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Under provisions of law in this case provided, the annual meeting of the Nebraska State
Board of Agriculture convened in the Chapel Hall of the State University, Lincoln, January
15th, 1889. Officers present :
S. M. Barker..

E. N. Grennell...

.1st Vice President.
J. B. McDowell...

2d Vice President. L. A. Kent..

. Treasurer.
Robt. W. Furnas.......

Austin Humphrey.

....... General Superintendent.
W. R. Bowen)......

..Superintendent Gates,
Eli A. Barnes......

.Superintendent Agr. Hall,
J. S. Hughes....

..Superintendent Ampitheatre.
C. E. Bessey.

On roll call the following members of the State Board responded present:

L. A. Kent, W. R. Bowen, J. D. McFarland, R. B. Windham, J. B. McDowell, R. W. Furnas,
S. M. Barker, E. N. Grennell, J. M. Lee, J. Jensen, S. H. Webster, E. A. Barnes, R. R. Greer, J. B.
Dinsmore, Ed. Blewett, R. H. Henry, X. Piasecki, F, H, Holt, A. J. Leach, J. S. Hughes, W. H.
Barstow, R. W. Blake, A. Humphrey, A. W. Buffum.

Excuses were read from M. Dunham, E. McIntyre, M. L. Hayward, and W. M. Robertson, who were by vote excused.

On roll call of County Associations, the following-named persons as representatives were
found to be present from the counties respectively:

Ira Ford.

Albert C. Stewart.

R. W. Blake.

............G. H. Cutting.

.Page Jegler.


F. H. Gordor.

.0. Nelson.

..J. D. Ream.

...J. R. Cantlin.

.D. H. Wheeler.

Geo. Sharr.

H. D. Jones.

J. D. Carmean.

A. V. S. Saunders.

.B. F. Dorr.

C. H. Denman,

T. A. McKay.

.T. J. Cleaver.

W. D. Wildman.

..J. B. McDowell.

...J. T. Jones.

.J. W. Ferguson.

0. W. Webster.

C. D. Shrader.

W.M. Robertson.

....S. L. Wiser.

H. Lewis.

R. W. Furnas.

D. T. Hill.
Pawnee ........

W. B. Bull.

.S. H. Snell.

W. H. Stowell.

R. W. Blake.

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M. W. Wisner.

.S. H. Moss.

...J. B. Courtwright.

...S. L. Sperry. Valley...........

..................C. F. Way.

E. S. Gaylord.

...Joseph Garber.

H, Fry.

.... A. Tharpe.

S. B. Brierly.
Box Butte..

G. W. Clark. On motion of F. H. Holt, a committee on credentials was dispensed with, and those answer. ing to roll call were considered as duly entitled to seats in the Board.

R. W. Blake, formerly of Brown county under its old organization, had responded as repre“ rentative for both Brown and the new county of Rock. It was decided by a vote that he could represent but one county, that in which he at present resides, Rock.

The President's Annual Address was read by the Secretary.

Gentlemen of the State Board of Agriculture :--Another year of labor has come to a close. The ceaseless call upon our time, the endless strain upon our resources of mind and strength in our various lines of business life has been such that we scarcely notice how fast the time passes until on an occasion like this we are compelled to stop, and are brought face to face with the fact that another year has gone.

The business of the year is now to be closed up; we take an inventory of stock, as it were, and learn if our labors have met with the success we hoped for, and if that success is such as to inspire us with fresh courage and hope for the future.

Such we believe to be the general result of the year just closing, both as regards the business of the state at large, and especially so as regards the work of our State Fair Association. The

year's reports are a fresh proof that in “union there is strength.”

The members of the Board have labored together with unfailing energy and in perfect harmony, and the summary of the year's business, as found in the various reports of your officers, shows a success most gratifying.

Of course the machinery of business is never perfect. We are always learning from experience where defects lie and endeavor to remedy them as best we may.

I will point out one instance where such a change made during the past year has seemed to be for the better.

In common with all other fair associations, state and county, we have considered the reve. nue derived from sale of ground for booths a' legitimate one, and only to be limited by the ground available for that purpose. Our statutes prohibit the use of intoxicating liquors on the fair grounds, and also prohibits gambling of all kinds. We, as well as others, have, up to our last fair, allowed cane-racks, knife-boards, and other so-called innocent games to be run upon the fair grounds, from which we received about $1,000 annually. After carefully considering our statutes in connection with such games, I finally decided on the experiment of excluding all such from the grounds, and I was surprised to find that on explaining my intentions and the course to be pursued to those applying for the privilege of running such games, such applicants made no complaint and seemed perfectly satisfied. The results of the experiment have been gratifying to myself and others. I am satisfied the plan helped to keep gamblers and pickpockets away from the grounds, and that quiet and good order were largely promoted. I was also more than satisfied with the rental from the sale of booths. I turned over to our treasurer $4,283, cash derived from the sale of booths, which amount was far in excess of that ever before derived from the same source. The result would seem to justify me in recommending to my successor that the change referred to above be made permenant.

Other experiments in the way of reform have been adopted. Among the most important of these is the change in the method of adjudging for the distribution of premiums. The change from the old three-judge system to that of one expert, partially tested in '87 and more fully in '88, you are familiar with. As far is my observation extends, this, also, has been a change for the better. This matter, however, will come before the Board for discussion. Whoever can devise a system of judging satisfactory to all will reap lasting honor to himself.

As I stated in previous addresses to you, the aid and sympathy in our efforts to further the association, shown to us by the people of Lincoln, the railroads of the state and the people at large, have not only been most gratifying, but have materially promoted our success. Such assistance is thoroughly appreciated, and I trust such harmony of purpose and action may never be disturbed,

And now, at the close of this, the third year during which it has been my honor to serve you as your president, I have a few words of a personal nature. The cordiality of my relations with the members of the Board, has, I think, never been disturbed. The confidence you have reposed in me, the hearty support you have given, have not only been most grateful to me, but without them I could not have discharged the duties of my position. And yet, however pleasant our personal relations, or however successfully we may have labored toward a common end, the time has come when the interests of the Association would seem to be best served by a change in your presiding officer.

With a firm belief that whatever change the Board may make will be for the better, and with the assurance to you that the various incidents of my acquaintance and association with the members of the Board are and will always remain among the most pleasant of my experience, I now return to you the office with which I have been honored.


The Treasurer's Annual Report was then read, as follows :

MINDEN, NEB., January 15, 1889. Mr. President and Gentlemen of the State Board:

I herewith submit to you the financial report of the State Board of Agriculture for the year closing January 15, 1889.

1888. Jan. 17. Bal, on hand..

98274 00 18. Add. in list, 1887.

15 00 Sept. 15. Gen'l admissions.

11615 00 15. Amphitheater...

2042 00 15. Qr. stretch.......

332 00 15. Booth privileges.......

4253 00 15. Hack stands..

464 00 15. Camp permit...........

182 50 15. State Warrant..

2000 00 15. Speed money.

2510 00 15. Stall rents.....

837 56 Oct. 8. Return Prem. Ellwood.

80 00 Nov. 12. B. & M. coupons..

6133 25 U. P. coupons.

1569 00 F., E. & M. V. coupons.....

851 50 C., St. P., M. & 0. coupons.......

23 00 Total receipts... s.........

941213 81 $41213 81 I have paid out upon warrants issued upon me by the Secretary, the fol

lowing amounts, for which I ask credit at your hinds: Warrants of the year 1887 as per vouchers.........

$81 50 Warrants of the year 1888, No.1 to 449 inclusive.

31473 28 Total expenditures......

$31557 78 Leaving balance on hand of $9656.03. All vouchers are herewith submitted and made a part of this report.

Respectfully submitted,




THE REPORT. I here present an itemized list of all warrants drawn for the year 1888. It shows in detail to whom, for what purpose, and by what authority each was issued, with amounts for each, together with vouchers. As these go into the hands of an auditing committee for critical examination, and are lengthy and yoluminous, with your permission I omit reading in fuli, and as a more brief and doubtless satisfactory presentation of financial transactions, submit the following epitome and comparative statement instead :

The balance sheet shows: Total receipts, $41,213.81 ; total expenditures, $31,498.72; balance on hand December, 31, 1888, 89,715.09, being $1,441.09 more than at the close of the year 1887.

Paid total premiums, $13,622.24; being $9825.84 agricultural premiums proper; $2,590 paid speed, and $1,206.40 paid state horticultural premiums. These are the net amounts, after deducting the usual per cent and entry money paid in speed. We offered in agricultural premiums proper last year, $11,762, and paid as stated $9,825.84. On speed we offered $6,000, paid $5,160, from which deduct speed money received, $2,570, we paid net $2,590. The state horticultural society offered $1,514, on which we paid net, after deducting the per cent, $1,206.40.

Expenses of grounds, $3,652.99. This includes all sums paid for lumber, material, labor of all kinds, buildings, repairs, painting, cleaning grounds, switching railroad cars with exhibits, transferring fish car, aquariums, silk exhibit, telephone, plumbing, water supply, tent rents, photo views, expense of power, milk and butter tester, etc.

Paid salaries, $7,953.65. This includes all fixed salaries to officials-president, treasurer, secretary, and board, of managers, all pay rolls of police, gate keepers, treasurer, secretary, general superintendent, special police, judges, committees, experts, clerks to committees, band, per cent paid superintendent of booths, transportation, expense of botanist to the board, expenses of delegates to other fairs and associations, and all others in any way employed by the board during the fair.

The past year all employes, judges, experts, superintendents and clerks were paid a stipu. lated per diem, they paying all their own incidental expenses-board, transportation, etc.

Paid printing $3,293.54. This includes all stationary supplies for all officials, letter heads, paid envelopes, and wrappers, premium lists and envelopes for same, hangers (large and small), entry books and blanks, entry tags and cards, score cards, official badges, tickets, diplomas, and writing same, sticker tags, wrapping paper, and twine, shells in which to mail hangers, pens, ink, rubber bands, etc.

Paid advertising, $847. This includes sums paid traveling canvassers and expenses of posting matter, both in and out of the state, advertising in newspapers, in and out of the state, paid Nebraska Press Association, railroad, express, and postal guides and state directory.

Paid hotel bills, $783.69. This includes the entire State Board, all presidents of county societies, for the two meetings, January and September, and board of managers for the entire year, with guests from other states and associations during fair. Paid for forage.............

$421 29 Paid for postage.......

344 93 Paid for express, freight, telegraph, and cartage.......

350 56 Paid for livery...

74 50 Paid for meal tickets.

152 13 Paid for annual membership and supplies, American Trotting Association......

75 00 Paid for speed expenses, work on track, and sums refunded

75 00 Paid for insurance .....

70 00 Some of these expenditures may seem large to those not familiar with the detailed work of the board. I venture the assertion that few state offices or organizations devolve more labor than is to be found connected with the work of the Nebraska State Board of Agriculture.

All supplies the past year have been obtained through a purchasing committee for that purpose, by contract on advertised bids, and to lowest and most advantageous bidders, except in minor matters, such as day labor, wrapping paper, twine, pens, pencils, and such like.

The clerical work of the secretary's office alone shows 14,924 letters and 9,254 postals written and sent out during the year 1888. Other parcels, circulars, and packages, 124,846.

The policy and management of the board the past few years has placed its work, especially in matters of fairs, to say the least, abreast with, and the peer of any other in the United States. Its annual report is pronounced second to none other.

In our fair work more particularly, for the year 1888, we were not only indebted to the railroad and express companies operating in this state, as well as those leading to it, for continued, but for largely increased courtesies, and solid, substantial aid in matters of transportation facil. ities and accommodations. To the entire press of the state particularly, and to that adjacent, at large, we are under like obligations. Public and record resolutions of recognition and thanks, by this board, are due them and should be formulated and adopted at this meeting.

At the close of our last fair, and before his return home, W. L. Ellwood, of De Kalb, Ill., directed me to donate to the state board in his name, $80 in premiums awarded him. This was done, and placed to your credit in the treasury. He had, in addition, paid $60 in cash for stall rent. Some fitting testimonial should be shown him by this board. Say an engrossed diploma stating simply facts in the case.

The date for the Nebraska State Fair, 1889, as recommended by the Western District Fair Association, convened at Chicago in November last, was fixed the same as for 1888, viz.: Opening on second Monday in September, and following that of Iowa, which opens on the first Monday, the preceding Friday and Saturday to be used as preparation days. If ratified by this board, our dates will be 9th to 13th September, inclusive.


The annual report of the Board for 1887, in bound book form, was gotten out earlier than usual, and contains a vast amount of valuable matter. By the use of small type, what matter in ordinary form would have filled ten or twelve hundred pages, is condensed to come within the limits of space prescribed by law-less, even, than four hundred pages. Distribution to date has been as follows: To all officers and members of the board, all presidents and secretaries of district and coun'y agricultural organizations in the state, all superintendents of classes for the year 1888, all foreign state and territorial organizations in the world, all state and territorial libraries in the United States, the Agricutural Department, and all members of agricultural committees of both houses of Congress at Washington, all newspapers in the state and all agricultural publications in the world. In addition, 456 copies have been sent out to individuals applying for them, both in and out of the state.

TICKETS PRINTED AND ISSUED. By order of the Board of Managers, and through the purchasing committee, I had printed the following tickets for use of fair in 1888: General admission tickets..

30,000 Amphitheatre tickets.........

15,000 Quarter stretch tickets......

2,800 Booth and stock tickets..

2,000 Live stock tickets...

1,000 Check pass tickets......

2,000 Complimentary tickets..

2,000 Carriage tickets...........

500 Complimentary tickets only are issued by the secretary. Others are turned over to the president and treasurer in original packages as received from the printer.

Complimentary tickets of admission were issued by me to all railroad and express companies operating in and leading to the state; railroad conductors on same routes; principal officials of all other state and territorial agricultural associations in America; all newspapers in Nebraska; all agricultural newspapers in the world, all newspapers not agricultural, out of the state, within a radius of 100 miles of Lincoln ; all members and ex-members of the Ne. braska State Board of Agriculture, state norticultural society, and superintendents of classes ; presidents of all district and county organizations in the state; all ministers of the gospel, actively filling pulpits in the city where fair is held, as well as such from other parts of the state signifying a desire to attend; stockholders of the ground on which fair is held, and to Nebraska state officials.

Herewith I submit a detailed statement, showing the name, location, and vocation of each individual to whom I have issued.

Permit me to say in this connection that in the thirty years of my active work and experience with fairs and expositions I have found no other expenditure pays so well as the judicious distribution of complimentary tickets. When I use the term “complimentary,” I do so in its true and significant meaning. There is a wide difference between that and a “deadhead” ticket. The former should be used from a purely business standpoint, and for services rendered or expected. The latter, rarely if ever. When this discrimination is made there can be little, if any, difference of opinion in this matter by those of experience and observation.

ACCOUNT WITH TREASURER. In compliance with instructions from the board to keep an account with the treasurer, the following items are charged him, which on comparison is found to correspond with his own debit account: Balance on hand from 1887.

$8,274 00 Advertisements in premium list..

15 00 General admission tickets fair 1888.

11,615 00 Amphitheatre tickets fair 1888...

2,042 00 Quarter stretch tickets fair 1889

332 00 Booth privileges fair 1888...

4,233 00 Hack stands fair 1888...

464 00 Camping permits fair 1888

182 50 State warrant 1888.......

2,000 00 Amount returned by Ellwood.

80 00 B. & M. R. R. coupons 1888.......

6,133 25 U. P. R. R. coupons......

1,569 00 F., E. & M. V. R. R. coupons 1888..

851 50 C. M. & St. P. R. R. coupons 1858

25 00 Speed mony from secretary 1888.

2,510 00 Stall money from secretary 1888.

837 56


$41,213 81

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