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MASCULINE.

Յովհաննէս, John. Յուլիանոս, Jular. Աթանասիոս,Athanasius. Թեոդորոս,Theodore, etc.

FEMININE.

GrSwim, Joan. Brubus, Juliana. l'duiswebw, Athanasia. flaboqmpus, Theodora, etc.

4) wrzne St, Rose . appular St, a priestess heathenish. gu Swisuja. St, a priestess. Just գարեուհի, a prophetess. Աստուածուհի, Goddess. արքայուհի, թագուհի, տիրուհի, queen, princess . yunust, a she-martyr. l'equun. St, an Abbess . Uwpluwq.nl St, Deaconess, etc.

11 wrzwung2, Vard's daughter. IJmSuque wp2, Isaac's daughter . Junupnikon_[uun, Chosroes' daughter. Neulofun, Hormistus' daughter, etc,

FORM.

The forms of the nouns are three: simple, as, Jure, man: Accompanied by a particle before, as, whefwry, inhuman: Composed of entire words, as, Sowppumaks, human, kind.

The different modes of producing compound epithets and words, are the treasare and ornament of the Armenian language; a thousand varieties of compounded

words

may

be made in this tongue as may be perceived in the Armenian grammar published 1815.

SPECIES or KIND.

There are two kinds of words: Primitive, as, Sury, man: and Derivative or Derived having at the termination a particle, as, Swrzeugt, human.

The Derivatives are most abundant in the Armenian language.

NUMBER.

Numbers are two: Singular, as, Jurn, man: and Plural, as, Surre or Surnb4,

1

men.

The plural of some nouns is formed in a particular manner, as, 410, woman, 4w նայք, women. վանք, couvent, վանորայք, Luunpluje or wibruje, convents. abe or գիրք, book, գրեան, books. մանուկ, child, boy, Suyub, children, boys. The

proper nouns are sometimes made plural with the particle korthet, as, Irlar, Gregory, Pirbanplwap, Gregories. Onu Susta Ibu, John, BrSwisubwup, Johns.

CASE.

The cases in the Armenian language according to the modern authors are ten in number.

1. Nominative, Swin, the man. 2. Genitive, wrong, of the man. 3. Dative, fwpray or 'b Swez, to the man. 4. Accusative, quurt, the man. 5. Ablative, 't Surring, from the man. 6. Narrative, quiurray, concerning the man. 7:

Instrumental, Swend, by means of man. 8. Circumdative, quiurnoid, about the man. 9. Commorative, 't Jury or ' Sirrous,

in the man. 10. Vocative, wrz, o man!

It is to be remarked in this declension that the second case is changed in the termination. The third in the termination, and is then denominated the dative-declined-inthe-termination: and sometimes has before it a letter or preposition, and is then called the dative-with-the-preposition. The fourth case has before it the lettery, which is sometimes omitted or understood. The fifth case changes in the termination, and bas the letter or preposition 't before it; or the letter , when followed by a vowel. The sixth case likewise changes in the termination, and has before it the letter

2.

The seventh case changes in the termination. The eighth case also, and has before it the letter

The ninth case has before it the letters 't

and when changed in the termination has always before it the same letter or preposition. The tenth case has before it the interjection á or “t, but not always expressed.

or jy

According to the ancient authors the cases are properly only six. 1. Nominative. 2. Genitive. 3. Dative. 4. Accusative. 5. Ablative. 6. Instrumental.

And these will be followed in the

present grammar.

DECLENSION.

the number of declensions of the nouns the opinions of authors are various: we will reckon ten dividing them into two classes according to the grammar published in 1815.

The first class contains six simple or regular declensions, and the second four mixed or irregular declensions : and they are distinguished from the second and sixth cases in this manner.

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1. Արքայ, the king. 2. Ulrpust, of the king. 3. Արքայի օք յարքայ, ցարքայ, to the king4. qlleen, the king.

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