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4 and to look therein. And I wept much because pone

was found worthy to open the book *, and to look there5 in. Then one of the elders saith to me, Weep not:

behold, the lion of the tribe of Judah, the root of David,

hath prevailed so as to open the book, and the seven seals 6 of it f.” And I beheld, [and lo,] in the midst between

the throne and the four living creatures, and in the midst between the elders, a lamb standing, as if it had been

slain, having seven horns, and seven eyes; which are the 7 seven spirits of God sent forth into all the earth. And

he came and took the I book out of the right hand of him 8 who sat upon the throne. And when he had taken the

book, the four living creatures, and the twenty-four elders, fell down before the lamb, having every one of

them harps, and golden phials full of incense ll, which 9 are the prayers of the saints. And they sang a new song, ,

saying, “ Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals of it : for thou wast slain, and hast bought us

to God by thy blood, out of every tribe, and language, 10 and people, and nation; whom thou hast made kings

and priests to our God; and they shall reign on the 11 earth 1.” And I looked, and I heard the voice of many

angels round about the throne, and round about the living creatures and the elders; (and the number of them was

ten thousands of ten thousand **, and thousands of thou12 sands ;) saying with a loud voice, “Worthy is the lamb

that was slain to receive power, and wealth, and wisdom, 13 and might, and honour, and glory, and blessing." And

every creature that is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and those that are on the sea, and all things that are in them, I heard, saying, “Blessing, and honour, and glory, and dominion, be unto Him that

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* to open and to read the book, R. T. # and to loose the seven seals of it R. T.
took it. MSS.
§ bowls, N.

|| So N, m. odours, N.
thou hast made us kings &c.; and we shall reign. R. T.
** Or, myriads of myriads.

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sitteth upon the throne, and unto the lamb, for ever and 14 ever *.” And the four living creatures said, " Amen.”

And the elders fell down and worshipedt,
Ch. vi. And I saw when the lamb opened one of the seven

seals; and I heard, as it were the sound of thunder, the

first of the four living creatures saying, “ Come and see.” 2 And I looked, and, behold, a white horse: and he that

sat thereon had a bow; and a crown was given to him: and he went forth conquering, and to conquer.

And when the lamb had opened the second seal, I heard 4 the second living creature saying, " Come 1." And an

other horse, that was red, went forth ; and power was given to him who sat thereon to take peace from the earth, and that men should kill one another : and a great

sword was given to him. 5 And when the lamb had opened the third seal, I heard

the third living creature saying, « Come 8.” [And I : looked,] and, behold, a black horse: and he who sat on .6 him had a pair of balances in his hand. And I heard a

voice in the midst of the four living creatures, saying, “A small measure of wheat for a denarius, and three small measures of barley for a denarius : but hurt thou

not the oil and the wine.” 7 And when the lamb had opened the fourth seal, I heard the fourth || living creature saying,

“Come [.” 8 [And I looked,] and, behold, a pale horse ; and his name



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Gr. ages of ages. + Him that liveth for ever and ever. R. T. and N. These words are wanting in the best copies. See Griesbach. This homage paid to a symbolical representation of Christ in a visionary scene, by symbolical persons represented as visibly present with him, cannot justify the actual worship of Christ, when he is not visible, and in direct opposition to his own express precept, Luke xi. 1, 2; John iv. 23, 24. Least of all can it be concluded, as Mr. Lindsey well observes, (Seq. p. 96,) “ that equal honour and worship are to be given to Christ and to God, from their being thus joined in the same act of worship. Because, if so, it will follow that equal honour and worship is to be given to David and to God; for it is expressly said (1 Chron. xxix. 20,) that all the congregation bowed down their heads and worshiped the Lord and the king.” Come and see. R. T.

Come and see. R. T. and Griesbach. 1 I heard the voice of the fourth, R. T. Come and see, R. T. and Griesbach.

who sat thereon was Death, and Hades * followeth him.
And power † was given him | over the fourth part of the
earth, to kill by the sword, and by famine, and by pesti-

lences, and by the wild beasts of the earth.
9 And when the lamb had opened the fifth seal, I saw

under the altar the souls of those that had been slain for

the word of God, and for the testimony which they had 10 borne. And they cried with a loud voice, saying, “How

long, ( sovereign Lord, holy and true, wilt thou not

judge and avenge our blood on those who dwell upon the 11 earth ?” And a white robe was given || to every one of

them : and they were told to rest yet for a times, till the
number of their fellow-servants also and of their brethren,
who were about to be killed as they were, should be filled

12 And I looked when the lamb had opened the sixth seal,

and there was ** a great earthquake tt; and the sun be

came black as sackcloth of hair, and the whole moon 13 became as blood; and the stars of heaven fell to the earth,

as a fig-tree casteth its untimely figs when it is shaken by 14 a mighty wind. And the heaven departed as a parch

ment when it is rolled together; and every mountain and 15 island were moved out of their places. And the kings of

the earth, and the great men, and the commanders, and
the rich, and the strong, and every slave, and every]

freeman, hid themselves in the dens and in the rocks of 16 the mountains; and say to the mountains and rocks,

“ Fall on us, and hide us from the face of Him who

sitteth on the throne, and from the anger of the lamb: 17 for the great day of his anger is come; and who is able

to stand ? CH. vii. And after these things I saw four angels standing on

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* i. e, the unseen world. Or, the grave. N. m. + Or, authority.
I given them, R. T.

s Gr, death. ll white robes were given, R.T,
for a little tiine, R. T.

** and, behold, there was, &c. R. T. tt Or, shaking ; N. m.

If the moon, R. T.

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the four parts of the earth, restraining the four winds of

the earth, that the wind should not blow on the earth, 2 nor on the sea, nor on any tree. And I saw another an

gel coming up from the east, having the seal of the living God. And he cried with a loud voice to the four angels

to whom it was given to hurt the earth and the sea, say3 ing,

“ Hurt not the earth, nor the sea, nor the trees, till we have sealed the servants of our God on their fore4 heads." And I heard the number of those who were

sealed : and there were sealed a hundred and forty-four 5 thousand, of all the tribes of the sons of Israel. Of the

tribe of Judah were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe

of Reuben were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of 6 Gad were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Asher

were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Naphtali

were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Manasseh 7 were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Simeon

were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Levi were

sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Issachar were 8 sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Zebulon were

sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Joseph were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Benjamin were

sealed twelve thousand. 9 After these things I looked, and, behold, a great mul

titude, which none could number, of all nations, and tribes, and peoples *, and languages, standing before the

throne and before the lamb, clothed with white robes, 10 and palm-branches in their hands : and they cry with a

loud voice, saying, Our salvation be ascribed to our

God who sitteth upon the throne, and to the lamb.” 11 And all the angels stood round about the throne, and

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about the elders, and about the four beasts, and fell on 12 their faces before the throne, and worshiped God, say


* people, N.

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ing, Amen: blessing, and glory, and wisdom, and thanksgiving, and honour, and power, and might, be to

our God for ever and ever. Amen." 13 And one of the elders spake, saying unto me, “Who

are these that are clothed in white robes, and whence 14 came they ?” And I said to him, “O my lord, thou

knowest.Then he said to me, “ These are they who

came out of great affliction, and have washed their robes, 15 and made them bright, in the blood of the lamb. There

fore they are before the throne of God, and serve him

day and night in his temple; and he that sitteth on the 16 throne will dwell among them *. They will hunger no

more, nor will they thirst any more; nor will the sun 17 strike on them, or any heat. For the lamb that is toward

the midst of the throne will be their shepherd –, and will lead them to living springs of waters: and God will

wipe away all tears from their eyes. Ch. viii. And when the lamb had opened the seventh seal,


there was silence in heaven about the space of balf an 2 hour. And I saw the seven angels who stand before 3 God: and to them were given seven trumpets. And an

other angel came and stood at the altar, having a golden censer: and to him was given much incense, that he might offer it, with the prayers of all the saints, upon

the 4 golden altar which was before the throne. And the smoke

of the incense went up before God from the hand of the 5 angel, together with the prayers of the saints. And the

angel took the censer, and filled it with the fire of the altar, and cast it upon the earth : and there were sounds,

and thunderings, and lightnings, and an earthquake. 6 And the seven angels that had the seven trumpets, pre7 pared themselves to sound them. The first angel sounded

his trumpet, and there was hail and fire mingled with


over them. N.

+ So N. m. will feed them, N.

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