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BRUGES-BENARES-FIFTY-NINE.

457

BRUGES.

cities of India. It is there that the Brahminic The city, of which the preceding engraving influence exerts unbounded sway; while its opufurnishes a particular view, is the capital of West lence and trade entitle it to rank among the Flanders, and is situated at a distance of about principal cities of the world. It is situated on six miles from the sea. It is the centre of an ex- the left bank of the Ganges, here a noble stream, tensive canal commerce. The principal canals and its extent along the bank of that river is full are those which lead to Sluys and Ostend, on five miles; its breadth inland being in proportion. the latter of which vessels of three hundred tons Built upon a rising ground, sloping gradually come up to Bruges. In the fourteenth century, upward from the water's brink, its buildings apit was one of the chief commercial places in pear very lofty when seen from the boats in Europe, and a very important member of the passing it. Some of the ghauts are very fine Hanseatic Confederacy, or League. It began edifices; one especially has six stories. Indeed to decline towards the end of the fifteenth the whole face of the river, towards the city, is century, but is still enabled to carry on a con

one continued line of these ghauts, which, exsiderable trade with the north of Europe. Lace clusive of the ornament they are to Benares, are and linen are the main articles manufactured at highly commodious and useful in the facility for Bruges. The Exchange is believed to have been bathing which they present to its vast populaone of the earliest establishments of the kind in tion; and the immense crowd of all sexes, in Europe ; and though very ancient, is spoken of their varied and graceful costumes, who conby modern travellers, as still a fine building. stantly frequent these public resorts, is truly The majestic church of Notre Dame, with its

wonderful. elevated spire, is one of the architectural won

Towards the east end of this city, and near to ders of the place. Within the walls of this sa- the Ganges, the Jameh Musjid, or chief Mo cred edifice, are the magnificent tombs of hammedan temple, rises in great grandeur. It Charles the Bold, and of his daughter, the illus- was built by the Emperor Xurungzebe, on the trious Mary of Burgundy. These tombs were ruins of an ancient and highly venerated Hinconstructed in the year 1550. The order of the doo pagoda, which the fanaticism of this bigoted Golden Fleece was founded here, in 1430, by Mussulman destroyed. This building

is seen on Philip the Good. Here, also, Van Eyk,

or John the right of the view here given, with its two of Bruges, the supposed'inventor of painting in lofty minarets, and three noble domes of pure oil, was born.

white marble. One of the smaller Hindoo pagoBruges has a chamber of commerce, a large das may be observed very much out of perpeninsurance company, a navigation school and dicular: this is occasioned by the foundation dock yard; likewise an academy of painting, being undermined by the river, whose freaks sculpture, and architecture; a national literary and depredations have been often described. society, and many valuable specimens of architecture and sculpture. The town exports much grain, and immense quantities are shipped, when

REFLECTIONS OF FIFTY-NINE. the English ports are open.

I'm growing old, l'un growing old,

My life's short tale is nearly told;
BENARES.

The locks that on my temples lay,
Desirous to present the readers of the Casket

And my dark beard is turning gray; with as much variety as possible, in pictorial

My cheek and brow is furrowed dim, embellishments, we have selected, from a rare And objects indistinctly swim source, the preceding beautiful specimen of the Before my vision, ouce so bright, scenery of India. With this vast country, in the But now fast fading into night; minds of great numbers of the American people, My nerveless limbs are parched and stiff, more especially the religious community, are as- And feeble tottering, seem as if sociated a thousand circumstances and conside- To court the earth, from whence they rose, rations of interest. The idolatrous worship in Anxious for their last, long repose. which the inhabitants so generally indulge; the Thus, as through all creation's range, singular loveliness in which nature is there in- Time or myself hath wrought a change. vested; the thoughts connected with her storied The step infirm, the form inclined, hills and rivers--all combine to render a scene

The pensive, contemplative mind; from India worthy of particular regard.

The sobered thought, the judgment cooled, Benares, of which the annexed is a careful and

The tamed desire by reason ruled; authentic view, is surrounded by scenes of the most romantic description. Of all the cities of

Prone to content, and loth to roam, Hindostan, moreover, Benares is held the most

Pleased with the charms of blissful home. sacred by the Hindoos: here their principal pa

These are the marks of Fifiy-ninegodas or temples are situated, the most revered

Reader, what years and thoughts are thine ? and celebrated Brahmins reside; here is the cen

OSCAR. tre and seat of Hindoo learning; and here is the celebrated Observatory which is said to have I live in a constant endeavour to fence against been erected by command of the Emperor the infirmities of ill health, and other evils of life, Acber, and is well known from the description by mirth; being firmly persuaded, that every of Sir Robert Barker, in the Philosophical Trans- time a man smiles--but much more so when be actions.

laughsmit adds something to this fragment of life. Benares is likewise one of the most ancient --Sterne.

ORIGINAL.

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THE COXXENT CELL.

nun was answered by an imploring glance from On a bleak and gloymy morning

in the month intelligible inotion with her finger, that he should

her quick raised eyes, and a momentary, but of march, 1827, two travellers walked up the aisle

remain. of the church of St.

in one of the chief towns of the Netherlands. They were evidently vitation, he found means to rid himself of his

Determined, of course, to comply with this instrangers, not only to the place, which they gazed friend, and following the fair nun down a back at with curiosity, but to the manners and feelings of the congregation, for they were observed stair, entered with her a narrow recess, lighted to walk carelessly past the Benilier, without by a single lamp, before a shrine contained in dipping their fingers in the blessed water; nor which, she again resumed her kneeling position. did they bend their knees as they crossed before The lover took a position at a few yards distant

from the object of his gaze, and leaning against the altar.

a pillar, awaited her communication. Still there was nothing of indifference in their

With her head low bent, and inclined towards manper; nothing, in short, which apy liberal- him, while she turned over her beads with much minded devotee might not have excused in the bearing of two heretics, unaccustomed to Ro- apparent, devotion, she asked him, in a deep man Catholic rites, and acting from impulses of whisper,'Do you understand French?"

“ Yes," murmured he. inexperience and youth. For they were both

“Do you speak it?" young, under five-and-twenty; and they had that

“Not sufficiently to express your influence on reckless and independent air which marks the

me." citizens of a free country. They were, in fact, Americans, who, with a full fund of health, mo- “Good Heaven, is it satisfaction or triumph.""

This was answered by her wonted smileney, and ardor for variety, had just arrived in thought the American. Europe, and were starting on their journey in

“If you can see in me any thing to interest quest of koowledge and adventures.

you," continued she, “are you inclined to do me They had landed a day or two before at Os- a favour?" tend, from London, and this was their first visit Am I!" replied be, with energy—“try meto a Roman Catholic church in a Roman Cath- put me to the proof!" olic country. One of the strangers, who was a “It is no tride," said she, solemnly. quaker, viewed the religious ceremonies without “ Any thing is trilling that can enable me to any other emotion than that of a painter or no- serve you; for any thing short of death command velist, as if scanning the groups for the effect me!" which they would produce portrayed on the can- “And if death did cross your path in the ad. vass, or in description; while the other, of a more venture?” exclaimed she, with a full expression sanguine temperament, felt a deeper moral in- of voice, and a piercing solemnity of look. terest in the scene.

“By Heavens! I'd even spyrn that," cried he, He was, however, after a short time, roused " you have exalted me to a pitch of excitement, to a more minute and personal train of thought, I know not how or wherefore." by observing, that one of the nuns, who had most “I am satisfied with you," resumed she—“ I pretensions to beauty, fixed her looks upon him, believe you to be a man of honor, and that your with an uncommon intenseness, and in a manner fine person and striking face cannot be allied to so remarkable, as to cause him at length consid- an ignoble soul; I feel myself safe in your hands. erable embarrassment. There was something You perceive that the rules of my order are not in the expression of her countenance, and in the the strictest! but their discovered infringement determined scrutiny of her gaze, that made him is ruin; and I am now infringing them. I can almost sbudder. She was handsome, certainly. speak to you no more at present-I have run a Her features were regular and marked; but she fearful risk. But meet me outside that little por. was pale to sallowness, and her dark eyes had a tal to night at nine. I will admit you punctually restlessness of motion, that seemed caused by an as the clock strikes. You must not speak: but unquiet mind.

trust to me, follow me, and count on my gratiHe then felt his cheeks glow, and he gave to tude." his looks the tenderest expression of which they At the hour of nine, the young American, folwere capable. He saw an answering flush rise lowed by bis anxious friend, rushes to the conon the pallid brow of the nun; and a smile, that vent. The lover gains admittance, and shortly thrilled through him, but not with unmoved de- after is seen returning, bearing out a figure light, played for an instant on her colourless lips. wrapped in his cloak, which, froin its forin and Her eyes then sapk down, and her face resumed dimensions, is judged to be a human being. The its calm and sculptured look.

alarm and anxiety of the friend, heightened by The service was at length concluded; the priests this occurrence, is aroused, and he follows at a had retired from the deserted altar, and one by distance and in silence. one the congregation left the church. Aroused After a little time, in which they traversed by his less excitable friend, the enamored young several by-streets, they reached one of those gentleman also arose to retire.

canals with which the town abounded, and the They were on the point of quitting their places lover unbesitatingly descended one of the flights and retiring from the almost deserted church; of steps, which facilitate the landing of goods the friend of the young lover, for so we must call from the barges, and the embarkation of persons him, had turned round and made a few steps in employed. the direction of the door, and the lover himself “Heavens!" exclaimed the watchful friend to wat about to follow, when his parting look at the bimself, “can be be wild enough to bear her off

RANDOLPH-NEAPOLITAN BRIGAND.

459

AN ANECDOTE OF THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY.

at night in some open boat, God knows where! THE NEAPOLITAN BRIGAND.
Where or how will this adventure end?".

He placed himself close to the quay wall and
looked over the parapet. He saw his friend on

The Governor of a city in Italy, in the kingdom of the steps; there was no boat of

any kind station- Naples, wishing to repress the depredations of a nued near or in sight; yet the lover continued to country, published a decree, in which he promised par.

merous band ot robbers, who ravaged the surrounding descend!

don and a sum of money to every brigand who should “ What can this mean? what frantic feat can deliver up to him one of his comiades, living or dead. be destined to conclude this affair?" muttered This decree reached the ears of the brigands, who the careful guardian, as he watched with intense were collected together in their retreat in the mouninterest; and as he watched, he observed the ob- tains. They had just captured a rich booty, and were ject of his care to disencumber himself of his dividing the spoil, which they owed to their own auburden; a figure in black emerged from beneath dacity, and above all to the courage of their young the cloak, and a heavy plunge in the stagnant and intrepid leader. He, scaled apart from the ress water was the signal of its disappearance.

silent and dejected, partook not of the general satisfacately ascended the steps. The shocked witness their lives and fortunes, he was holding out his arm to The perpetrator of this appalling deed immedi- tion. Slightly wounded in the combat which had ta

ken place with the travellers, who had dearly sold felt the blood curdling through his veins. His eyes seemed doubly fixed on bis retreating friend him laid the back mask, which he had just taken off,

a pretty young girl, who bound up the wounds. Near and on the rippled surface of the water where and which served him as a disguise in these perilous the body sank. The safety of his friend kept enterprises. him mute; for to call for assistance was to reveal Upon hearing the decree read, the brigands started the murderer!

up, and grasped their weapons in indignation at the · Leaving the place, he quickly gained upon his governor who could believe them capable of purchascompanion, wbo, to his astonishment, took the ing their liberty and a few pieces of gold, at the price direct road to the hotel. They arrived there at of treason and infamy. The lieutenant, especially, the same moment, and they recognized each could not overcome his boiling fury; for although he other without exchanging a word. A simul; honour which revolis

at the idea of a meanness, and

had grown grey in crime, he possessed that species of taneous pressure of the hand was their only he swore he would punish the governor for having salutation; and the friend shuddered to feel, that treated them so contemptuously. the one he clasped, was cold and clammy. The

The captain alone expressed neither indignation nor door opened to their summons, and they mount- anger; he was heard to murmur these words: “The ed together to their chamber.

governor does his duty. Do we not merit the conThe explanation given by the young Ameri- tempt of mankind, as well as their hatred? Are not can to his friend, is full of that source of interest they worthy of every species of affront, every kind of which lovers of the Ratcliff school of romances punishment, who daily outrage every law, human and delight in-namely, the horrible. The pun, by divine ?" whose appearance he had been captivated, had

Guisardi (such was the lieutenant's name) entertainreceived sorne untold injury or slight from a ed a violent hatred towards his captain: for this young young priest; and assassinated him in her cell. man had disputed the command with him, which was It was for the purpose of conveying away the Deeds skilfully achieved, calmness, and daring courage,

due to his song services, and had proved successful. murdered body, that she invited the traveller to united with a mental superiority, which imposed upon this fearful interview. Maddened by her beau- these ferocious but simple minded men, had quickly ty and the draught of wine which she induced obtained for Paola the title of their captain, and with him to swallow, he consented to become the the title the contidence and blind obedience of the agent of her dark purpose. But to avoid the whole troop. possibility of her crime being detected, she had This enmity towards the young commander, opemixed poison in the cup, and the unfortunate rated very powerfully in the unregulated mind of Gui. stranger, at once her agent and her victim, sardi, and was augmented by jealousy, for he had be. scarcely finishes his narration, before the drug come enamoured of Floretta, ihe young girl whoin we takes effect, and he expires in great torture. represented dressing the arm of the young chiet. Flo His fellow traveller lays before the officers of rella had accompanied this young man upon his join the police a statement of the whole transaction, with the devotion of love, the fatigues and dangers of

ing the troop, and ever since she had constantly shared but a bigoted respect for the religious associa- his new condition, repulsing the aduresses of Guisardi tion, stifles the decrees of justice, and induces with just abhorrence. He was, however, in possession them, without making any investigation, to suf- of an important secret. fer the mysterious and dreadful circumstance to The brigands had entered their mountain cave in pass into oblivion.- The Critic.

order to take some necessary repose, and once more count over their treasure ere they gave themselves up

to sleep. The captain remained alone, but soon retir. John Randolph's MOTHER.–The late John Raned to lake his customary ramble among the recesses of dolph, some years since, addressed himself to an inti- ihe mountains. Guisardi followed his sieps at a dis mate friend in terms something like the following tance, when he suddenly took a winding road, and “I used to be called a Frenchman, because I took the placing himself at the turn of a defile, awaited the ar. French side in politics; and though this was unjust

, rival of Paola. As soon as he approached, Guisardi, yet the truth is, I should have been a French atheist, with a stroke of his poignard, extended him dead at if it had not been for one recollection, and that was his feet; he then severed the head from the body, and the memory of the time when my departed mother placing it in an iron casket, immediately set off to the used to take my little hands in hers, and caused me, iown where the governor resided. on my knees, to say, 'Our Father which art in hea- Upon Guisardi's arrival at the governor's palace,

every thing wore a joyous aspect; it was a day of fes

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NATURAL BONE-SETTER. tivity, for they were celebrating the marriage of one He affected a sort of dexterity, or slight of hand, in of the governor's daughters. Before admitting him, his mode of operating; and would resort to various sly the guards demanded his name and business; he made tricks to deceive the eyes of the beholders. He wished himselt known, pronouncing a name which was the to conceal from all others the precise moment when zerror of the whole country, adding that, taking ad. the bone returned to its place, as well as the peculiar vantage of the amnesty, he had brought the head of manner of effecting it. Of his marvellous dexterity, in his chiet, the famous Paola, a name no less famous this respect, several anecdotes are still current in the than his own. He was introduced into the saloon circle of his practice. where the governor was seated, surrounded by his But Doctor Pulltoggle did not rely altogether upon courtiers and family. The governor's daughters, hor- the dexterous motion of the hard, for his success and rified, would have retired from the apartment, had not reputation in the art of bone-setting. He had invented teir father prevented them. This man, said he, is a kind of ointment, still famous in that region, by the gailty, but repentant, and has avenged society with his name of Toggle Grease—an appellation doubtless deown hand. Remain, my children, and endeavour to rived from his own cognomen, the first syllable having, overcome this weakness. Give, added he to the at. in process of time, been lopped off for the sake of ease tendants, a seat to our new guest, and some refresh-in pronunciation. With this grease he used to anoint ments. Lieutenant Guisardi, repose yourself awhile : the injured part for some minutes, as a preliminary here is wine; and when I rise from table, we will open step;

and it is averred that, by the extraordinary pow. your casket, for I am curious to behold the head of ers of this ointment, the displaced bones could well this famous captain who has caused us so much nigh be induced, of their own motion, to return to alarm, and in exchange for this present, you will re their places. ceive your liberty and the promised reward.

Such was the reputation, and such the effects, of the The feast continued amid songs and rejoicing, when Toggle Grease. But what it was made of nobody at length the governor rising from table, and approach. knew, except the inventor. There were indeed various ing the brigand, silently seated near his casket; he conjectures about it; and certain wise persons, were opens it. What does he behold? The head of his own ready to swear positively to one or more of the ingreson,-ɔf that son whose wild youth and ungovernable dienis. passions had long afflicted his family, and who, the "It is,” said one,“ made of devil's bit, and a numprevious year, had disappeared from the paternal home, ber of other strong arbs, cooked in rattlesnake's ile.” without leaving any traces of his flight, at the moment “That's all you know about it,” said another; of contracting a brilliant alliance, which would have the principal ingrediences, to my certain know. fulfilled, not his own wishes, but the hopes and ambi- ledge, is the marrow got out of the bones of a human tion of his father.

and that is the reason it has such an effect in The unfortunate father subdued his grief, and pre- making people's bones come in their places." ponted the robber the promised reward, "Keep your “You're right," said a third, “ about its being the gold," said the man haughtily, “I wished to punish marrow of a human critter, but it isn't every human you for believing us capable of such infamous treache. critter whose marrow will have the same effect. It 9. The evil you wished to cause us, falls upon your must be a man that was born on the 29th day of Febown head. I'am revenged ! 'I am free ! Adieu !"" ruary, just between the old and new of the moon,

that never sucked a human woman, that never tasted NATURAL BONE-SETTER.

a drop of water in his life, and at last was killed with

lightning." Doctor Pulltoggle was one of those rare geniuses, * And that aint all," said another, " the marrow known as the seventh son of a seventh son. He was must be tried out in a goold kittle ; and when the born with the capacity of setting bones; or, as the other ingrediences are put in, they must all be stirred people expressed it, was a nateral bone-setter. He had together with a bone that come out of a catamount's no knowledge from books or from instruction; and he leg." Tequired none. What is bred in the bone, says the old * Now all that," said a fifth," is a mere fudge, and saw, stays long in the flesh; and Doctor Pulltoggle just an old woman's notion. I have good reason to could no more

help being a bone-setter, than the cat know it's just no such thing. There aint a bit of huin the fable, who was changed into a lady, could help man marrow, ot any sort or kind, in the Toggle ranning after the mouse.

Grease. The foundation is the fat of a Guinea ng. Why the mere circumstance of his being the seventh ger, roasted alive. To this is added a little dragon's son of a seventh son, should convey this extraordinary blood, a little ile of spikes, a little goose-grease, to. gilt, nobody undertook to explain. It was a thing gether with about twenty kinds of arbs and roots, all utterly beyond comprehension. It was a mystery, gathered in the dark of the moon, and simmered over which nobody thought of looking into; but which was a slow fire till they come to the inconsistence of ointvalued the more for being a mystery. It is very ment, I don't know exactly what the arbs may be ; strange,” said the people, what a faculty of setting but I'm sartin about the nigger's fat, and the dragon's bones this Doctor Pulltoggle has! He never looked blood-or it may be devil's blood, which I spose is all in a surgery book in his life, but took it all up of his one and the same thing and also about the goose own head; and yet he's the slickest hand to set a bone grease and the ile of spikes, and all them things" in all New England. Why he makes no more of slip- Such were some of the various ideas entertained of ping in a dislocated joint, than a common doctor the composition of the Toggle Grease; and indeed would of slipping a guinea into his pocket."

the inventor himself had done much to puzzle, mis. With this reputation, Doctor Pulltoggle had a good lead, and divide public opinion on this abstruse sub deal of practice. He was particularly famous for the ject, by throwing out certain half expressed and myscure of old cases, which were reputed to have baffled terious hints, sometimes of one kind, and sometimes the skill of the regular surgeons. This was especially another, according to the nature of his auditors. But the case in regard to long-standing injuries of the the composition of the 'Toggle Grease remained a sejoints, which, whatever their nature might be, he ge- cret till the day of his death; and, though transmitted nerally contrived to metamorphose into luxations. to one of his descendants, in whose bands it now reBut, whether the cases were cronic or recent, he mains, still continues a secret to all the rest of the knew how to make the most of them; and, by chang. world. ing sprains into dislocations, to gain both money and When Doctor Pulltoggle could not, with propriety reputation by reducing them.

and safety, make dislocations of sprains, he cured

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