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tures to the eye that cannot be paralleled shot him to death with arrows. The elsewhere. Perhaps as a single object of place where Edmund was interred had sight, there is nothing which gives so ihe name of St. Edmund's Bury, but is much innocent pleasure to so many per- now generally called Bury. Canute the sons as an English village church, when Great built a stately church over his the ivy has held undisputed possession of grave, and greatly enlarged the town. it for many years, and has hung its fantastic banners all around it. There is a

FLORAL DIRECTORY charm about an object of this kind, which

Red Stapelia. Stapelia rufa. it is as difficult to resist as to explain." Dedicated to St. Edmund, King. FLORAL DIRECTORY."

November 21. Curly Passion-flower. Passiflora serrata. The Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Dedicated to the Churches of Sts. Peter

Mary. St. Columban, Abbot, A.D. and Paul.

615. $t. Gelasius, Pope, A. D. 496. .

Ghost of an Arm Chair.
November 19.

A lady assured the editor of the “Pe-
St. Elizabeth, of Hungary, A. D. 1231, rennial Calendar," of the truth of the
St. Pontian, Pope, A. D. 230.

following story. She had ordered an St.

armed chair which stood in her room to Barlaam.

be sent to a sick friend, and thought it

had been sent conformably to her orders. Apple-fruited Passion-flower. Passiflora Waking, however, in the night, and lookmaliformis.

ing by the light of the night-lamp at the Dedicated to St. Elizabeth. furniture in her room, she cast her eyes

on the place where the said chair used to

stand, and saw it, as she thought, in its November 20.

place. She at first expressed herself to St: Edmund, King and Martyr, A. D. 870. her husband as being vexed that the chair

St. Humbert, Bp. of the East Angles, had not been sent; but, as he protested
A. D. 855. St. Felix, of Valois, A. D.

that it was actually gone, she got out of 1212. St. Bernward, Bp., A. D. 1021. bed to convince herself, and distinctly St. Masentia, 7th Cent.

saw the chair, even on a nearer approach

to it. What now became very remarkSt. Edmund,

able was, that the spotted chair-cover King and Martyr.

which was over it, assumed an unusual

elearness, and the pattern assumed the This English king and saint is in the appearance of being studded with bright church of England calendar and al- stars. She got close to it, and putting manacs. · St. Edmund was king of East her hand out to touch it, found her fingers Anglia, which took its name from a peo- go througļ the spectrum unresisted. Asple called the Angles, who landed on the tonished, she now viewed it as an illusion, eastern coast of Britain, under twelve and presently saw it vanish, by becoming chiefs, the survivor of whom, Uffa, as- fainter till it disappeared. Dr. Forster sumed the title of king of the East An- considers this apparition as affording à gles. This kingdom contained Norfolk clue to one mode by which spectra are and Suffolk, with part of Cambridgeshire. introduced, namely, by local association. The chief towns were Norwich, Thetford, The lady had anticipated seeing the chair Ely, and Cambridge. In 867, the Danes in its place, from its always being assolanded in East Anglia, and after ravaging ciated with the rest of the furniture; and different parts of the island, and continu- this anticipation of an image of perceping some time in Northumberland, re- tion was the basis of a corresponding turned into East Anglia, committing, in iinage of spectral illusion. their route, the most horrid barbarities. Edmund the king opposed them; but his army was defeated at Thetford, and the Largeflowered Wood Sorrel. Oxalis king being taken prisoner, fell a miserable

grandiflora. victim to their barbarity, for they tied Dedicated to the Presentation of the V. him to a tree, as a butt, or mark, and then

Mary.

FLORAL DIRECTORY.

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St. Cecilia.

-Divine Cecilia came,
Inventress of the vocal frame;
The sweet enthusiast, from her sacred store,

Enlarg'd the former narrow bounds,

And added length to solemn sounds,
With nature's mother-wit, and arts unknown before.

Let old Timotheus yield the prize,
Or both divide the crown;
He rais'd a mortal to the skies,
She drew an angel down.

Dryden.

November 22. as engaged in music, or listening to it from

celestial performers. Hence the 'ode for St. Cecily, A. D. 230. St. Theodorus, St. Cecilia's day by Dryden, who was a A. D. 821.

Sts. Philemon, and Appia. catholic, concludes by saying,

St. Cecilia.
This saint is in the church of England

“ She drew an angel down.” calendar, and in the almanacs. Her Formerly, concerts on her festival-day having existed has been doubted, but she were fashionable, and Pope honoured her is a saint of the Romish church, and But- in numbers, though “the numbers came ler gives her life, wherein he calls ber not to him, as to Ďryden. The preceding “the patroness of church music.” He engraving is from a design by M. de Vos, says, that she was married to a nobleman engraved by J. Sadler. Her husband is named Valerian, whom, with her brother represented, allured by the harmony,enterTibertius, she converted, and with them ing a room, wherein she sits. According she was martyred. Various legends, and to catholic story, he found a young man many pictures and prints, represent her playing on the organ, Cecilia described

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FLORAL DIRECTORY.

him to Valerian as an angel, and from said, leaving the way dry for seven days, that time she received “angels' visits.” namely, the day of his martyrdom, and

the other six following days."* Though “ travellers see strange sights,” no modern

tourist has related this annual miracle, Trumpet-flowered Wood Sorrel.' Oxalis

which is still performed by the sea in the

neighbourhood of Rome, on the days ubiflora.

aforesaid, as duly and truly as the annual Dedicated to St. Cecilia.

liquefaction of the blood of St. Januarius at Naples" or, if not, why not ?"

Protestants in London, are reminded of November 23.

St. Clement's apocryphal death by his St. Clement, Pope, A. D. 100. St. Am- anchor being the weathercock that “turns philochius, Bp. of Iconium, A. D. 394.

and turns,” to every wind, on the steeple . St. Tron, A. D. 693. St. Daniel, Bp. in the Strand. It denotes the efflux of time

of the parish church of St. Clement Danes A. D. 545.

as a minute-hand upon the clock; it deSt. Clement.

notes the limits of the parish as a mark

upon the boundary stones ; it graces the This saint is in the church of England beadles' staves ; and on the breasts of the calendar and the almanacs.

charity children is, in the eyes of the Clement was a follower and coadjutor parishioners, “a badge of honour.” of the apostle Paul, who, writing to the Philippians, (iv. 3.) requires them to be mindful of the Aock and their teachers, dated July 22, 1540, that children were

It appears from a state proclamation, and distinguishes Clement by name “ help those women which laboured with accustomed to be decked, and go about me in the gospel, and with Clement also, on St. Clement's day in procession. From and with other my fellow-labourers.” an ancient custom of going about on the The Romish writers contend for the direct night of this festival to beg drink to make papal succession from the apostles, and call merry with, a pot was formerly marked Clement a pope; but in the uninterrupted against the 23d of November upon the succession they claim for the pontiffs of old clog-almanacs.f their hierarchy, 'they fail in establishing

St. Clement is the patron of blacksmiths. as indisputable whether he was the first, His quality in this respect is not noticed second, or third pope ; the name itself by Brand, or other observers of our anwas not devised until centuries afterwards. cient customs, nor do they mention any Some of them say he was martyred, others observances by that trade in commemcontend that he died a ' natural death. oration of his festival

. But the following The advocates for his martyrdom assign communications will show the estimation him an anchor as a symbol of distinction, wherein he is held among the “cunning because they allege that he was thrown workmen in iron." into the sea with an anchor about his To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. neck. It is further alleged that two of his disciples desirous of recovering his re

Chancery-lane, Nov. 19, 1825. !

Sir, mains, assembled a multitude and prayed for the discovery, and, as usual, there was tution of Smiths," I take the liberty of

As secretary of the “ Benevolent Instia miracle. “Immediately the sea retired jogging your memory. I hope you will for the space of three miles, or a league, not forget our St. Clement, (Nov. 23,) in in such sort that they could go into it for your interesting Every-Day Book. When all that space as upon the dry land; and I was a child, an old man went about in they found in it a chapel

, or little church, the trade, reciting the following ode on made by the hands of angels; and within smithery, which, I believe, is very old. the church a chest of stone, in which was

If the body of St. Clement, and by it the work, it will much oblige me and our

you think it worthy a place in your anchor with which he had been cast into trade; for it is now quite forgot, with the sea. This miracle did not happen many good customs of hospitality of the only that year in which the holy pope died, but it happened also every year, and

• Ribadeneira. the sea retired itself three miles, as was

+ Plot's Staffordshire.: No. 48.

olden days which are no more. I hope a story of St. Dunstan, the str.ith, with you will cull your flowers of antiquity, and his tongs, pinching the devil by the nose, collect all you can for our trade; there is &c.

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An Oiles on Smithery, 1610.
« By reading of old authors we do find
The smiths have been a trade time out of mind;
And it's believed they may be bold to say,
There's not the like to them now at this day.
For was it not for smiths what could we do,
We soon should loose our lives and money too;
The miser would be stript of all his store,
And lose the golden god he doth adore :
No tradesman could be safe, or take his rest
But thieves and rogues would nightly him molest;
It's by our cunning art, and ancient skill,
That we are saved from those who would work ill.

The smith at night, and soon as he doth rise,
Doth always cleanse and wash his face and eyes;
Kindles his fire, and the bellows blows,
Tucks up his shirt sleeves, and to work he goes :
Then makes the hammer and the anvil ring,
And thus he lives as merry as a king.

A working smith all other trades excels,
In useful labour wheresoe'er he dwells;
Toss up your caps ye sons of Vulcan then,
For there are none of all the sons of men,
That can with the brave working smiths compare,
Their work is hard, and jolly lads they are.
What though a smith looks sometimes very black,
And sometimes gets but one shirt to his back
And that is out at elbows, and so thin
That you through twenty holes may see his skin ;
Yet when he's drest and clean, you all will say,
That smiths are men not made of common clay.
They serve the living, and they serve the dead,
They serve the mitre, and the crowned head;
They all are men of honour and renown,
Honest, and just, and loyal to the crown.
The many worthy deeds that they have done,
Have spread their fame beyond the rising sun
So if we have offended rich or poor,
We will be good boys, and do so no more.'

I hope you will polish up for insertion. manners; for the same reason, his sugges I will call for the old copy at your office: tion to “polish up" has been declined. I should have sent it sooner, but could The homeliness of those who preceded not find it, and the trouble it has cost me him is not discreditable to him, or any of has made it yaluable.

the brethren of his trade. They are daùy I reinain, &c. increasing in respectability, and ought to

J. JOHNSON. be a thriving branch. Compared with 7, Hill-street,

those who lived before them, they har Southwark,

extraordinary means of becoming &

quainted with the principles of their varie The editor has given the "ode" without manufacture, by becoming members of Mr. Johnson's alterations and additions, the Mechanics' Institution. Many blackbecause its original state is better suited smiths have already joined that societ, to convey a notion of his predecessors? A diligent and good hand who knees

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FLORAL DIRECTORY

more than his fellows, will be the best Arabia ; through Asia, Africa, and America; 'workman, and get the most money; and through the city of Pongrove ; through the frugality abroad, and economy at home, town of Tipmingo; and all the northern parts will secure his independence. Attend- of Scotland. I arrived in London on the ance at the MechanicsInstitution will twenty-third of November, and came down to teach these things : and St. Clement can

his majesty's dockyard, at Woolwich, to see not be better honoured than by observing I found them all hard at work, and wish to

how all the gentlemen Vulcans came on there. them.

leave them well on the twenty-fourth.” St. CLEMENT, at Woolwich. R. R. obligingly communicates with

The mate then subjoins :his name, the following account of an “ Come all you Vulcans stout and strong, annual ceremony on the evening of St.

Unto St. Clem we do belong, Clement's day, by the blacksmiths' ap

I know this house is well prepared prentices of the dockyard there.

With plenty of money and good strong beer,

And we must drink before we part, (For the Every-Day Book.)

All for to cheer each merry heart, One of the senior apprentices being

Come all you Vulcans, strong and stout, chosen to serve as old Clem, (so called by

Unto St. Clem I pray turn out; them,) is attired in a great coat, having

For now St. Clem's going round the town, his head covered with an oakham wig,

His coach and six goes merrily round.

Huzza, -2,-a." face masked, and a long white beard flowing therefrom ; thus attired, he seats After having gone round the town and himself in a large wooden chair, chiefly collected a pretty decent sum, they retire covered with a sort of stuff called' buntin, to some public house, where they enjoy as with a crown and anchor, made of wood, good a supper as the money collected will on the top, and around it, four transpar- allow.

R. R. encies, representing “ the blacksmiths' arms,” “anchor smiths at work,” « Britannia with her anchor,” and “ Mount Etna." He has before him a wooden Convex Wood Sorrel. O.xalis convexula. anvil, and in his hands a pair of tongs

Dedicated to St. Clement. and wooden hammer, which, in general, he makes good use of whilst reciting his speech. A mate, also masked, attends November 24. him with a wooden sledge-hammer; he St. John of the Cross, a. D. 1591. St. is also surrounded by a number of other

Chrysogonus. Sts. Flora and Mary, attendants, some of whom carry torches,

A. D. 851. St. Cianan, or Kenan, Bp. banners, flags, &c.; others battle-axes,

of Duleek, in Ireland, A. D. 489. tomahawkes, and other accoutrements of war. This procession, headed by a drum

London in November. and fife, and six men with old Clem

In the already cited “ Mirror of the mounted on their shoulders, proceed round Months,there is a feeling account of the town, stopping and refreshing at nearly certain days in the metropolis, at this every public house, '(which, by the by, season, which every one who has sojournare pretty numerous, not forgetting to ed in “ that overgrown place” will immecall on the blacksmiths and officers of the diately recognize to be " quite correct.” dockyard : there the money-box is pretty “Now the atmosphere of London befreely handed, after old Clem and his mate gins to thicken over head, and assume its have recited their speeches, which com

natural appearance, preparatory to its bemence by the mate calling for order, with coming, about Christmas time, that 'pal

Gentlemen all, attention give, pable obscure,' which is one of its proud

And wish St. Clem, long, long to live." est boasts; and which, among its other Old Clem then recites the following merits, may reckon that of engendering speech :

those far-famed fogs, of which every body " I am the real St. Clement, the first done justice. A London fog, in Novem

has heard, but to which no one has ever founder of brass, iron, and steel, from the ore. I have been to Mount Etna, where the god ber, is a thing for which I have a sort of Vulcan first built his forge, and forged the natural affection—to say nothing of an

and thunderbolts for the god acquired one-the result of a hackneyJupiter., I have been through the deserts of coach adventure, in which the fair part of

armour

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