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PRINTED BY AND FOR JOHN BELL, SOLE PROPRIETOR OF THIS MAGAZINE, AND
FEBRUARY 1, 1812.
LA BELLE ASSEMBLÉE;
For JANUARY, 1812.
A few and Improved Series.
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF ILLUSTRIOUS LADIES.
The Twentp-eight Pumber.
THE MOST NOBLE THE MARCHIONESS OF BUCKINGHAM.
It is not often that it falls to our lot, tions that irradiate a British court; but in sketching the biography of our fair there are few who, under the semblance of countrywomen, to have an opportunity of, royalty herself, have opportunities of emu. recounting both their public and private lating the virtues and affability of their ex. virtues. The lostre of female excellence alted original. Yet brightly as she shone shines brightest in the domestic circles; it | as Vice-Queen of our sister island, that brilis for that they are formed and fashioned; liancy was still tinted by those social shades and there they find the true scene of their whichi soften the irradiated outline into most active benevolence. Yet there are
the mild glow of murn, or the softer repose seasons when the most retired dispositions of evening landscape. are drawn forward from the still hayuts of
This distinguished fenjale is descended private virtue to exert themselves in more from a family which has long enjoyed preprominent situations; it is then that supe- eminence in our sister kingdom, and boasts rior merit must and will display itself; it a long line of ancient Irish blood by interis then that the softer feelings of the female || marriages. The first ancestor particularly heart are warmed into general philanthropy; on record is Sir Thomas Nugent, Knt. and it is then that the true dignity of who possessed extensive property in the the modest yet energetic female mind rises i county of Westmeath, and resided at Car to the situation in which its latent powers lanstown; he married a grand-daughter of are called forth.
the Lord Slane, of the ancient family of Well might we indeed apply to the sub- Fleming, a title unfortunately attainted at ject of our present biography the words of the Revolution, and now extinct. His the Poet:
grandson married a Cusack, and died in -fitted or to shine in Courts, 1599, leaving a son), who by his wife, the “ With unaffected grace, or walk the plain daughter of Kedagh Geohegan, of Syonan, " With innocenee and meditation joined
in Westmeath, Esq. left Edward Nugent, “ Io soft assemblage.”
who also resided at Carlaustown, and had For in courts she has shone with a degree three grants of land under the acts of settle of splendour which it falls to the lot of few ment. In the troublesome times about the ladies to have an opportunity of exhibiting. Revolution, he was a member of the par. As stars of different magnitudes, there are liament called by King James ; but was many who glitter in the various constella- || friendly to the cbange, and married a
daughter of the Cusack family of Rathgare. () the high and arduous office of Viceroy of His second son, Michael, by a daughter of Ireland, as successor to the late Duke of Barnwall, Lord Trimlestown, left Robert Portland, he commenced his important Nugent, who in early life came into the duties with the most serious attention to British Parliament in 1741. He mixed the true interests of that country; and much in the politics of those days, and though his patriotism and philanthropy held the confidential office of Comptroller were undoubted, yet the world were raof the Household of the Prince of Wales, ther surprised at such an early display of father of his present Majesty. He was judgment, and penetration into the deep afterwards Vice-Treasurer of Ireland in the mysteries of the politics of that day. His early part of the present reign, first Lord of duty was an arduous one; for he had to Trade and Plantations, and a Privy Coun- | conciliate parties, and to correct abuses; sellor in both kingdoms.
both of which he executed in such a man. Thus favoured by royal notice and poli- | ner as to gain the applause and esteem of tical connection, we soon see him raised to those he was sent to govern. the honours of the Peerage; which took In these occupations it was necessary to place in 1767, when he was created Baron display much elegant hospitality at the Nugent of Carlanstown, and Viscount Castle, in which he was aided by the taste Clare. At that period, however, or soon and good sense of his Vice-Queen, who after, his only child was a daughter, Mary, | well knew how to unite the reserve beby his second wife, Anne, daughter of coming her station, with that affability of James Craggs, Esq. Postmaster-General, manner necessary to conciliate all parties and who, as heiress to her brother, enjoyed without appearing to give a preference to the estates of the Craggs family to a con any. She was hailed as the arbitress of siderable amount; she was also possessed fashion—but what was more, she made of the estate of Gosfield Hall, in Essex (now charity and benevolence fashionable ; and occupied by Louis XVIII.), being the the hospitals, for the relief more particularly widow of Robert Knight, Esq. Secretary of her own sex, owed much both to her for the Leeward Islands.
munificence and example. Nor was it Mary, this sole heiress, was married on here alone that her example was of use. the 12th of April, 1775, to George Gren- | Wlien the weavers of the metropolis were ville Temple, of Wotton, in the county of suffering the greatest distress, in 1783, from Bucks, Esq. now Marquis of Buckingham, the almost total disuse of Irish manufacand at that time heir apparent to his uncle, tures, a deputation waited upon Lord Richard Earl Temple. On this marriage Temple to state their sufferings. His ExMr. Temple added the name of Nugent to cellency, immediately began a subscriphis family appellatives; and immediately tion with a handsome sum, which was soon aster, Lord Clare received a patent as Earl 'patriotically followed up; he even prevailNugent, with remainder to his son-in-law, ed upon the merchants to promise to give now Marquis of Buckingham and Earl of a preference to the fabric of their own Nugeut, having succeeded as Earl Temple country in preference to foreign articles. in 1779, as Earl Nugent in 1788, and having But the houour of overcoming the greatbeen raised to the dignity of a Marquis est difficulty was reserved for the Countess; four years previous.
and she did overcome it, not only by her To draw a political sketch of the Mar- own example in wearing bothing but Irish quis is here beyond our plan; yet so closely manufacture, but also by public notice and were the virtues of his amiable consort private intimation, that those only would connected with, and so frequently did they be welcome at the Castle who should evince spring from the events of his public life, their patriotism in like manner. By this, that in recording the one we must notice and her general attention to the interests of the other.
the country wherever female influence or When Earl Temple, at the early age of example could be of any avail, she acquired twenty-eight (in 1782), was nominated to as great a degree of popularity as her noble