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ported, was a dissenting minister in Body. This is a pleasant trifle, and Dablin, but on account of his situation, was received with applause. Oulton's withheld the avowal. It was even put female representative, who was not into Mr. Colman's possession, without without address, procured Colman's the author's knowledge, by a friend acceptance of another piece, but the who had fortunately saved the manu- sudden illness of the manager prevented script from the flames; for, like the its representation. The younger Colmanager, the writer himself was ap- man, who officiated as manager in the prehensive that it was not suited to the absence of his father, behaved to the English stage. He was, however, lady with his usual politeness, though agreeably surprised when, not only in probably conscious of the deception. formed of its great success, but like- This gentleman not harbouring those wise presented with the emolument petty resentments which are too com. arising from the farce, which the ma- mon in all professional life, gave Mr. nager had transmitted to the gentle. Oulton, when he discovered him to be man from whom he had received it. the author, every encouragement, and Mr. Colman, at the same time, it is accepted directly from him All in good thought, purchased the copyright." Humour, a farce in one act, produced
WALLEY CHAMRERLAINE OULTON, at the Haymarket in 1792. well remembered in the literary world, In 1797, Oulton wrote a musical is the author of no less than nineteen trifle for Jack Johnstone's benefit, called dramatic pieces, all of a comic or farci. The Irish Tar, which was never printcal character, and some of which were ed, and a farce in 1798, called Bother. very successful, although with the lapse ation, or a Ten Years' Blunder, also for of little more than half a century, the the benefit of his popular countryman. entire list has passed into oblivion. They were both of a most ephemeral Oulton was born in Dublin, and receiv. character, and died with the occasions ed his education under Dr. Ball. While that called them into existence. He in very green youth, he produced seve- next tried his hand at two pantomimes, ral slight sketches at the Capel-street which were both acted at Birmingham and Smock-alley theatres, which were one on the story of Pyramus and well received, notwithstanding nume. Thisbe, and the other founde rous puerilities. They were the hasty garth's prints of The Two Apprentices, productions of school vacations, and or Industry and Idleness Rewarded. written by stealth, as his grandfather, In 1802, he produced the farce of the Dr. Walker, had a strong aversion to Sixty-Third Letter, which had a run any thing connected with the stage. of nineteen nights. The incidents are One of these, The Haunted Castle, had almost too extravagant even for farce, a run of thirty-six nights (a circum- but the dialogue is lively and humostance almost unique in Ireland), and rous, and the plot is not ill-contrived. was performed several times before any Miss Metaphor, a blue-stocking, loses of his relatives knew who was the the sixty-third letter of the novel she is author. Intoxicated with this success, writing, and thus gives rise to the title he neglected his studies and came to of the piece. The music, which was London, where he was introduced to considered rather above par, was comMr. John Palmer, by the then pro- posed by Mr. Samuel Arnold, a very prietor of a newspaper, who afterwards short time before his death. Oulton's became Palmer's greatest enemy. For last dramatic effort was a farce called the Royalty Theatre he wrote the bur- The Middle Dish, or the Irishman letta of Hobson's Choice, or Thespis in in Turkey, acted only once, for Mrs. Distress, the satire of which drew on Jordan's benefit at Drury-lanc, on the him the resentment of all the other 16th of April, 1804. In this piece, London managers. Finding himself Mrs. Jordan had an Irish character as thus excluded from the regular thea- well as Johnstone ; and although Bantres, he had recourse to stratagem, nister and R. Palmer were included in and presented a comic piece to Mr. the cast, it was not sufficiently sucColman (in a lady's name), entitled cessful to be repeated. The story is As it Should Be, which was imme- supposed to arise out of a freak of the diately accepted and acted at the Hay- Grand Signor, who treats with great market in 1789. The plot is taken distinction an Irish footman and his from the first number of a periodical wife, and compels their former master paper of the time, called The Busy and mistress to wait upon them. The name of The Middle Dish originates in boinus, King of the Lombards, as dean order of the Emperor, that bis tailed in " Ancient Universal HisHibernian guests shonld not uncover a tory,” and touched upon in Gibbon's tureen set in the middle of the table “ Decline and Fall of the Roman Emat one of the entertainments which he pire.” None of these were intended, gave them, but which order they vio- or are suited, for the stage ; and lated, from their curiosity to eat their literary or poetical merit does Turkish potatoes.
not entitle them to rank in a high class. Oulton published a continuation of In the course of 1793, and not long Victor's " History of the Theatres of after the catastrophe which furnished London," and of Egerton's " Theatri- his subject, Preston wrote a fourth cal Remembrancer, In both these tragedy, entitled Democratic Rage, or works he has supplied some valuable Louis the Unfortunate, which was information, but has at the same time acted at the Crow-street Theatre, in perpetuated rather more than the usual Dublin, with great success. This play number of inaccuracies--some so very was not included in his published careless, that a moderate degree of atten, works. The author assigns as one tion would have sufficed to avoid them. reason for the omission, that he “ did He also wrote several anonymous tracts, not think it sufficiently correct.” He and others under fictitious names, par- declares, however, that it met with ticularly Dr. Horne's pamphlets re. “a reception beyond his most sanspecting the prophecies of the strange guine wishes," and that if ever be lunatic, Richard Brothers. Halhed, publishes a third volume, Democratic the celebrated oriental scholar, wasted Rage shall not be forgotten. The ink and sophistry in defence of Bro- play was printed separately, and the thers, and in condemnation of his im- curious collector may stumble occa. prisonment in Bedlam as a lunatic. sionally on a copy in Anglesea-street, But Halbed on this point was nearly or at the well-stocked book-stalls as mad as his protegé; and Oulton, round the corner of the College, or in in his replies, had clearly the best of front of the Four Courts. Preston is the argument. Oulton furnished some also the author of two other tragedies, of the chorusses in Pizarro, compiled The Adopted Son, and The Siege of « The Beauties of the Modern Drama- Ismael. We do not believe they were tists,” and “The Beauties of Kot acted, and have never seen them in zebue,” and published a “Traveller's print. * Guide,” in two volumes, 12mo., 1805, WILLIAM Cooke, a native of Cork, His miscellaneous writings enjoyed where he received bis education, is considerable repute during a reason. well known as the author of “ Eleable period of popularity; and on the ments of Criticism ;” - The Art of whole we must repute him to have Living in London,” and “ Conversabeen a man of taste, judgment, and tion,” poems, and the “ Memoirs of extensive reading.
Charles Macklin and Samuel Foote.” WILLIAM PRESTON was a barrister- On these his literary reputation is built, at-law, and held the office of Commis- but he claims admission into the file of sioner of Appeals in Dublin, his native dramatists, from having made an in. city. He died there on the 2nd of different alteration of a good play. In February, 1807. In 1793, he pub- 1782, his version of Fletcher's Scornlished two volumes of poetical works, ful Lady was acted at Covent Garwhich contain three tragedies - viz., den, under the title of the Capricious Offa and Ethelbert, founded on a story Lady, and repeated several times with in the first volume of « Hume's Hisa moderate applause. He has somewhat tory of England;" Messene Freed, the purified, although it can scarcely be plot of which may be seen in the Abbè said that he has improved the original, Barthelemy's Travels of Anacharsis;" A more recent version has lately been and Rosmunda, or the Daughter's produced, in which Miss Cushman Revenge, taken from the history of Al- sustained the heroine; but the play is
* A Mr. Peter Lefanu has been mentioned in some catalogues as the author of a prelude, called Smock-alley Secrets, acted in Dublin, in 1778; and a Mr. John Macaulay, M.R.I.A., has been named as having written The Genius of Ireland, a masque, also acted in Dublin, and said to be an imitation of Comus.
not likely to take possession of the 1790. Atkinson offered his plays in boards, or to become palatable to mo- vain to the London managers, but he dern taste under any guise. Cooke derived some satisfaction from seeing died in 1824.
them received with considerable apa Joseph ATKINSON, a native of Ire- plause in his own country. land, and a captain in the army, is the THE Rev. HENRY Boyd, A.M., author of three dramatic pieces. Vicar of Drumgath, and chaplain to Mutual Deception, a comedy; A Match Lord Charleville, a native of Ireland, for a Widow, and Love in a Blaze ; printed a volume of poems in Dublin, comic operas. All three were acted in 1793. They are chiefly of a theatrical and printed in Dublin. Mutual De- or lyrical character, and contain The ception came out in 1795. The plot Helots, a tragedy; The Temple of is taken (by the author's admission) Vesta, a dramatic poem ; The Rivals, from “ Le Jeu de l'Amour et du Ha- A sacred drama; and The Royal Meszard,” by Marivaux, which appear. sage, a dramatic pastoral. The latter ed in 1730. It also bears a strong re- is founded on the Scriptural history of resemblance to Love's Metamorpho- David and Uriah. None of these were ses, by T. Vaughan ; and the Double intended for representation. Boyd is Deceit, by Governor Popple, of Ber- better known as a translator of the “Inmuda. In 1786, Colman altered and ferno" of Dante, and of Vincenzo Moncurtailed Atkinson's play, and pro- ti's poem on the death of Hugh Basseduced it, with tolerable success, at the ville, the envoy from the French ReHaymarket, under the title of Tit for public, who was cruelly murdered in a Tat. The alteration improves the popular insurrection at Rome, on the original, by the omission of a dull, se- 14th of January, 1793.7 rious underplot.
William FRANCIS SULLIVAN, A.B., A Match for a Widow, or Frolics of was the son of Dr. Francis Sullivan, Fancy, was acted at Crow-street, in LL.D., formerly senior fellow and 1786, and printed in 1788. It is royal professor of common law in quite as good as the generality of the Dublin University. The younger operas. The main plot is professedly Sullivan was born in the Irish metrofounded on a little French comedy, polis, about the year 1756, received from which Mrs. Inchbald borrowed her his education in Trinity College, and “ Widow's Vow.” Jonathan, a Yan- was intended for the Church; but he kee servant, in Atkinson's piece, is a lost his father before he was nine, and very amusing character. In one of his mother before he was nineteen years his songs he says,
of age, and his prospects underwent a
total change in consequence. When " And once I stové a cask of beer,
the American war broke out in 1776, Because it worked on Sunday."
he volunteered into the army, and conAtkinson, in his dedication, compli- tinued to serve until the peace of ments Daly, the patentee and manager, 1783. Soon after that he married, as having rescued the Irish theatre and removed with his family to Eng. from neglect and degradation, and land, where he and his wife went on the brought it to the highest pitch of re- stage, and performed at several of the spectability and magnificence.
leading provincial theatres. Not sucLove in a Bluze came out at Crow- ceeding to his wishes, and being of a street in 1800. The plot is the same studious disposition, he relinquished as that of Gallic Gratitude, by Dr. the boards for literary pursuits, and James Solas Dodd,* acted at Covent produced some poems, which evinced Garden, in 1789, and subsequently in genius, and a tolerable power of imaDublin, under the title of the Funeral gination. His dramatic pieces are two Pile. Both taken from Le in number- viz., The Rights of Man, Naufrage, by Lafont, written in a farce; and The Test of Union and 1710; as is also The Widow of Mala- Loyalty. bar, a poor tragedy, by Mariana The Rights of Man was acted at Starke, acted at Covent Garden, in Buxton, in 1791, and afterwards printed
Dodd, who we believe was an Irishman, lived to the great age of 104, and died in Mecklenburgh-street, Dublin, in March, 1805.
† " Basseville received a thrust of a bayonet in the abdomen; he was dragged into the streets, holding his bowels in his hands, and, at length, left on a field-bed in a guard-house where he expired."-Montholon.
in the first volume of The Thespian of the theatres tn Smock-alley and Magazine. This dramatic satire has Capel-street formed the subject of geconsiderable humour. Its tendency neral conversation ; and in Mr. Potts's is, to expose those self-elected re- printing-office the merits and demerits formers, who, from a mere love of of the two companies were fully disinnovation and the craving after noto cussed, each house having its exclusive riety, adopt and spread political opi- partisans amongst the typographical nions which they have neither sense critics, who then, as now, comprised a nor argument to support. It was once most important section of the galleperformed at the Haymarket, for Wil. ry, and were held in oracular reveson's benefit. The Test of Union and rence by their associate deities. From Loyalty bore reference to the threat- the ancient friendship which had sub. ened French invasion.
sisted between Potts and Cherry seANDREW CHERRY was fortunate nior, the young Andrew was particu. enough to achieve considerable reputa. larly favoured by his master, who made tion both as an actor and author. He him his constant companion in all rewas the eldest son of Mr. John Cherry, creations. Amongst other amusements, an eminent printer and bookseller at Mr. Potts was extremely attached to Limerick, and was born in that city, theatrical exhibitions, and, perceiving on the 11th of January, 1762. His that his pupil's inclination bent strongfather's ancestors possessed a consider- ly to that point, he seldom visited the able property, on which they resided theatre without taking young Cherry for centuries, near Sheffield, in York. with him. On the first occasion on shire, and were of the Society of which he was permitted to indulge his Friends, or Quakers, as they are com- ardent desire, he witnessed the last monly called. One of these, disclaim. appearance of that ill-starred but acing the mild tenets of the primitive complished actor, Mossop, in his fachurch, and being imbued with a thirst vourite part of Zanga. The perforfor martial glory, followed the for- mance of such a celebrated tragedian tunes of King William III., and fought obtained an entire dominion over his under that renowned soldier as a cornet fancy. He soon found his taste for of horse, throughout the Irish wars. business rapidly decline; the printingOn the capitulation of Limerick, being office lost its charms, and he began to left in garrison there, he married an loathe the drudgery of a mechanical Irish lady, and purchased an estate at employment. In conjunction with his a place called Croome, not far distant brother apprentices and intimate compafrom the city, where the family resided nions, whose stage-struck propensities for some generations, until the impru- were not inferior to his own, he made dence of Andrew Cherry's grandfather his first appearance, at the age of fourdeprived him and his successors of a teen, in the character of the fair Lucia, paternal inheritance, which, in the pre- in Addison's tragedy of Cato, in a large sent day, yields an annual income of room fitted up as a temporary theatre, many thousands. Thus the representa- at the Blackamoor's Head, James'stive of landed squires dwindled down street, Dublin. into an itinerant actor.
The applause which attended this The subject of this memoir received juvenile essay greatly increased his what is generally called a respectable prevailing passion, and in a short time school education, at a grammar school after his first debût, a Mr. Martin, a in his native city, which his father in- country manager, hearing him recite, tended to have completed at the Irish in company with other young men, University, as he designed his son for whom he, Martin, had found means a member of the church ; but worldly to assemble, with a view to delude disappointments obliged him to aban- them into engagements, invited him don his favourite plan, and the study to join his sharing company. Cherry of theology was resigned for the print readily accepted the offer, without ing-office. In the year 1773, at eleven thought of consequences, and before years of age, his father placed him he reached his seventeenth year, under the care of Mr. James Potts, a launched into a profession, perhaps, highly respectable and influential bro- of all others, the most arduous, prether of his own craft, of Dame-steet, carious, and envious. His first apDublin, and the young aspirant was by pearance as a public performer was at him initiated in his own art and mys. Naas, fourteen miles from Dublin, tery. About this time the rivalship under the management of this Mr. Martin, and in the prominent character rambled carelessly about the streets, of Colonel Feignwell in Mrs. Cent- sometimes quoting passages to him. livre's comedy of A Bold Stroke for a self, both serious and comic, that bore Wife. It would have been impossible analogy to his situation, but without for a tyro to undertake a more difficult forming one definite idea as to where task, as the part requires a discrimina- he was to rest his houseless head. Totion so various, and a flexibility of wards the close of the evening he talent and execution such as is rarely strolled by accident into the lower met with even in the veterans of the part of the theatre, which had forstage. The applause was great, and merly been an inn, and was then octhe manager, after passing many eu- cupied by a female whose husband had logiums on his exertions, presented him been a sergeant of dragoons, for the with tenpence halfpenny, that hand. purpose of retailing refreshments to some amount being his dividend of the those who visited the playhouse. After profits of the night's performance. chatting until it was dark, the woman This, with a much more liberal allow. hinted that she wished to go to bed, ance of praise, inspired his heart with and begged be might retire, upon hope and ambition. The words of “ fair which he replied, in the words of Don comfort and encouragement” were ac- John in The Chances, “ I was thinkcompanied by golden promises, which ing of going home, but that I have no proved abortive.
lodging.” The good dame, taking the The towns that Martin visited were words literally, inquired into the cause, small; the diurnal receipts, therefore, with which he acquainted her without scarcely furnished a miserable, half. disguise. Being the mother of a fastarved existence for himself and his mily, she felt severely for his forlorn followers. Yet such was Cherry's en- situation. At that time he was not thusiasm for a theatrical life, that he master of a single halfpenny in the endured a probation of ten months world, nor had he the means of obtain. with this manager, constantly em- ing one. The poor creature shed tears ployed in the laborious study of almost of regret that she could not effectually all the principal characters in tragedy alleviate his misfortune. He endea. and comedy, without ever possessing a voured to assume a careless gaiety, guinea during the whole of that period, but the woman's unaffected sorrow and frequently without the means of brought the reflection of his own disobtaining common sustenance. So obedience to his mind, and he shed impoverished was he, and at the same tears in copious libation.
In his grief time so industriously bent on what he he saw the sorrow of his parents, whom had undertaken, that his greatest anx- he had deserted to follow what he beiety generally arose from his want of gan to perceive was a mad career, in means to purchase candles, by the despite of the many unanswered relight of which he might study the monstrances he had received, with a characters that were daily allotted to fair promise of forgiveness and re. him. In this situation, he endured stored affection, should he return to more than the usual hardships peculiar his business. to a strolling life. At one time he This philanthropic female lamented was actually in danger of starvation, that she could not furnish him with a having been without any kind of re- bed, but offered to lend him her husfreshment or food for more than three band's cloak, and to procure a bundle days. At Athlone, during an unex- of dry hay, that he might find a sleeppected close of the theatre, in conse- ing corner in an empty room. His quence of the total desertion of the heart was too full to pay his gratitude public, bis landlady, to whom he was in words; his eyes thanked her, he in arrear for his lodging, seeing there wept bitterly, accepted her kind offer, was no prospect of payment, satisfied and retired to rest. To intrude any herself for the trifle already due, by further on her kindness was too painseizing on the small remnant of what ful for him, as she was struggling to had once been his wardrobe, and maintain a numerous offspring. He, knowing that she could dispose of the therefore, carefully shunned the house untiled garret he occupied to more at meal times, and wandered through advantage during the approaching the fields or streets until he supposed races, turned him out to the mercy of their repasts were finished. At last, the winter's wind, which be endured 80 overcome by fasting and fatigue, with the philosophy of a stoic. He that he could not rest, he rose from