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DEATH-SPANISH PROVERBS-POMPOUS LANGUAGE.

231

TRANSLATED FROM THE SPANISH.

DEATH PREFERABLE TO LIFE. with God, face to face; of David, the swcet sing. I would not live always, away from my home.-er of Israel; of a host of prophets and apostles, of How many pleasing associations, and tender re- whom were we to speak, time would fail us; of collections, are awakened by the mention of Paul, who labored in the cause of his master, home. Around what place do the affections more abundantly than all others, and who now linger with such strong attachment, or what spot wears a richer crown; of those boly martyrs of looks bright and happy, when the rest of the the primitive church; of that multitude of Chrisworld appears dark and cheerless, but that char- tian worthies, of whom the world was not woracterized by the expressive word home! Where thy; of the heroic reformers from the corruptions do the skies wear a peculiar brightness, and of popery, who counted not their lives dear to Nature present peculiar cheerfulness, and love themselves; of the devoted modern missionaries, liness but at home?

of the cross, who have given an example of Home is a place of Friendship. There the apostolic zeal and heroism; of Brainard, the youthful affections are first called into exercise, early apostle to the neglected and abused aboriand the kindness with which they are reciproca- gines of this country; and of Martyn and Heber, ted, awakens attachments that will long becher- names which will long be embalmed in the enished and perpetuated.

deared recollection of Christians. And could It is a place of security. Living in friendship, the Heavens be spread, and our faith lost in the inmates of home are secure from the mutual sight, we should see them clothed in robes of attacks of slander and misrepresentation. It is light, and bear them, with hearts of love, and secure from that false invective, which embit- tongues of fire, singing hallelujah, hallelujah to ters so much of the intercourse with a censorious the Lamb! and misjudging world. It is a place

of confidence. Bound together by common interests, and secure of each other's All preach humility, none practice it. The friendship, among the inmates of home, what master thinks it good doctrine for his servants; the room can there be for distrust.

worldings for the clergy; and the clergy for their It is a place of peace. Where affection pre- congregations. sides, peace is her certain attendant, and will The difference between happiness and wisdom make home.

is, that the inan who thinks himself most happy The place of happiness. That place cannot is so, while he who believes himself most wise is be miserable where friendship, security, confi- generally the very reverse. dence and peace are found to dwell.

Reproach not thy wife with bitterness, if she The mention of bome will awaken the recol- give sustenance to thy son, lest he should swallow lection of the honored father, who counselled with her milk the tears of his mother. and supported; of the kind mother, who consoled Death opens the door to fame, and closes it to and cherished; and of the society and sweet con- envy; it breaks the chain of the captive, and verse of brothers and sisters.

places the destiny of the slave in the hands of a But Heaven is the Christian's home. Here, he new master. is a stranger and a sojourner, but he is travell- There is nothing farther or nearer, morc hiding to a city which hath foundations, the abode den or revealed, than God. of friendship and peace. Divine love is the sa- Au army understands better the idea of glory, cred principle that animates all hearts in the re- than of liberty. gions of bliss, from the "rapt seraph” to him who Happiness is a plant, which only flourishes in Bas “washed his robes in the blood of the Lamb." the temperate zone of the passions. -It unites the inbabitants of Heaven in an in- Military government unites in itself all the dissoluble band of barmony, and attaches them to vices of despotism and all the dangers of anarchy. God himself.

Security is also there. Security from the influ- POMPOUS LANGUAGE.-A person who kept a ence of unholy affections. Into heaven sinful ferry on the Potomac river, was fond of pompous passions, which here make the human bosom language; and in common discourse

used it to the abode of wretchedness, can never intrude, such degree that few people could understand

There will be security from the temptations and the meaning. A gentleman inquiring his father's hostility of wicked men, and from the enmity health, he answered as follows:and malice of the great spiritual foe. With the “ Sir, the intense frigidity of the circumamPrince of Peace, peace shall ever reign, and bient atmosphere has só congealed the pellicid from the right hand of God shall flow the river acqueous fluid, of the enormous river Potomac, of his pleasures for ever more.

that with the most eminent and superlative reI would not live always separated from my luctive, I was constrained to procrastinate my pious friends, in whose sacred society, and holy premeditated egress into the palatine province friendship, I found such delight and profit, but of Maryland, for the medical, chemical, and gawho have preceded me in their entrance into lenical coadjutancy and co-operation of a disglory. For in Heaven the pious friendship of tinguished sensitive son of Esculapius, until the this world shall be renewed and perpetuated. peccont deleterious matter of the athritis had

In heaven will be enjoyed the society of the pervaded the craneum, into which it had ascendpious and boly of all ages of Adam, the first ed and penetrated from the inferior pedestrical and great father of the human family; of Noah, major digit of my parental relative in consanthe progenitor of a new world; of Abraham, the guinity, whereby his morbosity was magnified so founder of the Jewish people, and the father of exorbitantly an absolute extinguishment of vivithe faithful of all nations; of Moses, who talked fication.”

232

A SONG OF MAY-WESTERN WOMEN-MARKET OF CONSTANTINOPLE.

That when our early days depart,

Naught but their memory can return:
Though each revolving year can bring

Bright May, with all her smiling train,
Yet man hath but one golden spring-

One May-that never comes again!
May, 1833.

MORDAUNT.

Written for the Casket.
A SONG OF MAY.
Respectfully inscribed to my friend
The Spring is here! and round her way

The gifts of earth profusely lie,
Beneath the universal ray,

That glitters through the boundless sky;
Gay multitudes of living things

Are sporting round the joyous woods;
And every nodding blossom flings

Its fragrance o'er the fields and floods.
A soft and sunny radiance falls

Upon the woodland's early green;
A voice of heavenly inusic calls,

And saith to Man—“ Behold the scene!
“Behold! and let thy heart be mov'd

With thoughts of kindling gratitude,
While objects, beauteous and belor'd

Surround thee thus, with life imbued !”
The Spring is here!-the vault on high,

That rears its endless waste of blue,
Beyond the reach of human eye,-

Saith, as it smiles,--the yoar is new!
And, as they bask them in the stream

Or light decending from above,
The birds, like seraphs in a dream,

Pour on the ear their hymns of love.
Those simple notes ! --a power they have

Which bears my spirit back to youth,
When Hope her thousand pictures gave,

And every one seein'd clothed in truth:
When gladness murmured in the wave,

And all the young leaves seem'd to play,
As if the melancholy grave

Could take no earthly friend away.
The Spring is here --but oh.--Do more

The glorious thoughts she used to bring;
The cheering hopes that rose, to soar

As on the exulting Egle's wingi
The fearless spirit's mounting fire,

The bosom warm--the open brow--
The slumber light,--the warm desire--

Alas, my heart--they are not now!
Ay, like the hobors of the year,

When Autumn-tempests vex the air,
And on their pinions, wan and sere

The leaves are rustling here and there-
On thus, the transports of the past,

Upon the blasts of Destiny,
Faded, and cold, and dead, were cast,

To bloom on earth, no more for me!
The Spring is here! and round my path,

I see the young and happy play,
And then my heart a Sabbath hath,

To mark their vernal holiday :
I love to read the eye of light,

The laughing brow--the cheek of rose--
They bring me back the visions bright

That luled my childhood to repose.
And thus, with strength renew'd, the heart

Its bitter lesson still can learn,

(We copy the following from the Portland Daily Advertiser, though from its position in the paper, we con• clude it is not original there.)

"WESTERN WOMEN.--I saw there a couple of splendid western beauties. The south produces elegant women, and the valley of the Mississippi splendid ones. There is an originality--a raciness among the women of the west, which is eminently attractive. They touch the confines of civilization and barbarism with such a daring grace, that the precise petits maitres of the Atlantic are thunderstruck or turned into gaping statues at their fascinating wildness and enchanting audacity. A western or southern belle fresh from the woods, is a sealed book to an Atlantic dandy. He cannot understand her; he has not the key; she is beyond his vision. To know them properly; to estimate them accurately, we must have been lost on the Alleghanies; shipwrecked in a foreign coast, drank sher. bet with the Turk; tasted the river Jordan, or been killed and eaten by pirates. It is quite distressing to see the Atlantic belles pick their way through a crowded drawing room. They sometimes stand on the outward edge of the crowd, and look desparingly to a friend at the other end of the room, as one would look upon the spires of Cincinnati from the binnacles of the Alleghanies, or a traveller look across the Arabian deserts. A western belle dashes through the crowd as she would through the river mounted on horseback. Nothing impedes her. She makes manners, and controls the rulers of society as she marches througis it-throwing dandies aside as a ship does the billows The southern fine lady glides like a sylph; full of feeling, and passion which give edge to her conversation and fire to her eyes,"

CIRCASSIAN FEMALES.---Market OF CONSTANTINOPLE The Circassians and Georgians who form the trade supply, are only victims of custom, willing victims; being brought up by their mercenary parents for the merchants. If.born Mahometan, they remain so; if bora christian, they are educated in no faith, in order that they may conform when purchased, to the Mussulman faith,

and therefore they suffer no sacrifice on that score. They live a secluded life, harshly treated by their relations, never see. ing a stranger's face, and therefore form no lies of friendship or love, preserve no pleasing recollections of home, to make them regret their couniry. Their destination is constantly before their eye, painted in glowing colours, and so far from dreading it, they look for the moment of going to Anana, or Pori, whence they are shipped for Stamboul, with as much eagerness as a parlour boarder of a French or Italian convent for her emancipation. In the market they are lodged in separate apartments, carefully secluded, where, in the hours of business---between nine and twelve--they may be visited by aspirants for possesing such delicate ware. I need not draw a veil over what follows. Decorum prevails. The waltz allows nearly as much liberty before hundreds of eyes, of course the mer. chant give his warranty, on which, and the proceeding data, the bargain is closed. The common price of a tolerable looking maid is about 1002 Some fetch hundreds, the value depending as much on accomplishments as on beauty; but such are generally singled out by the Kislar Aga. A coarser article (!) from Nubia and Abyssinia, is exposed publickly on platforms, beneath verandahs, before the cribs of the white china. A more white toothed, plump cheeked; merry eyed set I seldom witnessed, with a smile and a gibe for every one; and often an audible 'Buy me. They are sold easily and without trouble. La. dies are the usual purchasers for domestics.--A slight inscription suffices. The girl gets up off the ground, gathers her coarse cloth round her loins, bids ber companions adieu, and trips gaily, bare footed, and bare headed, after her new mistress, who immediately dresses her a la 'Turque, and hides her ebony with white veils. The price of one is about £6."..Slack.

CHINESE PRECEPTS OF HEALTH.

233

From the Saturday Evening Inst. 17. Regulate your food by your inclination, One Hundred Chinese Precepts of Health. and the quantity by your way of life and strength. These wise and excellent maxims, are extract; and nourishing, easily digested and friendly to

18. Let rice be your staple fool, it is healthy ed from Chang-seng, (meaning the Artof Health) the bowels. a Chinese book, written about seven hundred

19. Fish is less nourishing than meat or rice; years ago, by Ping-lo, a celebrated Chinese but it is not unhealthy, and very easy to digest. physician. This book was translated by the Jesust missionaries, as one of the best medical that may form your food, be always thoroughly

20. Let the rice, flesh, fisb, roots and herbs, books of China, available any where; but their done, and thus made quite tender. Every tentranslation is copious and desultory: the follow- der food is friendly to the stomach. ing precepts extracted from it, are, in fact, a

21. Cook every thing slow. Stewed food is the kind of analysis of the whole, containing the pith best, boiled the next; roasted food is not so is stated as a further recommendation, that the good; the worst is food fryed in fat. author had been spoiled by his parents, who had in the day are enough; but in the middle of

22. Sup betimes and sparingly. Three meals ruined his constitution by improper indulgence, summer four are allowable. and was not expected to live long, yet by apply

23. Transgress but seldom your usual habits, ing himself to the art of health, becoming a phy, but never at supper, when temperance is most sician, with due care and attention to these pre- needful. cepts, he lived to a very old age. The book and these maxims are divided into meals and supper. Sleep retards the digestion

24. Do not sleep before two hours after your three parts: 1st, Diet; 2d, Actions ; 3d, Affec- of food. tions ; forming as many subjects.

25. Begin your meals with fluids, soups or tea, PART I. OF DIET.

to moisten the throat and stomach.

26. Soups are very friendly to health. Broths 1. Let hunger regulate your food, and never afford as much nourishment as meat. They are eat too much at once. Excessive eating tires indispensable in debilities, sickness and convathe stomach, and produces many diseases. lescence.

2, Never think of drinking unless you are dry, 27. Close your meals with some water or tea, and then merely quench your thirst; too much to wash your mouth and teeth; and to settle your drink spoils the blood and may cause dropsy. stomach.

3. Rise early and take some food as soon as 28. Do not use too much tca or liquids, the you are out of bed, a cracker, a cake, a little stomach must not be drenched with fluids. rice, or sugar.

29. Use wine with moderation, it refreshes 4. Take an early breakfast, and do not go out and revives the whole body. By it we vivify of doors fasting, particularly when the air is hot the blood. or foul.

30. But do not drink much wine; in excess it 5. Let your breakfast be moderate, do not produces fermentations and obstructions or inoverload your stomach with meats in the morning. Aames the blood.

6. Make a hearty meal about noon, and upon plain wholesome food, neither too salt, nor pun

Part II. OF ACTIONS. gent, nor sour.

31. Do not labor beyond your strength. 7. Avoid salted meat or fish, and any other 32. Do not despise trifles; many inconvenisalted food; they injure the blood, the heart and ences arise from trifles; attend therefore carelungs: besides, causing unnatural thirst and need fully to every thing. of too much liquids.

33. In general, our life depends on the regular 8. Beware of pungent food; it burns the pa- motions of our mental and vital functions. late, the stomach and bowels.

34. Avoid intense and constant application of 9. Sour food is very improper, it produces the mind, because it impairs all our functions. crudities, acidity, cholics, and indigestion. 35. Avoid all immoderate use of sensual plea

10. Eat only hot meat; when cold, it is of sures, which enervate the body. beavy digestion, producing crudities and grip- 36. Whatever puzzles and tires the mind, imings.

pairs the body; avoid, therefore, deep researches 11. Fat meat is bad even when hot, but when beyond your capacity. cold it is worse still, very heavy, and it spoils the 37. Whenever your mind feels heavy and dulla blood.

take a walk or ramble in a garden. 12. Eat slowly and chew your meat very well. 38. But never walk too long at one time, beTo eat in a hurry is to eat like a wolf or a dog: cause it tires the muscles and exhausts the

13. Do seldom gratify your appetite to its full nerves. extent, else you may overload your stomach and 39. Whenever your body feels heavy and eximpair its functions by degrees.

hausted, take a warm bath: it will restore your 14. Eat nomeat of hard digestion; avoid above strength. all, those that are balf raw, or not well cooked. 40. Avoid epitting and hawking, it is tiresome

15. Avoid always also, very fat meat, or such and injurious io health. drest with much pepper and spices.

41. Swallow your saliva, it is required to mois16. Take care that your meat be tender and ten the throat, and belp the functions of the stowell done; if it be hard and tough it cannot be macb. easily chewed nor digested, and is of little profit 42. Neither stand nor sit too long, it hurts the to the body.

bones and flesh. Vary often your motions.

warm.

43. Do not lie down too long, the blood be-, case of need, and must wear cloaks to keep us comes stagnant by it, and may lose its fuidity.

44. Keep cool in summer and warm in win- 70. If your feet get cold in travelling in winter; but do not keep yourself cold in summer, ter, bathe and chaff them in tepid water. nor too hot in winter.

71. In travelling do not drink foul or chilly 45. Avoid wind and draft of air; many dis- water. cases are caused by cold winds or blasts of air.

72. Use pills of comfrey and ginseng in travel46. Avoid it above all when you are in a per- ling, if you require strength and fortitude. spiration, or coming out of a hot bath, lest your 73. Do not pamper and spoil your children pores be suddenly closed.

with excessive food, caresses or indulgence, if 47. Do not pull off your clothes when heated, you value their health and welfare. unless you are in a warm place.

74. Form your habits according to your incli48. In damp weather, even in summer, it is pation and situation in life, but avoid all baneful well to light a fire in our rooms to dry the air. habits.

49. Do not expose yourself needlessly to fogs, dampness, rain and storms.

PART III. AFFECTIONS. 50. If ever you get wet, change your clothes

75. Practice virtue, moderation and equity in speedily; to keep them on may produce pains every station and on all occasions. This will and rheumatism.

make your mind easy and content. 51. Burn common oil rather than train oil; the 76. Obey your parents and the magistrates, vapor of this last is pernicious to the eyes and you shall thereby be happy and avoid troubles. lungs.

77. Make your virtue and prudence benefi52. Avoid smoke and snow; both are injurious cial to others besides yourself, that happiness to the eyes. Avoid dust also, which injures may surround you. the lungs as well as the eyes.

78. Reflect often on your actions, and dwell 53. Wash your mouth and clean your teeth be-only on those commendable. Forget those painfore going to bed. Rub, besides, the soles of ful to remember. your feet with your hands; it makes you sleep 79. Forbear from whatever may be prejudicial well and easy:

to yourself or others. 54. Do not busy yourself with any thing strik- 80. Keep your heart in peace and your face ing before going to bed, else your sleep will be will ever be bright and joyful. broken by bad dreams.

81. Avoid anger, sorrow, grief, envy, batred, 55. Drive off all thoughts as soon as in bed, to and disputes, which spoil the peace of mind. prevent uneasiness and promote sleep.

82. Bear disappointments with serenity and 56. Lie down on either side, but never on the forget them as soon as you can. back, nor with the hands on the breast.

83. Do not allow vexation and pain of mind to 57. Whenever you awake in your sleep stretch prey on you; they are very injurious to bodily yourself.

health. 58. Sleep not in the air, nor in the dew, nor

84. Anger and grief cause disorders of the upon cold stones, nor in damp beds, nor exposed blood, liver, lungs and stomach, ending in indito the sun : else you may injure your health.

gestion, obstructions and inflammations. 59. On arising stretch your limbs, and rub 85. Reflect often on the happiness of your con. well your breast with your hands.

dition; be is happy who knows his own happiness! GO. Wash your face as soon as risen, and shut 86. Think how many are worse than yourself your eyes whilst you wash it.

and be comforted. Think of the sailors, soldiers, 61. Exercise is always needful, but above all, indigent, bedridden, prisoners, and other unforin the spring, when the blood must be put in mo- tunates, whenever you dream yourself unhappy. tion, having been stagnant by the sedentary 87. Let no trifles disturb your serenity, proslife of winter.

perity, and placid mind. 62. Do not leave off your winter clothing too 88. Bear your crosses and the clouds of life soon, nor at the first fair days, lest sudden cold with patience; it will enhance the value of your weather should return.

63. We must adapt our clothing to the season, 89. Set bounds to your desires, else you will wear wool in winter and cotton in summer. Silk always be wretched, or live in anxiety and troumay be worn at all times, but we must increase ble. it in winter.

90. If you rise in life, think of what you have 64. Furs may be dispensed with, or only used instead of what you have not. If you fall, say in very cold places; but heavy furs and hot fires what is left is sufficient, and make it so. must be avoided at all times.

91. When you enjoy a good state of health, 65. Keep your head and feet warm, even in know the value of it and study to preserve it. summer, and wear boots and caps in winter. 92. If miseries and infirmities assail you, re

66. Above all, keep your loins warm, and gir- flect that you might have been still worse. dle them with a sash even in summer.

93. If you are born or become lame, deaf or 67. In summer we evaporate in water and blind, think of the worse fate of the cripple, palsweat, and must therefore drink more water and sied, the dying or dead. fluids.

94. Attend to the state of your mind with as 68. In 'winter we may rise later than in sum- much care as the body; both influence each other. mer, but in summer we may take an afternoon

95. Feed your mind with knowledge and wisрар. 45. We need not stir out in winter except in body.

dom; they are as needful to it as good tood to the

quiet life.

TO CHARLOTTE--JACKSON'S ADDRESS-BIRDS.

235

96. Acquire a cheerful temper; it is the brother of health.

97. The greatest banes of health are intemperance and sensuality; avoid them by all means.

98. In youth, lay the foundation of a good constitution by care and moderation in all things.

99. At fifty, prepare for old age, and increase in moderation, prudence and wisdom.

100. In old age be always prudent and wise; reflect on your past health and happiness, and try to preserve them unimpaired as long as you can.

What though, o'er earthly Jordon's tide,

He saw a land of greenest bloom; And fields of perfume, spreading wide,

And knew that there was not his home. By faith, a treasure richer far,

He claim'd o'er heav'n's unmeasur'd height; Apd died to meet the glory there,

Of heaven's uncreated light.
Who would not leave the world behind,

And seek a Jordon and a grave;
Plunge fearless in the flood to find,

A land of rest beyond its ware?

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Written for the Casket. TO CHARLOTTE.- THE CHRISTIAN'S PROSPECT.

By J. N. M'Jilton.
When Moses on mount Nebo stood,

And gaz'd upon the promis'd land,
Divided only by the flood

Of Jordon, from the pilgrim band-
He saw the hills of Judah rise,

And bathe their tops in living light;
That poured like glory from the skies,

In golden volumes, pure and bright.
The prophet view'd the blest abode,

The home of Israel's tired race;
A land of refuge reard by God,

For Abram's seed a resting place
Engeddi's pleasant fields he saw,

And gaz'd until his eye grew dim;
He knew, in heaven's holy law,

That home was not prepar'd for him.
Two hallow'd homes, the high seer view'd,

One on the earth for Israel blest;
While o'er another Jordon* stood,

The Canaan of eternal rest.
For far beyond the dark dream's wave,

Mount Zion's towers he saw arise;
While deathless spirits sought to lave

Their forms amid the flaming skies.
He by prophetic light survey'd,

The glories of his future home;
And while upon the mount he stayed,

He read the record of his doom.
The Jordon stream that rollid ahead,

The Hebrew hast prepar'd to meet ;
In heaven's unerring book he read,

Should never wet his hallow'd feet.
The aged seer, the heav'nly theme

Acknowledged, and resign'd his breath ;
Twas done! the only Jordon stream,

O'er which the prophet pass'd, was death.
The patriarch's face in brightness shone,

While kneeling by his maker's side;
He rais'd his eyes up to his throne,

And gazing on his glory-died.
Who would not climb a Nebo too?

And from its summit tow'ring high,
The promis'd land, like Moses, view

Like Moses, on that Nebo die.

ORIGINAL
JACKSON'S ADDRESS
To his army before the Battle of New Orleans.

BY THE REV. LEANDER KERR.
Stand, my heroes, bravely stand!
Firm unite in heart and hand,
Now our lov'd, our native land,

Calls her chivalry.
Wo to him who'd be a slave!
Death to him who'd be a knave !
Nerve each arm, my gallants brave,

To strike for liberty.
See the troops of Wellington!
Like a war-cloud rolling on,
They for pillage hither come,

And with them slavery. Hear ye not the war-drum's sound, Roll its echoes round and round? Gallants, stand! or 'twill be found

The knell of liberty. See yon red cross waving high! Streaming on the morning sky! It proclaims the foe-man nigh

Proud England's chivalry. But our banner floats as proud, Freedom's band around it crowd, Guard it safe, or be your shroud

The flag of liberty. Look behind you, what is there? Mothers chaste, and virgins fair! Will you leave them to despair

To wo and infamy? Vengeance hurl upon the foe! Deal them death in ev'ry blow! Is it fame we fight for? No-

Our homes and liberty.

Vocal MACHINERY OF BIRDS.... It is difficult to account for so small a creature as a bird making a tone as loud as some animals a thousand times its size; but a recent discovery has shown that, in birds, the lungs have several openings communicating with corresponding airbags or cells, which fill the whole cavity of the body, from the neck downwards, and into which the air passes and repasses in the progress of breathing. This is not all: the very bones are hollow, from which air pipes are conveyed to the most solid parts of the body, even into the quills and feathers. The air being rarified by the heat of their body, adds to their levity. By forcing the air out of their body, they can dart down from the greatest heights with astonishing velocity. No doubt the same machinery

forins the basis of their vocal powers, and at once solves I the mystery--Gardiner's Music of Nature.

The Jordon of death.--Bible.

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