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the 24th, when it blew furiously, occa- All ranks and degrees were affected by sioned much alarm, and some damage, was this amazing tempest, for every family sustained. On the 25th, and through that had any thing to lose lost something : the night following, it continued with land, houses, churches, corn, trees, rivers, unusual violence. On the morning of all were disturbed or damaged by its Friday, the 26th, it raged so fearfully that fury; small buildings were for the most only few people had courage to venture part wholly swept away, “as chaff beabroad. Towards evening it rose still fore the wind." Above eight hundred higher; the night setting in with exces- dwelling-houses were laid in ruins. Few sive darkness added general horror to the of those that resisted escaped from being scene, and prevented any from seeking unrooted, which is clear from the prodisecurity abroad from their homes, had gious increase in the price of tiles, which that been possible. The extraordinary rose from twenty-one shillings to six power of the wind created a noise, hoarse pounds the thousand. About two thouand dreadful, like thunder, which carried sand stacks of chimnies were blown terror to every ear, and appalled every down in and about London. When the heart. There were also appearances in day broke the houses were mostly stripthe heavens that resembled lightning. ped, and appeared like so many skeletons. " The air,” says a writer at the time. The consternation was so great that trade
was full of meteors and fiery vapours; and business were suspended, for the first yet,” he adds, “I am of opinion, that occupation of the mind was so to repair there was really no lightning, in the com- the houses that families might be premon acceptation of the term ; for the served from the inclemency of the weather clouds, that flew with such violence in the rigorous season. The streets were through the air, were not to my observa- covered with brickbats, broken tiles, tion such as are usually freighted with signs, bulks, and penthouses. thunder and lightning ; the hurries nature The lead which covered one hundred was then in do not consist with the system churches, and many public buildings, of thunder.” Some imagined the tempest was rolled up, and hurled in prodigious was accompanied with an earthquake. quantities to distances almost incredible; “ Horror and confusion seized upon all, spires and turrets of many others were whether on shore or at sea; no pen can thrown down. Innumerable stacks of describe it, no tongue can express it, no corn and hay were blown away, or so thought can conceive it, unless theirs who torn and scattered as to recive great were in the extremity of it; and who damage. being touched with a due sense of the · Multitudes of cattle were lost. In one sparing mercy of their Maker, retain the level in Gloucestershire, on the banks of deep impressions of his goodness upon the Severn, fifteen thousand sheep were their minds though the danger be past. drowned. Innumerable trees were torn To venture abroad was to rush into instant up by the roots ; one writer says, that he death, and to stay within afforded no himself numbered seventeen thousand in other prospect than that of being buried part of the county of Kent alone, and under the ruins of a falling habitation. that, tired with counting, he left off Some in their distraction did the former, reckoning. and met death in the streets; others the The damage in the city of London, latter, and in their own houses received only, was computed at near two millions their final doom.” One hundred and sterling. At Bristol, it was about two twenty-three persons were killed by the hundred thousand pounds. In the falling of dwellings; amongst these were whole, it was supposed, that the loss was the bishop of Bath and Wells (Dr. greater than that produced by the great Richard Kidder) and his lady, by the fall fire of London, 1666, which was estiof
part of the episcopal palace of Wells; mated at four millions. and lady Penelope Nicholas, sister to the The greater part of the navy was at bishop of London, at Horsley, in Sussex. sea, and if the storm had not been at its Those who perished in the waters, in the height at full flood, and in a spring-tide, floods of the Severn and the Thames, on the loss might have been nearly fatal to the coast of Holland, and in ships blown the nation. It was so considerable, that away and never heard of afterwards, are fifteen or sixteen men of war were cast computed to have : amounted to eight away, and more than two thousand seathousand.
men perished. Few merchantmen yere
lost; for most of those that were driven count of “ (several remarkable deliver-
fourteen persons : “ Four of them fell The ships lost by the storm were esti- with a great part of the house, &c. three mated at three hundred. In the river stories, and several two; and though Thames, only four ships remained be buried in the ruins, were taken out untween London-bridge and Limehouse, hurt: of these, three were children; the rest being driven below, and lying one that lay by itself, in a little bed near there miserably beating against one an- its nurse; another in a cradle ; and the other. Five hundred wherries, three third was found hanging (as it were hundred ship-boats, and one hundred wrap'd up) in some curtains that hitch'd lighters and barges were entirely lost; by the way; neither of whom received and a much greater number received con- the least damage. In another place, as siderable damage. The wind blew from a minister was crossing a court near his the western seas, which preventing many house, a stone from the top of a chimney ships from putting to sea, and driving upwards of one hundred and forty pounds others into harbour, occasioned great weight, fell close to his heels, and cut numbers to escape destruction.
between his footsteps four inches deep The Eddystone lighthouse near Ply- into the ground. Soon after, upon drawmouth was precipitated in the surround- ing in his arm, which he had held out on ing ocean, and with it Mr. Winstanley, some occasion, another stone of dear the the ingenious architect, by whom it was
same weight and size, brush'd by his contrived, and the people who were with elbow, and fell close to his foot, which him.-" Having been frequently told that must 'necessarily, in the eye of reason, the edifice was too slight to withstand have killed him, had it fallen while it the fury of the winds and waves, he was was extended." In the Poultry, where accustomed to reply contemptuously, that two boys were lying in a garret, a huge he only wished to be in it when a storm
stack of chimnies fell in, which making should happen. Unfortunately his de- its way through that and all the other sire was gratified. Signals of distress floors to the cellar, it was followed by were made, but in so tremendous a sea
the bed with the boys asleep in it, who no vessel could live, or would venture to first awaked in that gloomy place of conput off for their relief." *
fusion without the least hurt. The amazing strength and rapidity of
So awful a visitation produced serious the wind, are evidenced by the following impressions on the government, and a well authenticated circumstances. Near day of fasting and humiliation was apShaftesbury a stone of near four hundred pointed by authority. The introductory pounds weight, which had lain for some part of the proclamation, issued by queen years fixed in the ground, fenced by a
Anne for that purpose, claims attention bank with a low stone wall upon it, was from its solemn import. lifted up by the wind, and carried into a
THEREAS, by the late most hollow way, distant at least seven yards
terrible and dreadful Storms of from the place. This is mentioned in a Wind, with which it hath pleased AL sermon preached by Dr. Samuel Stennett mighty God to afflict the greatest part of in 1788. Dr. Andrew Gifford in a ser
this our Kingdom, on Friday and Saturmon preached at Little Wylde-street, on
day, the Twenty-Sixth and Twentythe 27th of November, 1734, says that“ in Seventh days of November last, some of a country town, a large stable was at
our Ships of War, and many Ships of our once removed off its foundation and in- loving Subjects have been destroyed and stantly carried quite across the highway, lost at Sea, and great numbers of our over the heads of five horses and the man subjects, serving on board the same have that was then feeding them, without
perished, and many houses and other hurting any one of them, or removing buildings of our good Subjects have the rack and manger, both of which re
been either wholly thrown down and mained for a considerable time to the demolished, or very much damnified and admiration of every beholder." Dr. Gifford in the same sermon, gives an ac
defaced, and thereby several persons
have been killed, and many Stacks of + Belsham's Hist, of G. Britain.,
Corn and Hay thrown down and scat
tered abroad, to the great damage and (now D.D.) preached the sermon of 1798, impoverishment of many others, espe- which was the 'last published one precedcially the poorer sort, and great (numbers ing Mr. Pritchard's. of Timber and other Trees have by the Mr. Joseph Taylor was a bookseller in said Storm been torn up by the roots in Paternoster-row. He left 401. for the many parts of this our Kingdom: a Cala- purpose mentioned, to which the church mity of this sort so dreadful and asto- added 5l., and purchased 501. three per nishing, that the like hath not been seen cent. consols, which is now standing in or felt in the memory of any person living the name of three trustees, who pay the in this our Kingdom, and which loudly minister.
d. calls for the deepest and most solemn For the sermon
1 0 0 humiliation of us and our people: there- Distributing of Notices 0 2 6 fore out of a deep and pious sense of Clerk
0 2 6 what we and all our people have suffered Two Per openers 28. 6d. by the said dreadful Wind and Storms,
0 5.0 (which we most humbly acknowledge to be a token of the divine displeasure, and
£1 10 0 that it was the infinite Mercy of God that we and our people were not thereby wholly destroyed,) We have Resolved, The following is a copy of thel'noand do hereby command, that a General tice, printed and distributed in the year Public Fast be observed,” &c.
1825. This public fast was accordingly ob
«GREAT STORM. served, throughout England, on the nineteenth of January following, with great On Sunday Evening, November 27,1825, seriousness and devotion by all orders and denominations. The protestant dissenters, notwithstanding their objections
Annual Sermon to the interference of the civil magistrate in matters of religion, deeming this to be in commemoration of the Great Storm in 1703, an occasion wherein they might unite
WILL BE PREACHED with their countrymen in openly bewailing the general calamity, rendered the In Little Wild Street Chapel, supplication universal, by opening their
LINCOLN'S INN FIELDS, places of worship, and every church and meeting-house was crowded.
By the Rev. Thomas GRIFFIN,
Of Prescot Street.
“A collection will be made after the service “ It may not be generally known, that for the support of the Evening Lecture,
which a Mr. Joseph Taylor, having experi- was commenced at the beginning of the preenced a merciful preservation, during the
sent year, and will be continued every Sun* Great Storm,' in 1703; and, being at
day evening, to which the inhabitants of Wildthat period, a member of the (Baptist) street, and its vicinity, are earnestly solicited church, meeting in Little Wild-street, Lincoln's Inn Fields, instituted an annual "Service commences at half-past six o'clock.” sermon, to perpetuate the recollection of Chat affecting occurrence ; leaving, in Etymology of the Seasons. rust, a small sum to be thus annually
To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. xpended." The above announcement is prefixed to
Mr. Editor, sermon preached in the before-men- I am, no doubt, with many others, ioned chapel, in the year 1821, by the obliged by the information contained in ev. George Pritchard. The annual ser- your Every-Day Book, especially in non at that place has been regularly giving the etymology and origin of things
reached, but Mr. Pritchard's is the last of old and present practices. -rinted one. It has an appendix of “re- But being a dabbler in etymology mynarkable facts, which could not so con- self, I was disappointed in finding none eniently be introduced into the dis- for the present season of the year, auourse." The rev, Robert Winter, A. M. tumn ; land as many of our names of places were, no doubt, given by our Saxon Ava, or emperor of the Burmans, at the ancestors, we in the north retain more of Egyptian-hall, Piccadilly, gave the editor that language, and consequently more of the Every-Day Book an opportunity familiar with the names of places than of inspecting it, on Friday, the 18th of you in England.
November, previous to its public exhibiPerhaps there is not one hundred per- tion; and having been accompanied by sons in Langbourn ward know any an artist, for whom he obtained permismeaning to the two words by which the sion to make a drawing of the splendid ward is called; but to any child in Scot- vehicle, he is enabled to present the acland the words are significant.
companying engraving. Will you then allow me to give you my The Times, in speaking of it, remarks, etymology of the seasons ?
that“ The Burmese artists have produced Spring makes itself familiar to almost a very formidable rival to that gorgeous every one; but summer, or as we would piece of lumber, the lord mayor's coach. say in Scotland, means an addition, or It is not indeed quite so heavy, nor quite
sum-more," or "some-mere ;" viz. if a so glassy as that moving monument of person was not satisfied with his portion metropolitan magnificence; but it is not of victuals, he would say. “I want sum- inferior to it in glitter and in gilding, and mere."
is far superior in the splendour of the And does not this correspond with gems and rubies which adorn it. It dit the season, which in all the plants and fers from the metropolitan carriage in fruits of the field and garden, is getting having no seats in the interior, and no "sum-mere" every day, until the months place for either sword-bearer, chaplain, er of August and September, when accord- any other inferior officer. The reason of ing to the order and appointment of the this is, that whenever the golden mogreat Lawgiver, they are brought to per- narch' vouchsafes to show himself to fection, and gathered in?
his subjects, who with true legitimate Then comes the present season, au- loyalty worship him as an emanation from tumn, or as we would in the north say, the deity, he orders his throne to be re“ae-tum,” or “all-empty,” which is the moved into it, and sits thereon, the sole present state of the gardens, trees, and object of their awe and admiration." fields; they are « ae-tum."
The British Press well observes, that The last season brings with it its own “ Independent of the splendour of this name by its effects, “wind-tere." magnificent vehicle, its appearance in this
If these observations will add any thing country at the present moment is attended to your fund of information, it will not with much additional and extrinsic is diminish that of
terest. It is the first specimen of the Your humble servant,
progress of the arts in a country of the A North Britain."
very existence of which we appeared to
be oblivious, till recent and extraordinary PS. „Observe, they pronounce the A events recalled it to our notice. The in Scotland as in France, Aa.
map of Asia alone reminded us that an November 16, 1825.
immense portion of the vast tract of country lying between China and out
Indian possessions, and constituting the Lupinleaved Wood Sorrel. Oxalis lupi- eastern peninsula of India, was de nifolia.
signated by the name of the Burmah einDedicated to St. Virgil.
pire. But so little did we know of the
people, or the country they inhabited, November 28.
that geographers were not agreed upon
the orthography of the name. The attaci St. Stephen the Younger, A. D. 764. St. upon Chittagong at length aroused oer James of La Marea, of Ancona, A, D. attention to the concerns of this warlike 476.
people, when one of the first intimations [Michaelmas Term ends.]
we received of their existence was the BURMESE STATE CARRIAGE. threat, after they had expelled us from Exhibited in November, 1825.
India, to invade England. Our soldiers
found themselves engaged in a contes An invitation to a private view of the different from any they had before expo Rath,” or state carriage of the king of rienced in that part of the world, and