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THE

BRITISH CRITIC,

FOR

JULY, AUGUST, SEPTEMBER, OCTOBER,

NOVEMBER, AND DECEMBER.

MDCCCI.

Χαλεπόν, άνθρωποι όλα, μη διαμαριάνειν εν πολλοίς, τα μεν όλως αγνοήσανίας
τα δε κακώς κρίνουλα, τα δε αμελες εφόν γράψανία. GALBN.

VOLUME XVIII.

London:

PRINTED FOR F. AND C. RIVINGTON,
NO. 62, ST. PAUL'S CHURCH-YARD.

18.1.

PRINTED PI I, RICKABY, PETERBOROUGH COURT,

FLILT STREIT.

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PREFACE.

A

MONG the prospects of Peace, few are more

pleasing to a true critic, than that of seeing literature flourish, the commerce of learning renewed, and security and leisure prepared for those on whom the Muses (mile, or whom inventive Genius qualifies to increase the triumphs of art, or extend the boundaries of knowledge. That hope is now conceded to us, and we trust our future volumes will record as realized, what we at present hail as probable. Yet there are enemies with whom, for the sake of public happiness and tranquillity, British Critics must not make even a moment's truce. These are, the assailants of religion, infidelity and impiety; or the disturbers of the state, faction and disloyalty ; enemies, whose inroads called us from our voluntary studies, to a state of literary warfare; to wield the pen, and shed the ink, which otherwise would have been quietly consumed, in defence of all that we hold sacred in religion, valuable in law, or useful in society. Those enemies, as we cannot hope to drive them from the field, we must always be prepared to combat: happy if we may at least preserve the status quo, prepared for us in church and state, by our honest and judicious ancestors. Dulness, Ignorance, and their companion Impudence, we must also oppofe ; but not so much in the character of enemies with whom we are to contend, as in that of delinquents whom it is our office to punith. Not that infidelity and sedition disdain even these associates; but still, what

a

ever BRIT. CRIT. VOL. XVIII.

èver the main force may be, the parties that are formed of slaves may fafely be encountered with whips instead of swords. In our Prefaces, however, we wage no hostilities; our business here is only to recount and pay honour to our friends.

DIVINITY.

pe

Influenced by the importance of the work to theological study, we cannot hesitate to give the first place here to the elaborate Edition and Collation of ihe Septuagint, by Dr. Holmes*, Amidst the shades of difference to be found among the opinions of learned men, concerning the particular uses of this venerable verfion, all who are competent to judge, will pronounce it to be highly valuable; will see with pleafure its advance through the three first books of Mofes, and be ready, doubtless, to assist with patronage the completion of a work fo excellent. The friends of biblical criticism will receive also with culiar satisfaction, a Version of the Prophet Hofea, produced by the labour, and illustrated by the fagacity, of the acute and learned Bishop of Rochestert. Our remarks upon

this work have hitherto been only commenced; but even in the Preface there are instruction and ability enough to stamp its value, and to promise further satisfaction, in proportion to our further research. Such at least are our expectations, and by writers so established, they are not often frustrated. Besides these two works, we have several to mention that are good; though none of equal importance. As an instance of ingenuity, conducted by sound judgment, we praised, and recollect with pleasure, an anonymous Essay on the Plurality of Worldst. It takes up the subject, as connected with the doctrine of Redemption, and tends to remove difficulties by

• No. V. p. 449.

+ No. VI. p. 569.

I No. IV. p.40

which

which many minds have been affected. As it is no longer anonymous to us, we should now perhaps impart our knowledge, were we not restrained by circumstances, temporary indeed, but of peculiar delicacy. Against an inveterate enemy of Chriftianity, Mr. Roberts* has stepped forth with a zeal well suited to the cause. His vindication of our faith, if not so animated as the attack, has sincerity and truth upon its fide; and the weapons of truth are like

the sword Of Michael, from the armoury of God,-which, as our immortal poet feigns, with such propriety,

Was given him temper'd so, that neither keen

Nor folid might relift that edge. To the benefit of the Church, within itself, Dr. Napleron has directed his judicious efforts ; first, in advice to candidates for Holy Orderst; and, latterly, in Advice to a Minister of the Gospelf: a tract, breathing the same spirit with the former, and conducted with equal judgment. For the domestic use of all Christians, Mr. Talbot has drawn up his laborious and instructive Analysis of the Holy Bible ; a book of good arrangement and convenient reference, and calculated to augment, by very easy application, our stores of sacred knowledge. In his Exposition of the Commandments, Dr. Glase has also rendered service to the Christian student. His book, without affecting profundity, is accurate, and adds practical utility to pious knowledge.

From Scotland we received a small volume, which we thought worthy of particular notice; professing to contain A Layman's Account of his Faith and Practices, in the Episcopal Church of that kingdom.

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