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So, like the whale, in that same case you'll find
I swallow and I benefit mankind.

On some lone shore oft seeming still I lie,
Stretch'd in the glow of a fair summer's sky;
Till some poor Jonah (perhaps brought low by sin,
Perhaps with sickly countenance, and thin),
Urg'd by fair hope to pace the sandy beach,
Ventures his meagre form within my reach
Then in a moment, with extended jaw,
I make him whole the victim of my maw,
And stretch my ample tail, my only guide,
And dash straight down into the swelling tide.
When there arriv’d, he gladly 'scapes from me,
And having sported in the briny sea,
As glad returns; then motionless I stand ;
Then bear him safe to the desired land.
Now, like the whale, on shore I east him out,
And he, like Jonah, stands on shore unhurt;
Nay, both of them, you'll say, were meant for

good, If both of them are rightly understood.

CHARADES,

1. Without aid from my first, the deep organ were

mute, Not a note could escape from the soft breathing flute; My second oft pour'd its melodious strains, Gently touch'd by the skill of Arcadian swains: By the powers of my whole, conversation's main

tain's, Sweet music is made, knotty points are explain d.

2. BRITONS my first with strictest justice claim, Their ancient birth-right, source of all their fame.

A monarch mourn'd my second's hapless fate,
When proud rebellion shook the Jewish state :
My whole, if hit on, gives it proper zest
To pun, enigma, repartee, or jest.

3.
My first is a fish, sometimes caught with a hook;
My second I do when I write in a book :
My whole's a mechanic, to all men well known,
Pusuing his trade both in country and town. .

4. My first's a spot oft causing strife 'Twixt dearest friends, e'en man and wife; A relative the next will show : The whole's a vessel, all men know.

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1. Each of my five syllables Is a word, a meaning tells. My first is to eat, oft at other folks' cost; Next a stream where a son of Apollo was lost ; Third, a verb that with down is often conjoin'd; Fourth, a pronoun oft selfishly used you must find; Fifth, what with a journey is often combin'd. Reverse this long word, and divide it again, You will see ihat for other five words it is ta’en: A negative first; then a neuter pronoun ; Then

an egotist famous in country and town ; Then what Judas the traitor receiv'd from bis Lord ; Then a word whose idea a wound will afford. The word which these ten sev'ral offsprings pro.

duces, Has not been without philosophical uses; 'Tis oft vague conjecture, position unproved, Hypothesis vain, from the truth far removed.

2.
When I'm taken entire
I'm oft found full of fire ;
But my head take away,
I'm a tax many pay,
If
my

tail then you take,
I a quadruped make;
Now behead me once more,
And

my tail 'gain restore,
I a goddess remain,
Who delights to give pain.

3.
I'm seen on high,
In yonder sky;
I'm seen below,
Where waters flow

;
I'm seen on breasts

Where honor rests :
My several meanings now determine ;
Reverse me, and I stand for vermin,

For the Monthly Visitor.

A

ON SLEEP.

BY DR. FRANKLIN.
S a great part of our life is spent in sleep, it

may not be useless to examine what is the art of enjoying undisturbed repose. To this end it is, in the first place, necessary to be careful in preserve ing hçalth, by due exercise and great temperance, for in sickness the imagination is disturbed, and disagreeable, sometimes terrible, ideas are apt to present themselves. Exercise should precede meals, not immediately follow them : the first promotes, the latter, unless moderate, obstructs digestion. If, after exercise, we feed sparingly, the digestion

will be easy and good, the body lightsome, the temper cheerful, and all the animal functions performed agreeably. Sleep, when it follows, will be natural and undisturbed. While indolence, with full feeding, occasions nightmares and horrors inexpressible: we fall from precipices, are assaulted by wild beasts, murderers, and demons, and experience every variety of distress. Observe, however, that the quantities of food and exercise are relative things : those who move much may, and indeed ought to eat more ; those who use little exercise should eat little. In general, mankind, since the improvement of cookery, eat about twice as much as nature requires. Suppers are not bad if we have not dined - but restless nights naturally follow hearty suppers after full dinners. Indeed, as there is a difference in constitution, some rest well after these ineals; it costs them only a frightful dream and an apoplexy, after which they sleep till doomsday. Nothing is more common in the newspapers than instances of people, who, after eating a hearty supper, are found dead in bed in the morning.

Another means of preserving health, to be at. tended to, is the having a constant supply of fresh air in your bed-chainber. It has been a great mistake, the sleeping in rooms exactly closed, and in beds surrounded by curiains. No outward air that may come in to you is so unwholesome as the un.. changed air, often breathed, of a close chamber. As boiling water does not grow hotter by longer boiling, if the particles that receive greater heat. can escape; so living bodies do not putrify, if the particles, as fast as they become putrid, can be thrown off. Nature expels them by the pores of the skin and lungs, and in a free open air they are carried off; but in a close room we receive them again and again, though they become more and more corrupt. A number of persons crowded into

a small room thus spoil the air in a few minutes; and even render it mortal, as in the Black Hole at Calcutta. A single person is said to spoil only a gallon of air per minute, and therefore requires a longer time to spoil a chamber full, but it is done, however, in proportion, and many putrid disorders hence have their origin.

Physicians, after having for ages contended that the sick should not be indulged with fresh air, have at length discovered that it may do them good! It is therefore to be hoped that they may in time discover, likewise, that it is not hurtful to those who are in health: and that we may be then cured of - the aërophobia, that at present distresses weak minds, and make them choose to be stifled and poisoned, rather than leave open the window of a bed-chamber, or put down the glass of a coach.

Confined air, when saturated with perspirable matter,* will not receive more : and that matter must remain in our bodies, and occasion diseases : but it gives some previous notice of its being about to be hurtful, by its producing certain uneasiness, slight indeed at first, such as, with regard to the lungs, is a tickling sensation, and to the pores of the skin a kind of restlessnes3 which is difficult to' describe, and few that feel it know the cause of it. But we may recollect, that sometimes on waking in the night we have, if warmly covered, found it difficult to get asleep again; we turn often without finding repose in any position. This fidgettiness (to use a vulgar expression for want of a better) is

* What physicians call the perspirable matter, is the vapour which passes off from our bodies from the lungs, and through the pores of the skin. The quantity of this is said to be five-eighths of what We gat.

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