn, without having these words were pronounced, he, sobever been under the modelling hand and bing, and tears gushing from his eyes, snuffling command of a French dancing. could only reply, “No, never will í master. One might look for hours with leave your Majesty !” interest at the hearty delight with which they enjoy this ancient fête. If distin
THE PARSON'S TOAST. guished persons are present, they are re LORD Clive, one day after dinner, quested to open the ball, a thing which asked a chaplain to one of the regiments is always complied with. At sunset lamps in the East India Company's service, for a are lighted, and the dance continues until toast, who after considering some time, at eleven o'clock. The maidens are again length exclaimed with great simplicity, conducted home in the same manner, and « Ålas! and alack-a-day! what can I each is delivered into the hands of her give ?”—“ Nothing better,” replied his parents. It was at the castle and domain Lordship ;-" Come, gentlemen, we'll of Gk, the property of C-s, give a bumper to the parson's toast.-A where we witnessed one of these fêtes. lass, and a lac a day.” The family of the Count had partaken for half an hour in the popular rejoicing.
EPIGRAM For this honour the young people brought them a serenade.-- Austria as it is. Some pious old ladies are said to grow wild,
. When they hear so much talk of Joanna with Anecdotiana. And swear, as they lift up the whites of their
That it can only be by the Father of lies. REFRESHING A QUEEN'S MEMORY. It is related of our Maiden Queen Eli
EPITAPH zabeth, that enjoying the air at one of her ON FRANK ROW, OF SELBY. palace windows, she beheld a gentleman Here lies the body of poor Frank Row,
Parish-clerk and grave-stone cutter ; musing, to whom she had not realized
And this is writ to let you know, her promises of favour, she sent for him, What Frank for other's used to do, and said, “ What does a man think of, Is now for Frank done by another. Sir Edward, when he thinks of nothing ?" After a short pause, he answered, “ He thinks, madam, of a woman's promise.” Here lies John Sullen, and it is God's will,
He that was Sullen shall be Sullen still ; The queen drew in her head, but was
He still is Sullen :-if the truth ye seek, heard to say, “ Well, I must not confute Knock until Doomsday, Sullen will not speak.
ON THE LATE JOANNA SOUTHCOTT.
ON A MR. JOHN SULLEN.
Diary and Chronology.
March23 SUN. Fifth Sunday in Mar, 23 St. Edelwald was an English Benedictine monk of Lent; or Pas
Rippon. He afterwards became a hermit, and sion Sunday.
was buried by St. Cuthbert, in St. Peter's Church, LESSONS for the
at Lindisfarne. He is said to have died A, D, 699. DAY.
1801. The emperor Paul, of Russia, supposed to 3 c. Exod. morn
have met his death by strangulation at St. Peters. 15 c. Exod, even.
burgh, a death that tyrants have often met with. St. Edelwald.
1824, The beautiful collection of Paintings, the Moon's first quar,
property of the late Mr. Angerstein, purchased by 2m af. 10.
government, towards forming a National Gallery, - 24 Mond. St. Irenæus.
24 St. Irenæus, was bishop of Lyons, and a native Sun ris, 49m af, 5
of Greece. He was beheaded during the perse- sets um af, 6
cution of Severus in 202. High Water,
1602. Died at Richmond, in Surrey, Q. Elizabeth, 5m af. 8 morn.
RT. 70, in the 45 year of her reign. She was born 35m af. 8 even.
at Greenwich, in Kent. It is said of Elizabeth, that she gloried in the title of a virgin Queen, and refused several matrimonial overtures; yet was supposed to be pleased with these applications. 1603. James I. crowned King of England, He was
son of the unfortunate Mary of Scotland, by her cousin, Lord Darnley. Buchan, the Scoich his. torian, was his tutor, and when accused of having made him a pedant, replied “ That he could do
nothing better with him.” 25 Tues Lady Day; or the 25 This day celebrates the angel's message to the Vir. Annunciation
gin Mary, respecting the Saviour of the World. of the Blessed
The Roman Catholic Festival of the Annunciation Virgin Mary
is commonly called in England, Lady Day, which
is one of the legal quarters. The Roman Feast, Hilaria, observed in honour of
the Mother of the Gods, 1815. The allied Sovereigns of Europe entered into
a treaty to exterminato Napoleon Buonaparte, 1688. Parochial Charity Schools first instituted in
London and its vicinity, for the education of the
children of the poor. 26 Wed. St. Ludger. - 26 St, Ludger was bishop of Munster, in Germany, Sun ris, 45m af.
and died A. D. 809. -sets 15m af, 6
1811. A lamentable fire took place at Rohenfield,
in Hanover, which consumed above 150 houses. 27 Thur. St. John
27 St. John was a hermit, inured to obedience by an Egypt.
ancient holy anchoret. He is reported to have High Water,
lived on the
top of a high rock from the 42 year of 4m af. 11 morn.
his life, until the year of his death, A. D. 394. 33m af. Il even,
1625. James I. expired at Theobald's, near Ches.
bunt, in Hertfordshire. This Seat formerly belonged to Lord Burleigh, who often entertained
his Royal mistress Q. Elizabeth at this residence. 11625. The unfortunate Charles I. succeeded to the
crown on this day. 1802. The brief peace of Amiens concluded. 1812. The French Flotilla defeated before Dieppe,
by Captains Harvey and Trollope, of the Rosario
and Grifin sloops. 28 Frid. St. Sixtus III,
28 Sixtus IIT. was a priest of the Church of Rome, Pope.
and succeeded Celestine in the Papacy. He was Sun rig. 41m af, 5
accused of debauchery by Anicius Bassus, who -sets i9n af. 6
had been consul, and was cleared by a council of 56 Bishops. He died A. D. 440, after having go
verned the Church of Rome nearly eight years. 1483. Born at Urbino, Raffaelle, (Sanzio) the cele
brated painter. The Cartoons at Hampton Court, by him, are existing memorials of his great fame; these paintings have been engraved in a stile equal to the masterly efforts of the painter, by the late Mr. Holloway, the historical engraver to the King,
who laboured nearly thirty years on them, 1757. Robert Damiens, the regicide, was executed with horrible torture, for attempting to assassinate
Louis XV. of France, at Versailles. 1801. Died, the gallant Sir Ralph Abercrombie, in
Egypt, after defeating the French, at Aboukir, on
board Lord Keith's ship. '1802. On this day the new primary planet, Palla;
THE RETURN OF COLUMBUS TO the return of his companion in adventure,
vessel the Pinta, at Cuba. To this we
have added his reception at the Spanish In our ninth number, we extracted that Court. portion of Mr. Washington Irving's Life and Voyages of Columbus, which related RECEPTION OF COLUMBUS AT PALOS. to the first arrival of the renowned navi The triumphant return of Columbus, gator and discoverer in Spain, poor and was a prodigious event in the history of friendless, not having wherewith to satisfy the little port of Palos, where every-body the attacks of hunger on himself, or to pre was more or less interested in the fate of vent its blanching the cheeks of his child, his expedition. The most important and the youthful companion of his misfortunes. wealthy sea-captains of the place had From his destitute and hopeless condition, engaged in it, and scarcely a fainily but joined with his commanding and intelli- had some relative or friend among the nagent appearance, when craving food of vigators. The departure of the ships, the hospitable father of Rabida, may be upon what appeared a chimerical and dated the origin of the discovery of the desperate cruise, had spread gloom and western hemisphere. We now proceed to dismay over the place; and the storms lay before our readers another portion of which had raged throughout the winter the work equal in interest to the extract had heightened the public despondency. before given, the part we have chosen is Many lamented their friends as lost, that which details his return, after having while imagination lent mysterious horrors completed his first voyage, and the joyful to their fate, picturing them as driven reception he met with from his former about over wild and desert wastes of water friends the inhabitants of Palos, which without a shore, or as perishing amidst arrival is most admirably contrasted with rocks and quicksands, and whirlpools ; VOL. I. N
12-SATURDAY, MARCH 29, 1828
or a prey to those monsters of the deep, exultation, the thousand difficulties which with which credulity, in those days, peo- they had thrown in the way of the enterpled every distant and unfrequented sea. prise. Wherever Columbus passed, the There was something more awful in such streets resounded with shouts and acclaa mysterious fate than in death itself, mations; he received such honours as are under any defined and ordinary form. paid to sovereigns, but to him they were
When the news arrived, therefore, that rendered with tenfold warmth and sinceone of the adventurous ships was standing rity. What a contrast was this to his up the river, the inhabitants were thrown departure a few months before, followed into great agitation, but when they heard by murmurs and execrations; or, rather that she returned in triumph from the dis- what a contrast to his first arrival at Palos, covery of a world, and beheld her furl- a poor pedestrian, craving bread and ing her sails in their harbour, the whole water for his child, at the gate of a community broke forth into transports of convent! joy, The bells were rung, the shops Understanding that the court was at shut, all business was suspended ; for a Barcelona, Columbus felt disposed to protime there was nothing but the hurry and ceed thither immediately in his caravel tumult of sudden exaltation and breathless reflecting, however, on the dangers and curiosity. Some were anxious to know disasters he had already experienced on the fate of a relative, others of a friend, the seas, he resolved to proceed by land. and all to learn particulars of so wonder- He despatched a letter to the king and
When Columbus landed, queen, informing them of his arrival, and the multitude thronged to see, and wel soon after departed for Seville to await come him, and a grand procession was their orders, taking with him six of the formed to the principal church, to return natives whom he had brought from the thanks to God for so signal a discovery New World. One had died at sea, and made by the people of that place,--the three were left ill at Palos, unthinking populace forgetting, in their It is a singular coincidence, which an
ful a voyage.
pears to be well authenticated, that on the poor and unknown in Spain, offering him very evening of the arrival of Columbus his purse, and entering with hearty conat Palos, and while the peals of triumph currence into his plans. He had assisted were still ringing from its towers, the him by his personal influence at Palos, Pinta, commanded by Martin Alonzo combating the public prejudices, and proPinzon, likewise entered the river. After moting the manning and equipping of his her separation from the Admiral in the vessels, when even the orders of the sostorm, she had been driven before the vereigns were of no avail; he had ad. gale into the Bay of Biscay, and had yanced the part of the funds to be borne made the port of Bayonne. Doubting by the admiral ; finally, he had embarked whether Columbus had survived the tem- with his brothers in the expedition, staking pest, and, at all events, anxious to anti- life as well as property on the event. He cipate him, and to secure the favourable had thus entitled himself to participate prepossessions of the court and the pub- largely in the glory of this immortal enlic, Pinzon had immediately written to terprise : but forgetting the grandeur of to the sovereigns, giving information of the cause, he had deserted the high object the discovery he had made, and had re in view, and by yielding to the impulse of quested permission to come to court and a low and sordid passion, had tarnished communicate the particulars in person. his character for ever.
That he was a As soon as the weather permitted, he had man naturally of generous sentiments is again set sail, anticipating a triumphant evident from the poignancy of his remorse: reception in his native port of Palos. a mean man could not have fallen a victim When, on entering the harbour, he beheld to self-upbraiding for having committed a the vessel of the admiral riding at anchor, mean action. His story shows how one and learnt the enthusiasm with which he lapse from duty may counterbalance the had been received, and the rejoicings with merits of a thousand services; how one which his return had been celebrated, the moment of weakness may mar the beauty heart of Pinzon died within him. He of a whole life of virtue ; and how im called to mind his frequent arrogance and portant it is for a man, under all circuminsubordination, and his wilful desertion stances, to be true, not merely to others, off the coast of Cuba, by which he had but to himself. impeded the prosecution of the voyage. It is said that he feared to meet Columbus COLUMBUS'S RECEPTION AT THE SPANISH in this hour of his triumph, lest he might put him under arrest; but it is more pro Columbus's entrance into the noble city bable that he was ashamed to appear be- of Barcelona, when on his way to the fore the public in the midst of his rejoic- Spanish Court, has been compared to one ings, as a recreant to the cause which of those triumphs which the Romans were excited such universal admiration. Get- accustomed to decree to conquerors. ting into his boat, therefore, he landed First, were paraded the Indians, painted privately, and kept himself out of sight according to their savage fashion, and de until he heard of the admiral's depar- corated with their national ornaments of ture. He then returned to his home, gold. After these were borne various broken in health, and deeply dejected. kinds of live parrots, together with stuffed Palos had been his little world, in which birds and animals of unknown species, he had moved with unrivalled importance; and rare plants, supposed to be of precious out now he found himself fallen in pub- qualities; while great care was taken to lic opinion, and fancied the finger of scorn make a conspicuous display of Indian continually pointed at him, All the ho- coronets, bracelets, and other decorations nours lavished on Columbus, all the rap- of gold, which might give an idea of the turous eulogiums of his enterprise, sunk wealth of the newly-discovered regions. into the soul of Pinzon as so many re- After this, followed Columbus on horseproaches on himself; and when at length back, surrounded by a brilliant cavalcade he received a severe and reproachful re- of Spanish chivalry. The streets were ply to the letter he had written to the almost impassable from the countless mulsovereigns, his morbid feelings added titude; the windows and balconies were virulence to his malady, and in a few crowded with the fair; the very roofs days he died, the victim of envy and were covered with spectators. It seemed
as if the public eye could not be sated He was a man of great spirit and enter- with gazing on these trophies of an unprise, one of the ablest seamen of the known world; or on the remarkable man age, and the head of a family that con- by whom it had been discovered. There tinued to distinguish itself among the was a sublimity in this event that mingled early discoverers. He had contributed a solemn feeling with the public joy It greatly to encourage Columbus when was looked upon as a vast and single dis
COURT OF BARCELONA.