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PHILOSOPHICAL.

huge and disproportioned attic. The For the Literary Magazine. facade of St. Paul's has infinitely more simplicity and regularity, FOREIGN NEWS, LITERARY AND though consisting of two stories, and of columns and pilasters. The simplicity lies not in number, but in IT appears from the report of the arrangement.

baron Von Kotzebue, in his recent We have, in the next chapter, an travels through Italy, that the busiaccount of the appendages of this ness of unrolling the Herculanean temple. In a short digression, the MSS. proceeds at Portici, under the author attacks the catholic interpre- direction of M. Hayter, with suctation of scripture, on which the pa- cess and rapidity. pal authority is founded. He gives One hundred and thirty manuan account of the chief mosaic paint. scripts have already been unrolled, ings of several tombs.

or are unrolling; and M. Hayter From St. Peter's, the author leads does not despair of being able to deus to the papal palace of the Vati. cypher the six hundred manuscripts can, whose galleries, chambers, cha- which are still extant. Eleven pels, libraries, and museums, are young persons are constantly emagreeably and circumstantially de- ployed in unfolding the manuscripts, scribed.

and two others in copying or draw. After bestowing suitable attention ing them, all under the direction of upon these principal objects, the tra- M. Hayter, and at the expence of veller proceeds, with more haste his royal highness the prince of and brevity, through the remains of Wales. Another work has been ancient edifices, some modern tem- discovered of Philodemus, treating ples and palaces. Having taken a on the vices which border on vir. rapid, but particular view of these, tues; besides a work of Epicurus, he retires, in fancy, to a convenient of Phædrus, Demetrius Phalerus, eminence, and gives us a general and Colotos; the last in reply to view of this famous capital, in which Plato on friendship. Among seven modern appearances are combined Latin manuscripts, M. Hayter has with reliques of antiquity. This found a historical work, written in sketch has considerable merit, the style and manner of Livy; and,

After this comparatively long de- among the Greek ones, the entire tail of architectural wonders, the works of Epicurus, in the best state author gives us sketches of life and of preservation. manners. They appear to be drawn Mr. Humboldt is beginning to from immediate observation, and publish the results of his late traare characteristic and amusing. A vels, with an affectation that degood deal is said about the Roman serves to be reprobated. He begins mendicants, and pleasing anecdotes with some expensive numbers of occur respecting them.

botany, and thence proceeds to some We have next a chapter on the other numbers of zoology and geoceremonies of the Roman church, logy, promising that he will conde. in which are more particularly de- scend also to give to the public an scribed the papal functions at the abridged account of his travels, celebration of Christmas; and the adapted to general reading. His author relates an adventure which condescension does not, however, befel him in a nocturnal ramble, terminate here: for he tells the among the ruins of the Coliseum, world that he may, probably, in a which is followed by a lively picture few years, publish a full account of of the ceremonies used at the conse. his travels, but that the abridged cration of the reigning pope: with account may satisfy curiosity till he this concludes the first volume. has leisure to gratify it fully!

Mr. Irving, author of a work on To be continued.

English Composition, and of the

Lives of the Scottish Poets, is en- it a proper colour. Of this prepagaged on a Life of the celebrated ration two coats are to be applied, George Buchanan.

after which the wood will not be subMr. William Close has invented ject to injury by humidity. The first an apparatus for raising water, by coat should be laid on lightly, havmeans of air condensed in its de- ing been previously heated; the sescent through an inverted syphon. cond, after an interval of two or This syphon has its higher orifice three days; a third may be added, placed in a situation to receive both if, from the peculiarity of the situaair and water at the same time. tion, it be judged expedient. The air, being conveyed by the ve Mr. Davies Giddy has lately delocity of the aqueous column to the scribed a singular fact of the invilowest part of the syphon, and col- sible emission of steam and smoke lected in a vessel, is employed as together from the chimney of a furthe medium for conveying pressure nace; though either of them, if seto raise water in another part of the parately emitted, is visible as usual. apparatus. Mr. C. finds from ex i The flue," says he, speaking of a periments that a machine construct- steam engine, “ for conveying off ed upon this principle will raise the smoke and affording a draft, water for domestic purposes, and was made of rolled iron; and the although it will not perform half as steam, which wholly escapes from much work as a bucket-engine by a these machines uncondensed, was forcing-pump, yet it may be kept conducted into the same tube about continually employed, and is subject a foot above its insertion into the to very little wear, as its operation boiler : when the engine began to will almost be performed without move, neither steam nor smoke were friction.

seen to issue from the flue; and Mr. Stothard has found that the when fresh coal was added, nothing elasticity of the steel in watch- more than a faint white cloud besprings, &c., is greatly impaired by came apparent, and that only for a taking off the blue with sand-paper, short time. The register was slowly or otherwise ; and, what is still closed, and a condensation of steam more striking, that it may be re manifested itself at a small distance stored again by the blueing process, from the chimney, and in the same without any previous hardening or quantity as if it had proceeded imother additional treatment.

mediately from the boiler. The ex. It is not generally known that periment was reversed, and the green succulent plants are much steam gradually confined to the boilbetter preserved after a momentary er, when the smoke became visible, immersion in boiling water than till it equalled in quantity and apotherwise. The treatment is adopt. pearance that commonly produced eel for the economical preservation by a similar fire. These trials were of cabbage and other plants which repeated a number of times, with are dried for keeping, as it destroys unvarying success. Pains were tathe vegetable life at once, and seems ken to ascertain whether, and in to prevent an after process of decay what degree, the draft was affected or mortification, by which the plant by the admission of steam into the would have been more considerably fue, and it was found that, while changed, if it had not been so sud- the engine worked, the fire bright. denly killed.

ened each time the steam obtained The following is a method for admission into the chimney. To preserving wood in damp situations. elucidate this fact, Mr. Nicholson Take twelve pounds of resin beat in contrived the following experiment. a mortar, three pounds of sulphur, " A small glass tube was stuck and twelve pints of whale-oil ; let through a cork, and this was pressthem be melted together over a fire; ed into the neck of the retort in ochre powder may be added to give which water was boiling over a

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page Biographical sketch of the late Dr. Zurich and Lavater

132 Currie, of Liverpool 83 | On the epigram

134 What is fame?

86 Letter from Mr. Addison to a Sappho vindicated 87 lady

134 Erinne

89 || Particulars concerning contrasted Memorial of the merchants of New

colours

135 York

90 || Earthquake in the kingdom of NaMemorial of the corporation of

ples, &c.

138 New York 97 || On Greek amatory poetry

141 Who is the best writer ?

98 | Cautions respecting emigration to Remarks on style 100 America

145 The Reflector, No. VII

105 | Speech of the governor of New Varieties 107 York

148 The Adversaria, No. XIII 109 || Address of the governor of PennAnyte

sylvania

153 Historical characters are false re Speech of the governor of Massapresentations of nature

113
chusetts

155
On prefaces
117 || Prize medals

158 Character of Mr. Necker, continued 120 Distinctions between synonymous

POETRY. words 128 | The reply

158 On the smell from manufactories 131 | Imitation of Cowper's Mary 160 Alliance between gratitude and re Extempore

160 sentment 132 On a handsome physician

160

| 112

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BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF THE LATE DR. CURRIE,

OF LIVERPOOL

By Dr. Aikin.

DR. JAMES CURRIE was born at A prospect of an appointment in Kirkpatrick-Fleming, in Dumfries- the medical staff of the army, which shire, on May 31st, 1756. His father would not admit of the usual delay was the established minister of that of an Edinburgh graduation, inducparish, whence he afterwards re ed him to take the degree of doctor moved to that of Middlebie. Dr.Cur- of physic at Glasgow. He arrived, rie was an only son : of six sisters, however, in London too late for the two alone are now surviving. He re- expected place; but still determinceived the rudiments of learning at ing to go abroad, he had taken his the parish school of his native place, passage in a ship for Jamaica, when whence he was transferred to the a severe indisposition prevented his grammar school of Dumfries, one of sailing, and entirely changed his the most reputable seminaries of the lot in life. He renounced his first kind in Scotland. His original des intention ; and, after some considertination was for a commercial life, ation respecting an eligible settleand he passed some years of his ment, he fixed upon the commercial youth in Virginia, in a mercantile and rapidly increasing town of Listation. Disliking this profession, verpool, which became his residence and unwilling to be a witness of the from the year 1781. impending troubles in the American The liberal and enlightened cha. colonies, he quitted that country in racter which has long distinguished 1776, and, in the following year, many of the leading inhabitants of commenced a course of medical that place, rendered it a peculiarly study at the university of Edin- favourable theatre for the display of burgh, which occupied him almost the moral and intellectual endowwithout interruption for three years. ments for which Dr. Currie was

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VOL, V, NO. XXIX.

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