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ample of her power, in that alpha For him unlock the springs of finer
and omega of her hand, the hiero joy,
glyphic miracle, man.

The stores of soul, the sweets that never

cloy; The painter's eye, to sovereign beauty Nature for him unfolds her fairest day,

For him puts on her picturesque array; Marks every grace, and heightens every Beneath his eye new-brightens all her

charís, Follows the fair through all her forms And yields her blushing beauties to his and wiles,

arms; Studies her airs, and triumphs in her His prize and praise pursu'd in shades smiles;

or crowds;
Imagines wondrous scenes as Fancy He fancies prodigies, and peoples clouds;

Arrests in rapid glance each fleeting
And revels rich in all Creation's charms: form,
His art her homage, and his soul her Loves the mild calm, and studies in the

She rules his life, and regulates his line ;
While rapt to frenzy as the goddess To this eulogy of painting every

painter will cordially assent, but the He pours to view the visions she in- poet will not so promptly acquiesce spires.

in his own degradation.' Impartial

judges will maintain that the powPresented to the cultur'd eye of Taste, No rock is barren, and no wild is waste; both creative ; and, when employed

ers of the painter and the poet are No shape vncouth, or savage, but in under the inspiration of real genius, place,

the effects of both are eminently Excites an interest, or assumes a grace; Whether the year's successive seasons

striking. In some instances the roll,

painter has the advantages of the Or Proteus passion paint the varying poet, and in others the reverse is

equally true. If the former exceed Whether, apart consider'd, or combin'd, the latter in the exactness with The forms of matter, and the traits of which his conceptions are embodied, mind;

the latter often presents pictures to Nature, exhaustless, still has power to the imagination which the former warm,

cannot express by the utmost force And every change of scene a novel of his art. The painter can only charm :

catch a particular instant, while the The dome-crown'd city, or the cottagʻd poet can exhibit the progress of an plain,

action; and, though the artist may The rough cragg'd mountain, or tumul

boast of the superiority of imitation tuous main;

over description, he must know that The temple rich, in trophied pride array'd,

“ the poet's eye in a fine frenzy rollOr mould’ring in the melancholy shade;

ing" often sees more than lines and

BeThe spoils of tempest, or the wrecks of colours can possibly exhibit. time ;

sides, an impartial estimate must The earth abundant, and the heaven not overlook the superior number of sublime:

the poet's pictures. While the All to the painter purest joys impart,

painter is laboriously embodying a Delight his eye, and stimulate his art. a single image, the poet produces a From sense reclaim'd to bliss of nobler thousand pictures, and, though each

individual sketch may be inferior to birth, He envies not the bustling sons of earth,

the painter's individual labour, a Who anxious climb the heights of thousand of the first may be collec. wealth and power,

tively of more value than the single The care-cloth'd pageants of a restless

one of the last. hour;



soul ;


For the Literary Magazine. a thousand times. Within two years

after my arrival in Germany, I lost THE REFLECTOR. the lovely idol of my heart, the ami

able companion of my life. Her departed spirit still hovers round me;

the tender recollection of all that 78 the Reflector.

she was to me, the afflicting rememSIR,

brance of all that she suffered on my I KNOW not whether I am not account, are always present to my taking too great a liberty in address- mind. What purity and innocence! ing you; but as my motive is not a what mildness and affability! Her selfish one, but, as you will per- death was as calm and resigned as ceive, to benefit a man whom I am her soul was pure and virtuous ! desirous of serving, that must plead During five long months the pangs my excuse. The subject of my let- of dissolution hung continually round ter is a man in the prime of life, but her. One day, as she reclined upon apparently disgusted with every her pillow, while I read to her“ The thing it is capable of affording. He Death of Christ,” by Ramler, she is like one who has but just fairly cast her eyes over the page, and sicommenced that journey which we lently pointed out to me the followmust all take, and seems terrified ing passage : “ My breath grows by the disasters he has already en- weak, my days are shortened, my countered, and those he yet may heart is full of affliction, and my soul meet. The death of a wife, whom prepares to take its fight.” Alas! he appears to have loved with the when I recall these circumstances to greatest tenderness, has left a blank my mind, and recollect how impos. in his mind and in his enjoyments, sible it was for me to abandon the which nothing seems capable of fille world at this moment of anguish and ing up, and for which nothing seems distress, when I had neither fortiable to console him. On the past he tude to bear my afflictions, nor coulooks back with anxiety, and on the rage to resist them; while I was future with fear and reluctance; that pursued by malice, and outraged by has to him been a scene where dis- calumny; in such a situation, I can appointment has been the principal easily conceive my exclamation actor, and this seems to promise a might be “ Leave me to myself.” fate no happier. Nor is the grief Such were the sentiments expresswhich preys upon him of that loud ed on the page which was folded and obtrusive kind which seems to down ; such, perhaps, had recently beg for observation and pity ; but been his situation. It was like the that silent kind of sensation which is picture of an absent friend, which not incompatible with occasional recalled the well-known and living hours of pensive and, perhaps, pleas- features to recollection, or rather ing melancholy. Yet it seems to presented them in an inanimate weigh “ heavy at his heart,” and manner ; every circumstance which these intervals appear like the weak attended the last parting moments glimmerings of a wintry sun, or the of a beloved wife were here, per. occasional flashes of a dying fire. haps, exactly related. Grief had

His habits of life, his natural dis- taken possession of his soul, and thus position, his studies, every thing con- did he nourish the destroying invatributes to the nourishment of that der. feeling which threatens to bury him Riding with him one morning, we while living, and make this life the conversed some time with an easy grave of all his joys. It is not long cheerfulness on his part, on mine since he lent me *. Zimmerman on with all that gaiety which health, Solitude,” with a leaf turned down the freshness of morning, and the at the following affecting passage : view of a fine country naturally pro" Leave me to myself," l exclaimed duced. I was pleased with the hope


that his mind had recovered its Show him, Mr. Reflector, the imusual tone, that the violence of his propriety of his conduct, and the grief had subsided, and that tran- dangerous tendency of indulging senquillity and cheerfulness had again timents so opposite to reason and to resumed their place in the boson revelation, and you will oblige both they had so long deserted.

him and your most obedient, We proceeded to where

ANTONIO. we sat down to breakfast ; our conversation, however, continued, but it had lost its former animated character, and insensibly changed into For the Literary Magazine. a discussion of the nature of the more violent passions. I observed ABSTRACT OF A REPORT ON AMEthat those emotions which were dis. tinguished for their intensity, were likewise so for the shortness of their THE committee of the senate of existence. " Ah,” said he, “I once the United States, to who:n was rethought so too, but experience has ferred the examination of the act enconvinced me of my error: grief, titled “ An act to enable the people for instance, will endure while there of the eastern division of the terri. remains one animating principle in tory north-west of the river Ohio to the bosom which nourishes it." form a constitution and state govern

“ True," I replied; “ but this is ment, and for the admission of such not the nature of grief; if it is suf- state into the union, on an equal footfered to take its natural course only, ing with the original states, and for it will, sooner or later, subside; it other purposes," and to report the cannot exist on nothing : but if it is manner the money appropriated by nourished by every possible means, said act ought to be applied, report if every inlet of joy, and every source as follows: of comfort and consolation are clos That, upon the examination of the ed, and nothing but mournful reflec- act, they find the one-twentieth part, tions indulged, it will, like a volca or five per cent. of the nett proceeds nic fire, burn on till it consumes the of the lands lying within the state of parent who nourishes it. But I fear, Ohio, and sold by congress after the my friend, you have already nou 30th June, 1802, is appropriated for rished it too much ; already has it laying out and making public roads, weakened your frame, and made leading from the navigable waters you incapable of enjoyment. Rouse emptying into the Atlantic to the yourself from this culpable lethar- river Ohio, to said state, and through gy, equally dangerous to mind and the same ; such roads to be laid out body; call forth every slumbering under the authority of congress, with principle which can promote cheer. the consent of the several states fulness; for your body you must call through which the roads shall pass. a physician, for your mind you must By a subsequent law, passed on the firid one in yourself.” My viscourse 3d of March, 1803, congress approwas interrupted by a sigh, and “I priated 3 per cent of the said 5 per have nothing more to do in this cent. to laying out and making roads world, and I care not how soon I within the state of Ohio, leaving 2 leave it.” “ Psha,” said I, “ this is per cent. of the appropriation cone not as it should be ; you are young, tained in the first mentioned law unand may yet experience much hap- expended ; which now remains for piness." He smiled; it was a smile " the laying out and making roads which at once expressed his doubt from the navigable waters emptying and his gentleness; he was too mild into the Atlantic, to the river Ohio, for contradiction, but his smile was to said state.” full of meaning.

The nett proceeds of sales of lands


in the state of Ohio, from July 1st, distance by the usual route is 377 1802, to June 30th, 1803, inclusive, miles, but new roads are opening,

Dolls. Cts. which will shorten the distance 50

124,400 92 or 60 miles ; 247 miles of the proFrom 1st July, 1803, to

posed road from Richmond northJune 30th, 1804, 176,203 35 westerly will be as good as the roads From 1st July, 1804, to

usually are in that country, but the June 30th, 1805, 266,000 remaining 70 or 80 miles are bad From 1st July, 1805, to

for the present, and probably will 30th September, 1805, 66,000 remain so for a long time, as there

seems to be no present inducement Amounting in the whole

for the state of Virginia to incur the to

$ 632,604 27 expense of making that part of the

road passable. From Baltimore to Two per cent. on which sum the Monongahela, where the route amounts to 12,652 dollars.

from Baltimore to the Ohio will inTwelve thousand six hundred and tersect it, the distance, as usually fifty-two dollars was, therefore, on travelled, is 218 miles, and on a the 1st of October last, subject to straight line about 184. From this uses directed by law, as mentioned point, which is at or near Brownsin this report. The fund is constant. ville, boats can pass down with great ly accumulating, and will probably, facility to the state of Ohio, during by the time preparations can be several months in the year. made for its expenditure, amount to The above distances are not all eighteen or twenty thousand dol, stated from actual mensuration, but lars.

they are sufficiently correct for the The committee have examined, present purpose. as far as their limited time, and the The committee have not examinscanty sources of facts within their ed any routes northward of that leadreach, would permit, the various ing from Philadelphia to the Ohio, routes which have been contemplate nor southward of that leading from ed, for laying out roads pursuant to Richmond, because they suppose the the provisions of the act first men- roads to be laid out must strike the tioned.

Ohio, in order to fulfil the law. The distance from Philadelphia to The mercantile intercourse of the Pittsburg is 314 miles, by the usual citizens of Ohio, with those of the route, and on a straight line about Atlantic states, is chiefly with Phi. 270.

ladelphia and Baltimore; not very From Philadelphia to the nearest extensive with the towns on the Popoint on the river Ohio, contiguous tomac within the district of Coto the state of Ohio, which is proba. lumbia, and still less with Richmond bly between Steubenville and the in Virginia. At present, the greatmouth of Grave creek, the distance est portion of their trade is with by the usual route is 360 miles, and Philadelphia ; but their trade is raon a straight line about 308. pidly increasing with Baltimore, ow

From Baltimore to the river Ohio, ing to the difference of distance in between the same points, and by the favour of Baltimore, and to the ad. usual route, is 275 miles, and on a vantage of boating down the Mononstraight line 224.

gahela, from the point where the From this city (Washington), to road strikes it, about 70 miles by wa, the same points on the river Ohio, ter, and 50 by land, above Pittsthe distance is nearly the same as burg. from Baltimore, probably the dif The sum appropriated for making ference is not a plurality of miles. roads is so small, that the committee

From Richmond, in Virginia, to have thought it most expedient to the nearest point on the Ohio, the direct an expenditure to one route

only; they have therefore endea. the district of Columbia, through voured to fix on that which, for the Fredericktown to Williamsport. present, will be most convenient to Were the government of the Unitthe citizens of Ohio, leaving to the ed States to direct the expenditure future benevolence and policy of of the fund in contemplation upon congress an extension of them on either of these routes, for the prethis or any other route, and an in- sent, in Pennsylvania or Maryland, crease of the requisite fund ; as ex it would probably so far interfere perience may point out their expe- with the respective states as to prodiency or necessity. A wise govern- duce mischief instead of benefit; es. ment can never lose sight of an ob- pecially as the sum to be laid out by ject so important as that of connect the United States is too inconsideraing a numerous and rapidly increas- ble alone to effect objects of such ing population, spread over a fertile magnitude. But as Maryland has no and extensive country, with the At- particular interest to extend its road lantic states, now separated from across the mountains, and if it had it them by mountains, which, by in- would be impracticable, because the dustry and expence, moderate com- state does not extend so far, the pared with the advantages, can be committee have thought it expedirendered passable.

ent to recommend the making of a The route from Richmond must road from Cumberland, on the north necessarily approach the state of bank of the Potomac, and within Ohio in a part thinly inhabited ; and the state of Maryland, to the river which, from the nature of the soil Ohio, at the most convenient place and other circumstances, must re- between a point on the eastern bank main so, at least for a long time; of said river, opposite to Steubenand, from the hilly and rough con- ville and the mouth of Grave creek, dition of the country, no roads can which empties into the Ohio, a little be conveniently made leading to the helow Whelen, in Virginia. This principal population of the state of route will meet and accommodate Ohio. These considerations have the roads leading from Baltimore induced us to postpone, for the pre- and the district of Columbia ; it will sent, any further consideration of cross the Monongahela at or near that route.

Brownsville, sometimes called RedThe spirit and perseverance of stone, where the advantage of boatthe people of Pennsylvania are such, ing can be taken, and from the point in road making, that, no doubt, they where it will probably intersect the will, in a little time, complete a road Ohio, there are now roads, or they from Philadelphia to Pittsburg, as can easily be made over feasible and good as the nature of the ground proper ground, through the princi. will permit. They are so particu. pal population of the state of Ohio. larly interested to facilitate the in Cumberland is situated at the tercourse between their trading ca eastern foot of the Alleghany mounpital Philadelphia, not only to Pitts- tain, about eighty miles from Wilburg, but also to the extensive coun- liamsport by the usual route, which try within their own state, on the is circuitous, owing to a large bend western waters, that they will of in the Potomac, on the bank of which course surmount the difficulties pre- the road now runs; the distance on sented by the Alleghany, Chesnut a straight line is not more than 50 ridge, and Laurel hill, the three or 55 miles, and over tolerable great and almost the sole impedi- ground for a road, which will proments which now exist on that route. bably be opened by the state

Ma. The people of Maryland, with no ryland, should the proposed route be less spirit and perseverance, are en- established over the mountains. gaged in making roads froin Balti From Cumberland to the western timore and the western boundary of extremity of Laurel hill, by the

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