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THE THIRDE. BOOKE OF
THE FAERIE QUEENE.
Atalbecco will no ftraunge Knights host,
For peevish gealosy :
Both Jhew their auncestry.
REDOUBTED Knights, and honorable
Dames, To whom I levell all my labours end, Right fore I feare least with unworthy blames This odious argument my rymes should fhend, Or ought your goodly patience offend, Whiles of a wanton Lady I doe write, Which with her loose incontinence doth blend The shyning glory of
soveraine light; And knighthood fowle defaced by a faithlesse
1. 1. Redoubted Knights, and honorable Dames, &c.] This introduction seems tranlated from the Orlando Furioso, C. xxii. I, and C. xxviii. 1. Upton.
I. 9. And knighthood fowle &c.] That is, And of knigbilhood foully defaced &c. CHURCH.
But never let th' ensample of the bad
Offend the good : for good, by paragone
for good, by paragone
Of evill, may more notably be rad ;] It is a maxim in the schools that things are knowable by their contraries : eadem eft fcientia contrariorum.
Whether Spenser lad Chaucer before him or Berni, I leave to the reader: The sentiment and expressions agree : See Troil. and Crell. i. 638.
“ By his contrarie' is every thing declared
“ As men may seem, and so the wise it deemeth.” And Orl. Innam. L. ii. C. vii. ft. 3.
“ Provasi appreffo per filosofia,
dirlo in un tratto, il male e'l bene.”. Uptor. II. 4.
with blacke attone:) The first edition reads attonce; but the second and folios, more agreeable to the rhyme, attore, that is, together, at once, at one. In Chaucer this word is variously written; atone, atoon, atenes, atones.
Of wicked sprightes did fall from happy blis; What wonder then if one, of women all, did mis ?
The cause why Satyrane and Paridell
For all his dayes he drownes in privitie, Yet has full large to live and spend at libertie.
IV. “ But all his mind is set on mucky pelfe,
did mis ?] Err. So, in F. Q. ii. iii. 40. “ Cannot fo ealy mis.” CHURCH.
III. 1. Then lisen, Lordings,] Chaucer often applies this introductory form in the Canterbury Tales. Thus too, the old poem of Sir Bevis of Southampton begins :
“ Listen, LORDINGES; and hold you
I will." And Robert Brunne in the same manner begins the Prologue to his Chronicle, ed. Hearn, vol. i. 96.
“ LORDINGES, that be now here,
“ All the itory of Inglande.” This address to the LORDING es, requesting their silence and attention, is a manifest indication that these ancient pieces were originally sung to the harp, or recited before grand assemblies, upon solemn occasions. T. WARTON.
III. 5. Therein &c.] This is the account given by the Squire of Dames. CHURCH. Ibid.
a cancred crabbed Carle does dwell,] A cancred Carle is a Northern expression, and means an ill-natured old man. There is a familiar ballad in Scotland, commencing with “ My Daddy is a cancred Carle." TODD.