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at races, I should be quite alarmed Jury, you will recollect that pounds at a contrary doctrine.-It is a are always guineas on the turf, mere sporting question, wbich I The verdict was accordingly aldare say the gentleman bere (Mr. tered to guineas. Benson) can answer.

Mr. Benson - If the question had been left to the turf, every man AMUSEMENTS AT ELLENBO. of bonvur would have decided it

ROUGH CASTLE. immediately. George Wilden-Groom to Sir

(Continued from page 202.) T. S. M. Stanley, attended with tbe filly at Chester Races, 1813– In my last I gave pugilism the it was a chesnut filly by Archduke, lead, as the reigning topic of out of a Marske mare. - The jockey fashionable pre-eminence; perhaps was weighed, mounted, and was you may have thought my remarks started by Mr. Jackson. It was not too diffuse : I shall now endeavour necessary, however, be thought, to at more brevity and variety upon ride over the conrse. It was suf. other poivts under observation. ficient for a horse to appear on the

Though the manly and healthful ground.

game of rackets bas long been the Chief Justice.--} dare say the standing dish of amusement within Fitness bas laid down the law of these walls, for those who have the subject quite correct.

strength and agility to take such Mr. Thomas Jackson—the Clerk exercise, we are by no means destiof the Course, said be recollected tute of other fasbionable amuse. the filly coming to the post.-The ments, beside boxing, to fill up the Jockey was mounted, and rode the measure of our lingering time. distance, about three quarters of a Don't imagine you have all the mile.

foot-racing and match-walking in The Attorney-General, for the Hyde-park or the Edgeware-road, defendant said, that the case which or on the other fashionable prize he had put, had been decided grounds round the metropolis. We against by the Bench; but he have, I assure yon, our rival pedesthought it proper to say, that his trians, and even our cricketers, client would go out of Court with within our walls, and well contested clean bands—and without having matches frequently take place. his honour in the slighrest degree We are, to be sure, rather too lidoubted. From the first of the mited in our area, for barouchehusiness to the last, he had offered driving or trotting-matches, thongh over and over again to refer the it has been in discussion, whether affair to any gentleman of respect a poney or an ass-race, somewhat ability. But the plaintiff had pre- like that at Astley's, night not he ferred bringing the matter into adopted with much sport. Beside, Court.-He(the Attorney-General) it would keep the men of the turf bad do witness to call on the behalf (not scarce in our colony) in spirits of his client.

for betting, and alive to tbe recolVerdict-For plaintiff, damages lection of Epsom, Ascot, York, 501.

and Newmarket. There are bloods Chief Justice --Gentlemen of the here, in durance for a few hundreds




to their tailors or gig-builders, who the expence of their bedding and spend every quarter nearly the all the little comforts and con. amount of their debts, and would veniences of their dreary apartat any time stake a wager between ments. A mississippi aud two or two black beetles. Tbere are, bow. three billiard tables, and a pine-pin ever, objections with the higher ground, witb cards in almost every powers to such privileges in a pri apartinent, constitute the day diver son; yet it is something astonish sions of the Benchers. ing, that the liberties of the grand The aristocracy amuse their af. parole, the rules of this prison, have ternoons in fine weather, by tranot yet distinguished the roads versing the Promenade, sometimes through the Champs de St. George, accompanied by good natured cher with any of those trotting, canter- ami's, who, not unmindful of former ing, or driving matches, that enli- favours, and perhaps avaricious of ven other fashionable purlieus of more, scruple not to quit the gay the metropolis, though there are rounds of cyprian riot in the bunfrequently whips of the first dash dreds of Sono and Mary-le-bone, sojourning for their health amongst to visit their old admirers in duus.

rance. A celebrated dash from Rackets and cricket are the lead- Coventry, (during his sojournment ing games within doors, in both of among us, was often attended by which many an agile performer half-a-dozen Lady Godiva's of this frequently displays his skill, and class, and strutted the parade like matches are frequently attended by a game-cock with a whole flock of spectators from within doors, to fair pullets in his train. witness those popular sports within I assure you, in the fine forethe walls of a prison, in which a noons, we bave bad frequently a first-rate blood has made a con show of these Maçaws here, that, spicuous figure,

for figure and plumage, would not Beside these species of morping discredit the fashionable promenade amusements, there is a stupid game in Kensington Gardens. Nor have called bumble-puppy. It is played we wanted, upon those occasions, with leaden balls, bowled upon a a proportionate display of Bondwooden frame formed like a large street loungers, and of that class of dish, numbered in compartments dismounted cavalry, your booted from one to nine. Of these frames pedestrians, who, caparisoned in there are three, and they are con their jockey frocks and doe-skins, stantly occupied all day, with little and whipped and spurred for the intermission. They serve to mur manege, you would swear had just der the idle hours, and drive away dismounted from a canter in Rotten. the reflections of a certain class of row, did you not know that the prisoners, who cannot devote their gates of this garrison had for years minds to any thing else. It is hy opposed insurmountable obstacles no means uncommon to see the to their excursions. furniture and apparel of a dis. The amusements of the evening tressed debtor hrought to be bowled are of a different kind, and serve to for by subscription, on these match- hegnile reflection with those ipho ings; and thus a temporary supply have no taste for reading, and no is obtained to prolong the existence fund for conversation. In the of a few wretched individuals, at coffee-house, which is furnished


with the morning and evening consisting of shopkeepers and me newspapers, there is also a smoak: cbanics, sent bither to improve ing room, every night filled with their experience. The lower claspuffers of the Virginian plant, who, ses, satisfied with the gratification enveloped like gods in clouds of of one sense at a time, prefer the their own creation, unite the influ- more palpable pleasures of the paence of tobacco and porter to blunt late, to any thing which the modithe acụmen of their feeliog, and fications of sound can afford to the şhed a temporary oblivion on the ears, and of course give preference causes of their sadness. Once or to the jovial enjoyments of the twice a week the guests resolve Brace* and the tar, and swig themselves into a singing-club, and porter (which they call Barclay's the room is usually crowded to ex. British Burgundy) so long as pence cess with amateurs, who come to last. For the thirst of beer seems hear the Braham's and Incledon's to be every where insatiable aa of Ellenborough Pavilion,

mongst this order of beings, and “ Pour their soft music on the ravish'd constitutes their sole goût for en

joyment. And, as we have many amongst Happy the man, who, consigned sis of the sing-song tribes, who bave to this tomb of the living, has the literally sung themselves out of means of those enjoyments which their industry, and into a prison, teach bim to forget for a moment we bave often something much bet- his captivity, which soften the ter than Birmingham counterfeits rigours of imprisonment, and gild of the two favourite originals I the horizon of his distant hopes. þave mentioned. The business on But there is a class of men bere those nights is conducted with all more truly pitiable than any

I have due order. A president and vice- mentioned, whose gloomy hemise president are appointed; the song phere the rays of hope never illuand the taukard go merrily round mine ; men whose minds are of a in quick succession. Notes and refinement too high to derive pleadraughts, may, therefore, be fairly sure or gratification from any of şaid to be in rapid currency on the sources I have described, and those occasions; and our favourite wbose talents and principles are performers, though not equally for- worthy of a better fate; who have tupate in their pecuniary attain- ing been consigned to rust and inents with the Squalini's and So- canker within these walls during prani's of the musical ton, obtain the bloom of life, have forgotten their full share of praise from the almost the flavour of liberty; and audience, and are clapped and have nothing to contemplate in the cheered to the very skies, and the future, but the burthen of a dull, walls of the building shake with the monotonous, lingering existence, thunder of commendation.

to which, deatlı must put a desirable This room is the resort of what termination.-dieu. are deened here, the middle class,

J.J. B.

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* The Brace, a beer-house in the S. E. corner of the prison, where, for the convenience of prisoners residing thereabouts, beer purchased at the tap-house was retailed at a halfpevny per pot advance. It was kepit by two brothers of the name of Partridge, and thence called the Brace.



ON TRAINING THE RACE. pen, or rather when has it erer

failed to occur, with the possessors HORSE.

of agricultural books? There is a

degree of laborious , research reTo the Editor of the Sporting Magazine.

quired in reading a book to profit,

as well as in writing one; and WHETHER it may or may not men find it far easier to dip here

have arisen from disappoint- and there, and read for amusement, ments and consequent suspicions

or to ask a few common place quesduring the last season, I am unable tions, adhering to the established to say, but much speculation, and routine, wbatever that may chance many questions, have been current to be; safely and quietly contented of late on the subject of training the with the common share of superrace horse. It bas been said hy pro- ficial knowledge. There are hap. prietors, our risk is considerable, pily, nevertheless, and at every the first cost of sporting borses is period, in an enlightened coungreat, and the attendant expencestry, some persons naturally pant. enormous and endless: in the mean ing after new light and improvetime, we trust iinplicitly to our ser. ment, and who grudge not the invants, and to professional training dispensably requisite labour. To grooms; but on what grounds, ex such only, science of all kinds oires cepting those of ancient usage and its gradual advance, and it is a great a sort of apparent necessity? Are oversight indeed, when they remain there not rational and standard witbout a knowledge of what has rules, grounded on long expe- been effected by predecessors, the rience, and improved by practice, very goal from which tbey ought for the management of the race to start. borse--and what are they?

Horse racing is some centuries With yonr permission, I will old in this country, ilerived origimake at least a few general or pre- nally from the classical examples of fatory remarks on this subject, it Greece and Rome, and writers being in my way, and having, fom upon the subject have not been the age of sixteen or seventeen, wanting at any period ; but prac. constituted one of the amusements tical, experienced, and writers in of my life. Nor am I aware that detail, on the breeding and training it has ever done me any harm, branches, have heen few indeer. whatever it may have done to Tbere bave been many, it is true, others. It has neither hardened who have pretended to that cha'my heart, nor contributed to empty racter on tbe slightest grouuds. my purse. With respect to ele- The earliest writer of the former mentary and practical rules, there class is MICHAEL Baret, author may be such in print, on an art or of “ An Flipponomie, or Vineyard science, and yet so little attended of Horsemanship,” first published to by persons concerned in such in 1618, and dedicated to the then art, that their existence may be reigning King, James I. with ano. remembered tbrough a mist, or ah- ther dedication to Charles, Prince solutely forgotten, even by the very of Wales. Baret was an author possessors of the books in which of classical attainments as well as the articles in request are to be those of horsemanship, and his found. How often does this bap- book, now extremely scarce, con


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tains an ample and also an able and without the incumbrance of flesh judicious detail of the theory and to impede his action, and to sweat practice of managing the running him in the stable, laden with horse in his days. His principles, clothes, by pricking him with generally grounded in nature and goads to excite him to jump about, truth, are, in consequence, with lit- and force .out the perspiration ! tle exceptions, equally applicable Later theoretical writers, to be to the present, as to his own times, sure, have not disgraced themselves although practices have varied and by such vile and outrageous recomimproved." In latter days, about mendations. They have, indeed, the year 1796, John Lawrence published some very plausible sopublished his Treatise on Horses, phistries, but sophistries still they developing the principles and prac. are, however plausible

. Mr. Clarke tice of borse racing, into which he of Edinburgh, for example, a very entered more minutely in a subse- respectable writer on horse shoeing, quent treatise, entituled, " The almost half a century ago, stepped History of the Horse, and Delinea- out of his line, to tell the trainers tion of the Character of the Race of race horses, that they might Horse," detailing at large the prac- complete that business equally well, tice of the stud and of the training or in a superior manner, without ground. He had practised for the assistance of purgation, and niany years as an amateur, and for even gave an instance of his own the express purpose of publishing success. And some gentlemen, the result of a favourite pursuit, strongly prejudiced in favour of the under the instructions of a training military seat on horseback, would groom of ability end repute. He fain bave it adopted upon the was equally attached to trotters as course, as an improvement upon to running horses, and his book is the jockey seat. A match was probably the only one which con even made over the course in Yorktains any thing on the subject of shire, some years since, on the conracing trotters. Chiffney, the joc- dition that a military gentlengan key, also published a pamphlet, in should ride in that style, against which much is to be gathered on jockey; and the gentleman rode his the subject of training. But if course through, with bis toe in the shese writers should be deemed not stirrup and a straight knee, and sufficiently explicit and minute, I won the race. But a few single shall, with much pleasure, on some instances prove nothing to the pur. future occasion, when leisure may pose, against the mass of practical permit, endeavour to make up for experience, itself also grounded on iheir defects, through the pages of rational and permanent principles. the Sporting Magazine.

It is immoderate purgation only, The pretenders to this subject in which is useless or hurtful; and former days, at the head of whom whoever has been accustomed tu probably, stood the famous Mark- ride either gallopers or trotters in ham, a predecessor of Baret, made a race, will find support, safety,

vile, indeed an atrocious hand of and comfort, in the bended knee, it. They taught to give the race and in the foot placed home and horse drink only once in twenty- firm in the stirrup. four hours, as little meat as possi The training of horses has been ble, in order to keep bim light, and highly improved, and upon truly


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