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not be an insuperable objection with first offered this comedy to Colman, he the author of "Thelyphthora."* rejected it, being offended with the

8. Aërostation, or the Templar's author for having taken an opera to Stratagem, a farce, acted at Covent Drury-lane. Colman shortly after reGarden on the 29th of October, 1784. tired from the management of Covent A light piece de circonstance of very Garden, and Harris succeeded him, slender pretensions, intended to ridi. Pilon one day, accidentally met Mr. cule the rage for balloons which pre- Lewis while he was still suffering vailed at that time. The printed co- under the dejection of having his play pies have a humorous kind of dedica- refused. Lewis inquired whether he cation to Lord Grantly, as Chief Jus- had any production that he could fatice in Eyre.

vour Covent Garden with ? Pilon 9. The Fair American, a comic mentioned that he had a comedy opera, produced at Drury-lane on ready, and Lewis desired him to send the 18th of May, 1782. This piece is it immediately and anonymously to a palpable and not a very well arranged Mr. Harris, observing that he was to plagiary from Hull's alteration of Sir dine with that gentleman on the sucSamuel Tuke's old play of Adventures ceeding Sunday. On Monday, to his of Five Hours, originally acted at Lin- equal surprise and joy, the comedy coln's-Inn Fields, as far back as 1663. was accepted, and brought out in the Tuke had previously borrowed from course of three we

The profits, the Spanish of Calderon, at the sug- although considerable, were not adegestion of King Charles II. Pilon's quate to his wants, for there were opera, instead of benefitting the au- some deductions for


advanced thor, was ultimately productive of long before, and his old prosecutor great inconveniences and misfortunes. having recommenced his lawsuit, the The piece met with little success, and unfortunate dramatist was compelled the composer, whose music had not once more to hide himself, and retired been much admired, sued Pilon for a to France. In August, 1820, He specific and considerable sum, forcing would be a Soldier was revived at the him to scek concealment by flight. Haymarket, under the title of Exchange

10. Barataria, or Sancho turned no Robbery, metamorphosed, and cur. Governor, a farce, originally produced tailed into three acts by Theodore for Quick's benefit at Covent Garden, Hook, who has served Pilon's play as on the 29th of March, 1785. It suc. gipsies do stolen children – disfigured ceeded well, became a stock piece, was it to make it pass for his own. Of frequently performed during many this he makes some slight acknowledgseasons, and was revived for Liston

ment in a preface. Sam Swipes and at the Haymarket in 1818, when he Captain Littleworth are precisely the spoke the epilogue riding on an ass. same characters as Caleb and Captain The origin of the farce will be found Crevelt; Swipes, sen., is Wilkins; in Durfey's three plays on the subject of Lamotte is Johnson' turned into a Don Quixote, but the materials are Frenchman ; Captain Littleworth principally taken from the second part. proves to be the son of Sir ChristoIt cannot be said that Pilon has im- pher. Hook has superadded a poor proved on Durfey.

underplot about a diamond ring. Un11. He would be a Soldier, a come- questionably He would be a Soldier is dy: in five acts, produced at Covent a better piece than Exchange no RobGarden on the 18th of November, bery. 1786. This was the last, as well as Pilon at his death left in Mr. Harris's the best, the most ambitious, and the hands an unfinished comedy called most successful of all Pilon's dramatic The Ward in Chancery, which the efforts. It was repeated twenty-three manager purchased from his widow, times during the first season, and con- and a report prevailed that it was tinued on the stage for many subse- placed in the hands of O'Keeffe to quent years. Edwin acquired great finish, and subsequently produced with credit in the part of Caleb. When Pilon considerable success under the title of

* Dr. Madan was also the author of "A Commentary on the Articles of the Church of England,"

," “A Treatise on the Christian Faith," and the translator of “Juvenal" and “ Persius.”

The Toy, or Hampton Court Frolics. He informs us, in a preface, that he O'Keeffe in his memoirs positively began his play in December, 1793, denics the fact; he says: “ The asser

and bad made considerable progress, tion that The Toy was originally plan- when he dicovered that he had been ned and written by Pilon is totally anticipated by an English writer, Mr. void of foundation. I know nothing Eyre, whose production was soon after of Pilon's play. The Toy was mine represented in the Dublin Theatre. entirely, and every word my own He, upon this, discontinued his own, writing. I never plumed myself with but on a perusal of Eyre's, he found strange feathers. " I may here add, it not only defective' in form, conthat of all my dramatic

pieces, upwards sisting only of four acts, but weak in of sixty in number, The Toy is that other respects, and, consequently, dewhich pleases me the least.” In termined to complete another. He summing up the pretensions of Pilon accuses Eyre, and justly, of having as a dramatic writer, it may be said that taken unwarrantable liberties with the he was tolerably strong amongst the character of Charlotte Cordé, in aslight-weights, but his powers were too cribing her assassination of Marat to limited to obtain for him admission the influence of private resentment, into the chosen phalanx of immortals. it having undoubtedly originated in

JOHN JOSHUA PROBY, first EARL OF public, if mistaken zeal. West has CARYSFORT, was born on the 12th of succeeded well in the delineation of the August, 1751, and died in advanced leading characters of the time, and age, in April 1828. He wrote some the language in which he has embodied political pamphlets, and filled the offices his ideas is bold and energetic, and of ambassador to Berlin and St. occasionally soars into respectable poePetersburgh in 1800 and 1801. In try. Copies, with a frontispiece, re1810 he published four original tra- presenting the execution of the heroine, gedies in two volumes, octavo_Caius may be picked up in a pilgrimage Gracchus, The Fall of Carthage, Mo. through the book-stalls of the Irish nimia, and Polyzena. They were not metropolis. intended for the stage, and were never

LEONARD MACNALLY was born in acted. We have been unable to meet Dublin, the son of a merchant, and with them except in a catalogue, and intended from his earliest youth for consequently cannot express any opi- the profession of the law. nion as to their literary merits. Lord well connected, being related to

many Carysfort was one of the early polic of the principal Roman Catholic famitical reformers on a sweeping scale. lies of Ireland ; to the family of NithsHis published “ Letters to the IIunt- dale, in Scotland, and the Howards, ingdonshire Committee,” undertake in England. He was more indebted to show the legality as well as the to nature than art, and may strictly necessity of extending the right of be said to have been a self-educated election to the whole body of the man, never having been at a public people, and of abridging the duration school or seminary, and deriving little of Parliaments. In his “ Thoughts on benefit from private tuition. the Constitution," he recommends tered a student of the Middle Temple, many of the changes which have since in 1774, and was called to the Irish been adopted.

Bar, in 1776, where he argued several The Rev. MATTHEW West, Vicar questions with reputation ; but finding of the Union of Clare, printed two that the expense of living as a barrister tragedies in 1769 and 1799-Ethelinda, in Ireland exceeded his finances, he and Pizarro, neither of which were returned to London, and qualified himever acted. In 1803 he published a self for practice in the English courts. third, called Female Heroism, founded In 1782, he wrote a very sensible on the revolutionary events which pamphlet called the “ The Claims occurred in France, in the summer of Ireland,” and in the following and autumn of 1793. This play was year, distinguished himself by sundry acted at the Crow-street Theatre, in speeches at the Shakspeare Tavern, in Dublin, on the 19th of May, 1804. favour of the memorable Coalition. It had been preceded by another on He was for some years editor of The the same subject, by Eyre, under the Public Ledger and wrote in several title of the « Maid of Normandy." other newspapers. Having married, West's has the most merit of the two. he returned to Dublin, where he after


He was

He en



wards continued to reside, and became interwoven an episode founded on one of the leading barristers. At an Goldsmith's tale of " Edwin and An. early age he had the misfortune to gelina." He affects the ancient phrasereceive a hurt in his right knee, which ology, which gives an air of constraint broke the bone, and lamed him for life; to the dialogue, by no means agreeable. and, not many years after, he was shot Robin Hood himself retains little of through the left hand, and suffered the bold undaunted spirit so liberally the amputation of his thumb. These bestowed on him by the poets by were the good old fighting days, when whom he has been celebrated, and no learned counsel ever thought of dwindles down to a mere sententious going to the courts without his briefs pedant, with a couple of bass songs. in one bag and his case of pistols in Little John is better supported, but another, as he could scarcely tell which the piece chiefly depends on the huwould be required first.

mours of Ruttekin, a tinker, written Macnally was unfortunate or ill- expressly for the comic powers of directed in his early theatrical at- Edwin. "The piece was often repeated, tempts; his opening essay

and was revived at Drury-lane as late satirical masque, called The Apo- at 1813. theosis of Punch, with a Monody un Encouraged by the success of his the death of the late Master Punch, comic opera, Macnally soared into a acted at the Patagonian Theatre, legitimate play. In April, 1785, he Exeter Change, in 1779, and printed produced Fashionable Levities, à coin the saine year. This was an at- medy in five acts, which was well retempt, and not a very successful or ceived. Some portions of the plot and creditable one, to ridicule Sheridan's incidents are taken from The Dumb Monody on the death of Garrick. Knight, an old drama printed in Dods. His next production was a comic opera, ley's collection, and written by Lewis called The Ruling Passion, acted in Machin, as far back as the reign of Dublin, without inuch success. Then James 1. In 1792, Lewis revived followed Retaliation, a farce, brought Macnally's comedy for his benefit, and out at Covent Garden, on the 7th of reduced it to three acts. Munden reMay, 1782. This piece has considerable stored to the boards once more, at merit, and was well received. The Drury - lanc, in 1820.

In 1786, character of Præcipe, the attorney, Macnally returned to his favourite line acted by Edwin, is highly drawn, and of farce-writing. April Fool, or the the dialogue throughout is well seasoned Follics of a Night, was tolerably well with humour. In 1783, Macnally received, although not sufliciently atproduced a second farce, under the tractive to be printed. The story had title of The Coalition. The audience been used by Middleton, in his Mad expected, from the name, a political World, my Masters ; afterwards by squib; but finding that it was not so, Johnson, in his Country Lasses ; again in their disappointment, pronounced by Bullock, in The Slip; and in 1778, , a verdict of condemnation. Soon by Kenrick, in The Spendthrist. after this, appeared Tristram Shandy, On the 16th October, 1786, Maca sentimental Shandean Bagatelle (sonally's opera of Richard Cour de Lion denominated in the bills), in two acts. was produced at Covent Garden, and This was only repeated six times, but ten days later General Burgoyne's on was revived in 1794, and curtailed the same subject, caine out at Druryinto one act. It is little more than a lane. The latter was eminently succento, from Sterne's composition, and cessful, and completely killed the forvery indifferently execuied. When mer. John Kemble enacted Richard acted in Dublin, it was unanimously (a singing part), and Mrs. Jordan, condemned on the first night.

Matilda. Macnally was singularly On the 17th of April, 1784, Mac- unfortunate in this instance; his opera nally's niost popular and successful would have been considered good if drama, Robin Hood, or Sherwood Fo. the General's had not been so much rest, appeared at Covent Garden. better. Both these pieces are avowIt was originally in three acts, and edly taken from a very successful draderived great assistance from Shield's ma by M. Sedaine, acted for the first excellent music. The subject is taken time at Paris, on the 21st of October, from the old legendary ballads, but 1784, and until the Revolution, frewith these materials the author has quently repeated with unabated applause. The story is taken from the jokes must have become musty and out first volume of “The Literary His. of date. What humour could there be in tory of the Troubadours," by the making Attic say to Ryder, as Falstaff, Abbé Millot. The celebrated air, what was applicable to Henderson “0, Richard, O mon Roi !" will long alone? It seems not unlikely that be remembered, from the effect it pro- some bookseller might affix a new titleduced at Versailles, when performed page, and a cast of the play to the before the royal family, previous to the old copies of 1788, in order to help off captivity of 'Louis XVI. Macnally's their sale. opera is forgotten, but General Bür- Richard Cour de Lion was the last goyne's still continues to be acted oc- dramatic piece which Macnally procasionally. To the printed copies, the duced on the London boards; but in General affixed the following prefatory November, 1796, he wrote an opera note: - "In adapting these scenes to called The Cottage Festival, acted the English stage, no adventitious mat- in Dublin during Madame Mara's enter has been introduced; some liberty, gagement at the Crow.street theatre. however, has been taken in effecting We have no record to refer to by the principal incident of the piece – which to ascertain whether it was a the discovery of Richard's confinement failure or a success. being now given to Matilda in place of Macnally is almost forgotten as a Blondel, as well to increase the inte- theatrical writer, but is still rememrest of the situation as to avoid the bered by a few surviving elders of Dub. less affecting interposition of the he. lin, as a facetious companion and an roine in the latter part of the drama. able lawyer. O'Keefle says of him, in The elegant author of this ronance his "Recollections:"_“I knew Counwill pardon a freedom which has sellor Leonard Macnally when he was been taken with no other view than a boy. His mother was one of the that of giving the best assistance of finest persons of a woman I ever sawour stage to his admired composition.” tall, full, and majestic. Leonard himIn addition to other points of su- self was much under size, but had a periority, General Burgoyne's opera handsome, expressive countenance, and had the advantages of better acting, a fine, sparkling, dark eye. lle was singing, and music.

a sprightly lad, and such was his pasIn 1788, a piece was printed, and sion for private plays, that he was in. then attributed to Macnally, entitled dulged in having a little theatre fitted Critic upon Critic-a dramatic medley, up in his mother's house, which all the as performed at the Theatre with uni- boys of his time frequented-I was one versal applause. This is said in the of them. When editor of The Ledger, titlepage to be the second edition. a London newspaper, he was very

ina From the plays alluded to, or directly dulgent to my pieces as they appeared. mentioned, it is almost certain that His own opera of Robin Ilood had

great this jeu-d'esprit was written in 1780.

His uncle, Arthur Murphy Nearly all the characters are real per. (not the poet), coming to London, Macsons under fictitious names. Attic nally brought him to Covent Garden and Tickler are clearly Sheridan and theatre to see it, when, to the surprise his brother-in-law, Tickell. Of the of the author, and the vexation of both, authors introduced, Mrs. Bulley and the opera was that night performed as Miss Plausible are evidently Mrs. an afterpiece, having been, witbout his Cowley, the authoress of The Belles' knowledge, cut down into two acts ; Stratagem, and Miss Hannah More. such are the mortifications of even a As a satire, it is not without merit. popular dramatic writer. Tired with In 1792, Critic upon Critic was re- literary fagging, Macnally went back printed, as performed at Covent Gar- to Dublin, and pursued his profession den. This is also called the second as a barrister. I was told that he exedition. It contains the following cast : celled all his contemporaries in keen, Attic, Quick; Tickle, Macready ; Fal- sarcastic wit - a most effective legal staff, Ryder, &c. Notwithstanding weapon in defence of a client.” all this, it appears quite clear that it The Counsellor died in Harcourtwas never acted, or even intended for street, Dublin, in February, 1820, aged representation. It cannot be traced in about seventy-four. Ile was interred any existing bills or records of the in the churchyard at Donnybrook, the theatres ; and in 1792 all the personal old burial-place of his family.


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Isaac JACKMAN, born in Dublin, was and strenuous supporter of the interests the son of a clerk in the office of the and dignity of his company. He died Lord Mayor of that city, where he and was buried at Wolverhampton, learned and practised for some years leaving the rents of his theatres, amountthe profession of an attorney. He ing to £300 per annum, to his daughthen came over to England, and en- ter, who married a Mr. Gosly, a dancdeavoured to improve his fortune by a ing-master at Stamford. He also bemarriage with a lady possessed of a queathed all his veteran performers to comfortable annuity for life. She, his successors, with a weekly salary however, died soon after, and at her entailed on them for life. He felt and demise the annuity dropped. Jack- acted on the principle that service is man then commenced dramatic writer. inheritance. The Intriguing Footman On the quarrel between the Rev. Bate was originally acted at Sheffield. From Dudley and the proprietor of The Morn- this piece, MR. William MacREADY ing Post, he assumed the direction of (father of the celebrated tragedian), that important journal, in which situ. also an Irishman, born in Dublin, took ation he remained for some time. He the Irishman in London, produced at then returned to Dublin, and became Drury-lane in 1792. There has seldom editor of an Irish paper. In April, been a more successful farce. It still 1777, his first farce, entitled All the keeps the stage, and produces roars World's a Stage, was produced at of laughter when Murtoch Delany is Drury-lane, and met with permanent adequately represented. Jack Johnsuccess. Parsons was the original per- stone was the first, and Tyrone Power former of the stage-struck Diggery, the last actor of high repute with whom which in our own days we have seen the character is specially identified. represented by Liston with inimitable Macready, in 1795, produced a comedy humour. The part itself is a mere called The Bank Note, borrowed almost outline, to be filled up by the ingenuity entirely, but without improvement, of the actor. In the same year, 1777, from an old play by Taverner, entitled Jackman brought out a comic opera The Artful Husband. called The Milesian, a piece of slender The Village Lawyer has often been merit, soon forgotten. His third at- attributed to Macready, but without tempt was Almirina, a mock tragedy, foundation. L'Avocat Patelin, of performed at the Royalty Theatre. which it is almost a literal transThis piece was acted by one person lation, is one of the oldest dramas in (Mr. John Palmer), with the aid of the French language. The real auwooden or pasteboard figures, on the thorship of The Village Lawyer has plan of Whitehead's Fatal Constancy. never conclusively transpired, which The idea had been put in practice be- is the more extraordinary, as its unexfore by Foote, in his Tragedy a-la- pected success might have tempted Mode, or Diversions of a Morning. disclosure. It has been claimed for Jackman also wrote three other dra- Mr. CHARLES Lyons, an Irishman, matic pieces—The Divorce, a musical and the conductor of an academy in farce ; Hero and Leunder, a burletta ; the vicinity of Dublin, where he was and The Man of Parts, a farce. The still living in 1834. Oulton, in his latter, which is the worst of his pro- history of the “ London Theatres,” ductions was acted at the Crow-street continued from Victor, gives the followTheatre in Dublin. Prefixed to Hero ing account of this little piece, which and Leander is a long dedication re- has been acted as often as any in the specting the dispute between John whole range of the English drama, and Palmer and the winter managers. is still on the full-pay list :-“The Vil

JAMES WHITELEY, a native of Ire- lage Lawyer, offered at the Haymarket, land, and many years manager and lay some time in the manager's hands proprietor of the theatres comprising before he ventured it, as he entertained the midland circuit of England, de- but a very indifferent opinion of its serves honourable mention in this re- merits. It was first tried for Edwin's gister, less that he was the author of a benefit (August 28th, 1787), when single farce called The Intriguing the unlooked for success, which must Footman, than as an honest, kind- chiefly be attributed to the excellent hearted man, whose conduct through acting of Mr. Bannister, jun., rendered life reflected credit on his calling. He it soon a stock piece. The manager ever proved himself a warm advocate was ignorant of the author, who, as re

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