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ground or road while moving along, Specification. The object of the and at the same time escaping the scapers is to enable carriages to go friction of the ground, and having with less labour, to render them the best chance of escaping the easier for passengers and goods, obstacles in the road also, (which and to prevent tbe wear of the otherwise would raise the carriage roads. Common wheels, though and load.) This is effected by em- they far surpass the sledge for most ploying legs, or feet, to support purposes, and although they may the carriage when they are beneath seem to be very perfect, still it canit, and upon them it advances for not be denied that a heavy waggon a certain distance; during wbich on them requires the force of sevetime the feet are stationary on the ral horses to drag it. In all maground till succeeding legs, being chines of motion, there are some brought forward to support and great impediments to their action, advance the carriage in turn, and even in a rail-way, because there is the legs , wbich have performed a kind of friction produced be, their office, are brougbt forward tween the wheels and the rail-way to repeat their action,
itself, besides that of the axles. The wheels, or substitutes for And, as a proof that this species of wheels, consist each of four radii friction is very great, Mr. G. says, or legs, revolving on a centre or be bas often observed the wheels of axletree, in the usual situation; waggons (though which, perbaps, which radii have a power of ex were a little out of shape), slide tension and contraction in right along the ground in snowy weaJipes to and from their common tber instead of turning, and it centre, and, by means of certain would be absurd to ascribe the curves, they contract and extend chief of this to a small axletree.by such a law, (during the period To the motion of boats there is they are in contact with tbe road) also a great impediment when great as to support and advance the cen- velocity is wanted, wbichi is caused tre always at tbe same height. The by the resistance that the water grooves, in the edges of the wheels, makes to them under that circumembrace the edges of their respec- stance; and in the legs of animals tive curves, and thus the whole in walking on level ground, there wheel is prevented from lateral de- is a great forçe lost by the rising viation from its true plane of mo and falling of tbe hody, whicb tbe tion, and for the same purpose the notion produces, unless they pre interior curve is continued all vent it by a peculiar mode of bendround ; a small curve is fixed on ing and unbending of their joints ; the front of the great one, and a to this is to be added that form small roller is fixed to the back of which is lost hy, the suddenly stopthe leg, to run on the upper side of ping of one leg to bring up the this curve, and keep the wbeel close other. up to its place. This curve is not The
scapers do not seem to bim essential, but is a precaution against to possess any of these disadvan. any looseness in the parts, which tages on tolerably even roads, if should not be put on the other they are well made; one of the curve quite flush, but so that the greatest seems to be, that when they sims of the wheels in the legs can happen to travel on roads in which get between them.
there are a great inany ups and
duins, at such a distance frout cerer or Waxy; and his f. by each other, that one leg generally Walton. Seven to 4 agst Garus. happens to come in the lowest part -LJ Jersey's Cannon Ball, beat of the bollow, and tbe other leg in Mr. Dundas's Liberator, A. F. the highest part of the rising ; in 100ys. Two to 1 on Caunon this case they would not act so well Ball.-The King's Plate of 100gs. as common wheels, provided the for maies, last three miles of B. C. ascents and descents were gradual; was won by D. of Grafton's br. f. but if they were not so, and even if Wire, 3 yrs old, beating Ld G. H. they were quite perpendicular ele. Cavendish's Cat, Mr. Wyndham's vations or depressions, the scaper Mermaid, and Mr. Blake's Anna, would not be the more impeded on Four to l on Wire.-Sir W. Gethat account, and the wheel rard's f. by Shuttle, agst Ld Darwould ; but both these are extreme lington's f. hy Cardinal York,
It is farther to be noticed, 100gs. b. ft. of.—The Cockboat that a wheel will generally get over Stakes of 100gs. each, b.ft. coles, a gradual obstacle more gradually, 8st. 3/h. fillies, 8st. not engaged but without escaping any part of in the Derby, Oaks, or 2000gs. it, and the scaper will get over it Stakes, Ditch Mile: Sir J. Shel. more abruptly; but then it has the ley's b. c. by Walton, walked over. best chance of escaping it, or at - Sweepstakes of 50ys. each, b. ft. least its highest part; and, if the T. Y.C.: Mr. Stonehewer's c. by feet of the scaper happen to come Selim, out of a Trumpator mare, on a perpendicular obstacle, not rec. ft.--Mr. Payne's c. by Waxy, exceeding eight to ten inches, it rec. ft. from Mr. Neville's c. (clead), will get over it about as well as a by Rubens, 200gs. b. ft. Mr. T. wheel.
Perren's Parson Tozer, rec. 40gs. froin Mr. R. Prince's Young Ea
gle, 60gs. SUMMARY OF SPORT,
Tuesday, April 25.--Fifty On Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday, of Pounds, hy Salsscription, for all
the Newmarket First Spring Meeting, 1815.
ages, was won by Mr. Watson's
Pericles, heating Lord Foley's MONDAY, April 24.-_Mr. Merry field. Five to 1 on Pericles.
Dandas's Pyramus, beat Lord --Mr. Craven's Nadejda agst Mr. Foley's Scapewell, T. Y. C. 100gs. Udny's f. by Alexander the Great, Pyramus the favourite.--Mr. Wil- 8st. 41b. each, T. Y. C. 300ys. l1. st. son's Capricorn, beat D. of Rute dead heat. Two to 1 on Nadejda. land's Kutusoff, T. Y. C. 50gs. -The 2000ys. Stakes of 100gs. Two to i on Kutusoff.-Mr. Ud. each, b. ft. were ion by Lord ny's Emily, beat LG. H. Caven- Rous's ch. c. Tigris. Mr. Lake's disb's Cat, R. M. 200ys. h. ft. lv. c. Castanet, came in second. Seven to 4 on Emily. The Gip- The Judge placed but two, ten ping Stakes of 200gs. each, h. ft. started. Seven to 4 agst Tigris, 8st. 71h. each, R. M. were won by and 2 to 1 against Whisker.-Mt. Mr. Andrew's c. Garns, by Ham. Hallett's Johanna Souflicote, beat bletonian; heating Mr. Thornbill's Mr. Stonehewer's c. hy Gohanna, Anticipation, Li Foley's c. by A: F. 100gs. Even betting. The Quiz, L. G. H. Cavendish's c. by Claret Stakes, of 200gs.each, h. ft. Waxy, Sir J. Shelley's f. by Sor. D.1. The owner of the second
horse to receive back his stake; riders, by steadiness and exertion,
COL. THORNTON AND HIS and won by a head. Whisker be
HUNTSMAN. ing beat, Sir Joshua is first favourite for the Derby. Betting 5 to ON Tuesday, the 25th instant, I on the field.
P. Robert Milward, huntsman Wednesday, April 26.--Sweeps to Colonel Thomas Thornton, obe stakes of 20gs. each, A. F. won by tained at the Public-office, Bow. Sir J. Shelley's f. by Walton, heat- street, a warrant against Colonel ing Mr. Blake's gr. f. by Rubens, Thomas Thornton, Sir Henry She. and two others. Two to 1 agst ridan, Bart. and Jobu Titeux de Sir J. Shelley's f.--Sweepstakes of Terenar, charging them with a 100gs, each, D. M, won by Mr. violent assault. It appeared that Lake's Aladdin, heating Mr. Stone- Colonel Thornton went to France hewer's Hamlet, and three others. about four months since, leaving Eight to 1 agst Alad:lin.-The R. Milward on bis estate near Port Stakes of 100gs. each, woo
Bath, as huntsman. The Colonel by the Duke of Grafton's Wire, returned to England about a month named by Mr. Watsun.-Mr. Cra- since, and bas been living at Pagven's Eaglet, beat General Gros. liano's Hotel during that time. Yepor’s Bellaria, 50gs.--The New- On Wednesday, the 19th, Robert market Stakes of 50gs. each, were
Milward arrived in London, and won hy Lord Lowther's hr. c. since that time he has been repeatBusto; and the Fifty Pounds, by edly with the Colonel for the paySubscription, by Mr. Jones's b. c. ment of his wages, &c. amountiug King of Diamonds.
to 871. the Colonel disputed the amount, and said he should refer it to a Mr. Brace; however, at the in
terview wbicb be had with the Colo. T. GOODISSON; nel on Monday evening, tbc. 24tb, Ar Etching, from an original Sketch, by hc told him he had no money to pay Mr. Cooper.
for his food or pecessary expences,
and therefore ,be must bave some ONE or two of our artists, whilst money; and the Colonel refusing
employed in paintiog celebrat to give him any, and the huntsman ed racers, or other sporting sub. refusing to leave the room except jects at Newmarket, have amused he had some, force was used to get themselves at leisure with making bim out, and it being held by the sketchesof well-knownjockeys, and Magistrate that the huntsman was the present is one of the number. a trespasser after being ordered out, In theirs, as in most other lines, the warrant was discharged.