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ransom of the unfortunate The monk made me a bow but of all others, resumed 1, the unfortunate of our own country, surely, have the first rights ; and I have left thousands in distress upon our own shore The monk gave a cordial wave with his head

as much as to say: No doubt, there is misery enough in every corner of the world, as well as within our convent - But we distinguish, said I, laying my hand upon the Deeve of his tunick, in return for his appeal

we distinguish, my good Father! betwixt those who wish only to eat the bread of their own labour and thofe who eat the bread of other peo ple's, and have no other plani in life, but to get through it in foth' and ignorance, for the love of God.


The poor Franciscan made no reply: a he&ic of a moment pass'd' across his cheek, but could not tar

Nature feemed to have had done with her resentments in him ; he shewed none but letting his staff fall within his arm, he press’d both his hands with resignation upon his breast, and retired.

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My heart {mote me the moment he shut the door · Pfha! said I with an air of carelessness, three leveral times but it would not do: Every ungracious syllable I had utter'd, crouded back into my imagination: I reflected, I had no right over the poor Franciscan, but to deny him; and that the punishment of that was enough to the disappointed without the addition of unkind language I consider'd his

his courteous figure seem'd to reenter and gently ask me what injury he had done me? and why I could use him thus I would have given twenty livres for an advocate - I have behaved very ill, faid I within myself; but I have only just set out upon my travels; and thall learn better manners as I get along,

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When a man is discontented with himself, it has one advantage however, that it puts him into an excellent frame of mind for making a bargain. Now there being no travelling throngh France and Italy without a chaise and nature generally prompting us to the thing we are fittest for, I walk'd out into the coach yard to buy or hire something of that kind to my purpose: an old * Desobligeant in the furthest corner of the court, hit my fancy at first light, so I instantly got into it, and tinding it in tolerable har. mony with my feelings, I ordered the waiter to call Monsieur Deffein the malter of the hôtel

but Monfieur Desein being gone to vespers, and not caring to face the Franciscan whom I saw on the opposite side of the court, in conference with a lady just arrived at the inn I drew the taffeta curtain betwixt us, and being determined to write my journey, I took out my pen and ink, and wrote the preface to, it in the Desobligeant.

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* A chaise, so called in France, from its holding

but one person,


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It must have been observed by many a peripatetic philosopher, That nature has set up by her own questionable authority certain boundaries and fences to circumscribe the discontent of man: The effeated her purpose in te quietest and eatiest manner by laying him under alınolt insuperable obligations to work out his ease, and to sustain his sufferings at home. It is there only that she has provided him with the most suitable objects to partake of his happiness, and bear a part of that burden which in all countries and ages, has ever been too heavy for one pair of shoulders. 'Tis true we are endued with an imperfe&t power of spreading our happiness sometimes beyond her limits, but 'tis so ordered, that from the want of languages, connections, and dependencies, and from the difference in education, customs and habits, we lie under fo many impediments in communicating our sensations

out of our own sphere, often amount to a total impossibility.


It will always follow from hence, that the balance of sentimental commerce is always againīt the ex


patriated adventurer: he must buy what he has' little occasion for at their own price his conversation will seldom be taken in exchange for theirs without a large discount and this, by the by, eternally driving him into the hands of more equitable brokers for such conversation as he can find, it requires no great {pirit of divination to guess at his party

This brings me to my point; and naturally leads me (if the fee - saw of this Desobligeant will but let me get on) into the eficient as well as the final causes of travelling

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Your idle people that leave their native country and go abroad for some reason or reasons which may be derived from one of these general causes

Infirmity of body,
Imbecility of mind, or

Inevitable necessity.
The first two include all those who travel by land or
by water, labouring with pride, curiosity, vanity or
Spleen, subdivided and combined in infinitun.

The third class includes the whole army of peregrine martyrs; more especially those travellers who set out upon their travels with the benefit of the clergy, either as delinquents travelling under the direction of governors recommended by the magistrate or young gentlemen transported by the cruelty of pa

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